Sherlene\’s G-LOG

Making Sense of the Census (Fording the Langs, at Present)

Ahmos Langford, Mulato, b. abt. 1832, in VA, both parents b. in VA, m. Minerva, b. 1835, of Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky–lived near Stephen Langford, son of Robert and Frances (Head)

LOCATION: Madison County is bordered by Rockcastle County, so these Langfords could be descended from some of our Langford slaveholders. –shb 3 Feb 2006

ANOTHER CHILD JOHN? In the 1880 Census, quite a few houses down, a “Black” John Langford, age eleven, born in Kentucky, is a “Servant” in the housejold of a white Clifton Burgin family. This John could have come from the Hutson or Green Langford families, as well. –shb 3 Feb 2005

1880 CENSUS–LDS Transcription, as posted on FamilySearch, accessed 3 Feb 2006, by shb:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Ahmos LANGFORD Self M Male MU 48 VA Farmer VA VA
Minerva LANGFORD Wife M Female MU 45 KY Keeping House KY KY
Craig LANGFORD Son S Male MU 23 KY Laborer VA KY
John LANGFORD Son S Male MU 13 KY At Home VA KY

Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 402B
Now look who’s two doors down, after Minter and Waggoner famillies:


Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Stephen LANGFORD Self W Male W 67 KY Farmer … [s/o Robert and Frances (Head)]–shb]

Robert ROLAND Other S Male W 40 KY Laborer …

Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
And next door to Stephen, this black family:


Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Hutson LANGFORD Self M Male B 48 KY Laborer KY
Mary LANGFORD Wife M Female B 33 KY Keeping House
Kisair LANGFORD Dau S Female B 17 KY KY KY
Milton LANGFORD Nephew S Male B 9 KY KY KY
Minerva LANGFORD GDau S Female B 6 KY KY KY
Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
And next door to Hutson, another black family:


Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Green LANGFORD Self M Male B 53 KY Farmer KY
Sara LANGFORD Wife M Female B 50 KY Keeping House
Fannie LANGFORD Dau S Female B 25 KY KY KY
William LANGFORD Son S Male B 16 KY Laborer KY
John LANGFORD Son S Male B 12 KY At Home KY
Madison LANGFORD Son S Male B 10 KY At Home KY
Thomas LANGFORD Son S Male B 7 KY KY KY
Evans LANGFORD Son S Male B 2 KY KY KY
Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
Following this are mostly white families, with an occasional black or
mulatto family, then:


Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation
Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Clifton BURGIN Self M Male W 58 KY Farmer KY KY
Margaret BURGIN Wife M Female W 45 KY Keeping House
Maggie CLAY Niece S Female W 21 IL KY KY
Eugene BURGIN Cousin S Male W 11 KY At Home KY KY
Rebeca BROOKS Other Female B 21 KY Servant KY KY
John LANGFORD Other S Male B 11 KY Servant KY KY
——————————————————————————– –shb 3 Feb 2006

February 29, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords | 5 Comments

Stephen Langford (b. 1 Jan 1813, near Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, KY, s/o Robert and Frances (Head), m. 1) widow Martha Sewell, 2) widow Rebecca Howard, on 12 Jan 1839, in Madison Co., KY (no children by either wife, but possibly by slaves), d. 1 Sep 1898, at home near Clay’s Ferry, in KY

STEPHEN IS A SON OF ROBERT LANKFORD AND FRANCES HEAD AND A BROTHER OF BENJAMIN ROBERT PEYTON LANKFORD. See biographical sketch, below, that identifies Stephen as an “uncle” of William Alexander Lankford, son of Benjamin R. P. and Martha or “Patsy” Langford, B. R. P., a son of Robert and Frances, so this Stephen’s brother. Notes below will outline various theories I had for Stephen’s parents, so it was a relief when this history solved our problem. –shb 28 Feb 2008

STEPHEN’S FATHER IS NOT BENJAMIN R. P. (M. MARTHA OR “PATSY” P. MULLINS), AS ONCE THOUGHT. Stephen, b. 1813 (m. Rebecca Howard on 12 Jan 1839) was born too early to have been Benjamin R. P. Langford’s son [have since this musing learned that Behjamin R. P. was actually Stephen’s brother–shb]. This Ben R. P. named his children Mary J., Constantine, Stephen R., William, Fanny L. and Valentine (I just discovered Valentine, b. Jan 1860, today, in the 1900 Census, where he is living with wife Sally in the household of his father, “Ben R. P. Langford,” age 71–no wife listed, in Madison County, Kentucky). I am very interested that Ben R. P. named a child Valentine, as I think this may be an indication that Stephen [and his brother Ben] are, indeed, descended from Nancy Peyton (I have no proof, but have long suspected that Nancy’s grandfather was Valentine Peyton). Also, here is one more example of a three-initialed Langford, to go along with Ann Langford’s ancestor, Benjamin T. C. [Thomas Crutch] Langford, [Benjamin T. C. Langford is thought to be a son of Stephen, son of Stephen (son of Benjamin and Nancy Peyton). Benjamin R. P. is the son of Robert (son of Benjamin and Nancy Peyton). –shb 20 Sep 2006 [Note: The William Alexander Langford history says his grandparents, Robert Langford and Frances Head (parents of Stephen), had ten children, though I can now only account for seven.] –shb 29 Feb 2008

DIED CHILDLESS? The biographical sketch about Stephen Langford (see below) says that he married two widows and had no children by either. Is it possible, though, that he had children by his slaves? (See 1860 Census, below–who are the white and mulatto Langford children listed in his household? And it is clear in censuses that Stephen lived among black and mulatto families.) –shb 28 Feb 2008

NAMESAKE CHILD? See notes of the black Craig Langford family, my Legacy ID No. 66083. Craig and Fannie Langford named their first child born in Ohio, “Stephen,” I think after Robert Langford’s father, early Mt. Vernon settler, Stephen Langford (purported to have run an underground railroad) or, perhaps, after Stephen’s grandson, Stephen (son of Rober). According to a history of Robert’s grandson, William Alexander Langford, Robert actually sent one of his sons to Ohio to help obtain land, so Robert could help his former slaves get started, once they were freed, after the Civil War. It occurs to me that this could be a “sanitized account” for local neighbors–that perhaps the slaves were smuggled early to Ohio, before emancipation by the Civil War.). Also of interest is the fact that Ahmos Langford (a mulatto living, with his family, near white Stephen Langford, s/o Robert) named his son “Craig,” born in abt. 1857. (The black Craig and Fannie Langford family was “redeemed” by Quaker Jesse S. Stubbs who, according to Quaker history, raised over $5,000 and came to Rockcastle to pay the sum and transport the Craig Langfords to Ohio.) Craig and Fannie [purported to have been a mistress of Liberty Langford, so that by one account two children in this family were actually Liberty’s sons–shb] named their first child born in Ohio, in 1860, “Stephen Langford.” The Craig Langfords named their next child, b. 1861, “Jesse S.,” no doubt after Quaker Stubbs. [Note: I wrote an article titled, “Slavery and Redemption on Every Family Tree,” about white and black Rockcastle County Langfords, for on-line magazine, Meridian, that is still posted at, with accompanying photos. Google also picked up this article, with accompanying photos. Text of this article, without the photos is included at end of these notes.] –shb 29 Feb 2008

1813, JANUARY 1–BIRTH. See biographical sketch for Stephen Langford, below. –shb 28 Feb 2008

NOT THE FATHER OF RIFLE-SMITH STEPHEN 2, ANCESTOR OF JOHN ROBERT OR “BOB” LANGFORD, AS ONCE THOUGHT. See “FATHER” tag, end of these notes. [Note: From e-letter to shb, 6 Feb 2008, from “Whetstone Bob” (John Robert) Langford, a descendant of Stephen 2: “Lick Creek Stephen and Catherine did not have a son named Stephen, oddly enough. I don’t have any information on a Stephen and Rebecca.” –shb 6 Feb 2008

MADISON BORDERS ROCKCASTLE COUNTY, KENTUCKY: Madison County borders Rockcastle County, Kentucky, where early Langford white plantation owners and slave-holders lived, so these of mixed blood and blacks, carrying the Langford name, may be descended from them or may have just carried the name of their Langford masters. –shb 3 Feb 2006

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH ABOUT WILLIAM ALEXANDER LANKFORD INCLUDED A SKETCH ABOUT HIS “UNCLE,” STEPHEN. Forwarded to shb by Langford researcher Jeff Davis: “The following is the entire article from History of Kentucky and Kentuckians. It has a lot of information, I think. It ties some of the Rockcastle Langfords to those of Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky. One small item, Central University was in Richmond, Madison Co – not in Lexington. Anne – A HISTORY OF KENTUCKY AND KENTUCKIANS – The Leaders and Representative Men in Commerce, Industry and Modern Activities, by E. Polk Johnson – Vol. III, illustrated; Lewis Publilshing Company, Chicago-New York, 1912, page 1661 [underlining and some additional paragraphing mine–shb]:

No. 36. WILLIAM A. LANGFORD ” . . . . Stephen Langford, the honored uncle of him whose name initiates this review [meaning William A. Lankford, son of Benjamin R. P. and Martha or “Patsy,”–shb] was born in Rockcastle county, Kentucky, on the 1st of January, 1813, and was summoned to the life eternal on the 1st of September, 1898. at the venerable age of 85 years and 8 months. He was ambitious and self-reliant as a lad but showed slight predilection for the application of the schoolroom. His father insisted upon his pursuing his studies until he had attained to the age of 16 years, when he secured the paternal consent to start out for himself. He thereupon secured employment in connection with the construction of a turnpike near Frankfort, and he gained practical experience that soon enabled him to turn his knowledge to effective use.

“He was not of the type to be satisfied without advancement, and he soon secured a contract to construct a part of the Lexington and Richmond turnpike, in which connection he came to Madison county. He had charge of the construction of the Richmond end of this turnpike, and he continued to be identified with contracting work for a number of years, showing much discrimnation and ability and invariably being successful in a financial way.

“He passed a few years in Missouri and upon his return to Madison county he purchased a portion of the fine estate now owned by his nephew. He became one of the representative farmers and stock-growers of the county and through his own well directed energies accumulated a fine property, the while he so ordered his course as to merit and receive the
unqualified esteem of his fellowmen.

“He was twice married, and no children were born of either union. He first married Mrs. Rebecca Howard, and after her death he married another widow, Mrs. Martha Sewell, the latter of whom survived him by about four years.

“He was a man of mature judgment and of marked civic loyalty, and he did much to further the industrial development and progress of the county which so long represented his home and in which his memory is held in lasting honor.” –shb 28 Feb 2008

1830 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE SEVENTEEN AND NOT IN HIS PARENTS’ HOUSEHOLD. “Flintlock” Stephen, as we call him, and Catherine “Caty” Windham, once thought to have been this Stephen’s parents, are listed in the Pulaski County Census as still having three daughters and four sons in the household. Stephen would have been seventeen years old in 1830, but no son is listed as living with them, in the 15-20 age category. TO DO: Find Stephen in 1830. –shb 24 Oct 2006 [Note: Per e-letter, above, “Whetstone Bob” Langford says Stephen, ID 65910, was not a son of Bob’s ancestors, Stephen 2 Langford and Caty (Windham).] –shb 6 Feb 2008

1830–STEPHEN’S BROTHER, BENJAMIN R .P. LANGFORD IS BORN. I had Benjamin Robert Peyton Langford. (m. Martha or “Patsy” P. Mullins) tentatively placed as a son of Stephen and Rebecca ___, but have since found a marriage for Stephen and Rebecca Howard, in 1839. So unless Stephen had an earlier marriage, it seems unlikely that Benjamin R. P. was Stephen and Rebecca’s son. –shb 6 Feb 2008 [Note: From e-letter by “Whetstone Bob” (John Robert) Langford to shb, 6 Feb 2008: “B. R. P. Langford was Lick Creek Stephen’s nephew, the son of Stephen’s brother, Robert. I show his birth date as 1829, one year sooner than your 1830, but close enough to be reasonably sure we’re referring to the same B. R .P. The Peyton [in Benjamin’s name–shb] was his grandmother Nancy’s maiden name.” –shb 6 Feb 2008, 28 Feb 2008 [Note: See biographical sketch, above, that includes William Alexander Lankford’s “uncle” Stephen, William A. being named as a son of Benjamin R. P. Langford, which would make Stephen (my Legacy No. 65910) a brother of B. R. P., so a son of Robert Lankford and Frances Head–shb.]

1839, JANUARY 12–MARRIES REBECCA HOWARD. Madison County, Kentucky Marriages 1785-1851, compiled by Annie W. Burns Bell, 1934, searched by shb, 4 Jan 2008, at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (US/CAN 976.953/v25b), p. 116: “[Groom] Langford, Stephen [Bride & Parent] Howard, Rebecca, b. Jonathan Jones [Date] 1-12-1839.” –shb 6 Feb 2008 [Note: A biographical sketch about Stephen (see above) indicates that both his wives, including Rebecca, were widows when Stephen married them.] –shb 28 Feb 2008


P.O. White Hall, Western Subdivision St. [?] 2, Madison County, Kentucky
Series M653, Roll 384, Page 152
Taken 6 June 1860

98/98 Nathaniel D Arvine Farmer & family 3500 Madison County [place of birth]

99/99 Stephen Langford 47M_ Farmer 18750 10000 Rockastle Coty [sic]
Rebecca 57F_ [blank means “White” Estell Coty
Robert Langford 8M_ Mississippi
Celia Langford 18FM [for Mulatto] Madison Coty
Howard Langford 1MM ” Madison Coty

[Note: On this census listing, all “Color” blanks on the rest of the page were left blank (which means they are “White,” except for Celia and Howard, who were marked with an “M” for “Mulatto”–shb. According to the above biographical sketch about Stephen Langford, he married two widows and had no children by either, so who are these three Langfords listed in his household, in 1860? Could Howard, age one, have been named after Stephen’s wife, the widowed Rebecca Howard? –shb 28 Feb 2008]

1870 CENSUS–“STEVE LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-SEVEN, BORN IN KENTUCKY, A WHITE FARMER, LIVING AMONG LANKFORD BLACKS. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed by shb, 27 Jan 2008, from home, via Provo Public Library:

P.O. Richmond, Richmond Precinct, Madison County, Kentucky
Series M593, Roll 484, Page 243
Taken 18 Aug 1870

113/133 Rayborne, Peter 70 MB Farm Labor Kentucky
, Nancy 64 FB Keeps House Kentucky

114/114 Lankford, Steve 57 MW Farmer Kentucky
Price, B.S. 30 MW Farm Labor Kentucky
Rogers, Mary 24 FB
& her 3 ch B Kentucky

115/115 Lankford, Green 44 MB Farm Labor Kentucky
, Sarah 34 FB Keeping House Kentucky
, Parker 8 MB At Home Kentucky [same child as William?–shb]
, John 2 MB At Home Kentucky

[Note: The black Green Lankford family still lives near white Stephen in the 1880 Census (see below).] –shb 27 Jan 2008

1880 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE SIXTY-SEVEN, A WIDOWER, A WHITE MALE, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH ONE “OTHER” PERSON, ROBERT ROLAND, AGE FORTY, IN FOXTOWN, MADISON, KENTUCKY. He lives three doors down from Ahmos (48) and wife Minerva Langford, Mulattos, and next door to Hutson Langford (48) and family, listed as “Black.” Also in the Hutson Langford household is a nephew Milton Langford, and a granddaughter Minerva, both listed as “Black.” (See Ahmos Langford’s note (ID 65906) for lineup of Langford neighbors.


Schuyler Newby (Mulatto Family)
William Toomy (Mulatto Family)
Ahmos & Minerva Langford (Mulatto Family, my Legacy ID No. 65906–shb)
Amy Minter & Son (Black Family)
James Waggoner (White Family)
Stephen Langford (White, as follows): As posted at, accessed 27 Jan 2008, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Stephen LANGFORD Self W Male W 67 KY Farmer [b. 1813] … …
Robert ROLAND Other S Male W 40 KY Laborer … …
“Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.”

[Next families are]:

Hutson Langford (Black family–misreading of “Howard Langford”?–shb]
Green Langford (Black family)
Stephen Ricketts (White family)
Louisa Trosper (White family). –shb 27 Jan 2008

1898–SEPTEMBER 1–STEPHEN LANGFORD DIES AT AGE EIGHTY FIVE AND EIGHT MONTHS. (See biographical sketch, above.) –shb 28 Feb 2008

BURIED IN CEMENT VAULT: News item forwarded to shb, 26 Oct 2006, by John Robert or “Whetstone Bob” Langford, a descendant of “Flintlock” Stephen and Caty Windham [underlining in this article mine–shb]. Writes Bob: “Sherlene, have you ever seen this? Check the date so you’ll know which Stephen this is. [This is the only Stephen I have in my database who could be a match–I wrote Bob, 25 Oct 2006, asking if I placed this article right–shb]: Excerpt from The Mount Vernon Signal, September 9, 1898 – “BURIED IN A STONE COFFIN. ‘Uncle’ Stephen Langford, whose critical illness was noted in our last issue, passed peacefully away Thursday night at his home near Clay’s Ferry, aged 86. For some time his health had been gradually declining and the end was not unexpected.

“He was tenderly nursed by his nephew, W. A. [This would be William Alexander, son of Stephen’s brother, Benjamin Robert Peyton Langford, and his wife, Martha or “Patsy” Mullins–shb], who was much devoted to him and to whom he left the bulk of his estate, valued at something like $60,000.

“Deceased was somewhat noted for his eccentricity. He began life as a stone mason and by industry and economy accumulated a comfortable fortune. He was an Ironside Baptist and uncompromising Democrat and living exemplification of an honest man. Some years ago, it is said he came across a grave burrowed into by ground hogs and the body violated. This so bore upon his mind that he was determined to protect his remains, and accordingly he had made for himself of Rockcastle stone a mammoth coffin, which he had put away in his buggy house for use when the summons should come. At the same time he had a monument erected to himself on his place and left directions as to how he should be buried, which were scrupulously carried out by his nephew.

“A large crowd assembled Saturday to witness his strange burial. The ponderous sarcophagus weighing 1,800 pounds and neatly dressed by Biggerstaff & Oldham undertakers of this city was hauled to the grave on a slide drawn on four mules. It was lowered by means of an incline and rollers.

“Services were held at the house at 3 pm by Rev G. W. Young, of the Methodist church, this city, after which the body was carried on a stretcher to the grave and placed in the coffin, which was not only hermetically sealed, but covered with large flag stones thus inclosing the body in a double stone case, where it is safe to say it will rest undisturbed until the coming of the Master.

“He left no children but a faithful and devoted wife to mourn his loss. The above deceased was born and raised a mile and one half from town.” –shb 26 Oct 2006


Slavery and Redemption on Every Family Tree
By Sherlene Hall Bartholomew

My genealogist mother, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, died almost a year ago. Since then, I have sensed that she and her restless clan are tending a glorious harvest that has ripened on our Langford family tree. We have been blessed, thanks to other-world nudging, to glean some of this tantalizing fruit, but so far lack the facility to safely “can it.”

The Rockcastle County, Kentucky courthouse burned down in 1873, so that all local records – marriage, estate, court, and land – were destroyed. We have faith that the Father of us all knew we would still be searching, so has provided other evidence that we just need to find. We have recently found some of that, though documenting family connections is a continuing challenge.

I am not the only Langford who has lost sleep over this dilemma. Shiron Wordsworth, an adopted, if not yet confirmed cousin on the line, recently conveyed worrisome news from a relative in Cincinnati. This woman claims that Stephen Langford – the pioneer who in 1790 led first settlers into Rockcastle County, Kentucky, had a descendant named Liberty who, as Shi tells it, “fathered two daughters (at least) by a slave named Fanny. They migrated to western Ohio somewhere between the years 1855 and 1860… The girls were named Nancy (b. 1852) and Ann (b. 7 Nov 1853).”

This information flies in face of our tradition that Kentucky Langfords were principled, independent thinkers with Republican sympathies, who ran an Underground Railroad stop called “Langford Station.” We know for sure that several fought as Union soldiers in the Civil War. For this they paid dearly, in subsequent years. “You may recall,” Shi writes, “that Liberty’s son, James H. Langford, was killed by the KKK. James’ oldest son Liberty, named after his grandfather, was also murdered in the County, though we don’t know if the Klan’s responsible for that one.”

Though pioneer Stephen owned much land and the proverbial southern white mansion, he only had nine slaves in 1810, before he died the next year. As Shi explains, “Rockcastle County never was a plantation society. Its hills don’t prosper such cash crops as cotton and tobacco that required much slave labor. The Langfords farmed, and they did have substantial land holdings. But they prospered from enterprises such as milling, horse trading, timbering, and quarrying.

Photo in collection of Ida-Rose L. Hall, labeled as the “Old Stephen Langford House,” on the Wilderness Road, in Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky.

Two-Way Escapes

Writes Shiron, “In the book Rockcastle County, Kentucky and its People, 1992, Langford Station is pictured. It’s obviously the same house as the one in the photo your mother took” (pictured above).

Shi’s grandmother knew Ruth McFerron Leach, who by account featured in this book, “bought the house in later years… had the house taken down… and discovered that it had been used as part of the Underground Railroad. The house had many secret trap doors throughout” and… “a big cellar used to hide the slaves.”

Shi frets: “There are some missing pieces of the puzzle concerning the Langfords and their relationship with their personal slaves, in particular, and the institution of slavery, in general. Is it possible that as their attitudes about slavery changed, our Langfords only kept slaves as a front for their illegal activities, moving slaves North?”

Family history further complicates the riddle. Pioneer Stephen’s descendant James H. Langford’s life was saved (before the Klan finally got him) by a former slave called “Uncle Alf.” As Shi tells it, “One dark night in Rockcastle County, long after the Civil War was over, the Klan was hot on the trail of that Langford, but this vulnerable ex-slave refused to disclose James’ hiding place. Uncle Alf was roughed up because of his pretended ignorance as to where James had gone to ground. I have to wonder what precipitated such courage and loyalty on the part of Uncle Alf. There’s something more to this story. I just haven’t found it yet.”

Side view, home of James Steven or “Tip” Langford, also in Mt. Vernon, Rock Castle’s county seat. Tip was sheriff of Rockcastle County, Kentucky, in the 1920s. He was the son of James H. and Liberty Langford’s grandson. Report is that his home was a stone’s throw from settler Stephen Langford’s original mansion. Neither home survives. (Photo courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth.)

The Lost are Found!

Thinking on all this, I felt Mom urging from beyond, as I lay awake, worried about how we might find slave Fanny and her two Langford daughters. Then I remembered that I could do a first-name-only search. Using HeritageQuest on-line indexed census images, I typed spelling variations of “Fanny” in the first-name field for all of Ohio. It took several hours to check the family of every one who came up in the census index. For all that, I found nothing – what a disappointment!

Then it occurred to me that maybe Fanny kept her Langford name, after she was freed. I did a search for all Langfords in the Ohio 1860 Census (just typed “Langford” in the surname field). As the alphabetized list came up, I found her as “Frances,” at first click on “Craig Langford.” What a thrill! (You might have seen me levitate at this point, with help from deceased Langfords!)

Sensing the Census

I learned that Frances was then living in Wayne, Butler, Ohio. She was age thirty-one, “keeping house” for head of the family, Craig Langford, who was eleven years her senior. (In two subsequent censuses, she is named as “Fanny” and “Fannie.”) Eight children are listed in quite regular succession, in their 1860 household, including Nancy and Ann, of ages to match the dates Shiron got from her cousin. A William Langford is listed last and is the right age to be Craig’s brother, though he could have been another slave from the plantation (Rockcastle County slaves, like many others, carried their masters’ names).

A four-year break in ages of the last two children, Isaac (age five, born in Kentucky, and Stephen, age one, in Ohio) sent us looking for another child who might have been left in Kentucky. We may have found him in the 1870 Census, where Liberty Langford and his legal, white wife Sallie are listed, both at age sixty. In their household is a black child named Peter, age 14 (so b. abt. 1856), along with Robert, a mulatto, age 7. Robert must have been born of a different slave mother, since Fanny moved to Ohio by 1860. As usual, there is much to sort, trailing censuses, in such a hunt. Sometimes we uncover information we weren’t looking to find. Since there’s no proof about siring of slaves in his household, we decided not to focus on Liberty’s liberties.

Every person in the 1860 Ohio household of Craig and Frances Langford was listed as black, with no ‘M’ to indicate ‘mulatto’, though white clerks often listed “B” for any person of mixed racial identity. We can’t discern which children, if any, were born of Craig, since they carried prominent Langford first names, instead of the usual tags, like “Mingo.”

Shi and I feel there has to be a reason why Craig and Fanny gave the name “Stephen,” to their son who was born in Ohio, shortly after their escape. It would hardly make sense that slaves who hated their white master would give their first “free” child an important name in their master’s Langford line. Then again, maybe they took Langford names so Peter could some day find them.

Scheduling Slaves

While I worked the censuses, Shi looked up slave schedules and forwarded that fascinating information. In 1850, it looks to us like Liberty’s female slave and her three children have ages close enough to those of Fanny and her first three children, listed in Ohio, in 1860. Where, though, were Craig and Walter, in 1850? Shiron did an additional search and found comps for a Robert Langford, who may well have been Liberty’s father (she forwarded good evidence for that, though Shi as usual insists that we must find that coveted “paper trail documentation”).

As Shi suggests, slave schedules open the possibility that Robert could have fathered Fanny’s children, despite the report that it was Liberty.

Compounded Complexities

There is, of course, the chance that Fanny’s children, as listed in the 1860 Census, had more than one white father. It is also possible that they were born in Kentucky to more than one slave mother. Since all the Craig Langfords in Ohio are listed as “black,” we might also learn that Craig, while working as a Langford slave in Kentucky, fathered them all (except, perhaps, Nancy and Ann). Further, it is possible that not all of Craig’s children were born of the same mother – especially after their master claimed Fanny as his mistress. The complexities, trying to compile family group records for former slaves, boggle the mind!

There is, however, a grain of truth in most family legends. Shi and I resolved to find all the documentation we can to either strengthen or dismiss this family tale about a white Langford’s slave children.

DNA Dilemma

I began to hope that DNA testing might with certainty place Fanny’s children with their father(s). This hope was fortified by Part II of the PBS special, “African American Life” that traced the DNA of famous black persons like Oprah to specific locales!

Then a cousin told me about the article, “In Our Blood,” in the Feb. 6, 2006 Newsweek that cautions about DNA test limitations. An insert on page 54 asks: “Did Thomas Jefferson father as many as six children with his slave Sally Hemings? In 1998, scientists tracing the Y chromosome from father to son said, ‘Yes, Jefferson was the most likely candidate – at least for one of Hemings’s children.’ But the controversy continues because DNA evidence can’t absolutely prove it; another male Jefferson could have been the culprit.”

We may never prove who fathered Fanny’s children. For now, I have placed them all in my Craig Langford family group, with accompanying notes about potential biological white blood. In some cases all we can do is take a combination of facts, common sense, and DNA evidence, while continuing the search for better documentation.

PART II – My Father’s Folk Intervene

After all the excitement, finding Fanny in Ohio, I tried to learn all I could about life in Rockcastle County, just before the 1860 Census. At BYU’s Harold B. Lee Library, I found the history of a bordering county: Madison County: 200 Years in Retrospect,” by William E. Ellis, H. E. Everman, and Richard D. Sears (published by the Madison County Historical Society). This volume brought alive the rioting, threats of violence, and arson perpetrated by area pro-slavery factions (see pp. 123-153). For a while there in Rockcastle, communicants at churches with abolitionist ministers were mainly women, while their men stood in surrounding woods, guns aimed at would-be arsonists, who did succeed in turning one Rockcastle church to ashes. On another occasion, they burned down the home of an abolitionist whose young family narrowly escaped the flames.

In one case, John G. Fee, an abolitionist minister, was forcibly removed from his pulpit and marched more than ten miles, from Rockcastle County to nearby Crab Orchard (where my ancestor Fielding Langford was born in 1804, but left long before).

Jesse Keeps the Peace

In 1860, a pro-slavery Kentucky legislature passed a law that any citizen freeing slaves had to get them out of the state. Also, no freed slaves could enter the state. Perhaps provisions in this law convinced the Langfords to free and transport their slaves. But how, we wondered, did they accomplish that?

I googled “Craig Langford,” without expecting to find much. Up came the link to a page about abolitionist activities of Levi Coffin (, a member of the Society of Friends (“Quakers”) and reputed president of the Underground Railroad. His home had a hidden door behind a bed and a covered inside well. With the support of his wife Catharine, he helped more than 2,000 slaves find their way to freedom!

Levi and I both descend from Tristram Coffin, my father’s ancestor, who was born in 1609, in Plymouth, England, but left his native country to become a founding father of Nantucket.

Levi’s journal ( tells of his visits with the Stubbs family in West Elkton, Indiana, in their joint endeavors to free slaves. The “Squire Stubbs” he stayed with on one stop was probably Jesse Stubbs, then Justice of the Peace.

This site tells how Jesse advanced most of the $5,062 needed to free an entire slave family. Then he traveled, in 1858, to Rockcastle County, Kentucky to redeem the Craig Langfords! (More levitation, this time with spirit from my father’s side.)

I reviewed my extract of the 1870 Census that lists Craig and Fanny and children, in Ohio. Look at the name of their last child:

60/60 Langford, Craig 52M B Farmer 1100 Kentucky
, Fanny 43F B Keep House Kentucky
, Robert 22M B Farm Laborer Kentucky
, Walter 20M B Farm Laborer Kentucky
, Annie 16F B At Home Kentucky
, Isaac 15M B At Home Kentucky
, Stephen 11M B At Home Kentucky [Ohio, 1860]
, Jesse S. 9M B Kentucky

(Source: HeritageQuest on-line image: P.O. Jacksonsborough, Wayne Township, Butler County, Ohio – Series M593, Roll 1177, Page 490, taken 4 June 1870.)

I learned from additional reading that Craig and family prospered in Ohio and managed to pay back most of what Jesse Stubbs and his neighbors raised to free them. In the 1900 Census, I find Jesse Langford at age 39, with his wife and son, living near two brothers and between two white families. Two houses up live Joseph Stubbs, age 65, and wife Esther, 62. They have to have been connected to the Jesse Stubbs who freed the Langfords. I like to think that Jesse shoveled their snow for them, from time to time, there in Gratis, Preble, Ohio.

Better than Fiction

Shi and I have quite a challenge, trying to find documentation, so we can sort fact from fiction, in this family story. For now, it’s fun to think that my father’s relatives helped redeem a family owned by my mother’s! History sometimes reads better than fiction.

The author’s family in 1976: Back L-R Sherlene, H. Tracy, Jr., Elizabeth, David R; Front L-R Virginia, Charlotte, H. Tracy, Sr. (sustained that day as an LDS bishop), Ida-Rose (Langford), and Nancy Hall.

Since learning about Quaker participation, freeing the Craig Langfords, I have written letters, hoping to learn how these Indiana abolitionists learned about and decided to free this particular slave family. Are there receipts, I ask, telling who accepted the $5,062 redemption for this family? How did Jesse Stubbs travel to Rockcastle, and how did he get these slaves out? Did he perhaps make use of the Langford Station Underground Railroad stop? Is it possible that Jesse knew the money would go to strengthen the abolitionist cause in Kentucky? (I know we’re optimistic, but we can always hope, can’t we?) Is there a record of how the Craig Langfords paid off their freedom debt and to whom? Has correspondence from descendants of Craig and Fanny been preserved?

Anguish at “The Tree”

There are those who never ask questions about their family history, for fear of what they might learn. To remain in such ignorance is itself a form of self-enslavement. Others very well know the facts, but prefer to sweep them under that already-bulging rug, caring little how their children might fall, tripping over what they cannot see.

We all need to overcome insecurities that make us afraid to know who we really are. Nothing we ever find can override the fact that we are all created in the image of our Savior, who said: “… If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples, indeed. And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” [John 8:31-32] Then He went on to explain what His fellow Jews might have learned from their Abrahamic genealogy (and what we might also learn from ours).

Abolitionist Langfords in Nauvoo

I descend from Walker Lankford who married Mary or “Polly” Warren, of Lincoln County, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana. In 1830, his son Fielding married Sarah, who was born in 1809, in Rockcastle County, to David P. and Margaret (Kincaid) Bethurem. The young couple soon moved to Indiana, where they converted to the “Mormon” faith in 1843. With other “saints,” they gathered to Nauvoo, Illinois, in time to join the trek across Iowa to Council Bluffs. In 1850, they were living in Platte County, Missouri, but in 1852 migrated to the Salt Lake Valley.

After surviving all that, Sarah died in 1863 from the bite of a black widow spider. I yearn to find a picture of my Sarah, but perhaps she died too soon. We do have one of Fielding in his old age, posing with children by his next wife, Carolyn Christina Bocker, whom he married in 1865, in Salt Lake City. She, however, is not in the picture. By then she had divorced him, purportedly for his whiskey habit. It probably also did not help that Fielding was Swedish-born Carolyn’s senior by forty-three years!

Fielding Langford (1804-1882) and his children by 2nd wife, Carolyn Christina Bocker (from an old tin-type taken about 1880-82). L-R: Joseph, Fielding, Wm. Henry, Anna Caroline, Cynthia Elizabeth, and Malinda Melvina Langford.

Whatever his faults, I love Fielding for having the courage to join a new and different religion that has so blessed my life. I admire his thrifty, hard-working stamina, pioneering the West, drawing on skills he saw his colonizing fathers in the US South apply. Learning to creatively adapt, as they faced new, trying situations, he and Sarah managed to raise a healthy clan that gave me a phenomenal Langford mother.

Fielding and his family missed all the civil rights excitement in Kentucky, but saw plenty of their own in the form of persecution against the concentrated “Mormon” population in Nauvoo. Such trials did not seem to dampen their hope for that better future they did carve out for us, their descendants.

Find an Ancestor – Find yourself!

I am also inspired, learning more about my paternal-line Quakers who, as noted on the above-mentioned site, did not wink at injustice that for many had become a way of life. They did more about it than complain or write a letter to the editor. Taking action, they slowly changed opinions and altered custom – often at significant personal cost.

I also have empathy for slaveholders who found themselves entrenched in what had been a way of life for generations. How difficult it must have been to have all that household and field help and then be forced, either by conscience or circumstance, to give it up.

Before then, it must have been perplexing for children of slaveholders to see how different life was for half brothers and sisters. In situations where slave masters were abusive, studies show those tendencies carried down for generations, within families. Again, I admire the fortitude of Langford families who apparently tried to leave the system. Local pressure on those with Union sympathies was not exactly life-promoting.

Some of us don’t like learning that our ancestors were alcoholics or had slaves, much less that they bred additional “property” with them. On the other hand, knowing more about family history helps us better comprehend why we feel and act the way we do and to better guard against what may be inherited blind spots.

Speaking for myself, these family discoveries fortify my resolve to look at my environment with less complacency – to do what I can to not only change evils in society, but also to adjust attitudes and practices I better recognize as part of my own personal legacy.

We all might hope, as well, to build on accompanying virtues evident in every family line. God seems inclined to reveal a fair share of both the negative and positive in each of us, both to keep us humble and extend encouragement.

Magnificent Wonder!

At varying times, some branches on our family tree seem more straight and true than others. All, however, produce good fruit that, unless tended well, attracts spoil and canker. We stretch to pick the best and try to ignore the bad. Finding soft spots in the past, we excise them for our future, with help from the Master Chef. The result is a fresh pie so divinely aromatic, vibrantly colorful and flavorful that we who taste of it can hardly wait to prepare tables and share it.

The magnificent wonder is that our Father in Heaven, in His great love, invites us, His children all, into His vineyard to with faith cultivate our inheritance. There each of us not only finds vital root, but by virtue of our Lord’s tender mercies, becomes more strong, resilient, and trusting, as we reap His redeeming bounty.


February 29, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords | 5 Comments

Sarah or “Sally” Lankford (b. abt. 1783, Lincoln Co. KY, d/o Joseph and Mary __, d. abt. 1856, Whitley Co. KY), mother of seven

NAME: More than one researcher has listed Sarah and Sally Lankford, as two separate daughters of Joseph and Mary Lankford. Pending documentation that they are two persons, I have merged them as one daughter, “Sarah,” nicknamed “Sally.” –shb 30 Jan 2006 [Note: Regarding my conclusion, Barry D. Wood writes, 6 Aug 2006: “Before the 20th century, Sally was solely and only a nickname for Sarah. Martha L. Green can certainly be forgiven for not knowing that, as in our time people are always choosing nicknames as the legal given names of their children, but in colonial times it was not so. Joseph Langford’s daughter Sarah is the identical person as his supposed ‘other’ daughter Sally.” –shb 6 Aug 2006

BIRTH: Sarah was under age 18 in 1800 (Ida-Rose Langford Hall, in her “Descendants of Fielding Langford” book). –shb 10 Oct 2004

ABT 1783–BIRTH IN LINCOLN COUNTY, KENTUCKY/DAUGHTER OF JOSEPH LANGFORD: Information courtesy of Shi Wordsworth, forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. Shi says her information is based on research by Martha Langford Green, who names Sally’s father as Joseph Langford. –shb 14 Oct 2003, 24 Jan 2006

1797-1798–JOHN FARRIS APPOINTED “SALLY” LANGFORD’S GUARDIAN: E-letter, 29 Jan 2006, from Shiron Wordsworth to shb: “This past weekened, I was in touch with a gentleman researching original tax records and land grants in what was once Lincoln County, Kentucky. This gentleman assured me there is evidence that Mary Langford, Joseph’s wife, died about 1797 or 98. In 1798, John Farris was appointed the legal guardian of Sally Langford, who was a child of Joseph and Mary Langford. John Farris was married to Jenny Langford, another daughter of Joseph and Mary. The logical conclusion to be drawn from that guardianship is that Jenny and John assumed responsibility for the minor child of Jenny’s parents, at her mother’s death.” –shb 30 Nov 2006 [Note: I believe the “gentleman” referred to was local historian, Jeff Renner, who has been most helpful, answering my queries. I had the pleasure of meeting him at the May 2007 Stephen Langford Memorial Reunion, in Mt. Vernon, Kentucky, when he showed us how to find the still-standing chimney/hearthstone of my ancestor, Walker Lankford currently thought to be Sally’s brother–shb.]

WAS SALLY’S MOTHER MARY STILL ALIVE? I sent this letter to our Langfords, 11 July 2006, that I prefaced with Barry Wood’s response, 10 July 2006, to my thought (along with the above-mentioned, unnamed researcher) that Sally Lankford’s choosing her sister Jenny’s husband John(son) Farris as her guardian means that her father Joseph’s wife Mary (my ancestors) had died. Wrote Barry:

“Not to be a wet blanket, but I don’t agree that Mary (Warren) Lankford had to be dead in order for Sally to choose someone else as her guardian. Minors under 14 didn’t get a choice. Above 14 (at least in some states), they could make a choice other than the mother, even if the mother were still alive. To restate the obvious, the child was still considered an ‘orphan’ if his or her father was deceased, even if the mother were still alive. There could have been many reasons, above and beyond the death of Mary (Warren) Langford, for Sally to choose her sister’s husband as her guardian. These reasons would have included the general societal assumption of those times that men were better at dealing with such matters.

[Note: Shi Wordsworth wrote that Sally was already living with the Farrises before she named head of the household, Johnson Farris, as her guardian–shb.]

“I’d be more impressed if the tax lists for this period reflected that property which Mary had occupied following Joseph Langford’s death was taxed to his heirs or estate starting in 1797 or 1798.

” BW”

Shiron Wordsworth’s response, next day, to Barry’s letter of 10 July 2006:

“In thinking about Sally, I remembered that she was mentioned in Joseph’s will which was written in 1783, and there appears to be a younger child in the family, Joseph. So Sally was at least 14 in 1797, and possibly older. I don’t know what Kentucky’s laws were in 1797, with regard to minors choosing a guardian, so I guess it’s possible that she was old enough to choose Johnson Farris as guardian irrespective of her mother.

“Maybe our researcher might be of some help here. He says that “the land that Mary Langford had in 1797 was on the West Fork of Dick’s River according to the tax list. It had been entered, etc. for John Farris.”

“I don’t know whether this is an indication that Mary gave her land to John Farris while she was still living or if this indicates that she was dead at this time. It does seem interesting that in 1797, John Farris’ name is mentioned in connection with land Mary had paid taxes on, and in that same year, John Farris assumes guardianship of Mary’s daughter, Sally. I do remember the researcher saying that after 1797, he finds no mention of Mary in the records. But maybe he hasn’t gotten to that record yet.

“I just wish that Stephen Langford had been the surety on Johnson Farris’ bond and not William Allen who must have been a good friend of John Farris. But the compassionate side of me wants a Langford to have stepped up to the bar of justice and proved the value of that young woman’s life. Stephen certainly had the means to do such a thing. Well, rats!” [Note: Shi is a descendant of Stephen Lankford, but stays current on our research involving our ancestor, Joseph Lankford, as we are convinced that Stephen and Joseph are related–we just can’t prove how, at this point–shb.] [Note: DNA evidence about such a relationship has not been encouraging, to say the least.] –shb 6 Jan 2007

My brother-in-law Barry Wood responds to Shi’s e-letter, 12 July 2006: “Good points. I’m not 100% sure, as far as Kentucky is concerned, on the choice of guardian statute. It has been too many years since I was researching the families of my two great great great granduncles, Daniel and John Hufford / Hoffert, who were killed by robbers around 1819. I seem to recall reading records of some of their children choosing guardians after age 14.

“In mentioning both Daniel and John, I should qualify that by saying that although I’m 100% sure that John was murdered, returning home (probably from Lexington) after having sold his crop, with Daniel, it’s a family memory that he died in the same fashion, but I haven’t seen a contemporaneous newspaper account to confirm. This seems to have been a major reason, again, according to the family story, why most of the Huffords left Kentucky. In any event, I had other orphaned ancestors in Ohio a few years later, and there they definitely acquired the right to choose their own guardian (subject to approval by the court) when they turned 14.

“Barry” –shb 12 July 2006

Sherlene’s response to Barry’s letter of 10 July 2006 (much of this was copied to all our Langfords or to those most active, doing family research):

“Barry, it’s never a ‘wet blanket’ to shed light on ancestral history and correct a misperception. Thanks for the insight about reasons for assigning guardianship. I’m wondering if the fact that Sally was in court and the names of Charles Warren and Stephen Lankford were mentioned that same day really means that they were all in court together. Do you know, Barry? Did they make road assignments without those involved being present
there in court to accept the assignments? On the surface it seems likely that they all traveled in together down the Old Wilderness Road and Logan’s Trace to the courthouse at Stanford and that’s why their names were involved in court matters on the same day.

“Attached [also to Sally’s media file–shb] is a drawing of the Logan Fort site, where the original Lincoln County courthouse was built in 1786 (the case involving Sally’s guardianship and mention of Charles and Stephen took place eleven years later, on 10 Oct 1797). This drawing was posted at <,&gt;
with this label: ‘Original courthouse on this site was in 1786. Records contained in this
building date back in 1779, some written on sheepskin. The Fiscal Court room contains some of the finest portraits of Lincoln County judges.’ [You might want to go to the site to see the drawing, as it did not copy over very well–shb.]

“Stanford was named for Benjamin Logan [was his home town Stamford, in England?–shb], a hero among early settlers for successfully fighting off Indian attacks. Logans Fort was located near the existing Stanford downtown district, and Stanford became the County seat. Crab Orchard is a small town in eastern Lincoln County, located about ten miles southeast of Stanford. Several sites say that Crab Orchard was probably named for a stand of crab apple trees, which delights me, since Dan and I unknowingly planted a crab apple in our front yard 10-15 years ago that is a source of delight in spring for it’s lovely, fragrant pink blooms and, in fall, for it’s bright-colored leaves. (However, it’s a royal pain, otherwise, to have to clean up mounds of fallen tiny apples that attract deer to our front yard in winter, if we don’t get every single one up before the snows fall). Anybody have a good crab-apple pickle recipe or other good use for this miniature fruit?

“My Langford mother also had a crab apple tree in her yard, but I think she took it out because she got tired of cleaning up the fallen fruit. Perhaps on first planting it, she knew its historical significance.

“Crab Orchard was at the end of Logan’s Trace of the Wilderness Road and was an early pioneer station. There are several mineral springs in the area, and from 1827 until 1922 taverns and hotels were located at Crab Orchard Springs. Charles Warren was granted a license to keep a tavern on 18 Oct 1796, nearly a year before this 1797 session where Sally chose her guardian. I’m wondering if his tavern was in Crab Orchard, since his daughter Mary Polly married our Walker Lankford, who hailed from there.

“I like to think that Stephen came down the Wilderness road that day with a carriage drawn by fine Kentucky horses, attended by one of his slaves. Perhaps along the way he picked up the rest, including, perhaps, Walker (son of Joseph), Walker’s sisters Sally and Jenny, and Jenny’s husband, John[son] Farris. Did Charles Warren join them, since his name was also mentioned, on a road matter, in court that day? (His daughter Mary/Polly Warren, age 13-17 at the time, married Walker Lankford nearly three years later, in September, 1880.)

“How long do you think it took a horse and carriage to travel ten miles on an October day? I can see them returning to Crab Orchard for a Kentucky chicken picnic near a stand of red-leafed crab apple trees–perhaps staying to visit longer and lodge with their Crab Orchard relatives.

“Sherlene” –shb 11 July 2006

WILDERNESS CONDITIONS: (See notes under same heading, notes of Sally’s mother, Mary Lankford–shb.) –shb 30 Jan 2006

1800, FEBRUARY 25–MARRIAGE OF “SALLY LANGFORD” TO CORNELIUS GATLIFF: Kentucky Vital Statistics, compiled by Annie Walker Burns (Frankfort, Kentucky), 1931, p. 25, searched by shb at the FHL, Salt Lake City, Utah: “Gatliff, Cornelius – Langford, Sally, 2-25-1800, [witness] Langford, Mary mo.” –shb 10 Oct 2004 [Note it was this entry that helped me decide that Jean Langford is Sally’s sister, since Sally was already listed as a child of Joseph and Mary, but all I had for them was a “Jenny,” who could be Jean. However, the witness for both Sally and Jean was listed the same, as “Langford, Mary mo.”] –shb 10 Oct 2004

GREAT-GRANDSON ACCUSED OF MURDER/DAUGHTER ANNE ESTRANGED? From e-letter by Patricia or “Pat” Hickerson to shb, 23 Jul 2007: “A distant cousin of mine Charles Finley, great grandson of Cornelius Gatliff and Sally Lankford, purportedly engineered the assassination of Governor elect of Kentucky, William Goebel, in 1900. At least Goebel was shot from the window of Finley’s office in the Frankfort state building where he was a legislator. He and his cohorts, the so-called ‘mountain men’ from Whitley County, fled into Indiana for a couple of years. Then Finley resumed his ‘distinguished career in Kentucky, later going to Washington as an elected congressman! Finley’s father also supposedly cheated my great-grandfather Wm. Meadors (no relation to the Gatliffs except that my grandmother married Charles Adkins, son of Cynthia) out of the coal/oil deposits (later sold to Mobil and then to the govt.) on his farmland. Finley claimed Cornelius had bitterly opposed the marriage of his grandmother, Anne Gatliff, to his grandfather and that, to his knowledge, Anne was permanently estranged from Cornelius and Sally. I have to laugh at the supposed conversation about ‘those no-good Finleys’! My uncle, now dead, was still trying to get back the rights to the coal-rich land of his grandfather in the 1980s. Pat” –shb 23 Jul 2007

1836, 5 JUNE–HUSBAND CORNELIUS GATLIFF MADE WILL–GRANTS HER AND SON JOHN SPEED THREE OF HIS SLAVES. Cornelius appointed two of his sons, “Joseph L. Gatliff” and “Charles H. Gatliff” as executors of “this my last Will and Testament.” In his long will, “Cornelus [sic–shb] Gatliff of the County of Whitley and State of Kentucky” named “my Wife Sally Gatliff” and gave her and their son “Speed” the “third part containing the dwelling home and other improvements where I now live,” along with the “balance of My cattle not disposed of otherwise together with farming tools & other articles be[l]onging to Me and not herein Named,” and “”my three slaves Poll, Dick, and Ben, to the proper use and benefit of my said Wife during the Monety [minority] of my said Son John Speed and on his arriving at the age of Twenty One years the right in full of and to the said Ben to Vest in him, the balance to be and continue to ]”be] the use of my said Wife during her life, and then to decend and be the property of my said Son John Speed.” Sally also got “My cultivator Mare together With all My household and Kitchen furniture and utentials of every discription thereunto belonging, along with (with son John Speed), “My hogs & Sheep.” In addition, Cornelius declared that “My Youngest Yoke of Oxin & unbroke Steers I allow to be Sold and the proceeds applied to building a comfortable dwelling house for my Wife” . . . . “and I earnestly request and enjoin it on my children that they pay due res[p]ect to their Mother and render her all comfort and assistance in their power through life.” –shb 6 Jan 2007

ABT. 1856–SALLY LANGFORD GATLIFF DIES, IN WHITLEY COUNTY, KENTUCKY. From e-note by Patricia or “Pat” Hickerson to shb, 23 Jul 2007: ” . . . . in Ron Jost’s supplemental Gatliff book, I find that Cornelius married Sara Langford February 25, 1800 in Lincoln Co. KY, daughter of Joseph Langford [matches my information–shb]. She was born about 1780, in Virginia [I had 1783, in Lincoln County, Virginia–shb] and died about 1856, in Whitley County, Kentucky” [I only had her death as “aft 10 Oct 1797–shb]. –shb

January 7, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy/Langfords/Iowa Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

Cornelius Gatliff (b. 25 Mar 1777, Botetourt County, VA, d. Aug-Oct 1836, Whitley Co. KY), m. Sarah/Sally Lankford, d/o Joseph and Mary,

1777, MARCH 25–BIRTH, IN BOTETOURT COUNTY, VIRGINIA. As posted by Bob Francis, on RootsWeb, at, accessed 22 Jul 2007, by shb: “GATLIFF, CORNELIUS (1777–). Son of Charles and Christiana Gatliff ws born March 25, 1777 in Botetourt County, Virginia. (1).” –shb 22 Jul 2007

HAD CHILDREN BY HIS SLAVES, ALONG WITH HIS FATHER? See letter I wrote to Bob Francis, notes of Cornelius’ father, Capt. Charles Gatliff. –shb 22 Jul 2007

1827, OCTOBER–SON CHARLES AND RACHEL WERE DIVORCED, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. A racy account of counter-accusations of Charles and Rachel and accounts of witnesses, in court, as part of divorce proceedings, are posted by Arnold Taylor at –shb 6 Jan 2007

1836, JUNE 5–MADE WILL, IN WHITLEY COUNTY, KENTUCKY. As published in the Whitley County, Kentucky Will Book 1, 1818-1854, by Stephen H. Broyles, searched by shb, 5 Jan 2007, at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (Call No. US/Can/976.9132/P26), p. 41[initialling anything in brackets that I insert, and bolding names mentioned, as inserted by Broyles (but it did not show up here)–shb]:

“October Term 1836
The last Will and testament of Cornelus Gatliff Decd was produced in Court, proven by the Oaths of Joseph Gilliss and Eli Snyder Subscribing Witnesses thereto which is ordered by the Court to be recorded (which is as follows)

“In the Name of God Amen
I Cornelus Gatliff of the County of Whitley and State of Kentucky being in great bodily pain, but of Sound and disposing Mind and Memory and Wishing to settle my Worldly affairs whilst I have Strength and Capacity so to do do Make this my last Will and Testament Hereby revoking any former Will or Wills heretofore made by me, And first
To my Wife Sally Gatliff and my three Sons

p. 71
“Silas Mc Gatliff, James B. Gatliff & John S. Gatliff I give the land whereon I now live together with a tract adjoining the same Between Me and Burton Litton containing in all Seven hundred and fifty acres to be eaqually [sic–shb] divided in three shares agreeable to quantity and quality as near as may be and My Said Wife and My Son Speed is to have the third part containing the dweling [sic–shb] home, and other improvements where I now live. The balance to be divided betwe[en] my son Silas Mc & James B. by themselves, or in case they cannot agree by referee [?] chosen by them

“2nd To my daughter Jane Faris I give my Negor girl Harriet to her only [p. 42–shb] proper use apart from the controal [sic–shb] of her husband and to dispose of said Girl at her death as she may deem proper, Provided however If the said Jane should die without sons then the children of the said Harriet if any to be the property of my five Sons eaqually.

“3rd To my daughter Anne Finley I give my Negro girl Lane in her own right and her heirs forever

“4th To my Wife and my Son John Speed I give my three slaves Poll, Dick, and Ben, to the proper use and benefit of my said Wife during the Monety [minority] of my said Son John Speed and on his arriving at the age of Twenty One years the right in full of and to the said Ben to Vest in him, the balance to be and continue to [“be”] the use of my said Wife during her life, and then to decend [sic–shb] and be the property of my said Son John Speed

“5 To my four sons Joseph Langford, Charles Harbert, Silis McGun [sic–I had it previously as “McGuire”–shb] and James Britton, I give my three Slaves Jesse, Peter, and Rafer and my said Sons in consideration of Said bequest are Jointly to pay one Moiety of a debt owen [sic–shb] by my father and myself in the Northern Bank

of Kentucky, and they are not to sell or transfer their title of interest in said Slaves except in the family

“6th to my son Charles Harbert I give and bequeath the Land on which he now lives to the use of him and his heirs forever

“7th The fifty acres of Land including the Mill together with said Mill I leave to my Wife and children not to be disposed of in any Other Way during her life

“8th One tract of one hundred Acres lying on Gelico together with an entry of fifty acres adjoining the Same. all which I Value at three hundred dollars Also one tract on Cumberland River of fifty acres which I value at one hundred and fifty dollars and I advise that the above Lands be not Sold untill they will fetch Said Sum So much of the proceeds of of [sic] Said lands to be applied to the Schooling of My son John Speed as will give him a good education. the residue to be divided amongst my Sons eaqully [sic–shb]

“9th Out of the proceeds of the Sales of the grain and Liquor now on hand I allow So much as will pay for a good Saddle and bridle and a good Suit of Clothes for each of my three younger Sons to be applied to be applyed [sic] to that use the residue to the use of the fam[i]ly

“10th Having Made a Survey of five hundred Acres in partnership with Joseph Gillis one half of which belongs to me the proceeds of which when Sold I allow to be divided eaquilly amongst my five sons also the part I hold in a tract of Land purchased of William Earlies heirs I give to my five Sons jointly

“11th To my Son Joseph Langford I give one hundred & Seven Acres of Land lying adjoining the land I one [sic, own or once] deeded to him also three cows and calves

“12th One hundred acres of Land purchased at Sheriffs Sale the property of my brother James Gatliff

I authorize and direct my executors hereinafter named on the said James Gatliff paying Sixty dollars to convey all my interest in the said Land to the said James Gatliff, and in case the said James Will not agre e to pay that Sum, then my said Executors are directed to pay the said James one hundred dollars out of the joint funds of my five sons and the said Land is to be the Joint property of my Said Sons. [p. 43–shb]

“13th A tract of one hundred or perhaps More Acres of Land lately deeded to me by my father and which is Known by the reavess place I give to my five Sons jointly

“14 My cultivator Mare together With all My household and Kitchen furniture and utentials of every discription thereunto belonging I give to my Wife – My hogs & Sheep I leave to my Wife and my Son John Speed

“15th My Youngest Yoke of Oxin & unbroke Steers I allow to be Sold and the proceeds applied to building a comfortable dwelling house for my Wife to my five Sons I give my Stallion, My Brimer Mare and two Yearling Colts to be their joint property to My Son Silas Mc I give the Mare he now Claims to My Son James B. I give My Kit Mare and to my Son John S. I give the Mare he now Claims and my Yearling Brimer Colt, and to my grandson Cornelius Findley I give my Yearling Colt double head The balance of My Cattle not disposed of otherwise together with farming tools & other articles be[l]onging to Me and not herein Named, I leave to my Wife for the use of herself and fam[i]ly

” All Debts due me I allow my executors to Collect and pay all the debts I Owe and if the ballance

on settlement should be against Me It Must be paid by my Sons jointly and I earnestly request and enjoin it on my Children that they pay due res[p]ect to their Mother and render her all comfort and assistance in their power through life

” And I appoint Andw Craig and Joseph Gilliss Guardians to my Son John Speed during his Minority

“And I hereby appoint Constitute and Ordain my two Sons Joseph L. Gatliff and Charles H. Gatliff Executors of this my last Will and Testamint

“In Witness whereof I Cornelus Gatliff the Testator have hereunto
Set my hand and Seal this fifth day of June in the Year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty Six

“Cornelus Gatliff

“Signed Sealed and delivered in the presence of us whose names are
hereunto Subscribed
Joseph Gillies )
Eli Snider )

“Codocil June 6th 1836
The clause of my Will wherein I leave my horse Mare and the Coults to my Sons I reverse and alter So far as it respects one of the Yearling Colts called Nancy which I give to my daughter in law Elisabeth Gatliff to her own perticular use

“C. Gatliff

J. Gilliss )
Eli Snider )

“Codocil 2nd
I hereby appoint Nathan Cox Executor to this my foregoing Will jointly with my Sons Named in the last Section of Said Will Witness my hand this seventh day of August 1836

“Cornelus Gatliff

Joseph Gilliss )
Silas Mc Gatliff ) [p. 44–shb]

October Term 1836
The last Will and Testament of Cornelus Gatliff Decd was produced in Court proven by the Oathes of Joseph Gilliss and Eli Snider Subscribing Witnesses thereto which is ordered by the Court to be recorded
“A Copy Test Andw Craig clk” –shb 6 Jan 2007

January 7, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy/Langfords/Iowa Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords | 9 Comments

Philip Langford, Black, b. 1820, in Virginia, a Baptist Minister, m. Frances, Black, b. 1810, in Kentucky; 1880 Census, in Missouri

I am extracting black Langfords born in Kentucky, just in case they were slaves of some of my white Kentucky Langfords. In this case, the name of Philip’s wife “Frances” is of interest. –shb 16 Jul 2007


“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Philip LANGFORD Self M Male B 60 VA Babtist Minister VA VA
Frances LANGFORD Wife M Female B 70 KY Keeping House VA PA

“Source Information:
Census Place Breton, Washington, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254740
NA Film Number T9-0740
Page Number 10D
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” [Note: I am confident that Andrew (see his notes) is a son of Philip and Frances, as birth places of his parents match, Andrew is the right age to be a son, and he lives next door, in the 1880 Census.] –shb 16 Jul 2007

July 16, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords, Missouri Langfords, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

Ivey Lankford (b. abt. 1776, son of Thomas Sr. and Mary Collier, of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia), m. __?, had four slaves in 1810, in Pulaski Co. Kentucky, d. aft 19 Aug 1834, of Russell County, Kentucky

RELATIONSHIP.  How/if this Ivey (grandson of Thomas Lankford, my ID No. 71489), is connected to my ancestor, Walker Lankford, is unknown.  Ivey Lankford is listed in the 1830 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky, as one of three Lankfords in that county (the other two were Walker and Stephen, who are listed next to each other in the census, though they lived miles apart, on different creeks).  DNA has been tested for purported descendants of Walker and Stephen, who are thereby shown to be unrelated.  I do not know of any studies for descendants of Ivey.  Any documented male descendants of Ivey, holding the name Langford, are eagerly invited to get in touch and contribute a sample (simple mouth swish), so we can get a DNA profile on this branch of Langfords.  –shb 24 Nov 2007, 3 Dec 2007

NAME IVY OR IVEY–NOT JAY. I first transcribed his name as “Jay,” as it appeared in the 1810 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky (the only other Langford there, besides my ancestor Walker Lankford). This “Jay” was age 26-44, so born between 1766-1784, which fits for the “Ivy,” “b. abt. 1766, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia,” claimed by some researchers and believed also by me, for some time, to have been a son of my purported ancestors, Joseph and Mary ___ Lankford. However, the only other Ivey Lankford I found (on 12 Jul 2007) is named as a son of William Lankford, son of Thomas Lankford, Sr., and Mary Collier, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia (as outlined by Kathy Newton, at–shb). [Note: Jeff Renner tells me, correspondence of Mar 2007, that he has never seen the name as “Jay,” but always as “Ivy.” –shb.]

NAME FROM SURNAME CONNECTION?  Looking through Southampton County, Virginia deeds, I see that Ivey was a surname in that county, which opens the possibility that one of Ivey Lankford’s maternal lines was surname “Ivey.”  –shb 25 Nov 2007

POSSIBLE ROOTS OF NAME “IVEY”/PERPETUATION OF THE NAME AMONG DIFFERENT LANGFORDS/DNA RESULTS.  E-letter from my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, to Gene Lankford, as copied to shb, 2 Dec 2007:
“Gene — No, it was just a lame joke about how that given name ‘Ivy’ shows up at various odd places among the early Langfords. I surmise that ‘Ivy’ as a man’s name is derived from some version of ‘John,’ which as you know is sometimes ‘Ivin’ in Welsh, similar to ‘Ivan’ in Slavic languages. As the Welsh are found of saying ‘Davy’ for David, you could see how ‘Ivy’ would arise from ‘Ivin.’ The patronymic ‘Ivins’ is not as common as ‘Evans,’ but still well known, and we have friends of Welsh descent by that name.

“The Welsh were numerous in colonial Virginia; Davis, Morris, Williams and Jones (another patronymic derived from John) being among the most common surnames in the colony. Supposedly, for example, I have some Davis blood through my Bagby line, which runs from North Carolina back to Hanover, King & Queen and New Kent Counties.

“Back to the given name Ivy — We can’t ignore this moniker on our side, as Fielding Lankford had a nephew by that name — specifically the oldest son of Walker Langford (Lankford) Jr. (Ivy Lankford b. 1836; d. 1874, Clay Co., Ind.) We have long felt that this meant that the earlier Ivy Langford who was in Pulaski County, Ky. from 1800-1810, and eventually died in Russell Co., Ky. (just west of Pulaski), was somehow related to Walker Lankford, as detailed on Sherlene’s G-log, <;.
Yet just as we get more comfortable than ever with the concept of Walker being the son of the Joseph Lankford who died in Lincoln County, Ky. in 1785, and tying back to Nicholas Langford Sr. of Caroline County, Va. through the DNA match with Euclid, here we find that Thomas Lankford of Isle of Wight Co., Va., in his will dated 1778, had a grandson Ivy Lankford, son of William. The timeframe for a man who was orphaned before 1778 would seem to fit the age bracket of the Ivy Lankford on the 1810 census of Pulaski….though that’s not saying a lot, as we have a 20 year frame to work with on that score.

“Now on to another Ivy: I’m assuming that the Thomas Lankford who was born in 1812 in Knox County, Kentucky (county seat Barboursville, about 25 miles east of Pulaski County) may have been a son of this Ivy, as Thomas named a son Ivy. This Thomas’s family appears to be closely linked with that of an Anderson Lankford/Langford, who lived in Indiana near Louisville in the 1820s, as both families ended up in Daviess County, Mo. See <;. Other given names in this bunch bespeak a possible relationship with the Walker Lankford crowd, such as Elias. (One of Walker’s daughters married Elias Cooprider in Clay Co., Ind.) Also they have a Larkin Lankford, just like Walker. And a Frankie.

“AND YET — the DNA results clearly place Thomas Lankford of Isle of Wight County in with Rockcastle Stephen Langford and that crowd, and NOT with Walker and Euclid. So here we have this exceedingly unusual given name Ivy climbing right over the ‘wall’ between the two main tribes of (theoretically) completely unrelated Lankfords! Well, I should say that we have Ivy grandson of Walker on one side, and Ivy grandson of Thomas of Isle/Wight on the other. I guess that the Ivy Lankford of Pulaski County, and the Ivy son of Thomas of Knox County, aren’t defnitely known to be on either side of the wall at this point. In my ignorance, that is — as I am lacking as to proof that the Ivy Lankford who lived in Pulaski 1800-1810 was the same person as the Ivy named in Thomas Lankford’s 1778 will.

“Highly perplexing!

“Barry”  –shb 3 Dec 2007

FATHER WILLIAM, SON OF THOMAS, SR., OF ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  That William Lankford (m. ?), son of Thomas Lankford, Sr. and Mary Collier, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, was father of Ivey Lankford, per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb.  (See “CHILDREN” tag, notes of Ivey’s father, William, for text detail.)  That this is the Ivey Lankford that was in Pulaski County, Kentucky, is an assumption on my part that requires additional verification.  –shb 13 Jul 2007

MALE OR FEMALE? I had thought Ivy was a female child, but am corrected in this assumption by my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, e-letter to shb, 6 Aug 2006: “I have always been under the impression that Ivy Langford of Pulaski County was a man. See page 60 of your Mom’s book [speaking of Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford, as compiled by my mother, Ida-Rose L. Hall–shb]. Is there a reason why you believe him to have been a woman? I realize that in the 19th century and first half of the 20th, Ivy became more common as a girl’s name … until that song “Poison Ivy” dissuaded parents from using it much (though I now a charming lady named Ivy in Grand Junction, Colo., fiancee of a client of mine, who is about 25).” Looking up page sixty in my mother’s book, she writes:

“All these Langfords marrying around the same time certainly suggests a nice family group. I strongly suspect that if they were not brothers and sisters, they were certainly cousins. I would not be surprised if all eight of those named [using Lincoln County, Kentucky tax lists and records until 1810, when Rockcastle County was taken off–shb] were the children of Joseph and Mary Langford. There was also one other Langford in early Kentucky who I believe was a brother or near relative of Walker Langford–IVY LANGFORD. Ivy also lived in Pulaski county, Kentucky where Walker and Stephen Langford lived. The reason that I believe that he is related is because Walker Langford Jr. named one of his sons Ivy. To my way of thinking, Ivy isn’t exactly the kind of name that would be chosen casually for a male child.” –shb 6 Aug 2006

PARENTS: Ivy (Ivey) is named as an eighth child of Joseph and Mary Lankford, per letter to shb, 20 Jan 2006, from Shiron Wordsworth (see Joseph’s notes). Shi says her list of their children is “based, in part, on Martha Langford Green’s research.” –shb 21 Jan 2006

PARENTS WILLIAM LANKFORD, SON OF THOMAS AND MARY COLLIER? I now believe that Ivey’s parents were indeed Thomas and Mary (Collier) Lankford, of Isle of Wight County, in Virginia. Checking through the censuses I see Norfleet neighbors to these Isle of Wight Lankfords, which “fits” a biographical sketch history about Ivy Norfleet (see below) that says the Norfleets were neighbors of Ivey Lankford in Pulaski County, Kentucky and so close that the Norfleets named the son of this history after Ivey Lankford. This of course does not preclude the very real possibility that my ancestor Walker Lankford and Ivey Lankford were somehow related. –shb 12 July 2007

COUNTY INFORMATION.  In 1732 a considerable, northwestern part of Isle of Wight County went to form Brunswick County.  In 1748, all of Southampton County was carved from the Isle of Wight (did not include Newport Parish).  In 1750, the courthouse, Isle of Wight County, was at Smithfield.

MAY-JUNE 1778–GRANDFATHER THOMAS LANKFORD, SR. DIES WHEN IVEY IS ABOUT AGE TWO? Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb), p. 243: “LANKFORD, Thomas: Of Newport Parish. Leg. son Stephen, son Jesse, son Thomas, daughter Elizabeth Chappell; granddaughter Mary Watkins; grandson George, son of William Lankford decd.; grandson Ivey Lankford. Ex., son Thomas Lankford. D. May 24, 1778. R. June 4, 1778. Wit: Joseph Mountfort, Wade Mountfort, Thomas English, Patience Brittain. Security, John Lawrence. Page 492.” –shb 11 July 2007

ABT 1776–BIRTH IN PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: Ivy (Ivey)’s approximate birth year and county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth’s compilation of the “Children of Joseph and Mary (Unknown) Langford,” as forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. She wrote that her list was based on research of Martha Langford Green. –shb 24 Jan 2006 [Note: “Ivey Lankford” is named as a grandson in the 1778 will of Thomas Lankford, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, so if the Pulaski Co. Ivey is the same person who was Thomas Sr.’s grandson, then he would have to have been born before May-June 1778–shb.]

BROTHER TO WALKER LANKFORD? See 1810 Census notes, below, where “Warker” [my ancestor, see ID 230–shb] and “Ivy” Lankford seem to be the only Lankfords in Pulaski County, in 1810. There’s also a Robert Lankford, ID 66367 in Kentucky, in 1810, age 26-45. –shb 6 Mar 2006

1800–ON PULASKI COUNTY TAX LIST, WITH FOUR HUNDRED ACRES, ON FISHING CREEK. My letter to Langfords on my list, including fellow researchers, 16 June 2007: ” . . . I stayed on [at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, 15 June 2007] and looked up a reference I had been wondering about, that was somehow lost to me. It took four hours, but I found it (along with lots of other stuff). A History of Pulaski County, Kentucky, compiled by Alma Owens Tibbals (Bagdad, Kentucky: Published by Grace Owens Moore, 1952), p. 27, names some of the larger landowners in Pulaski County, shown by tax lists in 1799-1806.

“Tibbals notes that when the first tax list of Pulaski County settlers was taken in 1799, there ‘are listed 383 white males twenty-one years of age and over, 121 slaves, and 886 horses.’

“Rockcastle County was not formed from Pulaski County until 1810 . . .[Note: About this, Jeff Renner writes: “”Pulaski only contributed a very small part to Rockcastle. It was mostly Lincoln, with about a quarter/third Madison. Jeff” –shb 17 June 2007] Back to Sherlene’s letter:

“Anyway, only one Langford was listed by Tibbels as being a prominent Pulaski County land owner, as noted on the 1800 tax list (Walker was in Pulaski by then, but only had 100 acres): “Jocy Langford” had 400 acres on Fishing Creek, in 1800 [that’s the reference I was looking for, bolding and italics of his first name, mine–shb]. Only two other large land owners on Fishing Creek are named–Sherad Reynolds (346 acres), also in 1800, and William Durham (800 acres), in 1804.

“I brought up and enlarged Jeff Renner’s map showing the distance between Line Creek, where Walker lived in 1830, and Lick Creek, where Stephen2 was that year. I got out my magnifiers, but my feeble eyes couldn’t find a Fishing Creek, where Ivy was, on that map.

“Jeff, do you know who this Jocy Langford is, with 400 acres, on Fishing Creek, in 1800? I used to think this was the clerk’s shorthand for “Joseph.” Now I am wondering if the transcriber made the mistake I did, in reverse, and mistook an “I” for a “J,” and this should read “Ivey Langford” (I first thought it was “Jay,” in the Census). We think this Ivey was Walker’s brother–he was the only other Langford besides Walker and ‘Flintlock’ Stephen (the 2nd), in Pulaski County, in 1830.” Jeff’s response, same day: “Probably a mistranscription for Ivey Langford. He had land on Fishing Creek. It’s in a different section of the county (north/northwest/west).” –shb 17 June 2007

[Note: John Robert or “Bob” Langford (a descendant of Stephen1 and Stephen2) addresses this, e-note of 17 June 2007: “Sherlene, Fishing Creek empties into Lake Cumberland about 5 miles due west of Somerset in Pulaski County. If you look at a map of Pulaski and Lincoln counties, you will see that its headwaters are near Hall’s Gap, which is about 5 miles west of the William Whitley house near Crab Orchard. And remember that Stephen 1 first settled on land adjoining Whitley’s property. So, I’m betting this 400 acres was in that vicinity, maybe even adjoining Stephen’s property. That is another close connection between the two families. Bob” –shb 18 June 2007]

IVEY’S OTHER LAND: As forwarded by Terry Smith to shb, 19 June 2007: “A quick review of Langfords in the War of 1812 on revealed the attached. I also did a quick review of KY Land Grants for Langford. Results are below: [Note: Land was listed for Stephen, Jonathan, Larkin, Ivey, Robert, Evin, R. [sic–shb], Jerry, Joseph, Owen, Benj., Sol, Elias, Solomon, Langford & Meece, Liberty, James, James H., Moses, Reuben, Mary Ann, J. W., Ben J., R.E., Meece & Langford, Smith & Langford.

Data Source: Kentucky Land Grant
View Record Grantee Acres Book Survey Date County WaterCourse

View Record Langford, Ivy 200 10 2-12-1799 Lincoln Kings Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 37 23 2-25-1816 Pulaski Fishing Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 200 24 9- 8-1807 Pulaski King Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 13 J 4-13-1821 Pulaski Fishing Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 65 E-2 8-19-1834 Russell Cumberland R
View Record Langford, Jerry 50 13 4-23-1842 Wayne Lick Log Br Cumberland [I added this, because according to a Pulaski County Page, a Garrard or Garrett Langford served in the War of 1812, from Polaski–we have no idea who he was or who his parents were, though it is thought he may have been associated with Ivy–shb]. [Note: Since then, I have found record of a “Jerry” Langford,” in Wayne County, Kentucky, who was “Black”–same person?–shb.]

“Source Information: Kentucky Land Grants [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997. Original data: Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Vol. I-II. Louisville, KY, USA: Filson Club Publications, 1925. Description: This database contains the records of the Kentucky Land Office from 1782 to 1924. The work is intended as a source book for historical workers, genealogists, and others who need a complete and chronological index to the early documentary land records and history of Kentucky.” –shb

ABT. 1769–WALKER LANKFORD’S BIRTH: This estimate from letter of Barry D. Wood to the family, 12 Oct 2003. –shb 12 Oct 2003

1800–IVEY IS TAXED FOR 400 ACRES, ON FISHING CREEK, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. In 1800, “Jocy” Langford had 400 acres on Fishing Creek, in Pulaski County, Kentucky, as included by Alma Owens Tibbals in her A History of Pulaski County, Kentucky, p. 27. However, as I proposed, Jeff Renner agrees, 17 June 2007, that this is “probably a mistranscription for Ivey Langford. He had land on Fishing Creek. It’s in a different section of the county (north/northwest/west). Pulaski only contributed a very small part to Rockcastle [in 1810–shb]. It was mostly Lincoln, with about a quarter/third Madison.” We think Ivey was probably Walker’s brother. When I asked Jeff, along with other family researchers, if any had heard of a soldier from Pulaski County named Garrard (or Garrett) Langford, who served in the War of 1812 (Tibbals, p. 206), he replied: “I think the name is Garrett Langford. I don’t know who he is, but he could be associated with Ivey. I’ve never come across him in eastern Pulaski or Rockcastle.” –shb 17 June 2007 [Note: as above indicated, have since found records in Wayne County, Kentucky, indicating that this Garrett Langford was black–shb.]


On Page 144 [though this does not indicate location, as this census list is alphabetized–shb] is listed Jay [or Ivy] Lankford [I don’t see Jay [is Ivy there?–shb] on tax lists, though–shb]
Males: 2 age ten and under , 1 age 26-45 [Jay]
Females: 1 age 16-26, 1 age 26-45
None in household over age 45
4 blacks.

[Note:  My ancestor Walker Lankford was also in Pulaski County, Kentucky, in 1810, living with wife, Mary/Polly, and five children (see below).  Walker had no slaves in 1810, but by 1830 had three of them–shb.]

CLOSE NEIGHBOR, “IVY NORFLEET,” IN PULASKI COUNTY, NAMED AFTER “IVY LANKFORD”? [I am including this biographical sketch, as it may give insight about life of our Lankfords, while they were in Kentucky, and maybe even some family migrations, as neighboring families sometimes traveled together–shb.] As posted at, accessed 12 Feb 2007, by shb: “Biographical Sketch of Ivy Norfleet, by Phil Norfleet:

“Ivy6 Norfleet (James5, John4, John3, John2, Thomas1 Northfleete) was born 29 October 1799 in Pulaski County KY, and died 05 June 1883 in Miller County MO. He married Martha C. ____ on 01 June 1838. She was born 27 November 1816 in VA, and died 24 July 1876 in Cole County MO. Ivy was the son of James Norfleet (1767-1849) and his wife, Elizabeth (1775-1826) of Pulaski, Wayne and Russell Counties, Kentucky.

“I believe that Ivy was probably named after Ivy Langford (also sometimes spelled Lankford). The Langfords were early immigrants to Kentucky from North Carolina, having arrived in Lincoln County in about 1787. However, Ivy Langford settled in Pulaski County at about the same time as James Norfleet, father of Ivy Norfleet. Ivy Langford was a close neighbor of both James Norfleet (when he still lived in Pulaski County) and David Norfleet. James Norfleet and Ivy Langford both surveyed 200 acre tracts of land on the same day (12 February 1799) and each served as a chain carrier for the other during those surveys. Ivy Norfleet was the first child born to James Norfleet after he had arrived in KY and the name “Ivy” had never been used previously by any Norfleet of whom I am aware.

“Ivy Norfleet primarily was a stock raiser, although, like most other people of the time, he also was a farmer. For about a twelve-year period, during the late 1820’s and 1830’s, with the help of his younger brother, Larkin, he raised both cattle and horses. When they were ready for sale, the two brothers would drive their stock overland to market them in Montgomery, Alabama. In about 1839, Ivy permanently left Kentucky and immigrated to Missouri. In Missouri he surveyed (8 June 1839) and patented (10 November 1841) land in the Hickory Hill region of Cole County. He remained in Cole until his death on 05 June 1883.

“During the Civil War, Ivy, like his younger brother, Reverend Abraham Norfleet, was a supporter of the Union. Two of his children, John (a corporal) and Thomas W. (a private), served in the Union Army, in the 9th Provisional Missouri Regiment of Infantry. Two of Abraham Norfleet’s sons (John W. and Adam C.) were also in the same regiment. In 1864, also like his brother Abraham, he freed all of his slaves.” –shb 12 Feb 2007 [Note:  This biographical sketch was helpful, in helping identify Ivey as probably the Ivey who was son of Isle of Wight Thomas Lankford Sr., as I found Norfleets living among Lankfords in Isle of Wight census records, including a James or Jonas M. Norfleet, age 29, who in 1860 lives near Mills Eley (my ID 71502, m. Caty Lankford, daughter of Ivey’s uncle, Stephen Lankford and wife Sarah Watkins).]  –shb 13 Jul 2007

LIVED NOT FAR FROM WAYNE COUNTY, KENTUCKY. E-note from Jeff Renner to shb, 25 June 2007, after I sent information about some Bakers I found in Wayne County, asking if he knew whether they connected to the Martha Baker who married Matthew Warren (of Pulaski County, KY). Writes Jeff: “If the Corder-Baker thing was in Wayne County, I’d say that’s a different Lick Creek. The Lick Creek in Pulaski is a long way from Wayne County. However, where Ivey Lankford lived isn’t far from Wayne County. . . .” –shb 25 June 2007


No township listed, Pulaski County, Kentucky (cover page also calls it Rockcastle Co.)
Series M252, Roll 8, Page 145:

Males: 2 age ten and under [one would be Fielding, b. 1804–shb], 1 age 26-45 [Walker]
Females: 3 age ten and under [one would be Cynthia, b. 1806–shb] 1 age 26-45
None upwards of 45
No blacks. –shb 6 Mar 2006

1820 CENSUS–“IVY LANGFORD” IS IN SOMERSET, PULASKI, KENTUCKY.  HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 25 Nov 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky
Series M33, Roll 27, Page 86
Taken 1820

Peter Blumer
Charles Hays
Ivy Langford  4 1 _ _ _ 1 1 _ _ 1 _/7 _ _ 2 1 1 _ 1 1 _ 1
James Earl
Vincent Garner
Malachi Cooper
Francis Aldrige . . . .

Variables for 1820 Census (left to right):
number of free white males under ten years of age
number of free white males 10-15 years of age
number of free white males 16-18 years of age
number of free white males 16-25 years of age
number of free white males 26-44 years of age
number of free white males 45 years of age and over
number of free white females under ten years of age
number of free white females 10-15 years of age
number of free white females 16-25 years of age
number of free white females 26-44 years of age
number of free white females 45 years of age and over
number of foreign persons not naturalized
number of persons engaged in agriculture
number of persons engaged in commerce
number of persons engaged in manufacturing

Using the above table, I take Ivy’s enumeration to mean that in his household were:
4 free white males under age ten
1 free white male age 10-15
1 free white male age 45 years of age and over [Ivy]
one free white female under age ten
one free white female age 10-15
one free white female age 45 and over [Ivy’s wife]
7 foreign persons not naturalized
2 persons engaged in commerce
[don’t see other listings in this table–shb] –shb 25 Nov 2007

AFT 1834, AUGUST 19–DEATH–IVEY WAS OF RUSSELL COUNTY, KENTUCKY. See Ivey’s land grants, above, the latest of which was in Russell County, Kentucky, dated 19 August 1834. –shb 20 June 2007

July 12, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

James H. Langford (b. abt. 1795, s/o James and __, d. 1882, Marion Co. KY, m. Jane Martin, Sep 1815, Albemarle Co. VA. He served in War of 1812, was a wheelwright and carpenter.

ABT. 1795–BIRTH IN ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. See biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford, and 1860 Census notes, below. –shb 16 May 2007

A DESCENDANT OF JOSEPH AND MARY LANKFORD? That James H. Lankford is a descendant of my presumed ancestors, Joseph and Mary Lankford, is an educated guess on my part, based on the fact that James H. named his third and fourth (of twelve) children, Joseph and Mary. Wilson N., a later son of James H. Lankford, named his paternal grandfather as “James Lankford, Sr.” (see biographical sketch in Wilson’s notes). Was Wilson named after James Sr.’s wife’s maiden name? The generations and birth places work out well for James Sr. to be a son of Joseph and Mary, so I have tentatively made the connection. I of course seek additional verification. If I am able to verify this connection, then James H. Lankford’s father, James Sr., would be a (probably older) brother of my ancestor, Walker Lankford, b. abt. 1769, whom we have linked to Joseph and Mary, along with a daughter for whom we have no date. Joseph and Mary are believed to have been married about 1765, so there is room for this James to be a son. –shb 16 May 2007

BIRTH/FATHER IS ALSO “JAMES LANKFORD”/MARRIAGE TO JANE MARTIN/TWELVE CHILDREN/DEATH IN 1882: See biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford, in which he names his paternal grandfather as “James Lankford, Sr.”: “WILSON N. LANKFORD was born December 18, 1828. His father was a Virginian, born in Albemarle County, in 1795. He married Jane Martin in 1815, and two years later, with his wife and one child, came to Kentucky and located in Washington, now Marion, County. Here he pursued the trades of wheelwright and carpenter, in connection with the working of a small farm that he owned. His wife, Jane, died in 1873, aged seventy-five years. She was the mother of twelve children: William, James, Oliver, Joseph, Mary, Eliza, Wilson, John, Samuel, Charles, Nancy and Thomas. The last named was a soldier in the war of the Rebellion, and served under Gen. Wolford. James Lankford died in 1882, at his home in Marion County. [Note: The 1870 Census names Jane as seventy-five years old, so that she was that age in 1873 could be an approximation–shb.]

“James Lankford, Sr., grandfather of Wilson N., was a Virginian by birth and of English and Irish parentage. Two of his sons served under Gen. Smith in the war of 1812.

“Wilson N. Lankford was reared on a farm in his native county of Marion, . . . .” –shb 8 Feb 2006

ANOTHER NAMESAKE? James H. Lankford, b. 1795 (m. Jane Martin), son of James Sr. (whom I have positioned as a grandson of my presumed ancestors, Joseph and Mary Lankford), named his next-to-last of twelve children, “Nancy P.,” who was born in 1844. I now think that my ancestor, Walker Lankford, was an uncle to James H., b. 1795. Walker is listed next to Stephen Langford2 (son of Benjamin, whose first wife was Nancy Peyton) and family, in the 1830 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky, though they lived some distance away, on different creeks. It is, therefore, not unlikely that James H. may have felt quite close to Stephen and, on learning of Nancy’s death before birth of his last child, named “Nancy P.” after Nancy Peyton? –shb 16 May 2007 [Note: All I know about Nancy Peyton Langford’s death is that it was after 1810, so this is just musing about possibilities.] –shb 16 May 2007

A BROTHER JOHN? I have record of the marriage of a John Lankford [see my Legacy ID No. 66177] to Lacey Martin, 11 Jun, in abt. 1824, in Lebanan [Pennsylvania, I presume]. Could this be a case of Lankford brothers marrying Martin sisters? –shb 16 May 2007

1814, AUGUST 29-FEBRUARY 21, 1815–SERVED IN WAR OF 1812–ENLISTED FROM ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA/APPLIED FOR PENSION, IN 1850, FROM EDGAR COUNTY, ILLINOIS. Letter from Veterans Administration, Washington D.C., March 12, 1940, In response to a query from Miss Genevieve M. Potts, of Rockville, Maryland. This letter was included among notes compiled over forty years, by Genevieve (POTTS) DOLLE OBETZ, b. 1899, xeroxed and submitted to the Family History Library (Call No. USA/CAN 929.273/L263o, searched 23 Jun 2007, by shb (no page numbers–just collected notes, some in her handwriting): “Re: JAMES H. LANGFORD S. C. 5834, BA-J/MLB – Dear Madam: Reference is made to your personal request of recent date, for the War of 1812 record of James H. Langford.

“The data which follow in regard to James H. Langford were found in the papers of the claims for pension and bounty land under File No. S. C. 5834, based upon his service in the War of 1812.

“The date and place of birth of James H. Langford and names of his parents were not given.

“James H. Langford enlisted in Albemarle County, Virginia, and served from August 29, 1814, to February 21, 1815, as private in Captain Robert McCullock’s company of Virginia militia, stationed at Camp Carter in Virginia, where he was discharged.

“While a resident of Edgar County, Illinois, with post office at Paris in that county, the soldier applied December 2, 1850, for bounty land which was due on account of his service described above, and was allowed eighty acres of bounty land on Warrant 10765, under the Act of September 28, 1850. He applied April 4, 1855, while still living in Edgar County, Illinois, for additional land which was due for his service, and on that application was granted eighty acres of bounty land on Warrant 21886 [I think, the copy is smeared–shb], under the Act of March 3, 1855.

“James H. Langford was allowed pension, also, for his service in the War of 1812, on his application executed April 10, 1871, at which time he was aged seventy-six years [so b. about 1794–shb] and a resident of Grandview, Edgar County, Illinois.

“The soldier married September 7, 1835, in Albemarle County, Virginia, Jane Martin. No details were given in regard to her.

“If you desire information relative to the location of the bounty land granted James H. Langford, you should apply to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Interior Department, this city, and furnish that official the number of each warrant, the acreage and date of the act under which issued.

“In order to obtain the date of last payment of pension, the name and address of the person paid and possibly the date of death of this soldier, you should write to the Comptroller General, General Acounting Office, Records Division, this city, and cite the following data: James H. Langford, certificate #5834, issued October 7, 1871, rate $8 per month, commenced February 14, 1871, Act of 14th February, 1871, Illinois Agency.

“Very truly yours, A. D. HILLER Executive Assistant to the Administrator” –shb 10 July 2007

1815, SEPTEMBER 4 or 7–“JAMES H. LANGFORD” MARRIES “JANE MARTIN,” IN ALBERMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Langford and Lankford Grooms of Virginia, a resource page for the Langford-L Rootsweb discussion list, compiled from varied sources, with no guarantees, by Carol Middleton, as posted on, accessed 13 Apr 2005 by shb: “James H. LANGFORD married Jane MARTIN on 04 September 1815 in Albermarle Co., VA.” –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: The biographical sketch of son Wilson N. Lankford says his parents married in 1815. In James H. Langford’s pension application for land, in return for his service in the War of 1812 (see above), he states he was “married September 7, 1815,” to Jane Martin, “in Albemarle County, Virginia.” Albemarle County is also the birth county for James H., per a biographical sketch of his son, Wilson N. Lankford–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007, 10 Jul 2007

1816, FEBRUARY 13–“JAMES LANGFORD” MARRIED “I [J.?–SHB] MARTIN.” IN NELSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Langford and Lankford Grooms of Virginia, a resource page for the Langford-L Rootsweb discussion list, compiled from varied sources, with no guarantees, by Carol Middleton, as posted on, accessed 13 Apr 2005 by shb: “James LANGFORD married I. MARTIN on 13 February 1816, Nelson Co., VA.” –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: I think this is mistranscribed and should read “J. Martin,” for “Jane,” whom I find in the 1860 Census of Grandview, Edgar, Illinois, at age sixty-seven, living with husband, “James H. Lankford,” age sixty-five, both born in Virginia. With them lives “Mildred Martin,” age seventy, born in Virginia–perhaps Jane’s sister or sister-in-law?] –shb 16 May 2007

WIFE’S RELATIVE A LANKFORD COMPANION IN REVOLUTION? Notes compiled over forty years, by Genevieve (POTTS) DOLLE OBETZ, b. 1899, xeroxed and submitted to the Family History Library (Call No. USA/CAN 929.273/L263o, searched 23 Jun 2007, by shb (no page numbers–just collected notes, some in her handwriting): “LANKFORD, THOMAS in Cloud’s Regiment of Cleveland’s Regiment. He was one of the scouts in the advance of the expedition and the Tories came near capturing him after they had wounded a companion, John Martin. Benjamin Lankford was also a pensioner and Virginia Soldier.” (Ref: King’s Mountain Men, p. 199).” –shb 10 Juy 2007
1820 CENSUS–A JAMES LANKFORD IS IN SMITH COUNTY, TENNESSEE. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

No township listed, Smith County, Tennessee
Series M33, Roll 125, Page 79
Taken in 1820
Grouped together under letter “L”:

1128 Lankford James (first listed) _ _ _ 1 _ 1 2 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ 1 – I read this to mean that:

James Lankford’s household had one free white male age 16-25
one free white male age 45 or over [James]
two free white females under age 10
one free white female age 16-25 [James’ wife?]
one foreign person not naturalized
one person engaged in commerce

1162 Lankford, Parish _ _ _ 3 _ 1 _ _ _ _ 1 /3 I read this to mean that:

Parish Lankford’s household had three free white males age 16-25
one free white male age 45 and over [Parish]
one free white female age 45 and over [his wife]

1195 William Lankford _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ _ _ _ / 3 I read this to mean that:

William Lankford’s household had one free white male age 16-18
one free white male age 26-44
three foreign persons not naturalized

1820 CENSUS–A “JAMES LANKFORD” AND FAMILY ARE LISTED IN JACKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE. Here is the letter I wrote the family about this, 18 May 2007:

“Hi, Bob (and others of Mt. Vernon Stephen’s branch of Langfords) and researchers:

“I believe I may have found your ancestor, ‘Flintlock’ Stephen2 in the 1820 Census of Jackson County, Tennessee (my reasoning outlined below). Of course there could be another Stephen Langford family with the same profile, so if you have found him elsewhere, in this census, please let me know. Going by indexes I have and my records, this is the only Stephen
and family who ‘fits’ this census.

“Of particular interest is the fact that Martin Lankford and James Lankford and families are in the same Jackson County, same census year. This James is of particular interest, as I may have linked a James Sr. and James H. Jr. as descendants of my ancestors Joseph and Mary Lankford, though there are some difficulties I am still trying to surmount with this analysis.
IF this James of Jackson County, Tennessee is one of the two Jameses descended from Joseph, and IF James was close to Stephen2, there in Jackson County, then this might explain how Joseph’s son Walker (my ancestor) ended up ten years later, in Pulaski County, listed right next to Stephen2 in the 1830 Census.

“Do you or anybody getting this have a clue about how and if Martin, James, and Stephen Lankford connect?

“Sherlene (see census info., below, as now posted in my notes for Stephen2):

“1820 CENSUS–‘STEPHEN LANKFORD’ IS IN JACKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE? MARTIN AND JAMES LANKFORD ARE RELATIVES? HeritageQuest on-line images, accessed and transcribed, 17 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

“Jackson County, Tennessee (no township named)
Series M33, Roll 123, Page 80
Taken in 1820 (no month, day given)

“Lankford, Martin _ _ _ _ 1 _ 1 1 _ 1 / 3 [I read this to mean that]”

“In the Martin Lankford household, there is one free white male, age 26-44 (this would be Martin); one free white female under age 10; one free white female, age 10-15; one free white female age 26-44; and three foreign persons not naturalized.

“Lankford, James 1 _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ / 2 [I read this to mean that]:

“In the James Lankford household there is one free white male under age 10; one free white male age 16-25; and one free white male age 45 years or older (this would be James); one free white female age 16-25 (could be a daughter by first wife, about same age as James’ son; or could be a young second wife, mother of the son under age 10); and 2 foreign persons not naturalized.

“Lankford, Stephen 3 _ _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 / 2 [I read this to mean that]:

“In the Stephen Lankford household are:
three free white males under age 10 [Stephen, b. 1813, so age 7; Benjamin, b. 1818, so age 2; Jonathan Jince, b. 1819, so age 1; I have son Solomon as b. 1820-1824. If born in 1820, it’s possible he was born after the census was taken–shb.] Also in the household is:
one free white male age 26-44 [This fits for Stephen2, son of Benjamin, son of Stephen, the Mt. Vernon settler, as I have him as b. 1788, so he would have fit into the range of those born 1776-1794–shb.] Also in the household is:

“one free white female under age 10 [fits for Rachel, b. 1816, so age four]

“one free white female age 26-44 [fits for Catherine or ‘Caty’ Windham, Stephen’s wife, b. 1793, so also fits into the range of those born 1776-1794–shb].

Variables for 1820 Census (left to right):
number of free white males under ten years of age
number of free white males 10-15 years of age
number of free white males 16-18 years of age
number of free white males 16-25 years of age
number of free white males 26-44 years of age
number of free white males 45 years of age and over
number of free white females under ten years of age
number of free white females 10-15 years of age
number of free white females 16-25 years of age
number of free white females 26-44 years of age
number of free white females 45 years of age and over
number of foreign persons not naturalized
number of persons engaged in agriculture
number of persons engaged in commerce
number of persons engaged in manufacturing –shb 17 May 2007


“Sherlene” –shb 18 May 2007

1820 CENSUS–A ‘CHARLES LANKFORD’ IS IN NELSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

No township listed, Nelson County, Virginia
1820 Census

Charles Lankford 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 3 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ _ [next page across] _ I read this to mean:

Charles had one free white male child under age ten
one free white male age 16-18
one free white male age 45 and over [Charles]
three free white females under age ten
one free white female age 10-15
one free white female age 26-44 [Charles’ wife]
one person engaged in agriculture

[Note: No other Lankfords are listed in Nelson County, in 1820. Possibly James and Jane tied the knot four years earlier, in 1816 (after taking a license out earlier, in 1815), at invitation of relative Charles Lankford, in Nelson County? Perhaps James and Jane named their son Charles after this relative–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007

1820 Census profile of James H. Lankford’s uncle, Walker Lankford, in Pulaski Co. KY:

Walker Lankford 2 2 _ _ _ 1 3 2 1 _ 1 _ _ [all blank, across next page] I read this as:

Walker had two free white male children under age ten
two free white male children age 10-15
one free white male age 45 and over [Walker, abt. age 51 in 1820–shb]
three free white females under age ten
two free white females age 10-15
one free white female age 16-25
one free white female age 45 and over [Mary Polly, age 36-40 in 1820, so not quite a fit–perhaps a census error–shb]

So, in 1820 Walker and Mary/Polly had ten children, four sons and six daughters, whereas Charles and wife had six children, two sons and four daughters, with both couples falling in the same general age-range. I think there is a good chance that Charles and Walker are brothers, so that Charles is James H. Lankford’s uncle. –shb 17 May 2007

1820 Census profile of a Joseph Lankford, in Fairfield County, South Carolina:

1 _ _ _ _ 1 _ 2 _ 1 _ _ / _ _ 1 [rest blank] I read this to mean that:

Joseph Lankford’s household had one free white male child under age 10
one free white male age 45 or over [Joseph]
two free white females age 10-15
one free white female age 26-44 [Joseph’s wife]

1850 CENSUS–IN MARION COUNTY, KENTUCKY: 1850 Census, extract posted as part of a list of Kentucky Langfords enumerated in the 1850 Census, as posted on RootsWeb, accessed 8 Apr 2005 by shb:

“Marion Co
William 32 farmer Va
?Guida? 29 (female) Va
John 4 Va
Susan J 2 Va
[Next door]
James Lankford 54 Farmer Va $2,500
Ia?? 55 female Va [probably Jane–shb]
Eliza J 22 Va
John 19 Va
Samuel 18 farmer Ky
Thomas M 15 Ky
Charles W 12 Ky
Nancy 6 Ky” –shb 10 Apr 2005


P.O. Grandview, Grandview Township, Edgar County, Illinois
Series M653, Roll 175, Page 613
Taken 28 Aug 1860

1733/1671 James J. Tate 30M Farmer 13000 2370 Virginia
Mary E. 30F Virginia [dau. of James H. Lankford?–shb]
John 6M Illinois
Joseph 4M Illinois

1734/1672 Joseph H. Hill 23M Carpenter 100 Pennsylvania
Rebecca 24F Pennsylvania
Lizzie 1/12F Illinois
James Bradin 19M Farmer Pennsylvania
Jacob Braden 47M Farmer 4000 580 Pennsylvania

1735/1673 James H. Lankford 65 M Farmer 4500 800 Virginia
Jane 67 F Virginia
Sarah M. 25 F Domestic Virginia [same age as son Thomas–so perhaps a niece?]
Mildred Martin 70F Virginia
Mary M. Battow 10F Illinois
George W. Day 18M Farm Laborer Iowa

1736/1674 Thomas Ringland 77M Farmer 5000 1580 Ireland
Anna 71F New Jersey and family. –shb 16 May 2007


P.O. Bradfordsville, Bradfordsville Precinct, Marion County, Kentucky
Series M593, Roll 485, Page 15
Taken 28 July 1870

186/186 Turner, Anderson Works on Farm.

189/189 Lankford, William 55 MW Works on Farm VA [son of James and Jane, below]
, Zorado 45 FW Keeps House KY [same couple as 193/193 below?]

190/190 Banister, John T. 29 KY
, Martha E. 22 FW Keeps House KY
, Clarence T. 7/12 MW KY

191/191 Lankford, James 75 MW Farmer 2500 630 VA
, Jane 75 FW Keeps House VA
, Nancy P. 25 FW At Home KY
, John W. 16 MB Works on Farm KY

[Note: There is a white “John W. Lankford (see my ID 66763), age 38, born in Kentucky, living with wife Sarah, six children, and John’s parents, Benjamin and Mary Lankford, in the 1900 Census of Burdine Voting Precinct, Pulaski County, Ohio–shb.]

192/192 Lankford, Chas. W. 32 MW Farmer 500 KY [son of James and Jane, above]
, Nancy 26 FW Keeps House KY
, Charles L. 9 MW KY
, Elizabeth S. 8 FW KY
, Luvisa 2/12 FW KY

193/193 Lankford, Wm. 53 MW Farmer 230 400 VA [same Wm. as 189/189 above?]
, Sarada 50 FW Keep House KY

194/194 Cruise, Richard 51 MW Works on Farm KY
, Elizabeth 38 FW Keeps House KY and family. –shb 30 Mar 2006


“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
James LANKFORD SR. Self W Male W 85 VA Farmer VA VA
E. Ase HALL SonL M Male W 30 VA Carpenter VA VA
Nancey P. HALL Wife M Female W 36 KY Keeping House VA VA [Could she have been named after Nancy Peyton?–shb]
Stella S. HALL Dau S Female W 2 KY VA KY
Charles B. HALL Son S Male W 1 KY VA KY

“Source Information:
Census Place Bradfordsville, Marion, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254432
NA Film Number T9-0432
Page Number 62C
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 10 Oct 2006

1882–DEATH AT AGE EIGHTY-SEVEN, IN MARION COUNTY, KENTUCKY. From biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford: “James Lankford died in 1882, at his home in Marion County.” [Note: His age at death is deduced from birth year I have for him and also his age, as listed in the 1880 Census–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007

July 11, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Illinois Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Langfords in War of 1812, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

William Lankford (b. abt. 1807, KY), s/o ?, m. Lucy __, of Washington, Lafayette, Missouri

1860 CENSUS–“WM. LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-TWO, BORN IN KENTUCKY. HE LIVES WITH WIFE LUCY, AGE FORTY-TWO, FIVE CHILDREN, AND MOTHER-IN-LAW [?], “AURORA BURTON,” AGE EIGHTY-FIVE, IN WASHINGTON, LAFAYETTE, MISSOURI. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 13 Feb 2007, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Washington Township, Lafayette County, Missouri
Series 653, Roll 628, Page 420
Taken 12 Aug 1860

163/163 Wm Lankford 52M Farmer 6700 2760 Kentucky
Lucy 42F Tennessee
Alvin 19M Missouri
Robt 16M Missouri
Lucy 14F Missouri
Lydia 11F Missouri
Nora 6F Missouri
Aurora Burton 85F Virginia [her name hard to read] –shb 13 Feb 2007


Washington Township, Lafayette County, Missouri
Series M593, Roll 786, Page 411
Taken 26 Aug 1870

379/376 Burton, Bently B. (age 64), b. KY, wife Martha (58), and children, b. in Missouri [Is this Lucy’s brother?–shb.].

380/377 Lankford, William 63 MW Farmer 5400 1380 Kentucky
, Lucy 53 FW Keeping House Tennessee
, Robert 26 MW At Home Missouri
, Emma 22 FW Missouri
, Nora 16 FW Missouri

381/378 Bailey, Joseph W. (age 38), b. Virginia, and family. –shb 13 Feb 2007


“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
William LANKFORD Self M Male W 73 KY Farmer VA NC
Lucy LANKFORD Wife M Female W 63 TN Kps Hse VA VA
Robert LANKFORD Son S Male W 32 MO Farmer KY TN
Emma LANKFORD Dau S Female W 28 MO Teaching School KY TN
Nora LANKFORD Dau S Female W 24 MO At Home KY TN

“Source Information:
Census Place Washington, Lafayette, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254697
NA Film Number T9-0697
Page Number 244C
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 26 Oct 2006

February 13, 2007 Posted by | Kentucky Langfords, Missouri Langfords | Leave a comment

John E. Lankford (b. abt. 1813, in Kentucky), s/o ?, m. Elizabeth __, of Newton County, Missouri


Lost Creek Township, Newton County, Missouri
Series M653, Roll 636, Page 822
Taken 9 June 1860

95/95 John Redferer, age 38, b. TN, wife Catharine, b. MO, and family.

96/96 John Lankford 47M Farmer 1200 800 Kentucky
Elizabeth           35F                             Indiana
Margaret           18F                              Missouri
Melissa             16F                              Missouri
Sarah                11F                              Missouri
William               6M                             Missouri
Pauline               3F                              Missouri
Rebecca         5/12F                              Missouri
Pauline Lankford 43F                           Indiana [an aunt, John’s sister?–shb]

97/97 John Williams 38, b. KY, wife Elizabeth, 36, and family.  –shb 26 Oct 2006

[Note:  In this same township, Census p. 826, live Peyton Lankford (age 35, my ID 69282), wife Salinda (21), and their two sons, Nathan and James–it’s my guess that Peyton is John’s younger brother, named after Nancy Peyton, who married Benjamin Lankford, son of the Stephen who settled Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky, but this needs verification–shb.]


Buffalo Township, Newton County, Missouri
Series M593, Roll 795, Page 351
Taken 4 Aug 18780

132/  Blanchard, Eli, age 37, Farmer, b. Kentucky, wife Mary J., 37, and ch., all b. in MO.

133/126 Lankford, John E.    57 MW farmer 3000 800 Kentucky
, Elizabeth 45 FW Keeping House    Kentucky
, Palina      13 FW                            Missouri
, Rebecca   10 FW                            Missouri
, William    17 MW Works on Farm Missouri
, Frances S.  8 MW                           Missouri
, Martha C.   5 FW                            Illinois
, Orlena        3 FW                            Missouri
Lankford, Palina       54 FW Keeping House   Indiana  Note:  The 1880 Census identifies “Polena” as John’s sister in-law (see below).]  –shb 13 Feb 2007


“Name      Relation     Marital Status     Gender     Race     Age     Birthplace     Occupation     Father’s Birthplace    Mother’s Birthplace
John E. LANKFORD       Self       M       Male       W       67       KY       Farmer       VA       VA
Elizabeth LANKFORD       Wife       M       Female       W       52       IN       Keeping House       IN       IN
Frances S. LANKFORD       Son       S       Male       W       18       IL       Farm Laborer       KY       IN
Orlena G. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       12       MO       At Home       KY       IN
Polena LANKFORD       SisterL       W       Female       W       62       IN       At Home       KY       KY

“Source Information:
Census Place     Buffalo, Newton, Missouri
Family History Library Film      1254705
NA Film Number      T9-0705
Page Number      454B
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.  All rights reserved.”  –shb 13 Feb 2007


Buffalo Township, Newton County, Missouri
Series T623, Roll 877, Page 28
Taken 5 June 1900

69/69 Lankford, Thomas S. Head WM  Jan 1866 34 M14  Missouri Indiana   Missouri
, Annie E.    Wife  WF  Feb 1871 29 M14 Indiana    Indiana   Illinois
, Laura M.    Dau   WF  Jun 1889 10 S      Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, John E.       Son   WM Mar 1892  8 S      Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, Carrie B.    Dau    WF Aug 1895   4 S     Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, William A.  Son   WM Dec 18997 2 S     Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, Thomas H.  Son   WM Apr 1899   1 S     Missouri  Missouri Indiana

[Note:  I have not found Thomas, as a son in the 1870 Census, but he is a tight fit, as a child, and since he named a son “John E.,” presumably after his father, and since he lives next door to John W. in his old age, at eighty-seven, I am confident, linking Thomas as a son, though I of course seek additional verification.]  –shb 13 Feb 2007

70/70 Lankford, J__?       WM    Oct 1812 87 M59 Kentucky Virginia Virginia
, Elizabeth WF    Mar 1825 75 M59 Indiana    Indiana   Indiana
, Francis S. WM  Apr 1862 38 S     Illinois     Kentucky Indiana

71/71 Alsup [?], Mariah, age 66, born in Kentucky, both parents b. in KY. –shb 13 Feb 2007

February 13, 2007 Posted by | Kentucky Langfords, Missouri Langfords | Leave a comment

Larkin Langford (b. abt. 1773 VA, son of Joseph and Mary __ Lankford, m. Rachel Tucker, d. abt. 1845), of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Laurenceburg, Franklin, Kentucky, and Patoka, Crawford, Indiana

FATHER JOSEPH: Larkin is listed as a child of Joseph Langford by Martha Langford Green (see her internet entry as posted in father Joseph’s notes). –shb 14 Oct 2003

BROTHERS? See Robert Lankford, ID 66367; Walker Lankford, ID 230; and Jay Lankford, ID 66333;

ABT 1773–BIRTH IN PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: Approximate year, county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth, who credits Martha Langford Green as her source, compiling “Children of Joseph and Mary (Unknown) Langford, as forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. –shb 24 Jan 2006

POSSIBLE MIGRATION ROUTES: I wrote John Robert or “Bob” Langford, a descendant of Stephen Langford, first settler of Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Ketnucky, asking to know more about a photo he took and sent of a Tennessee marker, honoring early settlers, including a Joseph Kinkead (in media file of my ancestor, Capt. John Kincaid). His response: “This marker is beside U.S. Hwy 11W in Mt. Carmel, TN, about 5 miles west of Kingsport, TN. During this period of time, frontier pioneers heading for Kentucky, gathered up at The Long Island of The Holston river at what is now Kingsport, to wait for Daniel Boone to come by and guide them into the wilderness or for Capt John Donelson to take them down river on flatboats to Nashville. And, I imagine that a great many of them followed what is called The Great Indian Path, which ran from Bristol, TN/VA through Kingsport, Mt. Carmel and Church Hill down close to what is now called Bean Station, Tn before turning north toward Cumberland Gap. All of this area around here is laced with this type of history. Many, many historical figures were in this area, including Daniel Boone, Capt John Donelson, Rev. Samuel Doak, John Sevier, and later on Presidents Andrew Johnson and Andrew Jackson, etc., etc. The list is endless.” Also, another correspondent of Bob’s wrote, about the same marker: “Would loved to have seen that old house in its day. Unless I’m mistaken, my Whitakers migrated from NC through Carter Co., TN and lived there for a while before coming on to KY. I keep meaning to go there and do some research, but never have made it.” Bob’s response: “Hazel, I’ll send you a copy of an email I just sent to Sherlene about this. I guess most of the early settlers migrated south and west from Virginia and states farther north. Many of them crossed the mountains from N.C. into Tennessee through the gap at what is now Boone, N.C. All who came that way stopped at the Fort at Sycamore Shoals, present day Elizabethton, Tn, in Carter county. From there, a great many of them went on to the Long Island of the Holston, at present day Kingsport, to wait for Daniel Boone, or another guide, to take them into the wilderness. Do a google search for Sycamore Shoals. You will find it very interesting. Much history there. There is a National Park there at Sycamore Shoals with a replica of the original fort and there’s always some activities going on, especially this time of the year. I would highly recommend a visit. You’ll be glad you did. There’s also a beautiful covered bridge there in Elizabethton, as well as the Carter Mansion, the first frame house built in Tennessee. Elizabethton is located at the foothills of the mountains. Beautiful scenery. Bob” –shb 23 Oct 2006

1797, JANUARY 26–MARRIAGE TO RACHEL TUCKER AT LINCOLN COUNTY, KENTUCKY. Name of wife and their marriage date and county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth, based on research of Martha Langford Green. –shb 24 Jan 2006

ABT. 1800–A SON “LARKIN” BORN? I have a Larkin Lankford (m. Abigail VanMeter as a son of Larkin’s brother, my ancestors, Walker Lankford and Mary/Polly Warren. At one time thought Anna was this Larkin’s second wife, after Abigail died. However, since I found two Larkins in the 1860 Census, I have now placed the Larkin who married Anna as a namesake son of Larkin (m. Rachel Tucker). –shb 23 Oct 2006

1810 CENSUS–LARKIN IS AGE 26-45, LIVING WITH WIFE OF SAME AGE SPAN AND FOUR SONS, AGE 10 AND UNDER, TWO SONS, AGES 10-16,, AND ONE OTHER MALE, AGE 26-45, IN KENTUCKY (NO TWP. LISTED). 1810 Census information about Larkin from HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed by shb, 6 Mar 2006, via Godfrey Memorial Library.

1820 CENSUS–AGE 45+, LIVING WITH WIFE OF SAME AGE SPAN AND NINE SONS AND ONE DAUGHTER, IN LAURENCEBURG TOWNSHIP, FRANKLIN COUNTY, KENTUCKY. HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed and transcribed 23 Oct 2006, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Laurenceburg Township, Franklin County, Kentucky
Taken 1820

Lemuel Davis [listing neighbors on both sides–shb]
Wm. Maghall
Thos. Harris

Larkin Lankford 4 [males age 0-9], 2 [males age 10-15], 0 [males age 16-25], 3 [males age 26-44], 1 male [age 45+–Larkin–shb]; 1 [female age 0-9], [no females ages 10-15, 16-25, or 26-44], 1 [female age 45+–Larkin’s wife]

Jno. Perry
Joseph Griffey –shb 23 Oct 2006

Abt. 1845–DEATH IN PATOKA, CRAWFORD, INDIANA. Approximate death year and place, as posted on RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project, accessed 23 Oct 2006, by shb.

October 24, 2006 Posted by | Genealogy, Indiana Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Uncategorized, Virginia Langfords | 3 Comments