Ahmos Langford, Mulato, b. abt. 1832, in VA, both parents b. in VA, m. Minerva, b. 1835, of Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky–lived near Stephen Langford, son of Robert and Frances (Head)
LOCATION: Madison County is bordered by Rockcastle County, so these Langfords could be descended from some of our Langford slaveholders. –shb 3 Feb 2006
ANOTHER CHILD JOHN? In the 1880 Census, quite a few houses down, a “Black” John Langford, age eleven, born in Kentucky, is a “Servant” in the housejold of a white Clifton Burgin family. This John could have come from the Hutson or Green Langford families, as well. –shb 3 Feb 2005
1880 CENSUS–LDS Transcription, as posted on FamilySearch, accessed 3 Feb 2006, by shb:
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Ahmos LANGFORD Self M Male MU 48 VA Farmer VA VA
Minerva LANGFORD Wife M Female MU 45 KY Keeping House KY KY
Craig LANGFORD Son S Male MU 23 KY Laborer VA KY
John LANGFORD Son S Male MU 13 KY At Home VA KY
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 402B
Now look who’s two doors down, after Minter and Waggoner famillies:
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Stephen LANGFORD Self W Male W 67 KY Farmer … [s/o Robert and Frances (Head)]–shb]
Robert ROLAND Other S Male W 40 KY Laborer …
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
And next door to Stephen, this black family:
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Hutson LANGFORD Self M Male B 48 KY Laborer KY
Mary LANGFORD Wife M Female B 33 KY Keeping House
Kisair LANGFORD Dau S Female B 17 KY KY KY
Milton LANGFORD Nephew S Male B 9 KY KY KY
Minerva LANGFORD GDau S Female B 6 KY KY KY
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
And next door to Hutson, another black family:
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Green LANGFORD Self M Male B 53 KY Farmer KY
Sara LANGFORD Wife M Female B 50 KY Keeping House
Fannie LANGFORD Dau S Female B 25 KY KY KY
William LANGFORD Son S Male B 16 KY Laborer KY
John LANGFORD Son S Male B 12 KY At Home KY
Madison LANGFORD Son S Male B 10 KY At Home KY
Thomas LANGFORD Son S Male B 7 KY KY KY
Evans LANGFORD Son S Male B 2 KY KY KY
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
Following this are mostly white families, with an occasional black or
mulatto family, then:
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation
Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Clifton BURGIN Self M Male W 58 KY Farmer KY KY
Margaret BURGIN Wife M Female W 45 KY Keeping House
Maggie CLAY Niece S Female W 21 IL KY KY
Eugene BURGIN Cousin S Male W 11 KY At Home KY KY
Rebeca BROOKS Other Female B 21 KY Servant KY KY
John LANGFORD Other S Male B 11 KY Servant KY KY
——————————————————————————– –shb 3 Feb 2006
Stephen Langford (b. 1 Jan 1813, near Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, KY, s/o Robert and Frances (Head), m. 1) widow Martha Sewell, 2) widow Rebecca Howard, on 12 Jan 1839, in Madison Co., KY (no children by either wife, but possibly by slaves), d. 1 Sep 1898, at home near Clay’s Ferry, in KY
STEPHEN IS A SON OF ROBERT LANKFORD AND FRANCES HEAD AND A BROTHER OF BENJAMIN ROBERT PEYTON LANKFORD. See biographical sketch, below, that identifies Stephen as an “uncle” of William Alexander Lankford, son of Benjamin R. P. and Martha or “Patsy” Langford, B. R. P., a son of Robert and Frances, so this Stephen’s brother. Notes below will outline various theories I had for Stephen’s parents, so it was a relief when this history solved our problem. –shb 28 Feb 2008
STEPHEN’S FATHER IS NOT BENJAMIN R. P. (M. MARTHA OR “PATSY” P. MULLINS), AS ONCE THOUGHT. Stephen, b. 1813 (m. Rebecca Howard on 12 Jan 1839) was born too early to have been Benjamin R. P. Langford’s son [have since this musing learned that Behjamin R. P. was actually Stephen’s brother–shb]. This Ben R. P. named his children Mary J., Constantine, Stephen R., William, Fanny L. and Valentine (I just discovered Valentine, b. Jan 1860, today, in the 1900 Census, where he is living with wife Sally in the household of his father, “Ben R. P. Langford,” age 71–no wife listed, in Madison County, Kentucky). I am very interested that Ben R. P. named a child Valentine, as I think this may be an indication that Stephen [and his brother Ben] are, indeed, descended from Nancy Peyton (I have no proof, but have long suspected that Nancy’s grandfather was Valentine Peyton). Also, here is one more example of a three-initialed Langford, to go along with Ann Langford’s ancestor, Benjamin T. C. [Thomas Crutch] Langford, [Benjamin T. C. Langford is thought to be a son of Stephen, son of Stephen (son of Benjamin and Nancy Peyton). Benjamin R. P. is the son of Robert (son of Benjamin and Nancy Peyton). –shb 20 Sep 2006 [Note: The William Alexander Langford history says his grandparents, Robert Langford and Frances Head (parents of Stephen), had ten children, though I can now only account for seven.] –shb 29 Feb 2008
DIED CHILDLESS? The biographical sketch about Stephen Langford (see below) says that he married two widows and had no children by either. Is it possible, though, that he had children by his slaves? (See 1860 Census, below–who are the white and mulatto Langford children listed in his household? And it is clear in censuses that Stephen lived among black and mulatto families.) –shb 28 Feb 2008
NAMESAKE CHILD? See notes of the black Craig Langford family, my Legacy ID No. 66083. Craig and Fannie Langford named their first child born in Ohio, “Stephen,” I think after Robert Langford’s father, early Mt. Vernon settler, Stephen Langford (purported to have run an underground railroad) or, perhaps, after Stephen’s grandson, Stephen (son of Rober). According to a history of Robert’s grandson, William Alexander Langford, Robert actually sent one of his sons to Ohio to help obtain land, so Robert could help his former slaves get started, once they were freed, after the Civil War. It occurs to me that this could be a “sanitized account” for local neighbors–that perhaps the slaves were smuggled early to Ohio, before emancipation by the Civil War.). Also of interest is the fact that Ahmos Langford (a mulatto living, with his family, near white Stephen Langford, s/o Robert) named his son “Craig,” born in abt. 1857. (The black Craig and Fannie Langford family was “redeemed” by Quaker Jesse S. Stubbs who, according to Quaker history, raised over $5,000 and came to Rockcastle to pay the sum and transport the Craig Langfords to Ohio.) Craig and Fannie [purported to have been a mistress of Liberty Langford, so that by one account two children in this family were actually Liberty’s sons–shb] named their first child born in Ohio, in 1860, “Stephen Langford.” The Craig Langfords named their next child, b. 1861, “Jesse S.,” no doubt after Quaker Stubbs. [Note: I wrote an article titled, “Slavery and Redemption on Every Family Tree,” about white and black Rockcastle County Langfords, for on-line magazine, Meridian, that is still posted at http://www.meridianmagazine.com/turninghearts/060301familytreeprint.html, with accompanying photos. Google also picked up this article, with accompanying photos. Text of this article, without the photos is included at end of these notes.] –shb 29 Feb 2008
1813, JANUARY 1–BIRTH. See biographical sketch for Stephen Langford, below. –shb 28 Feb 2008
NOT THE FATHER OF RIFLE-SMITH STEPHEN 2, ANCESTOR OF JOHN ROBERT OR “BOB” LANGFORD, AS ONCE THOUGHT. See “FATHER” tag, end of these notes. [Note: From e-letter to shb, 6 Feb 2008, from “Whetstone Bob” (John Robert) Langford, a descendant of Stephen 2: “Lick Creek Stephen and Catherine did not have a son named Stephen, oddly enough. I don’t have any information on a Stephen and Rebecca.” –shb 6 Feb 2008
MADISON BORDERS ROCKCASTLE COUNTY, KENTUCKY: Madison County borders Rockcastle County, Kentucky, where early Langford white plantation owners and slave-holders lived, so these of mixed blood and blacks, carrying the Langford name, may be descended from them or may have just carried the name of their Langford masters. –shb 3 Feb 2006
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH ABOUT WILLIAM ALEXANDER LANKFORD INCLUDED A SKETCH ABOUT HIS “UNCLE,” STEPHEN. Forwarded to shb by Langford researcher Jeff Davis: “The following is the entire article from History of Kentucky and Kentuckians. It has a lot of information, I think. It ties some of the Rockcastle Langfords to those of Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky. One small item, Central University was in Richmond, Madison Co – not in Lexington. Anne – A HISTORY OF KENTUCKY AND KENTUCKIANS – The Leaders and Representative Men in Commerce, Industry and Modern Activities, by E. Polk Johnson – Vol. III, illustrated; Lewis Publilshing Company, Chicago-New York, 1912, page 1661 [underlining and some additional paragraphing mine–shb]:
No. 36. WILLIAM A. LANGFORD ” . . . . Stephen Langford, the honored uncle of him whose name initiates this review [meaning William A. Lankford, son of Benjamin R. P. and Martha or “Patsy,”–shb] was born in Rockcastle county, Kentucky, on the 1st of January, 1813, and was summoned to the life eternal on the 1st of September, 1898. at the venerable age of 85 years and 8 months. He was ambitious and self-reliant as a lad but showed slight predilection for the application of the schoolroom. His father insisted upon his pursuing his studies until he had attained to the age of 16 years, when he secured the paternal consent to start out for himself. He thereupon secured employment in connection with the construction of a turnpike near Frankfort, and he gained practical experience that soon enabled him to turn his knowledge to effective use.
“He was not of the type to be satisfied without advancement, and he soon secured a contract to construct a part of the Lexington and Richmond turnpike, in which connection he came to Madison county. He had charge of the construction of the Richmond end of this turnpike, and he continued to be identified with contracting work for a number of years, showing much discrimnation and ability and invariably being successful in a financial way.
“He passed a few years in Missouri and upon his return to Madison county he purchased a portion of the fine estate now owned by his nephew. He became one of the representative farmers and stock-growers of the county and through his own well directed energies accumulated a fine property, the while he so ordered his course as to merit and receive the
unqualified esteem of his fellowmen.
“He was twice married, and no children were born of either union. He first married Mrs. Rebecca Howard, and after her death he married another widow, Mrs. Martha Sewell, the latter of whom survived him by about four years.
“He was a man of mature judgment and of marked civic loyalty, and he did much to further the industrial development and progress of the county which so long represented his home and in which his memory is held in lasting honor.” –shb 28 Feb 2008
1830 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE SEVENTEEN AND NOT IN HIS PARENTS’ HOUSEHOLD. “Flintlock” Stephen, as we call him, and Catherine “Caty” Windham, once thought to have been this Stephen’s parents, are listed in the Pulaski County Census as still having three daughters and four sons in the household. Stephen would have been seventeen years old in 1830, but no son is listed as living with them, in the 15-20 age category. TO DO: Find Stephen in 1830. –shb 24 Oct 2006 [Note: Per e-letter, above, “Whetstone Bob” Langford says Stephen, ID 65910, was not a son of Bob’s ancestors, Stephen 2 Langford and Caty (Windham).] –shb 6 Feb 2008
1830–STEPHEN’S BROTHER, BENJAMIN R .P. LANGFORD IS BORN. I had Benjamin Robert Peyton Langford. (m. Martha or “Patsy” P. Mullins) tentatively placed as a son of Stephen and Rebecca ___, but have since found a marriage for Stephen and Rebecca Howard, in 1839. So unless Stephen had an earlier marriage, it seems unlikely that Benjamin R. P. was Stephen and Rebecca’s son. –shb 6 Feb 2008 [Note: From e-letter by “Whetstone Bob” (John Robert) Langford to shb, 6 Feb 2008: “B. R. P. Langford was Lick Creek Stephen’s nephew, the son of Stephen’s brother, Robert. I show his birth date as 1829, one year sooner than your 1830, but close enough to be reasonably sure we’re referring to the same B. R .P. The Peyton [in Benjamin’s name–shb] was his grandmother Nancy’s maiden name.” –shb 6 Feb 2008, 28 Feb 2008 [Note: See biographical sketch, above, that includes William Alexander Lankford’s “uncle” Stephen, William A. being named as a son of Benjamin R. P. Langford, which would make Stephen (my Legacy No. 65910) a brother of B. R. P., so a son of Robert Lankford and Frances Head–shb.]
1839, JANUARY 12–MARRIES REBECCA HOWARD. Madison County, Kentucky Marriages 1785-1851, compiled by Annie W. Burns Bell, 1934, searched by shb, 4 Jan 2008, at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (US/CAN 976.953/v25b), p. 116: “[Groom] Langford, Stephen [Bride & Parent] Howard, Rebecca, b. Jonathan Jones [Date] 1-12-1839.” –shb 6 Feb 2008 [Note: A biographical sketch about Stephen (see above) indicates that both his wives, including Rebecca, were widows when Stephen married them.] –shb 28 Feb 2008
1860 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE FORTY-SEVEN, BORN IN ROCKCASTLE COUNTY, KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE REBECCA (57), AND THREE CHILDREN, IN MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY. Heritage-Quest on-line image, accessed 5 Feb 2006, by shb, via Godfrey Memorial Library:
P.O. White Hall, Western Subdivision St. [?] 2, Madison County, Kentucky
Series M653, Roll 384, Page 152
Taken 6 June 1860
98/98 Nathaniel D Arvine Farmer & family 3500 Madison County [place of birth]
99/99 Stephen Langford 47M_ Farmer 18750 10000 Rockastle Coty [sic]
Rebecca 57F_ [blank means “White” Estell Coty
Robert Langford 8M_ Mississippi
Celia Langford 18FM [for Mulatto] Madison Coty
Howard Langford 1MM ” Madison Coty
[Note: On this census listing, all “Color” blanks on the rest of the page were left blank (which means they are “White,” except for Celia and Howard, who were marked with an “M” for “Mulatto”–shb. According to the above biographical sketch about Stephen Langford, he married two widows and had no children by either, so who are these three Langfords listed in his household, in 1860? Could Howard, age one, have been named after Stephen’s wife, the widowed Rebecca Howard? –shb 28 Feb 2008]
1870 CENSUS–“STEVE LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-SEVEN, BORN IN KENTUCKY, A WHITE FARMER, LIVING AMONG LANKFORD BLACKS. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed by shb, 27 Jan 2008, from home, via Provo Public Library:
P.O. Richmond, Richmond Precinct, Madison County, Kentucky
Series M593, Roll 484, Page 243
Taken 18 Aug 1870
113/133 Rayborne, Peter 70 MB Farm Labor Kentucky
, Nancy 64 FB Keeps House Kentucky
114/114 Lankford, Steve 57 MW Farmer Kentucky
Price, B.S. 30 MW Farm Labor Kentucky
Rogers, Mary 24 FB
& her 3 ch B Kentucky
115/115 Lankford, Green 44 MB Farm Labor Kentucky
, Sarah 34 FB Keeping House Kentucky
, Parker 8 MB At Home Kentucky [same child as William?–shb]
, John 2 MB At Home Kentucky
[Note: The black Green Lankford family still lives near white Stephen in the 1880 Census (see below).] –shb 27 Jan 2008
1880 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE SIXTY-SEVEN, A WIDOWER, A WHITE MALE, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH ONE “OTHER” PERSON, ROBERT ROLAND, AGE FORTY, IN FOXTOWN, MADISON, KENTUCKY. He lives three doors down from Ahmos (48) and wife Minerva Langford, Mulattos, and next door to Hutson Langford (48) and family, listed as “Black.” Also in the Hutson Langford household is a nephew Milton Langford, and a granddaughter Minerva, both listed as “Black.” (See Ahmos Langford’s note (ID 65906) for lineup of Langford neighbors.
1880 CENSUS LINEUP OF STEPHEN LANKFORD AND NEIGHBORS, IN FOXTOWN, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY:
Schuyler Newby (Mulatto Family)
William Toomy (Mulatto Family)
Ahmos & Minerva Langford (Mulatto Family, my Legacy ID No. 65906–shb)
Amy Minter & Son (Black Family)
James Waggoner (White Family)
Stephen Langford (White, as follows): As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 27 Jan 2008, by shb:
“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Stephen LANGFORD Self W Male W 67 KY Farmer [b. 1813] … …
Robert ROLAND Other S Male W 40 KY Laborer … …
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.”
[Next families are]:
Hutson Langford (Black family–misreading of “Howard Langford”?–shb]
Green Langford (Black family)
Stephen Ricketts (White family)
Louisa Trosper (White family). –shb 27 Jan 2008
1898–SEPTEMBER 1–STEPHEN LANGFORD DIES AT AGE EIGHTY FIVE AND EIGHT MONTHS. (See biographical sketch, above.) –shb 28 Feb 2008
BURIED IN CEMENT VAULT: News item forwarded to shb, 26 Oct 2006, by John Robert or “Whetstone Bob” Langford, a descendant of “Flintlock” Stephen and Caty Windham [underlining in this article mine–shb]. Writes Bob: “Sherlene, have you ever seen this? Check the date so you’ll know which Stephen this is. [This is the only Stephen I have in my database who could be a match–I wrote Bob, 25 Oct 2006, asking if I placed this article right–shb]: Excerpt from The Mount Vernon Signal, September 9, 1898 – “BURIED IN A STONE COFFIN. ‘Uncle’ Stephen Langford, whose critical illness was noted in our last issue, passed peacefully away Thursday night at his home near Clay’s Ferry, aged 86. For some time his health had been gradually declining and the end was not unexpected.
“He was tenderly nursed by his nephew, W. A. [This would be William Alexander, son of Stephen’s brother, Benjamin Robert Peyton Langford, and his wife, Martha or “Patsy” Mullins–shb], who was much devoted to him and to whom he left the bulk of his estate, valued at something like $60,000.
“Deceased was somewhat noted for his eccentricity. He began life as a stone mason and by industry and economy accumulated a comfortable fortune. He was an Ironside Baptist and uncompromising Democrat and living exemplification of an honest man. Some years ago, it is said he came across a grave burrowed into by ground hogs and the body violated. This so bore upon his mind that he was determined to protect his remains, and accordingly he had made for himself of Rockcastle stone a mammoth coffin, which he had put away in his buggy house for use when the summons should come. At the same time he had a monument erected to himself on his place and left directions as to how he should be buried, which were scrupulously carried out by his nephew.
“A large crowd assembled Saturday to witness his strange burial. The ponderous sarcophagus weighing 1,800 pounds and neatly dressed by Biggerstaff & Oldham undertakers of this city was hauled to the grave on a slide drawn on four mules. It was lowered by means of an incline and rollers.
“Services were held at the house at 3 pm by Rev G. W. Young, of the Methodist church, this city, after which the body was carried on a stretcher to the grave and placed in the coffin, which was not only hermetically sealed, but covered with large flag stones thus inclosing the body in a double stone case, where it is safe to say it will rest undisturbed until the coming of the Master.
“He left no children but a faithful and devoted wife to mourn his loss. The above deceased was born and raised a mile and one half from town.” –shb 26 Oct 2006
M E R I D I A N M A G A Z I N E
Slavery and Redemption on Every Family Tree
By Sherlene Hall Bartholomew
My genealogist mother, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, died almost a year ago. Since then, I have sensed that she and her restless clan are tending a glorious harvest that has ripened on our Langford family tree. We have been blessed, thanks to other-world nudging, to glean some of this tantalizing fruit, but so far lack the facility to safely “can it.”
The Rockcastle County, Kentucky courthouse burned down in 1873, so that all local records – marriage, estate, court, and land – were destroyed. We have faith that the Father of us all knew we would still be searching, so has provided other evidence that we just need to find. We have recently found some of that, though documenting family connections is a continuing challenge.
I am not the only Langford who has lost sleep over this dilemma. Shiron Wordsworth, an adopted, if not yet confirmed cousin on the line, recently conveyed worrisome news from a relative in Cincinnati. This woman claims that Stephen Langford – the pioneer who in 1790 led first settlers into Rockcastle County, Kentucky, had a descendant named Liberty who, as Shi tells it, “fathered two daughters (at least) by a slave named Fanny. They migrated to western Ohio somewhere between the years 1855 and 1860… The girls were named Nancy (b. 1852) and Ann (b. 7 Nov 1853).”
This information flies in face of our tradition that Kentucky Langfords were principled, independent thinkers with Republican sympathies, who ran an Underground Railroad stop called “Langford Station.” We know for sure that several fought as Union soldiers in the Civil War. For this they paid dearly, in subsequent years. “You may recall,” Shi writes, “that Liberty’s son, James H. Langford, was killed by the KKK. James’ oldest son Liberty, named after his grandfather, was also murdered in the County, though we don’t know if the Klan’s responsible for that one.”
Though pioneer Stephen owned much land and the proverbial southern white mansion, he only had nine slaves in 1810, before he died the next year. As Shi explains, “Rockcastle County never was a plantation society. Its hills don’t prosper such cash crops as cotton and tobacco that required much slave labor. The Langfords farmed, and they did have substantial land holdings. But they prospered from enterprises such as milling, horse trading, timbering, and quarrying.
Photo in collection of Ida-Rose L. Hall, labeled as the “Old Stephen Langford House,” on the Wilderness Road, in Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky.
Writes Shiron, “In the book Rockcastle County, Kentucky and its People, 1992, Langford Station is pictured. It’s obviously the same house as the one in the photo your mother took” (pictured above).
Shi’s grandmother knew Ruth McFerron Leach, who by account featured in this book, “bought the house in later years… had the house taken down… and discovered that it had been used as part of the Underground Railroad. The house had many secret trap doors throughout” and… “a big cellar used to hide the slaves.”
Shi frets: “There are some missing pieces of the puzzle concerning the Langfords and their relationship with their personal slaves, in particular, and the institution of slavery, in general. Is it possible that as their attitudes about slavery changed, our Langfords only kept slaves as a front for their illegal activities, moving slaves North?”
Family history further complicates the riddle. Pioneer Stephen’s descendant James H. Langford’s life was saved (before the Klan finally got him) by a former slave called “Uncle Alf.” As Shi tells it, “One dark night in Rockcastle County, long after the Civil War was over, the Klan was hot on the trail of that Langford, but this vulnerable ex-slave refused to disclose James’ hiding place. Uncle Alf was roughed up because of his pretended ignorance as to where James had gone to ground. I have to wonder what precipitated such courage and loyalty on the part of Uncle Alf. There’s something more to this story. I just haven’t found it yet.”
Side view, home of James Steven or “Tip” Langford, also in Mt. Vernon, Rock Castle’s county seat. Tip was sheriff of Rockcastle County, Kentucky, in the 1920s. He was the son of James H. and Liberty Langford’s grandson. Report is that his home was a stone’s throw from settler Stephen Langford’s original mansion. Neither home survives. (Photo courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth.)
The Lost are Found!
Thinking on all this, I felt Mom urging from beyond, as I lay awake, worried about how we might find slave Fanny and her two Langford daughters. Then I remembered that I could do a first-name-only search. Using HeritageQuest on-line indexed census images, I typed spelling variations of “Fanny” in the first-name field for all of Ohio. It took several hours to check the family of every one who came up in the census index. For all that, I found nothing – what a disappointment!
Then it occurred to me that maybe Fanny kept her Langford name, after she was freed. I did a search for all Langfords in the Ohio 1860 Census (just typed “Langford” in the surname field). As the alphabetized list came up, I found her as “Frances,” at first click on “Craig Langford.” What a thrill! (You might have seen me levitate at this point, with help from deceased Langfords!)
Sensing the Census
I learned that Frances was then living in Wayne, Butler, Ohio. She was age thirty-one, “keeping house” for head of the family, Craig Langford, who was eleven years her senior. (In two subsequent censuses, she is named as “Fanny” and “Fannie.”) Eight children are listed in quite regular succession, in their 1860 household, including Nancy and Ann, of ages to match the dates Shiron got from her cousin. A William Langford is listed last and is the right age to be Craig’s brother, though he could have been another slave from the plantation (Rockcastle County slaves, like many others, carried their masters’ names).
A four-year break in ages of the last two children, Isaac (age five, born in Kentucky, and Stephen, age one, in Ohio) sent us looking for another child who might have been left in Kentucky. We may have found him in the 1870 Census, where Liberty Langford and his legal, white wife Sallie are listed, both at age sixty. In their household is a black child named Peter, age 14 (so b. abt. 1856), along with Robert, a mulatto, age 7. Robert must have been born of a different slave mother, since Fanny moved to Ohio by 1860. As usual, there is much to sort, trailing censuses, in such a hunt. Sometimes we uncover information we weren’t looking to find. Since there’s no proof about siring of slaves in his household, we decided not to focus on Liberty’s liberties.
Every person in the 1860 Ohio household of Craig and Frances Langford was listed as black, with no ‘M’ to indicate ‘mulatto’, though white clerks often listed “B” for any person of mixed racial identity. We can’t discern which children, if any, were born of Craig, since they carried prominent Langford first names, instead of the usual tags, like “Mingo.”
Shi and I feel there has to be a reason why Craig and Fanny gave the name “Stephen,” to their son who was born in Ohio, shortly after their escape. It would hardly make sense that slaves who hated their white master would give their first “free” child an important name in their master’s Langford line. Then again, maybe they took Langford names so Peter could some day find them.
While I worked the censuses, Shi looked up slave schedules and forwarded that fascinating information. In 1850, it looks to us like Liberty’s female slave and her three children have ages close enough to those of Fanny and her first three children, listed in Ohio, in 1860. Where, though, were Craig and Walter, in 1850? Shiron did an additional search and found comps for a Robert Langford, who may well have been Liberty’s father (she forwarded good evidence for that, though Shi as usual insists that we must find that coveted “paper trail documentation”).
As Shi suggests, slave schedules open the possibility that Robert could have fathered Fanny’s children, despite the report that it was Liberty.
There is, of course, the chance that Fanny’s children, as listed in the 1860 Census, had more than one white father. It is also possible that they were born in Kentucky to more than one slave mother. Since all the Craig Langfords in Ohio are listed as “black,” we might also learn that Craig, while working as a Langford slave in Kentucky, fathered them all (except, perhaps, Nancy and Ann). Further, it is possible that not all of Craig’s children were born of the same mother – especially after their master claimed Fanny as his mistress. The complexities, trying to compile family group records for former slaves, boggle the mind!
There is, however, a grain of truth in most family legends. Shi and I resolved to find all the documentation we can to either strengthen or dismiss this family tale about a white Langford’s slave children.
I began to hope that DNA testing might with certainty place Fanny’s children with their father(s). This hope was fortified by Part II of the PBS special, “African American Life” that traced the DNA of famous black persons like Oprah to specific locales!
Then a cousin told me about the article, “In Our Blood,” in the Feb. 6, 2006 Newsweek that cautions about DNA test limitations. An insert on page 54 asks: “Did Thomas Jefferson father as many as six children with his slave Sally Hemings? In 1998, scientists tracing the Y chromosome from father to son said, ‘Yes, Jefferson was the most likely candidate – at least for one of Hemings’s children.’ But the controversy continues because DNA evidence can’t absolutely prove it; another male Jefferson could have been the culprit.”
We may never prove who fathered Fanny’s children. For now, I have placed them all in my Craig Langford family group, with accompanying notes about potential biological white blood. In some cases all we can do is take a combination of facts, common sense, and DNA evidence, while continuing the search for better documentation.
PART II – My Father’s Folk Intervene
After all the excitement, finding Fanny in Ohio, I tried to learn all I could about life in Rockcastle County, just before the 1860 Census. At BYU’s Harold B. Lee Library, I found the history of a bordering county: Madison County: 200 Years in Retrospect,” by William E. Ellis, H. E. Everman, and Richard D. Sears (published by the Madison County Historical Society). This volume brought alive the rioting, threats of violence, and arson perpetrated by area pro-slavery factions (see pp. 123-153). For a while there in Rockcastle, communicants at churches with abolitionist ministers were mainly women, while their men stood in surrounding woods, guns aimed at would-be arsonists, who did succeed in turning one Rockcastle church to ashes. On another occasion, they burned down the home of an abolitionist whose young family narrowly escaped the flames.
In one case, John G. Fee, an abolitionist minister, was forcibly removed from his pulpit and marched more than ten miles, from Rockcastle County to nearby Crab Orchard (where my ancestor Fielding Langford was born in 1804, but left long before).
Jesse Keeps the Peace
In 1860, a pro-slavery Kentucky legislature passed a law that any citizen freeing slaves had to get them out of the state. Also, no freed slaves could enter the state. Perhaps provisions in this law convinced the Langfords to free and transport their slaves. But how, we wondered, did they accomplish that?
I googled “Craig Langford,” without expecting to find much. Up came the link to a page about abolitionist activities of Levi Coffin (http://www.waynet.org/nonprofit/coffin.htm), a member of the Society of Friends (“Quakers”) and reputed president of the Underground Railroad. His home had a hidden door behind a bed and a covered inside well. With the support of his wife Catharine, he helped more than 2,000 slaves find their way to freedom!
Levi and I both descend from Tristram Coffin, my father’s ancestor, who was born in 1609, in Plymouth, England, but left his native country to become a founding father of Nantucket.
Levi’s journal (http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/2064/undrgrd.htm) tells of his visits with the Stubbs family in West Elkton, Indiana, in their joint endeavors to free slaves. The “Squire Stubbs” he stayed with on one stop was probably Jesse Stubbs, then Justice of the Peace.
This site tells how Jesse advanced most of the $5,062 needed to free an entire slave family. Then he traveled, in 1858, to Rockcastle County, Kentucky to redeem the Craig Langfords! (More levitation, this time with spirit from my father’s side.)
I reviewed my extract of the 1870 Census that lists Craig and Fanny and children, in Ohio. Look at the name of their last child:
60/60 Langford, Craig 52M B Farmer 1100 Kentucky
, Fanny 43F B Keep House Kentucky
, Robert 22M B Farm Laborer Kentucky
, Walter 20M B Farm Laborer Kentucky
, Annie 16F B At Home Kentucky
, Isaac 15M B At Home Kentucky
, Stephen 11M B At Home Kentucky [Ohio, 1860]
, Jesse S. 9M B Kentucky
(Source: HeritageQuest on-line image: P.O. Jacksonsborough, Wayne Township, Butler County, Ohio – Series M593, Roll 1177, Page 490, taken 4 June 1870.)
I learned from additional reading that Craig and family prospered in Ohio and managed to pay back most of what Jesse Stubbs and his neighbors raised to free them. In the 1900 Census, I find Jesse Langford at age 39, with his wife and son, living near two brothers and between two white families. Two houses up live Joseph Stubbs, age 65, and wife Esther, 62. They have to have been connected to the Jesse Stubbs who freed the Langfords. I like to think that Jesse shoveled their snow for them, from time to time, there in Gratis, Preble, Ohio.
Better than Fiction
Shi and I have quite a challenge, trying to find documentation, so we can sort fact from fiction, in this family story. For now, it’s fun to think that my father’s relatives helped redeem a family owned by my mother’s! History sometimes reads better than fiction.
The author’s family in 1976: Back L-R Sherlene, H. Tracy, Jr., Elizabeth, David R; Front L-R Virginia, Charlotte, H. Tracy, Sr. (sustained that day as an LDS bishop), Ida-Rose (Langford), and Nancy Hall.
Since learning about Quaker participation, freeing the Craig Langfords, I have written letters, hoping to learn how these Indiana abolitionists learned about and decided to free this particular slave family. Are there receipts, I ask, telling who accepted the $5,062 redemption for this family? How did Jesse Stubbs travel to Rockcastle, and how did he get these slaves out? Did he perhaps make use of the Langford Station Underground Railroad stop? Is it possible that Jesse knew the money would go to strengthen the abolitionist cause in Kentucky? (I know we’re optimistic, but we can always hope, can’t we?) Is there a record of how the Craig Langfords paid off their freedom debt and to whom? Has correspondence from descendants of Craig and Fanny been preserved?
Anguish at “The Tree”
There are those who never ask questions about their family history, for fear of what they might learn. To remain in such ignorance is itself a form of self-enslavement. Others very well know the facts, but prefer to sweep them under that already-bulging rug, caring little how their children might fall, tripping over what they cannot see.
We all need to overcome insecurities that make us afraid to know who we really are. Nothing we ever find can override the fact that we are all created in the image of our Savior, who said: “… If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples, indeed. And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” [John 8:31-32] Then He went on to explain what His fellow Jews might have learned from their Abrahamic genealogy (and what we might also learn from ours).
Abolitionist Langfords in Nauvoo
I descend from Walker Lankford who married Mary or “Polly” Warren, of Lincoln County, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana. In 1830, his son Fielding married Sarah, who was born in 1809, in Rockcastle County, to David P. and Margaret (Kincaid) Bethurem. The young couple soon moved to Indiana, where they converted to the “Mormon” faith in 1843. With other “saints,” they gathered to Nauvoo, Illinois, in time to join the trek across Iowa to Council Bluffs. In 1850, they were living in Platte County, Missouri, but in 1852 migrated to the Salt Lake Valley.
After surviving all that, Sarah died in 1863 from the bite of a black widow spider. I yearn to find a picture of my Sarah, but perhaps she died too soon. We do have one of Fielding in his old age, posing with children by his next wife, Carolyn Christina Bocker, whom he married in 1865, in Salt Lake City. She, however, is not in the picture. By then she had divorced him, purportedly for his whiskey habit. It probably also did not help that Fielding was Swedish-born Carolyn’s senior by forty-three years!
Fielding Langford (1804-1882) and his children by 2nd wife, Carolyn Christina Bocker (from an old tin-type taken about 1880-82). L-R: Joseph, Fielding, Wm. Henry, Anna Caroline, Cynthia Elizabeth, and Malinda Melvina Langford.
Whatever his faults, I love Fielding for having the courage to join a new and different religion that has so blessed my life. I admire his thrifty, hard-working stamina, pioneering the West, drawing on skills he saw his colonizing fathers in the US South apply. Learning to creatively adapt, as they faced new, trying situations, he and Sarah managed to raise a healthy clan that gave me a phenomenal Langford mother.
Fielding and his family missed all the civil rights excitement in Kentucky, but saw plenty of their own in the form of persecution against the concentrated “Mormon” population in Nauvoo. Such trials did not seem to dampen their hope for that better future they did carve out for us, their descendants.
Find an Ancestor – Find yourself!
I am also inspired, learning more about my paternal-line Quakers who, as noted on the above-mentioned site, did not wink at injustice that for many had become a way of life. They did more about it than complain or write a letter to the editor. Taking action, they slowly changed opinions and altered custom – often at significant personal cost.
I also have empathy for slaveholders who found themselves entrenched in what had been a way of life for generations. How difficult it must have been to have all that household and field help and then be forced, either by conscience or circumstance, to give it up.
Before then, it must have been perplexing for children of slaveholders to see how different life was for half brothers and sisters. In situations where slave masters were abusive, studies show those tendencies carried down for generations, within families. Again, I admire the fortitude of Langford families who apparently tried to leave the system. Local pressure on those with Union sympathies was not exactly life-promoting.
Some of us don’t like learning that our ancestors were alcoholics or had slaves, much less that they bred additional “property” with them. On the other hand, knowing more about family history helps us better comprehend why we feel and act the way we do and to better guard against what may be inherited blind spots.
Speaking for myself, these family discoveries fortify my resolve to look at my environment with less complacency – to do what I can to not only change evils in society, but also to adjust attitudes and practices I better recognize as part of my own personal legacy.
We all might hope, as well, to build on accompanying virtues evident in every family line. God seems inclined to reveal a fair share of both the negative and positive in each of us, both to keep us humble and extend encouragement.
At varying times, some branches on our family tree seem more straight and true than others. All, however, produce good fruit that, unless tended well, attracts spoil and canker. We stretch to pick the best and try to ignore the bad. Finding soft spots in the past, we excise them for our future, with help from the Master Chef. The result is a fresh pie so divinely aromatic, vibrantly colorful and flavorful that we who taste of it can hardly wait to prepare tables and share it.
The magnificent wonder is that our Father in Heaven, in His great love, invites us, His children all, into His vineyard to with faith cultivate our inheritance. There each of us not only finds vital root, but by virtue of our Lord’s tender mercies, becomes more strong, resilient, and trusting, as we reap His redeeming bounty.
John Walker Lankford, Confed. Soldier, b. Jul 1833, NC (s/o ?), of Greene, Hawkins Counties, TN, m. Caroline Dryman, d. aft. 11 Jun 1900.
RELATIONSHIP/GRAVE FOUND/PHOTOS. I do not know how/if this John Walker Lankford is related to my ancestor, Walker Lankford (m. Mary/Polly Warren). My Legacy ID No. 70991, John Walker Lankford, is a great-grandfather of Gerry Haggard, whose information was forwarded to shb, 18 Oct 2007, by John Robert or “Whetstone Bob” Langford. (See “BURIAL” tab, below, for this correspondence).
JOHN WALKER LANKFORD’S ANCESTRY/SON. E-letter from Gerry Haggard to Bob Langford, forwarded to shb, 4 Nov 2007: “On 11/4/07, Gerry Haggard [e-address in John Walker Lankford’s blind file–shb] wrote: “The Mormon records give a Benjamin Lankford as the father of John Lankford, father of John Walker Lankford, father of my grandfather John W. Lankford. Census rolls say Hon Walker was born in Rutherford county in 1833.
He married a Nelissa Gosnell. His Confederate grave is in the Providence Cemetery, in Greene County, Tennessee.” –shb 4 Nov 2007
BIG IF: Insertion of Walker as a son of the Benjamin who married Temperance is an assumption, based on the following query, that needs additional verification: Claiborne County, Tennessee Queries: “As posted by Gerry Haggard, email@example.com, 29 Aug 2000: “LANKFORD – Benjamin Lankford came to Claiborne County [Tenn.] from Rutherford County, NC. If he is my gggrandfather, he had a son named Walker Lankford, who was born in 1833 [a birth date that fits nicely into the birth structure I have for children of this Benjamin Lankford–shb]. Can anyone tell me about Benjamin? –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: I have since unlinked John Walker as a son of Benjamin (see “MERGE” note, below). –shb 20 Feb 2008
MERGE. It dawned on me, 20 Feb 2008, that the “Walker K. Lankford” I had just entered in my database was the same person as “John W. Lankford,” entered separately (dates, including with children are a close enough match), so I am making the merge of my ID 70991 and No. 62047, keeping the lower number. Another search of my database leads me to merge 62047 with 72144, John Walker, the Confederate soldier, whose wife “Caroline Dryman” applied for a pension. again keeping the lowest ID number. The only problem with this merge is that the Confederate soldier’s father’s name is “John,” which ruins my hope that Benjamin was John Walker’s father (unless his name was John Benjamin, that is). For now I am unlinking John Walker as a son of Benjamin (my ID 61959), who married Temperance (62046). –shb 20 Feb 2008
1870–A “WALKER LANKFORD” IS AGE THIRTY-FIVE, IN THE 1870 CENSUS OF PEDDLER TOWNSHIP, AMHERST COUNTY, VIRGINIA. This Walker lives near Pleasant and Susan B. Lankford and Robert A. Lankford, thought to be Pleasant’s son. The age seems a match to this Walker Lankford, my Legacy ID 62047, but for now I am entering this Walker, b. abt. 1835, separately. –shb 18 Feb 2008
1880 CENSUS–“JOHN W. [for “Walker”?–shb] LANKFORD” IS AGE FORTY-SIX, BORN IN NORTH CAROLINA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “CAROLINE,” AGE FORTY, BORN IN TENNESSEE, AND FIVE CHILDREN, ALL BORN IN TENNESSEE, IN DISTRICT ELEVEN, GREENE COUNTY, TENNESSEE. Query from Richard Wilcox, as posted at RootsWeb, about “John Walker Lankford,” of Greene County, Tennessee (accessed 10 May 2007, by shb), got a response from “Richard,” that simply offers this information:
“1880 District 11 Greene Co., TN
John W. Lankford 46 NC
Caroline Lankford 40 TN
William Lankford 20 TN
Sarah Lankford 16 TN
John Lankford 12 TN
Henry Lankford 9 TN
Mary Lankford 1 TN” –shb 10 May 2007
1900 CENSUS–“WALKER K. LANKFORD” [AS INDEXED BY HERITAGEQUEST–SHB] IS AGE SIXTY-SIX, BORN JULY 1833, IN NORTH CAROLINA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN NORTH CAROLINA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE OF FORTY-SIX YEARS, “CARLENE” OR “CAROLINE,” WHO HAS MOTHERED SIX CHILDREN, FIVE SURVIVING, AND WAS BORN IN TENNESSEE, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN TENNESSEE. DAUGHTER “MOLLIE [MARY],” AGE TWENTY-ONE AND SINGLE, BORN IN TENNESSEE, LIVES WITH THEM, IN TOWNSHIP 15, CIVIL DISTRICT, HAWKINS COUNTY, TENNESSEE. NEXT DOOR LIVES PROBABLE SON, “WILLIAM G. LANKFORD,” AGE THIRTY-NINE, WIFE NANCY, AND THEIR CHILDREN; ON THE OTHER SIDE OF WILLIAM LIVES ANOTHER PROBABLE SON, “JOHN LANKFORD,” AGE THIRTY-THREE. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 20 Feb 2008, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:
Township 15, Civil District, Hawkins County, Tennessee
Series T623, Roll 157, Page 220
Taken 11 June 1900
90/91 Strong, James R., age 36, wife Nancy E., and family.
91/92 Lankford, Walker K. Head WM Jul 1833 66 M46 North Carolina North Carolina NC
, Carlene Wife WF Jul 1844 55 M46 Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Mollie Dau WF ? 1878 21 S Tennessee North Carolina TN
92/93 Lankford, William G. Head WM Jun 1860 39 M17 Tennessee North Carolina TN
, Nancy Wife WF Nov 1865 34 M17 Tennessee Tennessee TN
, George Son WM May 1889 11 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Frederick [?] ” WM Jun 1890 9 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Haley Dau WF Jun 1893 7 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Nola Dau WF May 1896 4 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Tildon Dau WF Mar 1899 1 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
93/94 Lankford, John Head WM Oct 1866 33 M1 Tennessee North Carolina TN
, Mary J. Wife WF Oct 1881 18 M1 0/0 Tennessee Tennessee TN
94/95 Garner, James, age 26, Martha, 21, and daughter.
95/96 West, John A., age 48, wife Rachel, 42, and family. –shb 20 Feb 2008
BURIAL/A CONFEDERATE SOLDIER/PHOTOS. John Robert or “Bob” Langford wrote Gerry Haggard, 17 Oct 2007, as follows, with this response, below [photos of these graves since forwarded by Bob Langford, as attached to John Walker Lankford’s media file–shb]:
“I finally made it to the Romeo community today and found Walker Langford’s grave.
“Actually it was 4 miles north of Romeo in the County Line Community of Hawkins County, Tennessee. Directions as follows:
“From I-81 in Greene County, drive North on Hwy 70 approx. 5 miles until you come to the
Greene-Hawkins County line. There will be a church straddling the county line. Drive past
that church for about 1/8 mile and you will come to the Marion Robinette Memorial
Primitive Baptist Church on your left. You will see the cemetery and another sign that says
‘Providence Cemetery County Line Community’. Walker’s grave is to the right of the
church and the white storage building, at the top of the hill, under the tall Cedar tree in the photo.
“This is an old cemetery with many graves marked only with a flat field stone with no inscription.
“There was a row of slave graves with small granite markers that say Afro-American..
no names or dates. First time I’ve see that. Walker’s marker is very small..only about 12 inches square, and it only has his name, no dates. I found no other Langford graves.
“I don’t remember who’s line this Walker belongs to, so I’m sending a copy of this to the Langford List and asking Tree Mother to pass it on.
“Whetstone Bob” –shb 18 Oct 2007 [Gerry’s reply, 17 Oct 2007]:
“This is my ggrandfather’s grave. His name was John Walker Lankford. I have a copy of his Confederate discharge papers. Before my ggrandmother, Caroline Dryman Lankford, could get her pension, she had to prove that John wl was “Walker Lankford,” as the Confederate records indicated. She got statements form neighbors and army friends. His son John married Mary Ann West in Hawkins County, and they became my grandparents. If anyone thinks this is their line, also, I have more info that I could send. I also have copies of the land records, when land was sold after the death of John Walker.” –shb 18 Oct 2007
Sarah or “Sally” Lankford (b. abt. 1783, Lincoln Co. KY, d/o Joseph and Mary __, d. abt. 1856, Whitley Co. KY), mother of seven
NAME: More than one researcher has listed Sarah and Sally Lankford, as two separate daughters of Joseph and Mary Lankford. Pending documentation that they are two persons, I have merged them as one daughter, “Sarah,” nicknamed “Sally.” –shb 30 Jan 2006 [Note: Regarding my conclusion, Barry D. Wood writes, 6 Aug 2006: “Before the 20th century, Sally was solely and only a nickname for Sarah. Martha L. Green can certainly be forgiven for not knowing that, as in our time people are always choosing nicknames as the legal given names of their children, but in colonial times it was not so. Joseph Langford’s daughter Sarah is the identical person as his supposed ‘other’ daughter Sally.” –shb 6 Aug 2006
BIRTH: Sarah was under age 18 in 1800 (Ida-Rose Langford Hall, in her “Descendants of Fielding Langford” book). –shb 10 Oct 2004
ABT 1783–BIRTH IN LINCOLN COUNTY, KENTUCKY/DAUGHTER OF JOSEPH LANGFORD: Information courtesy of Shi Wordsworth, forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. Shi says her information is based on research by Martha Langford Green, who names Sally’s father as Joseph Langford. –shb 14 Oct 2003, 24 Jan 2006
1797-1798–JOHN FARRIS APPOINTED “SALLY” LANGFORD’S GUARDIAN: E-letter, 29 Jan 2006, from Shiron Wordsworth to shb: “This past weekened, I was in touch with a gentleman researching original tax records and land grants in what was once Lincoln County, Kentucky. This gentleman assured me there is evidence that Mary Langford, Joseph’s wife, died about 1797 or 98. In 1798, John Farris was appointed the legal guardian of Sally Langford, who was a child of Joseph and Mary Langford. John Farris was married to Jenny Langford, another daughter of Joseph and Mary. The logical conclusion to be drawn from that guardianship is that Jenny and John assumed responsibility for the minor child of Jenny’s parents, at her mother’s death.” –shb 30 Nov 2006 [Note: I believe the “gentleman” referred to was local historian, Jeff Renner, who has been most helpful, answering my queries. I had the pleasure of meeting him at the May 2007 Stephen Langford Memorial Reunion, in Mt. Vernon, Kentucky, when he showed us how to find the still-standing chimney/hearthstone of my ancestor, Walker Lankford currently thought to be Sally’s brother–shb.]
WAS SALLY’S MOTHER MARY STILL ALIVE? I sent this letter to our Langfords, 11 July 2006, that I prefaced with Barry Wood’s response, 10 July 2006, to my thought (along with the above-mentioned, unnamed researcher) that Sally Lankford’s choosing her sister Jenny’s husband John(son) Farris as her guardian means that her father Joseph’s wife Mary (my ancestors) had died. Wrote Barry:
“Not to be a wet blanket, but I don’t agree that Mary (Warren) Lankford had to be dead in order for Sally to choose someone else as her guardian. Minors under 14 didn’t get a choice. Above 14 (at least in some states), they could make a choice other than the mother, even if the mother were still alive. To restate the obvious, the child was still considered an ‘orphan’ if his or her father was deceased, even if the mother were still alive. There could have been many reasons, above and beyond the death of Mary (Warren) Langford, for Sally to choose her sister’s husband as her guardian. These reasons would have included the general societal assumption of those times that men were better at dealing with such matters.
[Note: Shi Wordsworth wrote that Sally was already living with the Farrises before she named head of the household, Johnson Farris, as her guardian–shb.]
“I’d be more impressed if the tax lists for this period reflected that property which Mary had occupied following Joseph Langford’s death was taxed to his heirs or estate starting in 1797 or 1798.
Shiron Wordsworth’s response, next day, to Barry’s letter of 10 July 2006:
“In thinking about Sally, I remembered that she was mentioned in Joseph’s will which was written in 1783, and there appears to be a younger child in the family, Joseph. So Sally was at least 14 in 1797, and possibly older. I don’t know what Kentucky’s laws were in 1797, with regard to minors choosing a guardian, so I guess it’s possible that she was old enough to choose Johnson Farris as guardian irrespective of her mother.
“Maybe our researcher might be of some help here. He says that “the land that Mary Langford had in 1797 was on the West Fork of Dick’s River according to the tax list. It had been entered, etc. for John Farris.”
“I don’t know whether this is an indication that Mary gave her land to John Farris while she was still living or if this indicates that she was dead at this time. It does seem interesting that in 1797, John Farris’ name is mentioned in connection with land Mary had paid taxes on, and in that same year, John Farris assumes guardianship of Mary’s daughter, Sally. I do remember the researcher saying that after 1797, he finds no mention of Mary in the records. But maybe he hasn’t gotten to that record yet.
“I just wish that Stephen Langford had been the surety on Johnson Farris’ bond and not William Allen who must have been a good friend of John Farris. But the compassionate side of me wants a Langford to have stepped up to the bar of justice and proved the value of that young woman’s life. Stephen certainly had the means to do such a thing. Well, rats!” [Note: Shi is a descendant of Stephen Lankford, but stays current on our research involving our ancestor, Joseph Lankford, as we are convinced that Stephen and Joseph are related–we just can’t prove how, at this point–shb.] [Note: DNA evidence about such a relationship has not been encouraging, to say the least.] –shb 6 Jan 2007
My brother-in-law Barry Wood responds to Shi’s e-letter, 12 July 2006: “Good points. I’m not 100% sure, as far as Kentucky is concerned, on the choice of guardian statute. It has been too many years since I was researching the families of my two great great great granduncles, Daniel and John Hufford / Hoffert, who were killed by robbers around 1819. I seem to recall reading records of some of their children choosing guardians after age 14.
“In mentioning both Daniel and John, I should qualify that by saying that although I’m 100% sure that John was murdered, returning home (probably from Lexington) after having sold his crop, with Daniel, it’s a family memory that he died in the same fashion, but I haven’t seen a contemporaneous newspaper account to confirm. This seems to have been a major reason, again, according to the family story, why most of the Huffords left Kentucky. In any event, I had other orphaned ancestors in Ohio a few years later, and there they definitely acquired the right to choose their own guardian (subject to approval by the court) when they turned 14.
“Barry” –shb 12 July 2006
Sherlene’s response to Barry’s letter of 10 July 2006 (much of this was copied to all our Langfords or to those most active, doing family research):
“Barry, it’s never a ‘wet blanket’ to shed light on ancestral history and correct a misperception. Thanks for the insight about reasons for assigning guardianship. I’m wondering if the fact that Sally was in court and the names of Charles Warren and Stephen Lankford were mentioned that same day really means that they were all in court together. Do you know, Barry? Did they make road assignments without those involved being present
there in court to accept the assignments? On the surface it seems likely that they all traveled in together down the Old Wilderness Road and Logan’s Trace to the courthouse at Stanford and that’s why their names were involved in court matters on the same day.
“Attached [also to Sally’s media file–shb] is a drawing of the Logan Fort site, where the original Lincoln County courthouse was built in 1786 (the case involving Sally’s guardianship and mention of Charles and Stephen took place eleven years later, on 10 Oct 1797). This drawing was posted at <http://www.lincolnky.com/tourism/historical.htm,>
with this label: ‘Original courthouse on this site was in 1786. Records contained in this
building date back in 1779, some written on sheepskin. The Fiscal Court room contains some of the finest portraits of Lincoln County judges.’ [You might want to go to the site to see the drawing, as it did not copy over very well–shb.]
“Stanford was named for Benjamin Logan [was his home town Stamford, in England?–shb], a hero among early settlers for successfully fighting off Indian attacks. Logans Fort was located near the existing Stanford downtown district, and Stanford became the County seat. Crab Orchard is a small town in eastern Lincoln County, located about ten miles southeast of Stanford. Several sites say that Crab Orchard was probably named for a stand of crab apple trees, which delights me, since Dan and I unknowingly planted a crab apple in our front yard 10-15 years ago that is a source of delight in spring for it’s lovely, fragrant pink blooms and, in fall, for it’s bright-colored leaves. (However, it’s a royal pain, otherwise, to have to clean up mounds of fallen tiny apples that attract deer to our front yard in winter, if we don’t get every single one up before the snows fall). Anybody have a good crab-apple pickle recipe or other good use for this miniature fruit?
“My Langford mother also had a crab apple tree in her yard, but I think she took it out because she got tired of cleaning up the fallen fruit. Perhaps on first planting it, she knew its historical significance.
“Crab Orchard was at the end of Logan’s Trace of the Wilderness Road and was an early pioneer station. There are several mineral springs in the area, and from 1827 until 1922 taverns and hotels were located at Crab Orchard Springs. Charles Warren was granted a license to keep a tavern on 18 Oct 1796, nearly a year before this 1797 session where Sally chose her guardian. I’m wondering if his tavern was in Crab Orchard, since his daughter Mary Polly married our Walker Lankford, who hailed from there.
“I like to think that Stephen came down the Wilderness road that day with a carriage drawn by fine Kentucky horses, attended by one of his slaves. Perhaps along the way he picked up the rest, including, perhaps, Walker (son of Joseph), Walker’s sisters Sally and Jenny, and Jenny’s husband, John[son] Farris. Did Charles Warren join them, since his name was also mentioned, on a road matter, in court that day? (His daughter Mary/Polly Warren, age 13-17 at the time, married Walker Lankford nearly three years later, in September, 1880.)
“How long do you think it took a horse and carriage to travel ten miles on an October day? I can see them returning to Crab Orchard for a Kentucky chicken picnic near a stand of red-leafed crab apple trees–perhaps staying to visit longer and lodge with their Crab Orchard relatives.
“Sherlene” –shb 11 July 2006
WILDERNESS CONDITIONS: (See notes under same heading, notes of Sally’s mother, Mary Lankford–shb.) –shb 30 Jan 2006
1800, FEBRUARY 25–MARRIAGE OF “SALLY LANGFORD” TO CORNELIUS GATLIFF: Kentucky Vital Statistics, compiled by Annie Walker Burns (Frankfort, Kentucky), 1931, p. 25, searched by shb at the FHL, Salt Lake City, Utah: “Gatliff, Cornelius – Langford, Sally, 2-25-1800, [witness] Langford, Mary mo.” –shb 10 Oct 2004 [Note it was this entry that helped me decide that Jean Langford is Sally’s sister, since Sally was already listed as a child of Joseph and Mary, but all I had for them was a “Jenny,” who could be Jean. However, the witness for both Sally and Jean was listed the same, as “Langford, Mary mo.”] –shb 10 Oct 2004
GREAT-GRANDSON ACCUSED OF MURDER/DAUGHTER ANNE ESTRANGED? From e-letter by Patricia or “Pat” Hickerson to shb, 23 Jul 2007: “A distant cousin of mine Charles Finley, great grandson of Cornelius Gatliff and Sally Lankford, purportedly engineered the assassination of Governor elect of Kentucky, William Goebel, in 1900. At least Goebel was shot from the window of Finley’s office in the Frankfort state building where he was a legislator. He and his cohorts, the so-called ‘mountain men’ from Whitley County, fled into Indiana for a couple of years. Then Finley resumed his ‘distinguished career in Kentucky, later going to Washington as an elected congressman! Finley’s father also supposedly cheated my great-grandfather Wm. Meadors (no relation to the Gatliffs except that my grandmother married Charles Adkins, son of Cynthia) out of the coal/oil deposits (later sold to Mobil and then to the govt.) on his farmland. Finley claimed Cornelius had bitterly opposed the marriage of his grandmother, Anne Gatliff, to his grandfather and that, to his knowledge, Anne was permanently estranged from Cornelius and Sally. I have to laugh at the supposed conversation about ‘those no-good Finleys’! My uncle, now dead, was still trying to get back the rights to the coal-rich land of his grandfather in the 1980s. Pat” –shb 23 Jul 2007
1836, 5 JUNE–HUSBAND CORNELIUS GATLIFF MADE WILL–GRANTS HER AND SON JOHN SPEED THREE OF HIS SLAVES. Cornelius appointed two of his sons, “Joseph L. Gatliff” and “Charles H. Gatliff” as executors of “this my last Will and Testament.” In his long will, “Cornelus [sic–shb] Gatliff of the County of Whitley and State of Kentucky” named “my Wife Sally Gatliff” and gave her and their son “Speed” the “third part containing the dwelling home and other improvements where I now live,” along with the “balance of My cattle not disposed of otherwise together with farming tools & other articles be[l]onging to Me and not herein Named,” and “”my three slaves Poll, Dick, and Ben, to the proper use and benefit of my said Wife during the Monety [minority] of my said Son John Speed and on his arriving at the age of Twenty One years the right in full of and to the said Ben to Vest in him, the balance to be and continue to ]”be] the use of my said Wife during her life, and then to decend and be the property of my said Son John Speed.” Sally also got “My cultivator Mare together With all My household and Kitchen furniture and utentials of every discription thereunto belonging, along with (with son John Speed), “My hogs & Sheep.” In addition, Cornelius declared that “My Youngest Yoke of Oxin & unbroke Steers I allow to be Sold and the proceeds applied to building a comfortable dwelling house for my Wife” . . . . “and I earnestly request and enjoin it on my children that they pay due res[p]ect to their Mother and render her all comfort and assistance in their power through life.” –shb 6 Jan 2007
ABT. 1856–SALLY LANGFORD GATLIFF DIES, IN WHITLEY COUNTY, KENTUCKY. From e-note by Patricia or “Pat” Hickerson to shb, 23 Jul 2007: ” . . . . in Ron Jost’s supplemental Gatliff book, I find that Cornelius married Sara Langford February 25, 1800 in Lincoln Co. KY, daughter of Joseph Langford [matches my information–shb]. She was born about 1780, in Virginia [I had 1783, in Lincoln County, Virginia–shb] and died about 1856, in Whitley County, Kentucky” [I only had her death as “aft 10 Oct 1797–shb]. –shb
Cornelius Gatliff (b. 25 Mar 1777, Botetourt County, VA, d. Aug-Oct 1836, Whitley Co. KY), m. Sarah/Sally Lankford, d/o Joseph and Mary,
1777, MARCH 25–BIRTH, IN BOTETOURT COUNTY, VIRGINIA. As posted by Bob Francis, on RootsWeb, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/KYBOURBO/2001-08/0998445324, accessed 22 Jul 2007, by shb: “GATLIFF, CORNELIUS (1777–). Son of Charles and Christiana Gatliff ws born March 25, 1777 in Botetourt County, Virginia. (1).” –shb 22 Jul 2007
HAD CHILDREN BY HIS SLAVES, ALONG WITH HIS FATHER? See letter I wrote to Bob Francis, notes of Cornelius’ father, Capt. Charles Gatliff. –shb 22 Jul 2007
1827, OCTOBER–SON CHARLES AND RACHEL WERE DIVORCED, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. A racy account of counter-accusations of Charles and Rachel and accounts of witnesses, in court, as part of divorce proceedings, are posted by Arnold Taylor at http://www.rootsweb.com/~kyknox/Court-Records/gatliff-divorce.html. –shb 6 Jan 2007
1836, JUNE 5–MADE WILL, IN WHITLEY COUNTY, KENTUCKY. As published in the Whitley County, Kentucky Will Book 1, 1818-1854, by Stephen H. Broyles, searched by shb, 5 Jan 2007, at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (Call No. US/Can/976.9132/P26), p. 41[initialling anything in brackets that I insert, and bolding names mentioned, as inserted by Broyles (but it did not show up here)–shb]:
“October Term 1836
The last Will and testament of Cornelus Gatliff Decd was produced in Court, proven by the Oaths of Joseph Gilliss and Eli Snyder Subscribing Witnesses thereto which is ordered by the Court to be recorded (which is as follows)
“In the Name of God Amen
I Cornelus Gatliff of the County of Whitley and State of Kentucky being in great bodily pain, but of Sound and disposing Mind and Memory and Wishing to settle my Worldly affairs whilst I have Strength and Capacity so to do do Make this my last Will and Testament Hereby revoking any former Will or Wills heretofore made by me, And first
To my Wife Sally Gatliff and my three Sons
“Silas Mc Gatliff, James B. Gatliff & John S. Gatliff I give the land whereon I now live together with a tract adjoining the same Between Me and Burton Litton containing in all Seven hundred and fifty acres to be eaqually [sic–shb] divided in three shares agreeable to quantity and quality as near as may be and My Said Wife and My Son Speed is to have the third part containing the dweling [sic–shb] home, and other improvements where I now live. The balance to be divided betwe[en] my son Silas Mc & James B. by themselves, or in case they cannot agree by referee [?] chosen by them
“2nd To my daughter Jane Faris I give my Negor girl Harriet to her only [p. 42–shb] proper use apart from the controal [sic–shb] of her husband and to dispose of said Girl at her death as she may deem proper, Provided however If the said Jane should die without sons then the children of the said Harriet if any to be the property of my five Sons eaqually.
“3rd To my daughter Anne Finley I give my Negro girl Lane in her own right and her heirs forever
“4th To my Wife and my Son John Speed I give my three slaves Poll, Dick, and Ben, to the proper use and benefit of my said Wife during the Monety [minority] of my said Son John Speed and on his arriving at the age of Twenty One years the right in full of and to the said Ben to Vest in him, the balance to be and continue to [“be”] the use of my said Wife during her life, and then to decend [sic–shb] and be the property of my said Son John Speed
“5 To my four sons Joseph Langford, Charles Harbert, Silis McGun [sic–I had it previously as “McGuire”–shb] and James Britton, I give my three Slaves Jesse, Peter, and Rafer and my said Sons in consideration of Said bequest are Jointly to pay one Moiety of a debt owen [sic–shb] by my father and myself in the Northern Bank
of Kentucky, and they are not to sell or transfer their title of interest in said Slaves except in the family
“6th to my son Charles Harbert I give and bequeath the Land on which he now lives to the use of him and his heirs forever
“7th The fifty acres of Land including the Mill together with said Mill I leave to my Wife and children not to be disposed of in any Other Way during her life
“8th One tract of one hundred Acres lying on Gelico together with an entry of fifty acres adjoining the Same. all which I Value at three hundred dollars Also one tract on Cumberland River of fifty acres which I value at one hundred and fifty dollars and I advise that the above Lands be not Sold untill they will fetch Said Sum So much of the proceeds of of [sic] Said lands to be applied to the Schooling of My son John Speed as will give him a good education. the residue to be divided amongst my Sons eaqully [sic–shb]
“9th Out of the proceeds of the Sales of the grain and Liquor now on hand I allow So much as will pay for a good Saddle and bridle and a good Suit of Clothes for each of my three younger Sons to be applied to be applyed [sic] to that use the residue to the use of the fam[i]ly
“10th Having Made a Survey of five hundred Acres in partnership with Joseph Gillis one half of which belongs to me the proceeds of which when Sold I allow to be divided eaquilly amongst my five sons also the part I hold in a tract of Land purchased of William Earlies heirs I give to my five Sons jointly
“11th To my Son Joseph Langford I give one hundred & Seven Acres of Land lying adjoining the land I one [sic, own or once] deeded to him also three cows and calves
“12th One hundred acres of Land purchased at Sheriffs Sale the property of my brother James Gatliff
I authorize and direct my executors hereinafter named on the said James Gatliff paying Sixty dollars to convey all my interest in the said Land to the said James Gatliff, and in case the said James Will not agre e to pay that Sum, then my said Executors are directed to pay the said James one hundred dollars out of the joint funds of my five sons and the said Land is to be the Joint property of my Said Sons. [p. 43–shb]
“13th A tract of one hundred or perhaps More Acres of Land lately deeded to me by my father and which is Known by the reavess place I give to my five Sons jointly
“14 My cultivator Mare together With all My household and Kitchen furniture and utentials of every discription thereunto belonging I give to my Wife – My hogs & Sheep I leave to my Wife and my Son John Speed
“15th My Youngest Yoke of Oxin & unbroke Steers I allow to be Sold and the proceeds applied to building a comfortable dwelling house for my Wife to my five Sons I give my Stallion, My Brimer Mare and two Yearling Colts to be their joint property to My Son Silas Mc I give the Mare he now Claims to My Son James B. I give My Kit Mare and to my Son John S. I give the Mare he now Claims and my Yearling Brimer Colt, and to my grandson Cornelius Findley I give my Yearling Colt double head The balance of My Cattle not disposed of otherwise together with farming tools & other articles be[l]onging to Me and not herein Named, I leave to my Wife for the use of herself and fam[i]ly
” All Debts due me I allow my executors to Collect and pay all the debts I Owe and if the ballance
on settlement should be against Me It Must be paid by my Sons jointly and I earnestly request and enjoin it on my Children that they pay due res[p]ect to their Mother and render her all comfort and assistance in their power through life
” And I appoint Andw Craig and Joseph Gilliss Guardians to my Son John Speed during his Minority
“And I hereby appoint Constitute and Ordain my two Sons Joseph L. Gatliff and Charles H. Gatliff Executors of this my last Will and Testamint
“In Witness whereof I Cornelus Gatliff the Testator have hereunto
Set my hand and Seal this fifth day of June in the Year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty Six
“Signed Sealed and delivered in the presence of us whose names are
Joseph Gillies )
Eli Snider )
“Codocil June 6th 1836
The clause of my Will wherein I leave my horse Mare and the Coults to my Sons I reverse and alter So far as it respects one of the Yearling Colts called Nancy which I give to my daughter in law Elisabeth Gatliff to her own perticular use
J. Gilliss )
Eli Snider )
I hereby appoint Nathan Cox Executor to this my foregoing Will jointly with my Sons Named in the last Section of Said Will Witness my hand this seventh day of August 1836
Joseph Gilliss )
Silas Mc Gatliff ) [p. 44–shb]
October Term 1836
The last Will and Testament of Cornelus Gatliff Decd was produced in Court proven by the Oathes of Joseph Gilliss and Eli Snider Subscribing Witnesses thereto which is ordered by the Court to be recorded
“A Copy Test Andw Craig clk” –shb 6 Jan 2007
Euclid Langford (son of Nicholas, b. abt. 1757, Caroline Co. VA, d. abt. 1810, Hancock County, GA), m. Elizabeth ___, in 1788, in Sussex County, VA; Rev. War Vet., Slave Holder
RELATIONSHIP/FATHER IS NICHOLAS THIRD? I do not, at this time, know how Euclid Lankford/Langford is related to our family Langfords. A “best-guess” of Langford researcher, Barry D. Wood, is that he is a son of Nicholas Langford, Jr., so perhaps a brother of my ancestor, Joseph Lankford, presumed father of Walker Lankford, my 4th great-grandfather. –shb 24 Jul 2007 [Note: “Descendants of Euclid Langford,” report, forwarded by Gene L. Lankford to shb, 14 Aug 2007, indicates that Euclid is descended from Nicholas, son of Nicholas, son of Nicholas, son of Thomas Lankford–shb.] Descendants of Euclid Langford are Gene Lankford, a “DNA guru,” as Judy Langford calls him, and Judy’s husband, Robert William or “Bob” Langford. –Sherlene Hall Bartholomew (shb, hereafter), 16 Aug 2007
NAME. Researcher Robert Davidson says (see 1777 notes, below) that Euclid most often spelled is own name “Langford,” with a “g.” Davidson believes that Euclid was named after Euclid Whitlock, “circumstantially her brother.” (See “MOTHER A WHITLOCK” tag, below.) –shb 16 Aug 2007
1777-1757–BIRTH. Euclid Langford’s approximate birth years are estimated from his enlistment in 1777, as a private, in the Revolutionary War (see 1777 notes, below). This approximation is included in a “Lankford-Langford” report, compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by her to shb,15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes).
FATHER IS NICHOLAS? See 1785, 1787 debt suits, below, in which Euclid/Edmund LANKFORD is named in the suit, with Nicholas LANKFORD as security, in both suits. Researcher Robert Davidson feels this is good indication that Nicholas is Euclid’s father and hopes finding the name of Nicholas’ wife may give additional confirmation. –shb 16 Aug 2007
MOTHER A WHITLOCK? Writes researcher Robert Davidson, in his report, as commissioned by Judy and Bob Langford (see above), p. 11: “Euclid LANKFORD’s mother was almost certainly a WHITLOCK, of a family of close neighbors to the LANKFORDS, and she named her son after Euclid WHITLOCK, circumstantially her brother. One finds a Euclid WHITLOCK in Court in 1764, a man perhaps thirty or older, given the circumstances: ‘1764, February. William UBANK not capable of caring for his children. Churchwardens of St. Margarets Parish bind William UBANK Jr. to Euclid WHITLOCK. (Dorman 1764-1765-2:2). Various records of this Euclid WHITLOCK continue until his death in 1781, leaving an estate administered by George GUY but no information on his family. (Williams:487) These speculations cannot be confirmed, but they are reasonable, given the first name “Euclid,f1,” never seen before in any colonial Virginia record.” –shb 16 Aug 2007
CONNECTED TO CHAPPELS IN NEWPORT PARISH, ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA? See notes of Elizabeth Lankford, my Legacy ID No. 71494, who married a James Chappel. Elizabeth was a daughter of Thomas Lankford (father unknown to me), of Newport Parish, who named “daughter Elizabeth Chappell” in his will. In 1794 (see note, below), a witness to Euclid’s purchase of eighty-seven acres from Alexander and Sarah Tomlinson, in Sussex County, Virginia, was Benjamin Chappell. –shb 16 Aug 2007
EXCITING DNA MATCH/OF MIDDLE-EAST, MEDITERRANEAN ORIGINS? See notes of my ancestor, James Harvey Langford, Jr., for fascinating correspondence, 12-13 Aug 2007, from Judy R. Langford (her husband, Bob, is Euclid’s descendant) and Gene Lankford (a descendant of Euclid). I sent Gene the DNA profile I had worked out (with several lapses), applying a code to what was in Sorenson Molecular’s database, from a sample provided by a descendant of my ancestor, James H. Jr., named Alva Bedford Langford (brother of my grandfather, Ernest Fountain Langford). Gene finished the profile and proclaimed it an almost perfect match, making me a cousin to him, Judy’s husband Bob, and other relatives of theirs I look forward to “meeting.” named John Q. Langford and Stanard Lanford. A fascinating part of Gene’s letter of 13 Aug 2007, reads (some paragraphing added):
“This is all very exciting! It is now looking like a distinct possibility that our J2 DNA goes back at least to Nicholas Lang/kford, Sr. Bruce Montgomery Edwards and Arthur Hall both have Nicholas as the son of a Thomas Lankford, who may have been an immigrant from England or may have been the son of an Edward Langford who immigrated from England. I wonder about those connections and the basis for them. Of course, Hall also has Eli Langford as a son of Nicholas, Jr. But the participants in the DNA project (2 of them) claiming to descend from Eli do not match us or even come close, and they are DNA type R1b1 instead of J2, indicating an entirely different ethnic origin.
“R1b1 is typical of Europeans. J2 (ours) originates in the Middle East and Mediterranean. We have near-matches with some people of Italian origin, which makes me wonder about an Italian origin of our ancestors. The J2 DNA type is one of the main reasons I have speculated that somewhere back one of our ancestors was not fathered by a Lang/kford. Most Lang/kfords in the project have the more typical European R1b1.” –shb 14 Aug 2007
1757–BIRTH IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Birth year, place, per GenForum post by Gene Lankford, 4 Apr 2006: “A descendant of Jeremiah Euchlet Langford who lives in Utah has just had an exact DNA match with two of us who are confirmed descendants of Euclid Langford, b. 1757 Caroline Co., VA. Given the fact that the three of us match each other but do not match any other Langfords or Lankfords in the project, this seems to confirm that Jeremiah Euchlet Langford was indeed a descendant–most likely, given his age and approximate DOB, a grandson–of Euclid Langford.” –shb 24 Jul 2007
RELATIVES JOHN, JAMES, EDMOND, GEORGE N., AND NICHOLAS LANGFORD: See notes with “DEATH” tab, below. –shb 12 Dec 2005
Letter from Judy Langford to Barry Wood, as forwarded from Barry to shb, 12 Dec 2005: “After reading your posts on Genforum, something I had not done in a long time, I see that your family is from Caroline Co. [Virginia–shb]. Do you know where Euclid fits in? He was on the Personal Property Tax List for Caroline Co. in 1787, as well as a Nicholas. Euclid is of record in Caroline Co. as a defendant in a debt suit of 1785: “1785, June 11. Andrew Leckie v Euclid Lankford and Benjamin Fletcher, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas Lankford, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65)
“This leads me to believe this Nicholas was the father of Euclid. I have been working on Euclid’s parents and siblings for 15 years and the only thing I have is this from Caroline Co. I have thousands of his descendants.
“Please send anything you might have.
“Judy” [This is Judy R. Langford (her e-address in Euclid’s blind file–shb], who writes that the Langford site is now administered by Lauren Langford, M. D.–her e-address is firstname.lastname@example.org .] –shb 12 Dec 2005
MORE ABOUT LANKFORDS: E-letter from Barry D. Wood to Judy Royer Langford, 12 Dec 2005, as copied to shb:
“Judy — Thanks for the update. My Langford connection is that this was the maiden name of my mother in law, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, who authored “Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford.” My wife has cousins who carry the Langford name, though because of a preponderance of girls in the family they are far outnumbered by those bearing other surnames. Living in the East, we’re not in close contact with the eponymous Langfords, but I’m copying this email to my wife’s sisters and brothers, so that they can follow up and encourage participation in the test.
“Fielding, as you may know, was the son of Walker Langford/Lankford of Lincoln County, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana. Walker was the son of the Joseph Langford who died in Lincoln County in 1785 or thereabouts, and who had owned land in Pittsylvania County, Virginia before the war. You have seen the posts of those who believe that Joseph was the son of Nicholas Langford, and I have no reason to doubt this theory. However, I have no clue as to whether Euclid Langford (b. 1757) was a brother of Joseph. If he was, Euclid was certainly much younger than Joseph, whose birth I estimate at around 1740 at the latest.
“Given that James Langford was buying land in what’s now Patrick County, Virginia (somewhat to the west of Joseph’s property) in the 1740’s, I suspect that James might have been the oldest of the family (assuming that he, too, was a son of Nicholas). If James was born, say, around 1720, then Nicholas could scarcely have been born much after 1700. Accordingly, I strongly doubt that the Nicholas Langford who was surety on the debt of Euclid Langford in that 1787 suit in Caroline County was the same person as the father of James, Joseph and Benjamin Langford (assuming that these three were in fact brothers).
“Supposedly another of this set of brothers was Nicholas Langford Jr. Do you know of any reason why Nicholas Jr. might not have been Euclid’s father? This would seem like the most reasonable construction of the available shreds of information on Euclid.
“I noticed that in a couple of places posters on the Lankford Genforum have specified Euclid’s birthplace as Sussex County, Virginia. Do you happen to know whether any contemporaneous documentation supports that notion? I wondered whether application for a pension based on his service in the Rev. War might have specified the soldier’s birthplace. The application of my 4th great granduncle John Bagby, coincidentally born the same year, gives his birthplace as Hanover County. We would have no knowledge of his Hanover roots otherwise, as Hanover is an almost thoroughly “burned” county. Sussex, if I recall correctly from my Gilliam work, has a surviving Anglican parish register, but I don’t remember seeing any Langford entries in it.” –shb
[Note: This earlier correspondent with my brother-in-law, Barry Wood, is the same Judy who wrote me, 11 Aug 2007, within hours of my posting my contact information and Langford lineage, on Jeff Davis’ site, per his request:
“Hi Sherlene, I saw on Jeff’s website that you are trying to link Walker Lankford [via his presumed father, Joseph–shb] to Nicholas and Katherine Guiney. I have some research on them to share.
“My [husband Bob’s] ancestor, Euclid Langford, was from Caroline County. His father is thought to be the Nicholas Lankford who died after 1795 in Caroline County, and possibly his father was the Nicholas who died 1743. I will look through my research and send more later. There was another Nicholas in, I think, Gloucester County earlier, whose wife was Katherine. Will look it up in the next couple of days.
“What do you have? Do you have someone in the DNA project? Gene Lankford is from this line, as well. We have concluded that prior to Euclid there was a Lang/kford male not born of Lang/kford blood.
Judy” –shb 11 Aug 2007
1777, MARCH–EUCLID LANGFORD ENLISTED AS PRIVATE IN REV. WAR/SERVED AT VALLEY FORGE. Report compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by Judy to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, 15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes): “EUCLID LANGFORD 1755/57-1810 – Euclid LANGFORD, as he most often spelled his last name, enlisted in March 1777 as a Private in Capt. John SHIELD’s Company, First Virginia State Regiment and served three years in this regiment, including time at Valley Forge. He was at least eighteen at enlistment–perhaps older, so his birth will be about 1755-1757.” –shb 16 Aug 2007
1783, MAY 24–EUCLID IS IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA–RECEIVES BOUNTY LAND GRANT FOR HIS WAR SERVICES (OF A HUNDRED ACRES IN WHAT IS NOW OHIO). Information about Euclid’s bounty land grant, per “Lankford-Langford” report (see above), p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes). [Footnote in Davidson’s report, p. 11: “6 – The cover of his bounty warrant folder at the Library of Virginia contains no other information. If there were papers in the folder, as there are in most cases, they have not survived.”] –shb 16 Aug 2007
1783–EUCLID LANGFORD IS ISSUED MILITARY WARRANT TO SURVEY LAND. Scan of a Land-Office Military Warrant to Survey Land, issued 24 May 1783 to Euclid Langford (as now attached to his media file) was forwarded to shb, 5 Jun 2007, by Jeffrey “Jeff” Warren Davis, with this note: “Have you seen this already? I found it on an obsure website for the State of Kentucky, at http://landofficeimages.kysos.com/landofficeimages/jukeboximage.aspx?DocDb=REVOLUTIONARY+WAR+WARRANTS&DocTitle=0634.0&Title=REVOLUTIONARY+WAR+WARRANT+0634.0 ” –shb 5 Jun 2007
1785, JUNE 11–IN CAROLINE COUNT AS DEFENDANT IN DEBT SUIT/NICHOLAS LANKFORD IS SECURITY: “1785, June 11. Andrew LECKIE v Euclid LANKFORD and Benjamin FLETCHER, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas LANKFORD, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65).” Debt suit information, per “Lankford-Langford” report, compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by Judy to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, 15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (Full text about Euclid at end of these notes). –shb 16 Aug 2007
1787–“EDMUND” LANKFORD NAMED IN SECOND SUIT/NICHOLAS LANKFORD IS SECURITY. Per Davidson’s report (see above), p. 11: “A second suit in 1787 names ‘Edmund’ LANKFORD, but with no other record of an Edmund, this may well be a clerk’s error for the unusual name Euclid: 1787, May 16. John NUNN v Edmund LANKFORD, debt, defendant defaults, Court to charge his security Nicholas LANKFORD L16 unless he pays by August 1787. (Orders 1787-2:23). That Nicholas LANKFORD stood security for these debts strongly suggests that Euclid was his son. If the name of Nicholas’ wife could be found, that might give further confirmation.” –shb 16 Aug 2007
1787–FIRST YEAR EUCLID IS NAMED IN CAROLINE COUNTY TAX RECORDS. Per Davidson’s report (see above), p. 12: “Euclid LANGFORD is not found in the Caroline County tax records by name until 1787. In that year he is listed with James BANKHEAD, who paid his tax. James BANKHEAD was a wealthy man, with thirty slaves and thirty-eight cattle. Euclid LANGFORD was probably working as his overseer. That would also explain his absence from earlier tax lists, for 1787 is the first to give the names of men over twenty-one who did not pay their own taxes.” –shb 16 Aug 2007
1788–EUCLID WAS NOT TAXED, THOUGH PRESENT, IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Robert Davidson report, p. 12: “In 1788 Euclid LANGFORD was taxed for his own household, his property consisting of one horse, but he himself was not taxed, suggesting he still worked for BANKHEAD.” [Footnote]: “7 All men over twenty-one were taxed, a sort of head tax, in addition to the tax on their real and personal property. That Euclid LANGFORD did not pay this tax in 1788 indicates that someone else did, or that he was exempt for some reason. Some war veterans were exempt in some Virginia counties.”–shb 16 Aug 2007
MARRIED TO ELIZABETH? “Inventory of Langfords & Lankfords,” as posted by Carol Middleton [email@example.com] on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lfredsndx.html, accessed 11 Dec 2005, by shb, includes this item: “Edmond Langford (GA), who married Joysey Willingham and who was the son of Euclid Langford and Elizabeth ? (GA).” Her next item: “Edmund Langford, Jr., who married Martha Ann Elliot, and who was son of Edmund Langford and Joysey Moss Willingham (GA).” –shb 12 Oct 2005
THREE SONS BORN IN CAROLINE COUNTY. Davidson report, p. 12: “By his will, below, three of Euclid LANGFORD’s sons were older than Henry, so born before the move from Caroline County. The daughter Betsy apparently died young” [she is not mentioned in Euclid’s will–shb]. –shb 16 Aug 2007
“BEF 1792”–LEFT CAROLINE COUNTY–WENT TO SUSSEX COUNTY, ON NORTH CAROLINA BORDER. Robert Davidson report, p. 12: “At some time before 1792, Euclid LANGFORD left Caroline County and went to Sussex County, on the North Carolina border. He had married (his wife’s name Elizabeth), and two of their children were baptized in Bristol Parish, which adjoined Sussex County” [see notes of Euclid’s children, Betsy and Henry–shb]. –shb 16 Aug 2007
1788–MARRIAGE, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA, TO ELIZABETH ___. Euclid’s marriage year, county, and first name of his wife Elizabeth, per “Descendants of Euclid Langford,” report, compiled by Gene L. Lankford, as forwarded to shb, 14 Aug 2007. –shb
1789, OCTOBER 19–“BETSY, DAUGHTER OF EUCLID LAND FORD (OF SUSSEX COUNTY)” IS BORN, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA. (Robert Davidson report, p. 12, from C. G. Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register . . . 1720-1798:108.) –shb
1791, DECEMBER 16–“HENRY, SON OF THE SAME,” BORN. (Davidson report, p. 12, from C. G Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register . . . 1720-1798:108.) –shb
1792, APRIL 6–CHILDREN BETSY AND HENRY ARE BAPTIZED ON SAME DAY, IN BRISTOL PARISH (ADJOINS SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA). (Robert Davidson report, p. 12). –shb
1794, MAY 4–WITNESSED CODICIL OF WILL OF FRANCIS WOOLFOLK, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Robert Davidson report, p. 12: “In Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD was witness to the codicil of the will of Francis WOOLFOLK: ‘1794, May 4. Euclid LANGFORD, Robert ROE, Witness, Codicil to will of Francis WOOLFOLK, his wife Elizabeth Executor.’ (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806: 129) Francis WOOLFOLK was of a Caroline County family, neighbors of the LANKFORDS earlier. Not long after coming to Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD bought land (see 1794, December 8 note, below). –shb
1794, DECEMBER 8–EUCLID LANGFORD BUYS LAND, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “‘1794, December 8. Alexander TOMLINSON and Sarah his wife of Sussex County to Euclid LANGFORD of same, for L52.10, 87~ acres adjacent John SMITH, Thomas WHITFIELD. Witness: Benjamin CHAPPELL, John SMITH, Benjamin GREEN. (Sussex Deeds H:291).'” –shb 16 Aug 2007
CONNECTED TO NEWPORT PARISH (ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY) VIRGINIA LANGFORDS? In 1794, in Sussex County, Virginia, Euclid Langford purchased land from Alexander and Sarah Tomlinson. A witness to the transaction, involving eighty-seven acres, was a Benjamin Chappell (see 1794 note, above). –shb 16 Aug 2007
AN ELIZABETH LANKFORD MARRIES JAMES CHAPPEL BEFORE 1778. “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia,” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb: “Elizabeth Lankford [my Legacy ID No. 71494, daughter of Thomas Lankford, Sr. (I don’t know his parents–shb) and Mary Collier, as explained earlier–shb] married James Chappel.” [Before this, I only knew that his surname was “Chappel.”] –shb 13 Jul 2007
“THOMAS LANKFORD, OF NEWPORT PARISH [ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA–SHB] MAKES HIS WILL, MAY 24, 1778/HE NAMES “DAUGHTER ELIZABETH CHAPPELL,” [WIFE OF JAMES] AS AN HEIR. HE ALSO NAMES OTHER CHILDREN AND THREE GRANDCHILDREN, BUT DOES NOT MENTION HIS WIFE. (See notes of Elizabeth’s father, Thomas Lankford, for detail.) –shb 11 July 2007
1795–EUCLID HAS TWO SLAVES AND ONE HORSE. (See 1796 note, below.)
1796–EUCLID IS TAXED FOR THE EIGHTY-SEVEN ACRES AND AN ADJOINING TRACT. Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “The 1795 Sussex Personal Estate Tax Book shows Euclid LANGFORD with two slaves and one horse, and in 1796 he is taxed for the 87~ acres, to which he had added an adjoining tract: ‘1795, December 3, John SMITH and Rebecca his wife to Euclid LANGFORD, for L63.17.2, 97~ acres adjoining his own land, Henry MOSS (or MOODY), and the estates of Thomas DUNN, Thomas WHITFIELD, Walter BAILY and Sterling PETTWAY, dec’d. No Witness.’ (Sussex Deeds H:383)” –shb 16 Aug 2007
SALLY DUNN TAKEN IN BY “FRIEND EUCLID LANGFORD”? Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “The neighbor Thomas DUNN had died earlier in the year and in his will asked ‘Friend Euclid LANGFORD to take daughter Sally DUNN to live with his family.’ (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:133) DUNN is also a Caroline County name.” –shb 16 Aug 2007
1797-1800–EUCLID PAYS ESTATE TAXES, EACH YEAR ASSESSED FOR ONE SLAVE AND ONE OR TWO HORSES. Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “From 1797 through 1800 Euclid LANGFORD paid real estate tax on his 184 acres and in each year he was assessed for one slave and one or two horses (cattle were not taxed in these years).” –shb 16 Aug 2007
1800–EUCLID AND WIFE ELIZABETH SOLD LAND AND LEFT FOR GEORGIA. Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “In 1800 he and wife Elizabeth sold out and left for Georgia: ‘1800, September 14. Euclid LANGFORD and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas WREN, for L185, 184 acres, South Side Nottaway River at Frying Pan Branch, adjacent Henry MOODY, John SMITH, Thomas PARHAM, Thomas WHITFIELD’s widow and Walter BAILY’s estate. Witness: James PENNINGTON, Thomas LOFTIN, William LOFTIN.’ (Sussex Deeds I:400)” –shb 16 Aug 2007
1810, MAY 25–EUCLID LANGFORD MAKES WILL/LEAVES WIFE ELIZABETH “THREE NEGROS”/NAMES SONS/EUCLID DIES, IN HANCOCK COUNTY, GEORGIA. Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “Euclid LN~FORD died in Hancock County, Georgia circa 1810, leaving a will: ‘Euclid LANGFORD, will written May 25, 1810, Date of probate not given. ABSTRACT. “To wife Elizabeth, during her widowhood, plantation where I now live, three Negros . . . all farming and household items. To son Nicholas LANGFORD, young bay mare and the use of my two stills &c . . . he to pay debts . . . Son Henry to remain at school the present year, son George to have one years schooling, and son Robert to have two years schooling .. to be paid out of the crops. At marriage or death of my wife, my youngest sons (to wit) Edmund, Henry, George and Robert have a horse the value of $100.” –shb 16 Aug 2007
BEF 1812, DECEMBER 12–DEATH: I had that Euclid Lankford died “aft 1787.” His death was probably closer to 1812, as I found this note posted on RootsWeb, under “Georgia Abstracts I, thanks to Molly McLaughlin” (came up when I did a Google Search for “Euclid Langford”–with a “g”). A note says these items are the “Gist of records excerpted in ‘Genealogical Abstracts from “The Georgia Journal (Milledgeville) Newspaper, 1809-1840, Volumes One- Four,” by Fred R. and Emelie K. Hartz: “1812, DECEMBER 12–SIGNS ON ESTATE SALE OF EUCLID LANGFORD: Molly McLaughlin extracts (see below): “December 12, 1812: To be sold on 12/20/1812 at dwelling of Euclid Langford, deceased, Hancock County, GA– two stills, still tubs, one horse, stock of hogs and sheep. Plantation to be rented with abt. 100 acres and one negro woman hired for 12 months. Signed by Frederick G. Thomas, Nicholas Langford, Joseph Bryan, executors.” –shb 12 Dec 2005 [Note: items sold give me hope of a connection of Euclid and my ancestor, Fielding Lankford, who is thought to have made his living, in Kentucky, distilling whiskey, though since whiskey was the common table beverage of the day, many families had at least one still–shb.]
1810, MAY 25–DEATH IN HANCOCK COUNTY, GEORGIA. Euclid Lankford’s full death date and county, per “Descendants of Euclid Langford” report, compiled by Gene L. Lankford, as forwarded to shb, 14 Aug 2007
1818, DECEMBER 1–MORE OF EUCLID LANGFORD’S ESTATE SOLD/SON EUCLID IS EXECUTOR: “Dec. 1, 1818: to be sold, property of Euclid Langford, deceased, to satisfy Francis Wisdom, administrator for Thomas Wisdom, deceased, against Nicholas Langford [my ID 65647–shb], executor for Euclid Langford. 120 acres land on road to Sparta to Greensboro, levied on property of John Langford [my ID 65648–shb] to satisfy in favor of Nicholas Langford.” –shb 12 Dec 2005 [Note: Other Molly McLaughlin items probably indicate other Langford relatives: Dec. 1812, involves a James Langford [my ID 65649–shb], and also, 12 Aug 1817, a George N. Langford [ID 65650] is named, both of Hancock County, Georgia–shb.]
1821, JANUARY 2–“NEGRO GIRL PATTY” SOLD: Molly McLaughlin Langford extracts (see above): “Jan. 2, 1821: to be sold at markethouse, Hancock Co., GA, on Feb. 1, property of Euclid Langford, deceased, — one negro girl Patty, levied in favor of Edmond Langford, John W. Scott, D. W.” –shb 12 Dec 2005
FULL TEXT OF REPORT ON EUCLID LANGFORD (1755/57-1810). This report was commissioned by Judy Langford, on behalf of her husband, Robert William or “Bob” Langford, a descendant of Euclid. It was compiled by Robert Davidson, CG, January 2004, as revised from June 25, 2003 (his address and e-address in Euclid’s blind file). Mr. Davidson began with Thomas Langford and worked forward to Euclid (that information in their individual notes). Judy forwarded this report to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, on 15 Aug 2007, after her relative, Gene L. Lankford, proved an almost perfect match for DNA of a Langford descendant of my ancestor, James Harvey Langford, Jr., as compared with DNA from descendants of Euclid’s family. I have Judy’s authorization to post this information here or in other places and to share it with other members of the family:
EUCLID LANGFORD 1755/57-1810
Euclid LANGFORD, as he most often spelled his last name, enlisted in March 1777 as a Private in Capt. John SHIELD’s
Company, First Virginia state Regiment and served three years in this Regiment, including time at Valley Forge. He was at least 18 at enlistment, perhaps older, so his birth will be about 1755-1757. After the war he returned to Caroline County, where he applied for and received a bounty land grant for his was services, May 24, 1783, 100 acres in what is now Ohio.6
He is also of record in Caroline County as a defendant in a debt suit of 1785:
1785, June 11. Andrew LECKIE v Euclid LANKFORD and Benjamin FLETCHER, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas LANKFORD, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65)
A second suit in 1787 names “Edmundfl LANKFORD, but with no other record of an Edmund this may well be a clerk’s error for the unusual name Euclid:
1787, May 16. John NUNN v Edmund LANKFORD, debt, defendant defaults, Court to charge his security Nicholas LANKFORD £16 unless he pays by August 1787. (Orders 1787-2:23)
That Nicholas LANKFORD stood security for these debts strongly suggests that Euclid was his son. If the name of Nicholas’ wife could be found, that might give further confirmation.
Euclid LANKFORD’s mother was almost certainly a WHITLOCK, of a family close neighbors to the LANKFORDS, and she named her son after Euclid WHITLOCK, circumstantially her brother. One finds a Euclid WHITLOCK in Court in 1764, a man perhaps 30 or older, given the circumstances:
1764, February. William UBANK not capable of caring for his children. Churchwardens of St. Margarets Parish bind William UBANK Jr. to Euclid WHITLOCK. (Dorman 1764-1765-2:2)
Various records of this Euclid WHITLOCK continue until his death in 1781, leaving an estate administered by George GUY but no information on his family. (Williams:487)
These speculations cannot be confirmed, but they are reasonable given the first name “Euclid,fl never seen before in any colonial Virginia record.
6 The cover of his bounty warrant folder at the Library of Virginia contains no other information. If there were papers in the folder, as there are in most cases, they have not survived.
Euclid LANGFORD is not found in the Caroline County tax records by name until 1787. In that year he is listed with James BANKHEAD, who paid his tax. James BANKHEAD was a wealthy man, with 30 slaves and 38 cattle. Euclid LANGFORD was probably working as his overseer. This would also explain his absence from earlier tax lists, for 1787 is the first to give the names of men over 21 who did not pay their own taxes. In 1788 Euclid LANGFORD was taxed for his own household, his property consisting of one horse, but he himself was not taxed, suggesting he still worked for BANKHEAD.7
At some time before 1792, Euclid LANGFORD left Caroline County and went to Sussex County, on the North Carolina border. He had married, his wife’s name Elizabeth, and two of their children were baptized in Bristol Parish, which adjoined Sussex County:
Betsy, daughter of Euclid LAND FORD (of Sussex County) and Elizabeth his wife, born October 19,1789 and baptized April 6, 1792.
Henry, son of the same, born December 16, 1791 and baptized April 6, 1792. 8
his will, below, three of Euclid LANGFORD’s sons were older than Henry, so born before the move from Caroline County. The daughter Betsy apparently died young.
In Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD was witness to the codicil of the will of Francis WOOLFOLK:
1794, May 4. Euclid LANGFORD, Robert ROE, Witness, Codicil to will of Francis WOOLFOLK, his wife Elizabeth Executor. (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:129)
Francis WOOLFOLK was of a Caroline County family, neighbors of the LANKFORDS earlier. Not long after coming to Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD bought land:
7 All men over 21 were taxed, a sort of head tax, in addition to the tax on their real and personal property. That Euclid LANGFORD did not pay this tax in 1788 indicates that someone else did, or that he was exempt for some reason. Some war veterans were exempt in some Virginia counties.
8 C.G. Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register … 1720-1798:108.
1794, December 8. Alexander TOMLINSON and Sarah his wife of Sussex County to Euclid LANGFORD of same, for £52.10, 87~ acres adjacent John SMITH, Thomas WHITFIELD. Witness:
Benjamin CHAPPELL, John SMITH, Benjamin GREEN. (Sussex Deeds H:291)
The 1795 Sussex Personal Estate Tax Book shows Euclid LANGFORD with 2 slaves and one horse, and in 1796 he is taxed for the 87~ acres, to which he had added an adjoining tract:
1795, December 3. John SMITH and Rebecca his wife to Euclid LANGFORD, for £63.17.2, 97~ acres adjoining his own land, Henry MOSS (or MOODY), and the estates of Thomas DUNN, Thomas WHITFIELD, Walter BAILY and Sterling PETTWAY, dec’d. No Witness. (Sussex Deeds H:383)
The neighbor Thomas DUNN had died earlier in the year and in his will asked ~Friend Euclid LANGFORD to take daughter Sally DUNN to live with his family.” (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:133) DUNN is also a Caroline County name.
From 1797 through 1800 Euclid LANGFORD paid real estate tax on his 184 acres and in each year he was assessed for one slave and one or two horses, cattle were not taxed in these years. In 1800 he and wife Elizabeth sold out and left for Georgia:
‘1800, September 14, Euclid LANGFORD and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas WREN, for L185, 184 acres, South Side Nottoway River at Frying Pan Branch, adjacent Henry MOODY, John SMITH, Thomas PARHAM, Thomas WHITFIELD’s widow and Walter BAILY’s estate. Witness: James PENNINGTON, Thomas LOFTIN, William LOFTIN.’ (Sussex Deeds I: 400)
Euclid LN~GFORD died in Hancock County, Georgia circa 1810, leaving a will: Euclid LANGFORD, will written May 25, 1810, Date of probate not given. ABSTRACT.
“To wife Elizabeth, during her widowhood, plantation where I now live, three Negros … all farming and household items.
“To son Nicholas LANGFORD, young bay mare and the use of my two stills &c … he to pay debts …
“Son Henry to remain at school the present year, son George to have one years schooling, and son Robert to have two years schooling .. to be paid out of the crops.
“At marriage or death of my wife, my youngest sons (to wit) Edmund, Henry, George and Robert have a horse the value of $100.
“At marriage or death of my wife, remaining estate to be divided between my six children, John, Nicholas, Edmund, Henry, George and Robert … or their survivors.
“Executors: Son Nicholas and Friends Frederick Gibble THOMAS and Joseph BRYAN. (Signed) Euclid ~X” Langford. Witness: J.L. ACIE (?), John BISHOP, Reuben BISHOP.” (Hancock County, Georgia Wills F:195)
Robert Davidson CG.
[contact information in Euclid’s blind file–shb]
Revised from June 25, 2003
For the early LANKFORD records all entries in Nell Nugent et aI, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volumes 1-7 (1623-1776) were checked.
All surviving (Old) Rappahannock and Essex County records to 1750 have been abstracted and indexed in a series of volumes by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, Beverley Fleet and J.F Dorman. All were checked for the name LANKFORD.
Beverley Fleet also abstracted everything he could find surviving from King & Queen County, republished in his Virginia Colonial Abstracts. Most of these records are fragments taken from the records of nearby counties.
The pre-1860 Will and Deed books, with a few exceptions, were sent to Richmond for ‘safekeeping’ during the Civil War, and were destroyed when the retreating Confederate army burned the city in April 1865. These books are a great loss, but the LANKFORDS owned no real estate, and except for the lost will of James LANKFORD, there will have been few references.
The Court Order Books were, fortunately, kept in the County Clerks office. But some after 1800 were lost. A Union soldier passing through Bowling Green in 1864 reported that court papers were strewn in the streets.
All of the surviving Court books to 1802 have been abstracted and indexed, those from 1732 to 1765 by J.F. Dorman, 1764-1788 by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, and 1781-1802 by Kimberley Campbell. Orders from 1791-1794 and 1797-1799 are lost. All LANGFORD-LANKFORD entries were read for this paper, as noted in the text.
Sparacio, Caroline County Land Alterations 1782-1798. Four volumes. No LANGFORD,
Sparacio, Carolin€ County, Virginia Guardian Bonds 1806-1821. No LANGFORD.
Sparacio, Caroline County, Surveys 1729-1762. No LANGFORD.
Campbell, Caroline County Court Records and Wills 1793-1897. Includes surviving Will book 1814-1818. No LANGFORD.
TLC Genealogy, Caroline County Chancery Court Orders 1758-1845. No LANGFORD.
Genealogy. Caroline County Real Estate Tax Books 1787-1799. No LANGFORD.
T.E. Campbell, Colonial Caroline r contains many records, most of which are also found in the court abstracts.
Therese Fisher, Marriages of Caroline County 1777-1853. LANGFORD brides in 1838 and 1851 do indicate that some members of the family remained in Caroline County.
Herbert Collins, Cemetaries of Caroline CountYr Virginia. Three volumes, as noted in text.
SUSSEX COUNTY records as noted in text. [End of Robert Davidson’s Report] –shb 16 Aug 2007
Richard Turner Langford (s/o Anderson and Nancy Boston), b. 20 Jan 1829, IND; m. 18 Mar 1852, Elizabeth Davis, in Iowa; d. 15 Oct 1911, in Jamesport, Daviess, Missouri
NAME. That Turner’s first name was “Richard,” as posted by Jim Stout (his e-address in Anderson’s blind file), at site, “Green Hills Pioneers,” at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~livcomo/Pioneers/index.htm, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb.
1829, JANUARY 20–BIRTH IN GREENVILLE, FLOYD COUNTY, INDIANA; OR, IN 1828, IN HARRISON COUNTY, INDIANA? PARENTS NAMED AS ANDERSON LANGFORD AND NANCY (BOSTON). As posted by Jim Stout (his e-address in Anderson’s blind file), at site, “Green Hills Pioneers,” at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~livcomo/Pioneers/index.htm, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb: “Richard Turner LANGFORD was born on 20 Jan 1829 in Greenville, Floyd, Indiana. His biograph in the 1882 history of Daviess Co. says he was born Jan. 20, 1828 in Harrison Co., Indiana. He died on 15 Oct 1916 in Jamesport, Daviess, Missouri. He was buried on 17 Oct 1916 in Gees Creek Cemetery, Daviess, missouri. Parents: Anderson LANGFORD and Nancy BOSTON.” –shb 7 Aug 2007
A BROTHER NAMED THORNTON/THORTON LANGFORD? See notes of Thornton Langford, my Legacy ID 68892, who was born in 1822, so is about the right age to be a brother of Richard Turner. Both Thornton and Richard Turner lived in Grand River, Daviess County, Missouri, when the 1860 Census was taken (see below). –shb 7 Aug 2007
1852, MARCH 18–RICHARD TURNER LANGFORD MARRIED ELIZABETH DAVIS, IN KEOSAUQUA, VAN BUREN COUNTY, IOWA/CHILDREN NAMED. As posted by Jim Stout (his e-address in Anderson’s blind file), at site, “Green Hills Pioneers,” at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~livcomo/Pioneers/index.htm, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb: “Spouse: Elizabeth DAVIS. Richard Turner LANGFORD and Elizabeth DAVIS were married on 18 Mar 1852 in Keosauqua, Van Buren, Iowa. Children were: Mary Jane LANGFORD, Thomas Eli LANGFORD, Clay Colwell LANGFORD, Anderson LANGFORD, Alexander LANGFORD, Jacob Tindall LANGFORD, Clarissa Ann LANGFORD, Arainta LANGFORD, Nancy Elizabeth LANGFORD, Tillman Turner LANGFORD.” –shb 7 Aug 2007
SISTER MARRIED A STOUT. See 1880 Census, below, in which “Bevis M. Stout” is listed as a niece of Turner Lankford and is living in Turner’s household. –shb 7 Aug 2007
SISTER MARRIED A JACKSON. See 1880 Census, below, in which “Andrew Jackson” is listed as a nephew of Turner Lankfor and is living in Turner’s household. –shb 7 Aug 2007
1853-1855–MOVED FROM IOWA TO MISSOURI. (See births of children, 1860 Census notes, below.) –shb 7 Aug 2007
1860 CENSUS–“TURNER LANGFORD” IS AGE THIRTY-ONE, A FARMER, BORN IN INDIANA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “ELIZABETH,” AGE TWENTY-EIGHT, BORN IN ILLINOIS, AND FIVE CHILDREN, BORN IN IOWA AND MISSOURI. THEY LIVE IN GRAND RIVER TOWNSHIP, DAVIESS COUNTY, MISSOURI. TWO CENSUS PAGES AWAY IS LISTED THE FAMILY OF “THORNTON LANKFORD,” AGE 38. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:
Grand River Township, Daviess County, Missouri
Series M653, Roll 617, Page 353
Taken 11 Jun 1860
31/31 Theodore Davis, age 24, b. IL, wife Sarah A. 22, b. IL, and two children.
32/32 Turner Langford 31 MW Farmer Indiana
Elizabeth 28 FW Illinois
Mary 7 FW Iowa
Thomas 5 MW Iowa
Clay 4 MW Missouri
Anderson 2 MW Missouri
Alexander 6/12 MW Missouri
33/33 Brean [?] Davis, age 50, b. VA, wife Mary 47, b. VA, and family. –shb 7 Aug 2007
[Two census pages away is listed the family of Thornton Lankford–a brother?]:
“Grand River Township, Daviess County, Missouri
Series M653, Roll 617, Page 351
Taken 11 June 1860
“21/21 Thornton Lankford 38 MW Farmer 1100 400 Indiana
Susan 28 FW Indiana
Linetta J. 3 FW Missouri
Nancy 2 FW Missouri
Martha Pour 16 FW Missouri” –shb 7 Aug 2007
1870 CENSUS–“TURNER LANKFORD” IS AGE FORTY-TWO, A FARMER, BORN IN INDIANA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “ELIZABETH,” AGE FORTY, BORN IN ILLINOIS, AND SIX CHILDREN, IN P.O. GALLATIN, JACKSON TOWNSHIP, DAVIESS COUNTY, MISSOURI. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:
P.O. Gallatin, Jackson Township, Daviess County, Missouri
Series M593, Roll 773, Page 295
Taken 28 Jun 1870
111/113 McCue, Isaac, age 40, and family.
112/114 Lankford, Turner 42 MW Farmer 6000 725 Indiana
, Elizabeth 40 FW Keeping house Illinois
, Clay 14 MW Works on farm Missouri
, Anderson 12 MW Works on farm Missouri
, Alaxander 10 MW At home Missouri
, Jacob 9 MW At home Missouri
, Clarissa 6 FW At home Missouri
, Nancy 4 FW At home Missouri
113/115 Silison [?], D. W., 22, b. TN, wife Harriet, 22, b. GA. –shb 7 Aug 2007
1880 CENSUS–“TURNER LANGFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-ONE, BORN IN INDIANA, FATHER BORN IN VIRGINIA, MOTHER BORN IN KENTUCKY. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “ELIZABETH,” AGE FIFTY, BORN IN ILLINOIS, FOUR CHILDREN, A STOUT NIECE, AND A JACKSON NEPHEW, IN JACKSON TOWNSHIP, DAVIESS COUNTY, MISSOURI. TWO HOUSES DOWN LIVE “MARTHA LANGFORD,” AGE THIRTY, BORN IN IOWA,”SISTER-IN-LAW” TO “GEORGE A. JONES (WIFE, “IDA M.,” AGE TWENTY-EIGHT, BORN IN IOWA). As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb:
“Turner LANGFORD Self M Male W 51 IN Farming VA KY
Elizabeth LANGFORD Wife M Female W 50 IL Keeping House TN TN
Anderson LANGFORD Son S Male W 22 MO At Home IN IL
Clarissa LANGFORD Dau S Female W 16 MO At School IN IL
Nancy LANGFORD Dau S Female W 14 MO At School IN IL
Tilman LANGFORD Son S Male W 9 MO At School IN IL
Bevis M. STOUT Niece S Female W 3 KS IL IA
George MILLER Other Male W 17 IA Farm Laborer PA PA
Andrew JACKSON Nephew S Male W 21 MO At Home IN IA
Census Place Jackson, Daviess, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254684
NA Film Number T9-0684
Page Number 64B
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. English approval.” –shb 7 Aug 2007
[Two houses down, in the 1880 Census]:
“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
George A. JONES Self M Male W 32 IL Farmer OH OH
Ida M. JONES Wife M Female W 28 IA Keeping House VA IN [Martha’s sister? Is “Langford” Martha’s married name?–shb]
Chancie JONES Son S Male W 8 IA IL IA
Olan JONES Son S Male W 2 IA IL IA
Martha LANGFORD SisterL S Female W 30 IA At Home VA IN [how related to Richard Turner Langford?–her maiden or married name?–shb]
Census Place Jackson, Daviess, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254684
NA Film Number T9-0684
Page Number 64A
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 7 Aug 2007
1916, OCTOBER 15–DEATH, IN JAMESPORT, DAVIESS COUNTY, MISSOURI/BURIAL 17 OCT 1916, IN GEES CREEK CEMETERY, DAVIESS COUNTY, MISSOURI. Richard Turner Langford’s death date and place, burial information, as posted by Jim Stout (his e-address in Anderson’s blind file), at site, “Green Hills Pioneers,” at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~livcomo/Pioneers/index.htm, accessed 7 Aug 2007, by shb. –shb 7 Aug 2007
William Langford, b. abt. 1812, in Tennessee (s/o Menan and Mourning (Dalton), m. Elizabeth or “Lizzie” McFall, d. aft 1880, of Orleans, Orange, Indiana
MARRIED ELIZABETH MCFALL: Query by Nancy Todd Ludlow, a descendant of William’s brother John (m. Mary Ann Brooks), indicates that “William Langford m. Elizabeth McFall” (see notes of Mourning Dalton Langford for text of this query). –shb 10 May 2006
1860 CENSUS–“WILLIAM LANGFORD” IS AGE FORTY-TWO, BORN IN TENNESSEE, A “LABORER” LIVING WITH WILLIAM DALTON, DISTILLER AND FARMER, AND WIFE ELIZABETH, IN ORLEANS TOWNSHIP, ORANGE COUNTY, INDIANA. HE LIVES NEXT DOOR TO HIS BROTHER, HARRISON LANGFORD, AGE FORTY-FIVE. (See notes of brother, John Langford, for census detail.) –shb 2 May 2006
1870 CENSUS–“WILLIAM LANGFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-SEVEN, A “COPPER,” BORN IN TENNESSEE. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “LIZZIE,” AGE FIFTY-FOUR, AND TWO CHILDREN, IN ORLEANS TOWNSHIP, ORANGE COUNTY, INDIANA. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed by shb, 16 Jul 2007, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:
Orleans Township, Orange County, Indiana
Series M593, Roll 348, Page 94
Taken 16 Aug 1870
48/48 Marshall, Benjamin, age 30, wife Mary E., 30, and family.
49/49 Langford, William 57 MW Copper 100 Tennessee [Note the indexer said he was 67, and it could be interpreted that way, but it should be and is “57”–shb.]
, Lizzie 54 FW Keeping House Indiana
, Mary 19 FW At Home Indiana
, John 16 MW Laborer Indiana
50/50 Donnelson, William 34 MW KY, wife SArah, 35, and family. –shb 16 Jul 2007
1880 CENSUS–“WILLIAN LANGFORD” IS A WIDOWER, A FARMER, AGE SIXTY-EIGHT, BORN IN TENNESSEE, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA. HE LIVES WITH HIS “BROTHER,” THOMAS A. “BROOKX” AND FAMILY, IN ORLEANS, ORANGE, INDIANA. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 16 Jul 2007, by shb:
“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Thomas A. BROOKX Self M Male W 55 IN Farmer VA VA
Elizabeth BROOKX Wife M Female W 57 IN Keeping House VA VA
Frances BROOKX Dau S Female W 30 IN At Home IN IN
Florence BROOKX Dau S Female W 20 IN At Home IN IN
William LANGFORD Brother W Male W 68 TN Farmer VA VA
Census Place Orleans, Orange, Indiana
Family History Library Film 1254302
NA Film Number T9-0302
Page Number 187D
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 16 Jul 2007
Philip Langford, Black, b. 1820, in Virginia, a Baptist Minister, m. Frances, Black, b. 1810, in Kentucky; 1880 Census, in Missouri
I am extracting black Langfords born in Kentucky, just in case they were slaves of some of my white Kentucky Langfords. In this case, the name of Philip’s wife “Frances” is of interest. –shb 16 Jul 2007
1880 CENSUS–“PHILIP LANGFORD” IS BLACK, AGE SIXTY, A “BABTIST MINISTER,” BORN IN VIRGINIA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “FRANCES LANGFORD,” BLACK, AGE SEVENTY, BORN IN KENTUCKY. NEXT DOOR LIVES HIS SON, “ANDREW LANGFORD,” BLACK, AGE FORTY-THREE, BORN IN MISSOURI, HIS FATHER BORN IN VIRGINIA, HIS MOTHER BORN IN KENTUCKY, WITH WIFE, NANCY, AGE FORTY-ONE, HER MOTHER BORN IN KENTUCKY, AND THEIR EIGHT CHILDREN. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 16 Jul 2007, by shb:
“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Philip LANGFORD Self M Male B 60 VA Babtist Minister VA VA
Frances LANGFORD Wife M Female B 70 KY Keeping House VA PA
Census Place Breton, Washington, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254740
NA Film Number T9-0740
Page Number 10D
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” [Note: I am confident that Andrew (see his notes) is a son of Philip and Frances, as birth places of his parents match, Andrew is the right age to be a son, and he lives next door, in the 1880 Census.] –shb 16 Jul 2007
Ivey Lankford (b. abt. 1776, son of Thomas Sr. and Mary Collier, of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia), m. __?, had four slaves in 1810, in Pulaski Co. Kentucky, d. aft 19 Aug 1834, of Russell County, Kentucky
RELATIONSHIP. How/if this Ivey (grandson of Thomas Lankford, my ID No. 71489), is connected to my ancestor, Walker Lankford, is unknown. Ivey Lankford is listed in the 1830 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky, as one of three Lankfords in that county (the other two were Walker and Stephen, who are listed next to each other in the census, though they lived miles apart, on different creeks). DNA has been tested for purported descendants of Walker and Stephen, who are thereby shown to be unrelated. I do not know of any studies for descendants of Ivey. Any documented male descendants of Ivey, holding the name Langford, are eagerly invited to get in touch and contribute a sample (simple mouth swish), so we can get a DNA profile on this branch of Langfords. –shb 24 Nov 2007, 3 Dec 2007
NAME IVY OR IVEY–NOT JAY. I first transcribed his name as “Jay,” as it appeared in the 1810 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky (the only other Langford there, besides my ancestor Walker Lankford). This “Jay” was age 26-44, so born between 1766-1784, which fits for the “Ivy,” “b. abt. 1766, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia,” claimed by some researchers and believed also by me, for some time, to have been a son of my purported ancestors, Joseph and Mary ___ Lankford. However, the only other Ivey Lankford I found (on 12 Jul 2007) is named as a son of William Lankford, son of Thomas Lankford, Sr., and Mary Collier, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia (as outlined by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html–shb). [Note: Jeff Renner tells me, correspondence of Mar 2007, that he has never seen the name as “Jay,” but always as “Ivy.” –shb.]
NAME FROM SURNAME CONNECTION? Looking through Southampton County, Virginia deeds, I see that Ivey was a surname in that county, which opens the possibility that one of Ivey Lankford’s maternal lines was surname “Ivey.” –shb 25 Nov 2007
POSSIBLE ROOTS OF NAME “IVEY”/PERPETUATION OF THE NAME AMONG DIFFERENT LANGFORDS/DNA RESULTS. E-letter from my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, to Gene Lankford, as copied to shb, 2 Dec 2007:
“Gene — No, it was just a lame joke about how that given name ‘Ivy’ shows up at various odd places among the early Langfords. I surmise that ‘Ivy’ as a man’s name is derived from some version of ‘John,’ which as you know is sometimes ‘Ivin’ in Welsh, similar to ‘Ivan’ in Slavic languages. As the Welsh are found of saying ‘Davy’ for David, you could see how ‘Ivy’ would arise from ‘Ivin.’ The patronymic ‘Ivins’ is not as common as ‘Evans,’ but still well known, and we have friends of Welsh descent by that name.
“The Welsh were numerous in colonial Virginia; Davis, Morris, Williams and Jones (another patronymic derived from John) being among the most common surnames in the colony. Supposedly, for example, I have some Davis blood through my Bagby line, which runs from North Carolina back to Hanover, King & Queen and New Kent Counties.
“Back to the given name Ivy — We can’t ignore this moniker on our side, as Fielding Lankford had a nephew by that name — specifically the oldest son of Walker Langford (Lankford) Jr. (Ivy Lankford b. 1836; d. 1874, Clay Co., Ind.) We have long felt that this meant that the earlier Ivy Langford who was in Pulaski County, Ky. from 1800-1810, and eventually died in Russell Co., Ky. (just west of Pulaski), was somehow related to Walker Lankford, as detailed on Sherlene’s G-log, <https://sherlene.wordpress.com/2007/07/12/>.
Yet just as we get more comfortable than ever with the concept of Walker being the son of the Joseph Lankford who died in Lincoln County, Ky. in 1785, and tying back to Nicholas Langford Sr. of Caroline County, Va. through the DNA match with Euclid, here we find that Thomas Lankford of Isle of Wight Co., Va., in his will dated 1778, had a grandson Ivy Lankford, son of William. The timeframe for a man who was orphaned before 1778 would seem to fit the age bracket of the Ivy Lankford on the 1810 census of Pulaski….though that’s not saying a lot, as we have a 20 year frame to work with on that score.
“Now on to another Ivy: I’m assuming that the Thomas Lankford who was born in 1812 in Knox County, Kentucky (county seat Barboursville, about 25 miles east of Pulaski County) may have been a son of this Ivy, as Thomas named a son Ivy. This Thomas’s family appears to be closely linked with that of an Anderson Lankford/Langford, who lived in Indiana near Louisville in the 1820s, as both families ended up in Daviess County, Mo. See <http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~livcomo/Pioneers/b650.htm>. Other given names in this bunch bespeak a possible relationship with the Walker Lankford crowd, such as Elias. (One of Walker’s daughters married Elias Cooprider in Clay Co., Ind.) Also they have a Larkin Lankford, just like Walker. And a Frankie.
“AND YET — the DNA results clearly place Thomas Lankford of Isle of Wight County in with Rockcastle Stephen Langford and that crowd, and NOT with Walker and Euclid. So here we have this exceedingly unusual given name Ivy climbing right over the ‘wall’ between the two main tribes of (theoretically) completely unrelated Lankfords! Well, I should say that we have Ivy grandson of Walker on one side, and Ivy grandson of Thomas of Isle/Wight on the other. I guess that the Ivy Lankford of Pulaski County, and the Ivy son of Thomas of Knox County, aren’t defnitely known to be on either side of the wall at this point. In my ignorance, that is — as I am lacking as to proof that the Ivy Lankford who lived in Pulaski 1800-1810 was the same person as the Ivy named in Thomas Lankford’s 1778 will.
“Barry” –shb 3 Dec 2007
FATHER WILLIAM, SON OF THOMAS, SR., OF ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA. That William Lankford (m. ?), son of Thomas Lankford, Sr. and Mary Collier, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, was father of Ivey Lankford, per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb. (See “CHILDREN” tag, notes of Ivey’s father, William, for text detail.) That this is the Ivey Lankford that was in Pulaski County, Kentucky, is an assumption on my part that requires additional verification. –shb 13 Jul 2007
MALE OR FEMALE? I had thought Ivy was a female child, but am corrected in this assumption by my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, e-letter to shb, 6 Aug 2006: “I have always been under the impression that Ivy Langford of Pulaski County was a man. See page 60 of your Mom’s book [speaking of Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford, as compiled by my mother, Ida-Rose L. Hall–shb]. Is there a reason why you believe him to have been a woman? I realize that in the 19th century and first half of the 20th, Ivy became more common as a girl’s name … until that song “Poison Ivy” dissuaded parents from using it much (though I now a charming lady named Ivy in Grand Junction, Colo., fiancee of a client of mine, who is about 25).” Looking up page sixty in my mother’s book, she writes:
“All these Langfords marrying around the same time certainly suggests a nice family group. I strongly suspect that if they were not brothers and sisters, they were certainly cousins. I would not be surprised if all eight of those named [using Lincoln County, Kentucky tax lists and records until 1810, when Rockcastle County was taken off–shb] were the children of Joseph and Mary Langford. There was also one other Langford in early Kentucky who I believe was a brother or near relative of Walker Langford–IVY LANGFORD. Ivy also lived in Pulaski county, Kentucky where Walker and Stephen Langford lived. The reason that I believe that he is related is because Walker Langford Jr. named one of his sons Ivy. To my way of thinking, Ivy isn’t exactly the kind of name that would be chosen casually for a male child.” –shb 6 Aug 2006
PARENTS: Ivy (Ivey) is named as an eighth child of Joseph and Mary Lankford, per letter to shb, 20 Jan 2006, from Shiron Wordsworth (see Joseph’s notes). Shi says her list of their children is “based, in part, on Martha Langford Green’s research.” –shb 21 Jan 2006
PARENTS WILLIAM LANKFORD, SON OF THOMAS AND MARY COLLIER? I now believe that Ivey’s parents were indeed Thomas and Mary (Collier) Lankford, of Isle of Wight County, in Virginia. Checking through the censuses I see Norfleet neighbors to these Isle of Wight Lankfords, which “fits” a biographical sketch history about Ivy Norfleet (see below) that says the Norfleets were neighbors of Ivey Lankford in Pulaski County, Kentucky and so close that the Norfleets named the son of this history after Ivey Lankford. This of course does not preclude the very real possibility that my ancestor Walker Lankford and Ivey Lankford were somehow related. –shb 12 July 2007
COUNTY INFORMATION. In 1732 a considerable, northwestern part of Isle of Wight County went to form Brunswick County. In 1748, all of Southampton County was carved from the Isle of Wight (did not include Newport Parish). In 1750, the courthouse, Isle of Wight County, was at Smithfield.
MAY-JUNE 1778–GRANDFATHER THOMAS LANKFORD, SR. DIES WHEN IVEY IS ABOUT AGE TWO? Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb), p. 243: “LANKFORD, Thomas: Of Newport Parish. Leg. son Stephen, son Jesse, son Thomas, daughter Elizabeth Chappell; granddaughter Mary Watkins; grandson George, son of William Lankford decd.; grandson Ivey Lankford. Ex., son Thomas Lankford. D. May 24, 1778. R. June 4, 1778. Wit: Joseph Mountfort, Wade Mountfort, Thomas English, Patience Brittain. Security, John Lawrence. Page 492.” –shb 11 July 2007
ABT 1776–BIRTH IN PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: Ivy (Ivey)’s approximate birth year and county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth’s compilation of the “Children of Joseph and Mary (Unknown) Langford,” as forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. She wrote that her list was based on research of Martha Langford Green. –shb 24 Jan 2006 [Note: “Ivey Lankford” is named as a grandson in the 1778 will of Thomas Lankford, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, so if the Pulaski Co. Ivey is the same person who was Thomas Sr.’s grandson, then he would have to have been born before May-June 1778–shb.]
BROTHER TO WALKER LANKFORD? See 1810 Census notes, below, where “Warker” [my ancestor, see ID 230–shb] and “Ivy” Lankford seem to be the only Lankfords in Pulaski County, in 1810. There’s also a Robert Lankford, ID 66367 in Kentucky, in 1810, age 26-45. –shb 6 Mar 2006
1800–ON PULASKI COUNTY TAX LIST, WITH FOUR HUNDRED ACRES, ON FISHING CREEK. My letter to Langfords on my list, including fellow researchers, 16 June 2007: ” . . . I stayed on [at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, 15 June 2007] and looked up a reference I had been wondering about, that was somehow lost to me. It took four hours, but I found it (along with lots of other stuff). A History of Pulaski County, Kentucky, compiled by Alma Owens Tibbals (Bagdad, Kentucky: Published by Grace Owens Moore, 1952), p. 27, names some of the larger landowners in Pulaski County, shown by tax lists in 1799-1806.
“Tibbals notes that when the first tax list of Pulaski County settlers was taken in 1799, there ‘are listed 383 white males twenty-one years of age and over, 121 slaves, and 886 horses.’
“Rockcastle County was not formed from Pulaski County until 1810 . . .[Note: About this, Jeff Renner writes: “”Pulaski only contributed a very small part to Rockcastle. It was mostly Lincoln, with about a quarter/third Madison. Jeff” –shb 17 June 2007] Back to Sherlene’s letter:
“Anyway, only one Langford was listed by Tibbels as being a prominent Pulaski County land owner, as noted on the 1800 tax list (Walker was in Pulaski by then, but only had 100 acres): “Jocy Langford” had 400 acres on Fishing Creek, in 1800 [that’s the reference I was looking for, bolding and italics of his first name, mine–shb]. Only two other large land owners on Fishing Creek are named–Sherad Reynolds (346 acres), also in 1800, and William Durham (800 acres), in 1804.
“I brought up and enlarged Jeff Renner’s map showing the distance between Line Creek, where Walker lived in 1830, and Lick Creek, where Stephen2 was that year. I got out my magnifiers, but my feeble eyes couldn’t find a Fishing Creek, where Ivy was, on that map.
“Jeff, do you know who this Jocy Langford is, with 400 acres, on Fishing Creek, in 1800? I used to think this was the clerk’s shorthand for “Joseph.” Now I am wondering if the transcriber made the mistake I did, in reverse, and mistook an “I” for a “J,” and this should read “Ivey Langford” (I first thought it was “Jay,” in the Census). We think this Ivey was Walker’s brother–he was the only other Langford besides Walker and ‘Flintlock’ Stephen (the 2nd), in Pulaski County, in 1830.” Jeff’s response, same day: “Probably a mistranscription for Ivey Langford. He had land on Fishing Creek. It’s in a different section of the county (north/northwest/west).” –shb 17 June 2007
[Note: John Robert or “Bob” Langford (a descendant of Stephen1 and Stephen2) addresses this, e-note of 17 June 2007: “Sherlene, Fishing Creek empties into Lake Cumberland about 5 miles due west of Somerset in Pulaski County. If you look at a map of Pulaski and Lincoln counties, you will see that its headwaters are near Hall’s Gap, which is about 5 miles west of the William Whitley house near Crab Orchard. And remember that Stephen 1 first settled on land adjoining Whitley’s property. So, I’m betting this 400 acres was in that vicinity, maybe even adjoining Stephen’s property. That is another close connection between the two families. Bob” –shb 18 June 2007]
IVEY’S OTHER LAND: As forwarded by Terry Smith to shb, 19 June 2007: “A quick review of Langfords in the War of 1812 on ancestry.com revealed the attached. I also did a quick review of KY Land Grants for Langford. Results are below: [Note: Land was listed for Stephen, Jonathan, Larkin, Ivey, Robert, Evin, R. [sic–shb], Jerry, Joseph, Owen, Benj., Sol, Elias, Solomon, Langford & Meece, Liberty, James, James H., Moses, Reuben, Mary Ann, J. W., Ben J., R.E., Meece & Langford, Smith & Langford.
Data Source: Kentucky Land Grant
View Record Grantee Acres Book Survey Date County WaterCourse
View Record Langford, Ivy 200 10 2-12-1799 Lincoln Kings Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 37 23 2-25-1816 Pulaski Fishing Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 200 24 9- 8-1807 Pulaski King Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 13 J 4-13-1821 Pulaski Fishing Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 65 E-2 8-19-1834 Russell Cumberland R
View Record Langford, Jerry 50 13 4-23-1842 Wayne Lick Log Br Cumberland [I added this, because according to a Pulaski County Page, a Garrard or Garrett Langford served in the War of 1812, from Polaski–we have no idea who he was or who his parents were, though it is thought he may have been associated with Ivy–shb]. [Note: Since then, I have found record of a “Jerry” Langford,” in Wayne County, Kentucky, who was “Black”–same person?–shb.]
Ancestry.com. Kentucky Land Grants [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997. Original data: Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Vol. I-II. Louisville, KY, USA: Filson Club Publications, 1925. Description: This database contains the records of the Kentucky Land Office from 1782 to 1924. The work is intended as a source book for historical workers, genealogists, and others who need a complete and chronological index to the early documentary land records and history of Kentucky.” –shb
ABT. 1769–WALKER LANKFORD’S BIRTH: This estimate from letter of Barry D. Wood to the family, 12 Oct 2003. –shb 12 Oct 2003
1800–IVEY IS TAXED FOR 400 ACRES, ON FISHING CREEK, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. In 1800, “Jocy” Langford had 400 acres on Fishing Creek, in Pulaski County, Kentucky, as included by Alma Owens Tibbals in her A History of Pulaski County, Kentucky, p. 27. However, as I proposed, Jeff Renner agrees, 17 June 2007, that this is “probably a mistranscription for Ivey Langford. He had land on Fishing Creek. It’s in a different section of the county (north/northwest/west). Pulaski only contributed a very small part to Rockcastle [in 1810–shb]. It was mostly Lincoln, with about a quarter/third Madison.” We think Ivey was probably Walker’s brother. When I asked Jeff, along with other family researchers, if any had heard of a soldier from Pulaski County named Garrard (or Garrett) Langford, who served in the War of 1812 (Tibbals, p. 206), he replied: “I think the name is Garrett Langford. I don’t know who he is, but he could be associated with Ivey. I’ve never come across him in eastern Pulaski or Rockcastle.” –shb 17 June 2007 [Note: as above indicated, have since found records in Wayne County, Kentucky, indicating that this Garrett Langford was black–shb.]
1810 CENSUS–“IVY” LANKFORD IS AGE 26-45, LIVING WITH WIFE OF SAME AGE SPAN, THREE CHILDREN, AND FOUR SLAVES, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY: seem to be the only Lankfords in Pulaski County, in 1810:
On Page 144 [though this does not indicate location, as this census list is alphabetized–shb] is listed Jay [or Ivy] Lankford [I don’t see Jay [is Ivy there?–shb] on tax lists, though–shb]
Males: 2 age ten and under , 1 age 26-45 [Jay]
Females: 1 age 16-26, 1 age 26-45
None in household over age 45
[Note: My ancestor Walker Lankford was also in Pulaski County, Kentucky, in 1810, living with wife, Mary/Polly, and five children (see below). Walker had no slaves in 1810, but by 1830 had three of them–shb.]
CLOSE NEIGHBOR, “IVY NORFLEET,” IN PULASKI COUNTY, NAMED AFTER “IVY LANKFORD”? [I am including this biographical sketch, as it may give insight about life of our Lankfords, while they were in Kentucky, and maybe even some family migrations, as neighboring families sometimes traveled together–shb.] As posted at http://philipnorfleet.tripod.com/ivy_norfleet_(1799-1883).htm, accessed 12 Feb 2007, by shb: “Biographical Sketch of Ivy Norfleet, by Phil Norfleet:
“Ivy6 Norfleet (James5, John4, John3, John2, Thomas1 Northfleete) was born 29 October 1799 in Pulaski County KY, and died 05 June 1883 in Miller County MO. He married Martha C. ____ on 01 June 1838. She was born 27 November 1816 in VA, and died 24 July 1876 in Cole County MO. Ivy was the son of James Norfleet (1767-1849) and his wife, Elizabeth (1775-1826) of Pulaski, Wayne and Russell Counties, Kentucky.
“I believe that Ivy was probably named after Ivy Langford (also sometimes spelled Lankford). The Langfords were early immigrants to Kentucky from North Carolina, having arrived in Lincoln County in about 1787. However, Ivy Langford settled in Pulaski County at about the same time as James Norfleet, father of Ivy Norfleet. Ivy Langford was a close neighbor of both James Norfleet (when he still lived in Pulaski County) and David Norfleet. James Norfleet and Ivy Langford both surveyed 200 acre tracts of land on the same day (12 February 1799) and each served as a chain carrier for the other during those surveys. Ivy Norfleet was the first child born to James Norfleet after he had arrived in KY and the name “Ivy” had never been used previously by any Norfleet of whom I am aware.
“Ivy Norfleet primarily was a stock raiser, although, like most other people of the time, he also was a farmer. For about a twelve-year period, during the late 1820’s and 1830’s, with the help of his younger brother, Larkin, he raised both cattle and horses. When they were ready for sale, the two brothers would drive their stock overland to market them in Montgomery, Alabama. In about 1839, Ivy permanently left Kentucky and immigrated to Missouri. In Missouri he surveyed (8 June 1839) and patented (10 November 1841) land in the Hickory Hill region of Cole County. He remained in Cole until his death on 05 June 1883.
“During the Civil War, Ivy, like his younger brother, Reverend Abraham Norfleet, was a supporter of the Union. Two of his children, John (a corporal) and Thomas W. (a private), served in the Union Army, in the 9th Provisional Missouri Regiment of Infantry. Two of Abraham Norfleet’s sons (John W. and Adam C.) were also in the same regiment. In 1864, also like his brother Abraham, he freed all of his slaves.” –shb 12 Feb 2007 [Note: This biographical sketch was helpful, in helping identify Ivey as probably the Ivey who was son of Isle of Wight Thomas Lankford Sr., as I found Norfleets living among Lankfords in Isle of Wight census records, including a James or Jonas M. Norfleet, age 29, who in 1860 lives near Mills Eley (my ID 71502, m. Caty Lankford, daughter of Ivey’s uncle, Stephen Lankford and wife Sarah Watkins).] –shb 13 Jul 2007
LIVED NOT FAR FROM WAYNE COUNTY, KENTUCKY. E-note from Jeff Renner to shb, 25 June 2007, after I sent information about some Bakers I found in Wayne County, asking if he knew whether they connected to the Martha Baker who married Matthew Warren (of Pulaski County, KY). Writes Jeff: “If the Corder-Baker thing was in Wayne County, I’d say that’s a different Lick Creek. The Lick Creek in Pulaski is a long way from Wayne County. However, where Ivey Lankford lived isn’t far from Wayne County. . . .” –shb 25 June 2007
1810 CENSUS–MY ANCESTOR (LONG THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN IVEY’S BROTHER) “WARKER” [SIC] LANKFORD IS LISTED AS AGE AGE 26-45, LIVING WITH WIFE [MARY/POLLY WARREN–shb] AGE 26-45, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. THEY HAVE FIVE CHILDREN AGED TEN AND UNDER AND NO SLAVES. HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed 6 Mar 2006, by shb:
No township listed, Pulaski County, Kentucky (cover page also calls it Rockcastle Co.)
Series M252, Roll 8, Page 145:
Males: 2 age ten and under [one would be Fielding, b. 1804–shb], 1 age 26-45 [Walker]
Females: 3 age ten and under [one would be Cynthia, b. 1806–shb] 1 age 26-45
None upwards of 45
No blacks. –shb 6 Mar 2006
1820 CENSUS–“IVY LANGFORD” IS IN SOMERSET, PULASKI, KENTUCKY. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 25 Nov 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:
Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky
Series M33, Roll 27, Page 86
Ivy Langford 4 1 _ _ _ 1 1 _ _ 1 _/7 _ _ 2 1 1 _ 1 1 _ 1
Francis Aldrige . . . .
Variables for 1820 Census (left to right):
number of free white males under ten years of age
number of free white males 10-15 years of age
number of free white males 16-18 years of age
number of free white males 16-25 years of age
number of free white males 26-44 years of age
number of free white males 45 years of age and over
number of free white females under ten years of age
number of free white females 10-15 years of age
number of free white females 16-25 years of age
number of free white females 26-44 years of age
number of free white females 45 years of age and over
number of foreign persons not naturalized
number of persons engaged in agriculture
number of persons engaged in commerce
number of persons engaged in manufacturing
Using the above table, I take Ivy’s enumeration to mean that in his household were:
4 free white males under age ten
1 free white male age 10-15
1 free white male age 45 years of age and over [Ivy]
one free white female under age ten
one free white female age 10-15
one free white female age 45 and over [Ivy’s wife]
7 foreign persons not naturalized
2 persons engaged in commerce
[don’t see other listings in this table–shb] –shb 25 Nov 2007
AFT 1834, AUGUST 19–DEATH–IVEY WAS OF RUSSELL COUNTY, KENTUCKY. See Ivey’s land grants, above, the latest of which was in Russell County, Kentucky, dated 19 August 1834. –shb 20 June 2007