Sherlene\’s G-LOG

Making Sense of the Census (Fording the Langs, at Present)

Sarah or “Sally” Lankford (b. abt. 1783, Lincoln Co. KY, d/o Joseph and Mary __, d. abt. 1856, Whitley Co. KY), mother of seven

NAME: More than one researcher has listed Sarah and Sally Lankford, as two separate daughters of Joseph and Mary Lankford. Pending documentation that they are two persons, I have merged them as one daughter, “Sarah,” nicknamed “Sally.” –shb 30 Jan 2006 [Note: Regarding my conclusion, Barry D. Wood writes, 6 Aug 2006: “Before the 20th century, Sally was solely and only a nickname for Sarah. Martha L. Green can certainly be forgiven for not knowing that, as in our time people are always choosing nicknames as the legal given names of their children, but in colonial times it was not so. Joseph Langford’s daughter Sarah is the identical person as his supposed ‘other’ daughter Sally.” –shb 6 Aug 2006

BIRTH: Sarah was under age 18 in 1800 (Ida-Rose Langford Hall, in her “Descendants of Fielding Langford” book). –shb 10 Oct 2004

ABT 1783–BIRTH IN LINCOLN COUNTY, KENTUCKY/DAUGHTER OF JOSEPH LANGFORD: Information courtesy of Shi Wordsworth, forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. Shi says her information is based on research by Martha Langford Green, who names Sally’s father as Joseph Langford. –shb 14 Oct 2003, 24 Jan 2006

1797-1798–JOHN FARRIS APPOINTED “SALLY” LANGFORD’S GUARDIAN: E-letter, 29 Jan 2006, from Shiron Wordsworth to shb: “This past weekened, I was in touch with a gentleman researching original tax records and land grants in what was once Lincoln County, Kentucky. This gentleman assured me there is evidence that Mary Langford, Joseph’s wife, died about 1797 or 98. In 1798, John Farris was appointed the legal guardian of Sally Langford, who was a child of Joseph and Mary Langford. John Farris was married to Jenny Langford, another daughter of Joseph and Mary. The logical conclusion to be drawn from that guardianship is that Jenny and John assumed responsibility for the minor child of Jenny’s parents, at her mother’s death.” –shb 30 Nov 2006 [Note: I believe the “gentleman” referred to was local historian, Jeff Renner, who has been most helpful, answering my queries. I had the pleasure of meeting him at the May 2007 Stephen Langford Memorial Reunion, in Mt. Vernon, Kentucky, when he showed us how to find the still-standing chimney/hearthstone of my ancestor, Walker Lankford currently thought to be Sally’s brother–shb.]

WAS SALLY’S MOTHER MARY STILL ALIVE? I sent this letter to our Langfords, 11 July 2006, that I prefaced with Barry Wood’s response, 10 July 2006, to my thought (along with the above-mentioned, unnamed researcher) that Sally Lankford’s choosing her sister Jenny’s husband John(son) Farris as her guardian means that her father Joseph’s wife Mary (my ancestors) had died. Wrote Barry:

“Not to be a wet blanket, but I don’t agree that Mary (Warren) Lankford had to be dead in order for Sally to choose someone else as her guardian. Minors under 14 didn’t get a choice. Above 14 (at least in some states), they could make a choice other than the mother, even if the mother were still alive. To restate the obvious, the child was still considered an ‘orphan’ if his or her father was deceased, even if the mother were still alive. There could have been many reasons, above and beyond the death of Mary (Warren) Langford, for Sally to choose her sister’s husband as her guardian. These reasons would have included the general societal assumption of those times that men were better at dealing with such matters.

[Note: Shi Wordsworth wrote that Sally was already living with the Farrises before she named head of the household, Johnson Farris, as her guardian–shb.]

“I’d be more impressed if the tax lists for this period reflected that property which Mary had occupied following Joseph Langford’s death was taxed to his heirs or estate starting in 1797 or 1798.

” BW”

Shiron Wordsworth’s response, next day, to Barry’s letter of 10 July 2006:

“In thinking about Sally, I remembered that she was mentioned in Joseph’s will which was written in 1783, and there appears to be a younger child in the family, Joseph. So Sally was at least 14 in 1797, and possibly older. I don’t know what Kentucky’s laws were in 1797, with regard to minors choosing a guardian, so I guess it’s possible that she was old enough to choose Johnson Farris as guardian irrespective of her mother.

“Maybe our researcher might be of some help here. He says that “the land that Mary Langford had in 1797 was on the West Fork of Dick’s River according to the tax list. It had been entered, etc. for John Farris.”

“I don’t know whether this is an indication that Mary gave her land to John Farris while she was still living or if this indicates that she was dead at this time. It does seem interesting that in 1797, John Farris’ name is mentioned in connection with land Mary had paid taxes on, and in that same year, John Farris assumes guardianship of Mary’s daughter, Sally. I do remember the researcher saying that after 1797, he finds no mention of Mary in the records. But maybe he hasn’t gotten to that record yet.

“I just wish that Stephen Langford had been the surety on Johnson Farris’ bond and not William Allen who must have been a good friend of John Farris. But the compassionate side of me wants a Langford to have stepped up to the bar of justice and proved the value of that young woman’s life. Stephen certainly had the means to do such a thing. Well, rats!” [Note: Shi is a descendant of Stephen Lankford, but stays current on our research involving our ancestor, Joseph Lankford, as we are convinced that Stephen and Joseph are related–we just can’t prove how, at this point–shb.] [Note: DNA evidence about such a relationship has not been encouraging, to say the least.] –shb 6 Jan 2007

My brother-in-law Barry Wood responds to Shi’s e-letter, 12 July 2006: “Good points. I’m not 100% sure, as far as Kentucky is concerned, on the choice of guardian statute. It has been too many years since I was researching the families of my two great great great granduncles, Daniel and John Hufford / Hoffert, who were killed by robbers around 1819. I seem to recall reading records of some of their children choosing guardians after age 14.

“In mentioning both Daniel and John, I should qualify that by saying that although I’m 100% sure that John was murdered, returning home (probably from Lexington) after having sold his crop, with Daniel, it’s a family memory that he died in the same fashion, but I haven’t seen a contemporaneous newspaper account to confirm. This seems to have been a major reason, again, according to the family story, why most of the Huffords left Kentucky. In any event, I had other orphaned ancestors in Ohio a few years later, and there they definitely acquired the right to choose their own guardian (subject to approval by the court) when they turned 14.

“Barry” –shb 12 July 2006

Sherlene’s response to Barry’s letter of 10 July 2006 (much of this was copied to all our Langfords or to those most active, doing family research):

“Barry, it’s never a ‘wet blanket’ to shed light on ancestral history and correct a misperception. Thanks for the insight about reasons for assigning guardianship. I’m wondering if the fact that Sally was in court and the names of Charles Warren and Stephen Lankford were mentioned that same day really means that they were all in court together. Do you know, Barry? Did they make road assignments without those involved being present
there in court to accept the assignments? On the surface it seems likely that they all traveled in together down the Old Wilderness Road and Logan’s Trace to the courthouse at Stanford and that’s why their names were involved in court matters on the same day.

“Attached [also to Sally’s media file–shb] is a drawing of the Logan Fort site, where the original Lincoln County courthouse was built in 1786 (the case involving Sally’s guardianship and mention of Charles and Stephen took place eleven years later, on 10 Oct 1797). This drawing was posted at <http://www.lincolnky.com/tourism/historical.htm,&gt;
with this label: ‘Original courthouse on this site was in 1786. Records contained in this
building date back in 1779, some written on sheepskin. The Fiscal Court room contains some of the finest portraits of Lincoln County judges.’ [You might want to go to the site to see the drawing, as it did not copy over very well–shb.]

“Stanford was named for Benjamin Logan [was his home town Stamford, in England?–shb], a hero among early settlers for successfully fighting off Indian attacks. Logans Fort was located near the existing Stanford downtown district, and Stanford became the County seat. Crab Orchard is a small town in eastern Lincoln County, located about ten miles southeast of Stanford. Several sites say that Crab Orchard was probably named for a stand of crab apple trees, which delights me, since Dan and I unknowingly planted a crab apple in our front yard 10-15 years ago that is a source of delight in spring for it’s lovely, fragrant pink blooms and, in fall, for it’s bright-colored leaves. (However, it’s a royal pain, otherwise, to have to clean up mounds of fallen tiny apples that attract deer to our front yard in winter, if we don’t get every single one up before the snows fall). Anybody have a good crab-apple pickle recipe or other good use for this miniature fruit?

“My Langford mother also had a crab apple tree in her yard, but I think she took it out because she got tired of cleaning up the fallen fruit. Perhaps on first planting it, she knew its historical significance.

“Crab Orchard was at the end of Logan’s Trace of the Wilderness Road and was an early pioneer station. There are several mineral springs in the area, and from 1827 until 1922 taverns and hotels were located at Crab Orchard Springs. Charles Warren was granted a license to keep a tavern on 18 Oct 1796, nearly a year before this 1797 session where Sally chose her guardian. I’m wondering if his tavern was in Crab Orchard, since his daughter Mary Polly married our Walker Lankford, who hailed from there.

“I like to think that Stephen came down the Wilderness road that day with a carriage drawn by fine Kentucky horses, attended by one of his slaves. Perhaps along the way he picked up the rest, including, perhaps, Walker (son of Joseph), Walker’s sisters Sally and Jenny, and Jenny’s husband, John[son] Farris. Did Charles Warren join them, since his name was also mentioned, on a road matter, in court that day? (His daughter Mary/Polly Warren, age 13-17 at the time, married Walker Lankford nearly three years later, in September, 1880.)

“How long do you think it took a horse and carriage to travel ten miles on an October day? I can see them returning to Crab Orchard for a Kentucky chicken picnic near a stand of red-leafed crab apple trees–perhaps staying to visit longer and lodge with their Crab Orchard relatives.

“Sherlene” –shb 11 July 2006

WILDERNESS CONDITIONS: (See notes under same heading, notes of Sally’s mother, Mary Lankford–shb.) –shb 30 Jan 2006

1800, FEBRUARY 25–MARRIAGE OF “SALLY LANGFORD” TO CORNELIUS GATLIFF: Kentucky Vital Statistics, compiled by Annie Walker Burns (Frankfort, Kentucky), 1931, p. 25, searched by shb at the FHL, Salt Lake City, Utah: “Gatliff, Cornelius – Langford, Sally, 2-25-1800, [witness] Langford, Mary mo.” –shb 10 Oct 2004 [Note it was this entry that helped me decide that Jean Langford is Sally’s sister, since Sally was already listed as a child of Joseph and Mary, but all I had for them was a “Jenny,” who could be Jean. However, the witness for both Sally and Jean was listed the same, as “Langford, Mary mo.”] –shb 10 Oct 2004

GREAT-GRANDSON ACCUSED OF MURDER/DAUGHTER ANNE ESTRANGED? From e-letter by Patricia or “Pat” Hickerson to shb, 23 Jul 2007: “A distant cousin of mine Charles Finley, great grandson of Cornelius Gatliff and Sally Lankford, purportedly engineered the assassination of Governor elect of Kentucky, William Goebel, in 1900. At least Goebel was shot from the window of Finley’s office in the Frankfort state building where he was a legislator. He and his cohorts, the so-called ‘mountain men’ from Whitley County, fled into Indiana for a couple of years. Then Finley resumed his ‘distinguished career in Kentucky, later going to Washington as an elected congressman! Finley’s father also supposedly cheated my great-grandfather Wm. Meadors (no relation to the Gatliffs except that my grandmother married Charles Adkins, son of Cynthia) out of the coal/oil deposits (later sold to Mobil and then to the govt.) on his farmland. Finley claimed Cornelius had bitterly opposed the marriage of his grandmother, Anne Gatliff, to his grandfather and that, to his knowledge, Anne was permanently estranged from Cornelius and Sally. I have to laugh at the supposed conversation about ‘those no-good Finleys’! My uncle, now dead, was still trying to get back the rights to the coal-rich land of his grandfather in the 1980s. Pat” –shb 23 Jul 2007

1836, 5 JUNE–HUSBAND CORNELIUS GATLIFF MADE WILL–GRANTS HER AND SON JOHN SPEED THREE OF HIS SLAVES. Cornelius appointed two of his sons, “Joseph L. Gatliff” and “Charles H. Gatliff” as executors of “this my last Will and Testament.” In his long will, “Cornelus [sic–shb] Gatliff of the County of Whitley and State of Kentucky” named “my Wife Sally Gatliff” and gave her and their son “Speed” the “third part containing the dwelling home and other improvements where I now live,” along with the “balance of My cattle not disposed of otherwise together with farming tools & other articles be[l]onging to Me and not herein Named,” and “”my three slaves Poll, Dick, and Ben, to the proper use and benefit of my said Wife during the Monety [minority] of my said Son John Speed and on his arriving at the age of Twenty One years the right in full of and to the said Ben to Vest in him, the balance to be and continue to ]”be] the use of my said Wife during her life, and then to decend and be the property of my said Son John Speed.” Sally also got “My cultivator Mare together With all My household and Kitchen furniture and utentials of every discription thereunto belonging, along with (with son John Speed), “My hogs & Sheep.” In addition, Cornelius declared that “My Youngest Yoke of Oxin & unbroke Steers I allow to be Sold and the proceeds applied to building a comfortable dwelling house for my Wife” . . . . “and I earnestly request and enjoin it on my children that they pay due res[p]ect to their Mother and render her all comfort and assistance in their power through life.” –shb 6 Jan 2007

ABT. 1856–SALLY LANGFORD GATLIFF DIES, IN WHITLEY COUNTY, KENTUCKY. From e-note by Patricia or “Pat” Hickerson to shb, 23 Jul 2007: ” . . . . in Ron Jost’s supplemental Gatliff book, I find that Cornelius married Sara Langford February 25, 1800 in Lincoln Co. KY, daughter of Joseph Langford [matches my information–shb]. She was born about 1780, in Virginia [I had 1783, in Lincoln County, Virginia–shb] and died about 1856, in Whitley County, Kentucky” [I only had her death as “aft 10 Oct 1797–shb]. –shb

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January 7, 2008 - Posted by | Genealogy/Langfords/Iowa Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords

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