Sherlene\’s G-LOG

Making Sense of the Census (Fording the Langs, at Present)

Stephen Lankford (b. abt. 1725, son of Thomas Sr. and __?. d. 1785-86), m. Sarah Watkins (dau. of Wm. & Priscilla), of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia

ABT. 1725–BIRTH/MOTHER-IN-LAW NAMED AS “PRISCILLA”: Thirteen children are listed for unknown Langford parents, as posted on RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project at http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=AHN&db=grantpinix&i . . ., site referred to shb by Ann Langford, accessed 9 Sep 2006. The listing reads: “iv. XY Lankford was born abt. 1725. He married Sarah Watkins, daughter of William Watkins and Priscilla __.” –shb 9 Sep 2006

MARRIES SARAH WATKINS, WHO PRESENTS STEPHEN’S WILL. See will of Stephen Lankford, made 2 Nov 1785 (below). Description names his “wife” as an executor, along with Robert Watkins and son-in-law Mills Eley. The record then says it was “presented by Sarah Lankford,” which I take as an indication that Stephen’s widow’s name was “Sarah,” though I seek additional verification (which I found–see below). –shb 11 July 2007

1786, JUNE 28–HER FATHER IS WILLIAM WATKINS? WRITES WILL WHEN “VERY OLD”–NAMES “SARAH LANKFORD” AS A DAUGHTER, AND “MARY LANKFORD,” AS A GRANDDAUGHTER, AMONG OTHERS. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 277 [bolding mine–shb]: WATKINS, William (being very old). Leg[attees] grandson Robert Watkins; granddaughter Isabell Bridger; daughter Mary Whitehead; daughter Ann Jenkins; daughter Sarah Lankford; granddaughter Mary Lankford; grandson Robert Saunders; to the children of my son Jesse Watkins, viz: Sarah Martha, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Penelope, Jesse and William Watkins. Ex., grandson Robert Watkins. D. June 28, 1786. R[ecorded] December 3, 1789. Wit: William Powell, Jethro Powell. Security, Jethro Powell. Page 163.” –shb 11 July 2007 [Note: Executor and Security for the will of Stephen Lankford was Robert Watkins. I believe he is the same grandchild named as executor in this will of William Watkins. This fortifies my confidence that the “Sarah Lankford” named as a daughter in William Watkins’ will was Stephen Lankford’s wife–shb.]

1794, SEPTEMBER 3–DAUGHTER ISABELLA WRITES WILL/NAMES “MOTHER SARAH LANKFORD” AS ONLY LEGATEE AND EXECUTOR OF HER ESTATE. (See daughter Isabella’s notes for will detail.) –shb 11 July 2007

1778, MAY 24–FATHER, “THOMAS LANKFORD,” OF NEWPORT PARISH [ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA–SHB] MAKES HIS WILL/HE NAMES “SON STEPHEN,” AS AN HEIR. HE ALSO NAMES OTHER CHILDREN AND THREE GRANDCHILDREN, BUT DOES NOT MENTION HIS WIFE. (See notes of father, Thomas Lankford, for detail.) –shb 11 July 2007

1785, NOVEMBER 2–MAKES WILL. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 270 (searched at the FHL, 23 June 2007, by shb–bolding mine): “LANKFORD, Stephen. [I see that one researcher thought his name looked like “Bankford or Lankford”–shb.] Of Newport Parish. Leg[atee] wife; son Wiley; son-in-law Mills Eley and his wife Catey; grandson Stephen Eley; daughter Mary; daughter Isabel; daughter Patty Lankford. Exs., wife, Robert Watkins [probably grandson of William Watkins, his father-in-law, who was executor of William’s will, made in 1786–shb] and son-in-law Mills Eley. D. November 2, 1785. R[ecorded] April 7, 1786. Presented by Sarah Lankford. Wit: Jesse Lankford, Thomas Inglish. Security, Robert Watkins. Page 57.” –shb 11 July 2007

1789, OCTOBER 2–ESTATE APPRAISED BY BROTHER JESSE LANKFORD, ALSO JOHN ENGLISH AND JETHRO POWELL. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 274 (searched at the FHL, 23 June 2007, by shb–bolding mine): “LANKFORD, Stephen: Appraised by John English, Jesse Lankford, Jethro Powell. R[ecorded] October 2, 1788. Page 115.” –shb 11 July 2007

July 12, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

Thomas Lankford, Sr. (b. abt. 1705, d. May-June 1778, of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia), m. Mary Collier, dau. of George, 14 Jul 1723, grandfather of Ivey Lankford.

ABT 1705–BIRTH. “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb:  “Assuming that he [Thomas Lankford Sr.] was eighteen years of age at the time of his marriage, he would have been born about 1705.”  –shb 12 Jul 2007

1723, JULY 14–MARRIAGE TO MARY COLLIER.  Name of wife, marriage date (no place given), per Kathy Newton post (see above).  –shb 12 Jul 2007

1753–THOMAS LANKFORD, SR. BOUGHT 375 ACRES OF LAND IN NEWPORT PARISH, ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM A JOHN LANKFORD.  Per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb, at the time of this purchase, “he recorded his residence as County of King & Queen, Stratford Manor Parish; this was the same as that of John Lankford, therefore there is reason to suspect that they were related.”

THOMAS MAY HAVE LIVED IN ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA, THE REST OF HIS LIFE.  “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb:  “Later recordings show that Thomas was a resident to Isle of Wight, so he apparently moved from King & Queen County.  He may have lived in Isle of Wight for the rest of his life.”  –shb 12 Jul 2007

“VERY RELIGIOUS”:  Continuing Kathy Newton’s post (see above):  “It is apparent that he was able to acquire additional lands and a substantial amount of personal property.  His reference to leaving son, Jesse, his largest Bible and two sermon books tell us that the family was apparently very religous and that Thomas was very active in church affairs.  The reference to sermon books suggests that he may have been a layman preacher.”  –shb 12 Jul 2007

1762, OCTOBER 6–NAMED AS EXECUTOR, WILL OF SARAH LAWRENCE, OF NEWPORT PARISH.  Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb), p. 207 [bolding mine–shb]:  “LAWRENCE, Sarah of Newport Parish. Leg.[atees] son John; son Mills; daughter Mary; daughter Ann; to Thomas Lankford, Sr.  Ex., brother Arthur Applewhaite.  D. October 6, 1762.  R. December 2, 1762.  Wit:  Thomas Lankford, Hardy Lawrence, Jr., Sarah Lawrence.  Page 209.”  –shb 11 Jul 2007

1764, SEPTEMBER 13–WIFE MARY COLLIER DIES.  Date per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb.

1778, MAY 20–MICHAEL BREWER’S WILL IS DATED FOUR DAYS BEFORE THAT OF THOMAS LANKFORD SR.’S–A CONNECTION?  As posted by Eileen Illum (her e-address in Thomas Lankford Sr.’s blind file–shb), on RootsWeb.com [bolding mine–shb], at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/LANGFORD/2001-05/0989180659, accessed 11 Jul 2007, by shb (she also posts many of the entries included here, that I found in Chapman’s collection (see above):  “Brewer, Michael will dated 20 May 1778 recorded 1 Oct 1778. Legatee son Joshua; daughter Priscilla Fowler; son John; wife Martha exc; sons Joseph and
Benjamin; daughter Holland Brewer. Witness Thomas Lankford, William English, Joseph Fowler, Ann English and Peter Butler; security Peter Butler. [8:500]”  [Note from Eileen Illum:  “My Willis, f/o Elias, was the half brother of Holland Brewer. His mother Martha Green Lankford married second Michael Brewer. This will leads me to think that my Willis Lankford was connected to Thomas Lankford. Thomas Lankford Sr.’s will is dated 4 days after Michael Brewer’s: 24 May 1778. I don’t know the given name of Martha Green’s Lankford husband who was the father of Willis.”]  –shb 11 Jul 2007

DIED BETWEEN 24 May 1778 AND 4 JUNE 1778.  Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb–bolding mine), p. 243:  “LANKFORD, Thomas:  Of Newport Parish.  Leg. son Stephen, son Jesse, son Thomas, daughter Elizabeth Chappell; granddaughter Mary Watkins; grandson George, son of William Lankford decd.; grandson Ivey Lankford. Ex., son Thomas Lankford.  D. May 24, 1778.  R. June 4, 1778.  Wit:  Joseph Mountfort, Wade Mountfort, Thomas English, Patience Brittain.  Security, John Lawrence.  Page 492.”  –shb 11 Jul 2007 [Note:  Is this “grandson Ivey Lankford” my Legacy ID No. 65807, b. abt. 1776 (so about age 2), in Pittsylvania Co. Virginia, of Pulaski County, Kentucky, d. aft 19 Aug 1834, of Russell County, Kentucky?  I wish this will said whose son Ivey was, though the sequence of names might suggest that he, also, is a son of William Lankford, deceased son of Thomas Lankford, Sr.–shb.]

FOURTEEN GRANDCHILDREN. “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb:  Thomas Lankford, Sr. “died 1778, Isle of Wight, Virginia.  There were fourteen grandchildren that we know of and four great-grandchildren who were listed in the wills.”

1782, JUNE 4–ORDERED THAT THOMAS’ ESTATE BE APPRAISED. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 252 (searched at the FHL, 23 June 2007, by shb–bolding mine):  Langford (Lankford), Thomas:  appraised by Mills Lawrence, W. Mountford, Elisha L. Ballard. Ordered June 4, 1778.  R. [Recorded–shb] March 7, 1782.  Page 108.” –shb 11 Jul 2007

July 12, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Virginia Langfords | 3 Comments

James H. Langford (b. abt. 1795, s/o James and __, d. 1882, Marion Co. KY, m. Jane Martin, Sep 1815, Albemarle Co. VA. He served in War of 1812, was a wheelwright and carpenter.

ABT. 1795–BIRTH IN ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. See biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford, and 1860 Census notes, below. –shb 16 May 2007

A DESCENDANT OF JOSEPH AND MARY LANKFORD? That James H. Lankford is a descendant of my presumed ancestors, Joseph and Mary Lankford, is an educated guess on my part, based on the fact that James H. named his third and fourth (of twelve) children, Joseph and Mary. Wilson N., a later son of James H. Lankford, named his paternal grandfather as “James Lankford, Sr.” (see biographical sketch in Wilson’s notes). Was Wilson named after James Sr.’s wife’s maiden name? The generations and birth places work out well for James Sr. to be a son of Joseph and Mary, so I have tentatively made the connection. I of course seek additional verification. If I am able to verify this connection, then James H. Lankford’s father, James Sr., would be a (probably older) brother of my ancestor, Walker Lankford, b. abt. 1769, whom we have linked to Joseph and Mary, along with a daughter for whom we have no date. Joseph and Mary are believed to have been married about 1765, so there is room for this James to be a son. –shb 16 May 2007

BIRTH/FATHER IS ALSO “JAMES LANKFORD”/MARRIAGE TO JANE MARTIN/TWELVE CHILDREN/DEATH IN 1882: See biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford, in which he names his paternal grandfather as “James Lankford, Sr.”: “WILSON N. LANKFORD was born December 18, 1828. His father was a Virginian, born in Albemarle County, in 1795. He married Jane Martin in 1815, and two years later, with his wife and one child, came to Kentucky and located in Washington, now Marion, County. Here he pursued the trades of wheelwright and carpenter, in connection with the working of a small farm that he owned. His wife, Jane, died in 1873, aged seventy-five years. She was the mother of twelve children: William, James, Oliver, Joseph, Mary, Eliza, Wilson, John, Samuel, Charles, Nancy and Thomas. The last named was a soldier in the war of the Rebellion, and served under Gen. Wolford. James Lankford died in 1882, at his home in Marion County. [Note: The 1870 Census names Jane as seventy-five years old, so that she was that age in 1873 could be an approximation–shb.]

“James Lankford, Sr., grandfather of Wilson N., was a Virginian by birth and of English and Irish parentage. Two of his sons served under Gen. Smith in the war of 1812.

“Wilson N. Lankford was reared on a farm in his native county of Marion, . . . .” –shb 8 Feb 2006

ANOTHER NAMESAKE? James H. Lankford, b. 1795 (m. Jane Martin), son of James Sr. (whom I have positioned as a grandson of my presumed ancestors, Joseph and Mary Lankford), named his next-to-last of twelve children, “Nancy P.,” who was born in 1844. I now think that my ancestor, Walker Lankford, was an uncle to James H., b. 1795. Walker is listed next to Stephen Langford2 (son of Benjamin, whose first wife was Nancy Peyton) and family, in the 1830 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky, though they lived some distance away, on different creeks. It is, therefore, not unlikely that James H. may have felt quite close to Stephen and, on learning of Nancy’s death before birth of his last child, named “Nancy P.” after Nancy Peyton? –shb 16 May 2007 [Note: All I know about Nancy Peyton Langford’s death is that it was after 1810, so this is just musing about possibilities.] –shb 16 May 2007

A BROTHER JOHN? I have record of the marriage of a John Lankford [see my Legacy ID No. 66177] to Lacey Martin, 11 Jun, in abt. 1824, in Lebanan [Pennsylvania, I presume]. Could this be a case of Lankford brothers marrying Martin sisters? –shb 16 May 2007

1814, AUGUST 29-FEBRUARY 21, 1815–SERVED IN WAR OF 1812–ENLISTED FROM ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA/APPLIED FOR PENSION, IN 1850, FROM EDGAR COUNTY, ILLINOIS. Letter from Veterans Administration, Washington D.C., March 12, 1940, In response to a query from Miss Genevieve M. Potts, of Rockville, Maryland. This letter was included among notes compiled over forty years, by Genevieve (POTTS) DOLLE OBETZ, b. 1899, xeroxed and submitted to the Family History Library (Call No. USA/CAN 929.273/L263o, searched 23 Jun 2007, by shb (no page numbers–just collected notes, some in her handwriting): “Re: JAMES H. LANGFORD S. C. 5834, BA-J/MLB – Dear Madam: Reference is made to your personal request of recent date, for the War of 1812 record of James H. Langford.

“The data which follow in regard to James H. Langford were found in the papers of the claims for pension and bounty land under File No. S. C. 5834, based upon his service in the War of 1812.

“The date and place of birth of James H. Langford and names of his parents were not given.

“James H. Langford enlisted in Albemarle County, Virginia, and served from August 29, 1814, to February 21, 1815, as private in Captain Robert McCullock’s company of Virginia militia, stationed at Camp Carter in Virginia, where he was discharged.

“While a resident of Edgar County, Illinois, with post office at Paris in that county, the soldier applied December 2, 1850, for bounty land which was due on account of his service described above, and was allowed eighty acres of bounty land on Warrant 10765, under the Act of September 28, 1850. He applied April 4, 1855, while still living in Edgar County, Illinois, for additional land which was due for his service, and on that application was granted eighty acres of bounty land on Warrant 21886 [I think, the copy is smeared–shb], under the Act of March 3, 1855.

“James H. Langford was allowed pension, also, for his service in the War of 1812, on his application executed April 10, 1871, at which time he was aged seventy-six years [so b. about 1794–shb] and a resident of Grandview, Edgar County, Illinois.

“The soldier married September 7, 1835, in Albemarle County, Virginia, Jane Martin. No details were given in regard to her.

“If you desire information relative to the location of the bounty land granted James H. Langford, you should apply to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Interior Department, this city, and furnish that official the number of each warrant, the acreage and date of the act under which issued.

“In order to obtain the date of last payment of pension, the name and address of the person paid and possibly the date of death of this soldier, you should write to the Comptroller General, General Acounting Office, Records Division, this city, and cite the following data: James H. Langford, certificate #5834, issued October 7, 1871, rate $8 per month, commenced February 14, 1871, Act of 14th February, 1871, Illinois Agency.

“Very truly yours, A. D. HILLER Executive Assistant to the Administrator” –shb 10 July 2007

1815, SEPTEMBER 4 or 7–“JAMES H. LANGFORD” MARRIES “JANE MARTIN,” IN ALBERMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Langford and Lankford Grooms of Virginia, a resource page for the Langford-L Rootsweb discussion list, compiled from varied sources, with no guarantees, by Carol Middleton, as posted on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgfmrs5.html, accessed 13 Apr 2005 by shb: “James H. LANGFORD married Jane MARTIN on 04 September 1815 in Albermarle Co., VA.” –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: The biographical sketch of son Wilson N. Lankford says his parents married in 1815. In James H. Langford’s pension application for land, in return for his service in the War of 1812 (see above), he states he was “married September 7, 1815,” to Jane Martin, “in Albemarle County, Virginia.” Albemarle County is also the birth county for James H., per a biographical sketch of his son, Wilson N. Lankford–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007, 10 Jul 2007

1816, FEBRUARY 13–“JAMES LANGFORD” MARRIED “I [J.?–SHB] MARTIN.” IN NELSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Langford and Lankford Grooms of Virginia, a resource page for the Langford-L Rootsweb discussion list, compiled from varied sources, with no guarantees, by Carol Middleton, as posted on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgfmrs5.html, accessed 13 Apr 2005 by shb: “James LANGFORD married I. MARTIN on 13 February 1816, Nelson Co., VA.” –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: I think this is mistranscribed and should read “J. Martin,” for “Jane,” whom I find in the 1860 Census of Grandview, Edgar, Illinois, at age sixty-seven, living with husband, “James H. Lankford,” age sixty-five, both born in Virginia. With them lives “Mildred Martin,” age seventy, born in Virginia–perhaps Jane’s sister or sister-in-law?] –shb 16 May 2007

WIFE’S RELATIVE A LANKFORD COMPANION IN REVOLUTION? Notes compiled over forty years, by Genevieve (POTTS) DOLLE OBETZ, b. 1899, xeroxed and submitted to the Family History Library (Call No. USA/CAN 929.273/L263o, searched 23 Jun 2007, by shb (no page numbers–just collected notes, some in her handwriting): “LANKFORD, THOMAS in Cloud’s Regiment of Cleveland’s Regiment. He was one of the scouts in the advance of the expedition and the Tories came near capturing him after they had wounded a companion, John Martin. Benjamin Lankford was also a pensioner and Virginia Soldier.” (Ref: King’s Mountain Men, p. 199).” –shb 10 Juy 2007
1820 CENSUS–A JAMES LANKFORD IS IN SMITH COUNTY, TENNESSEE. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

No township listed, Smith County, Tennessee
Series M33, Roll 125, Page 79
Taken in 1820
Grouped together under letter “L”:

1128 Lankford James (first listed) _ _ _ 1 _ 1 2 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ 1 – I read this to mean that:

James Lankford’s household had one free white male age 16-25
one free white male age 45 or over [James]
two free white females under age 10
one free white female age 16-25 [James’ wife?]
one foreign person not naturalized
one person engaged in commerce

1162 Lankford, Parish _ _ _ 3 _ 1 _ _ _ _ 1 /3 I read this to mean that:

Parish Lankford’s household had three free white males age 16-25
one free white male age 45 and over [Parish]
one free white female age 45 and over [his wife]

1195 William Lankford _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ _ _ _ / 3 I read this to mean that:

William Lankford’s household had one free white male age 16-18
one free white male age 26-44
three foreign persons not naturalized

1820 CENSUS–A “JAMES LANKFORD” AND FAMILY ARE LISTED IN JACKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE. Here is the letter I wrote the family about this, 18 May 2007:

“Hi, Bob (and others of Mt. Vernon Stephen’s branch of Langfords) and researchers:

“I believe I may have found your ancestor, ‘Flintlock’ Stephen2 in the 1820 Census of Jackson County, Tennessee (my reasoning outlined below). Of course there could be another Stephen Langford family with the same profile, so if you have found him elsewhere, in this census, please let me know. Going by indexes I have and my records, this is the only Stephen
and family who ‘fits’ this census.

“Of particular interest is the fact that Martin Lankford and James Lankford and families are in the same Jackson County, same census year. This James is of particular interest, as I may have linked a James Sr. and James H. Jr. as descendants of my ancestors Joseph and Mary Lankford, though there are some difficulties I am still trying to surmount with this analysis.
IF this James of Jackson County, Tennessee is one of the two Jameses descended from Joseph, and IF James was close to Stephen2, there in Jackson County, then this might explain how Joseph’s son Walker (my ancestor) ended up ten years later, in Pulaski County, listed right next to Stephen2 in the 1830 Census.

“Do you or anybody getting this have a clue about how and if Martin, James, and Stephen Lankford connect?

“Sherlene (see census info., below, as now posted in my notes for Stephen2):

“1820 CENSUS–‘STEPHEN LANKFORD’ IS IN JACKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE? MARTIN AND JAMES LANKFORD ARE RELATIVES? HeritageQuest on-line images, accessed and transcribed, 17 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

“Jackson County, Tennessee (no township named)
Series M33, Roll 123, Page 80
Taken in 1820 (no month, day given)

“Lankford, Martin _ _ _ _ 1 _ 1 1 _ 1 / 3 [I read this to mean that]”

“In the Martin Lankford household, there is one free white male, age 26-44 (this would be Martin); one free white female under age 10; one free white female, age 10-15; one free white female age 26-44; and three foreign persons not naturalized.

“Lankford, James 1 _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ / 2 [I read this to mean that]:

“In the James Lankford household there is one free white male under age 10; one free white male age 16-25; and one free white male age 45 years or older (this would be James); one free white female age 16-25 (could be a daughter by first wife, about same age as James’ son; or could be a young second wife, mother of the son under age 10); and 2 foreign persons not naturalized.

“Lankford, Stephen 3 _ _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 / 2 [I read this to mean that]:

“In the Stephen Lankford household are:
three free white males under age 10 [Stephen, b. 1813, so age 7; Benjamin, b. 1818, so age 2; Jonathan Jince, b. 1819, so age 1; I have son Solomon as b. 1820-1824. If born in 1820, it’s possible he was born after the census was taken–shb.] Also in the household is:
one free white male age 26-44 [This fits for Stephen2, son of Benjamin, son of Stephen, the Mt. Vernon settler, as I have him as b. 1788, so he would have fit into the range of those born 1776-1794–shb.] Also in the household is:

“one free white female under age 10 [fits for Rachel, b. 1816, so age four]

“one free white female age 26-44 [fits for Catherine or ‘Caty’ Windham, Stephen’s wife, b. 1793, so also fits into the range of those born 1776-1794–shb].

Variables for 1820 Census (left to right):
number of free white males under ten years of age
number of free white males 10-15 years of age
number of free white males 16-18 years of age
number of free white males 16-25 years of age
number of free white males 26-44 years of age
number of free white males 45 years of age and over
number of free white females under ten years of age
number of free white females 10-15 years of age
number of free white females 16-25 years of age
number of free white females 26-44 years of age
number of free white females 45 years of age and over
number of foreign persons not naturalized
number of persons engaged in agriculture
number of persons engaged in commerce
number of persons engaged in manufacturing –shb 17 May 2007

“1830 CENSUS–‘STEPHEN LANGFORD’ AND MY ANCESTOR, ‘WAKER’ LANGFORD ARE LISTED NEXT TO EACH OTHER, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY.

“Sherlene” –shb 18 May 2007

1820 CENSUS–A ‘CHARLES LANKFORD’ IS IN NELSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

No township listed, Nelson County, Virginia
1820 Census

Charles Lankford 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 3 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ _ [next page across] _ I read this to mean:

Charles had one free white male child under age ten
one free white male age 16-18
one free white male age 45 and over [Charles]
three free white females under age ten
one free white female age 10-15
one free white female age 26-44 [Charles’ wife]
one person engaged in agriculture

[Note: No other Lankfords are listed in Nelson County, in 1820. Possibly James and Jane tied the knot four years earlier, in 1816 (after taking a license out earlier, in 1815), at invitation of relative Charles Lankford, in Nelson County? Perhaps James and Jane named their son Charles after this relative–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007

1820 Census profile of James H. Lankford’s uncle, Walker Lankford, in Pulaski Co. KY:

Walker Lankford 2 2 _ _ _ 1 3 2 1 _ 1 _ _ [all blank, across next page] I read this as:

Walker had two free white male children under age ten
two free white male children age 10-15
one free white male age 45 and over [Walker, abt. age 51 in 1820–shb]
three free white females under age ten
two free white females age 10-15
one free white female age 16-25
one free white female age 45 and over [Mary Polly, age 36-40 in 1820, so not quite a fit–perhaps a census error–shb]

So, in 1820 Walker and Mary/Polly had ten children, four sons and six daughters, whereas Charles and wife had six children, two sons and four daughters, with both couples falling in the same general age-range. I think there is a good chance that Charles and Walker are brothers, so that Charles is James H. Lankford’s uncle. –shb 17 May 2007

1820 Census profile of a Joseph Lankford, in Fairfield County, South Carolina:

1 _ _ _ _ 1 _ 2 _ 1 _ _ / _ _ 1 [rest blank] I read this to mean that:

Joseph Lankford’s household had one free white male child under age 10
one free white male age 45 or over [Joseph]
two free white females age 10-15
one free white female age 26-44 [Joseph’s wife]

1850 CENSUS–IN MARION COUNTY, KENTUCKY: 1850 Census, extract posted as part of a list of Kentucky Langfords enumerated in the 1850 Census, as posted on RootsWeb, accessed 8 Apr 2005 by shb:

“Marion Co
William 32 farmer Va
?Guida? 29 (female) Va
John 4 Va
Susan J 2 Va
[Next door]
James Lankford 54 Farmer Va $2,500
Ia?? 55 female Va [probably Jane–shb]
Eliza J 22 Va
John 19 Va
Samuel 18 farmer Ky
Thomas M 15 Ky
Charles W 12 Ky
Nancy 6 Ky” –shb 10 Apr 2005

1860 CENSUS–“JAMES H. LANKFORD” IS AGE SIXTY-FIVE, A “FARMER” (BUT LIVES NEXT DOOR TO A CARPENTER), BORN IN VIRGINIA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “JANE,” AGE SIXTY-SEVEN, BORN IN VIRGINIA. “SARAH M. LANKFORD,” A “DOMESTIC,” BORN IN VIRGINIA, AGE TWENTY-FIVE, LIVES WITH THEM. ALSO IN THE HOUSEHOLD IS “MILDRED MARTIN,” AGE SEVENTY (JANE’S SISTER OR SISTER-IN-LAW?). THEY LIVE IN GRANDVIEW TOWNSHIP, EDGAR COUNTY, ILLINOIS. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

P.O. Grandview, Grandview Township, Edgar County, Illinois
Series M653, Roll 175, Page 613
Taken 28 Aug 1860

1733/1671 James J. Tate 30M Farmer 13000 2370 Virginia
Mary E. 30F Virginia [dau. of James H. Lankford?–shb]
John 6M Illinois
Joseph 4M Illinois

1734/1672 Joseph H. Hill 23M Carpenter 100 Pennsylvania
Rebecca 24F Pennsylvania
Lizzie 1/12F Illinois
James Bradin 19M Farmer Pennsylvania
Jacob Braden 47M Farmer 4000 580 Pennsylvania

1735/1673 James H. Lankford 65 M Farmer 4500 800 Virginia
Jane 67 F Virginia
Sarah M. 25 F Domestic Virginia [same age as son Thomas–so perhaps a niece?]
Mildred Martin 70F Virginia
Mary M. Battow 10F Illinois
George W. Day 18M Farm Laborer Iowa

1736/1674 Thomas Ringland 77M Farmer 5000 1580 Ireland
Anna 71F New Jersey and family. –shb 16 May 2007

1870 CENSUS–“JAMES” LANKFORD IS AGE SEVENTY-FIVE, A FARMER BORN IN VIRGINIA, LIVING WITH WIFE JANE, ALSO SEVENTY-FIVE, BORN IN KENTUCKY, DAUGHTER “NANCY P.,” AGE TWENTY-FIVE, BORN IN KENTUCKY; AND FARM WORKER, “JOHN W.” LANKFORD, A BLACK MALE, BORN IN KENTUCKY. Here’s the lineup: HeritageQuest on-line census images, accessed 30 Mar 2006, by shb, via Godfrey Memorial Library:

P.O. Bradfordsville, Bradfordsville Precinct, Marion County, Kentucky
Series M593, Roll 485, Page 15
Taken 28 July 1870

186/186 Turner, Anderson Works on Farm.

189/189 Lankford, William 55 MW Works on Farm VA [son of James and Jane, below]
, Zorado 45 FW Keeps House KY [same couple as 193/193 below?]

190/190 Banister, John T. 29 KY
, Martha E. 22 FW Keeps House KY
, Clarence T. 7/12 MW KY

191/191 Lankford, James 75 MW Farmer 2500 630 VA
, Jane 75 FW Keeps House VA
, Nancy P. 25 FW At Home KY
, John W. 16 MB Works on Farm KY

[Note: There is a white “John W. Lankford (see my ID 66763), age 38, born in Kentucky, living with wife Sarah, six children, and John’s parents, Benjamin and Mary Lankford, in the 1900 Census of Burdine Voting Precinct, Pulaski County, Ohio–shb.]

192/192 Lankford, Chas. W. 32 MW Farmer 500 KY [son of James and Jane, above]
, Nancy 26 FW Keeps House KY
, Charles L. 9 MW KY
, Elizabeth S. 8 FW KY
, Luvisa 2/12 FW KY

193/193 Lankford, Wm. 53 MW Farmer 230 400 VA [same Wm. as 189/189 above?]
, Sarada 50 FW Keep House KY

194/194 Cruise, Richard 51 MW Works on Farm KY
, Elizabeth 38 FW Keeps House KY and family. –shb 30 Mar 2006

1880 CENSUS–“JAMES LANKFORD SR.” IS AGE EIGHTY-FIVE, BORN IN VIRGINIA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA. LIVING WITH HIM ARE SON-IN-LAW, “E. ASE HALL,” AND HIS WIFE (JAMES’ DAUGHTER) “NANCEY P.,” AND THEIR TWO CHILDREN, IN BRADFORDSVILLE, MARION, KENTUCKY. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 10 Oct 2006, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
James LANKFORD SR. Self W Male W 85 VA Farmer VA VA
E. Ase HALL SonL M Male W 30 VA Carpenter VA VA
Nancey P. HALL Wife M Female W 36 KY Keeping House VA VA [Could she have been named after Nancy Peyton?–shb]
Stella S. HALL Dau S Female W 2 KY VA KY
Charles B. HALL Son S Male W 1 KY VA KY

“Source Information:
Census Place Bradfordsville, Marion, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254432
NA Film Number T9-0432
Page Number 62C
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 10 Oct 2006

1882–DEATH AT AGE EIGHTY-SEVEN, IN MARION COUNTY, KENTUCKY. From biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford: “James Lankford died in 1882, at his home in Marion County.” [Note: His age at death is deduced from birth year I have for him and also his age, as listed in the 1880 Census–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007

July 11, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Illinois Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Langfords in War of 1812, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

B. F. Lankford (b. abt. 1799, VA, d. aft 1860), s/o ?, m. ?, of Macon, Macon, Missouri

1860 CENSUS–“B. F. LANKFORD” IS AGE SIXTY-ONE, A CARPENTER, BORN IN VIRGINIA.  HE LIVES WITH THE ROBERT AND SARAH LONG FAMILY, IN MACON CITY, MACON COUNTY, MISSOURI.  HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 13 Feb 2007, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

579/579 James Carpenter, age 30, physician, and family.

578/579 Robert Long   40M Tinner       100 Ohio
Sarah              28F Dom[estic]        Maryland (B. F.’s daughter?–shb]
Georgianna       6F                          Indiana
Almira              5F                          Indiana
Margaret A. 4/12 F                          Missouri –shb 13 Feb 2007

February 13, 2007 Posted by | Langfords, Missouri Langfords, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

William Lankford (b. abt. 1807, KY), s/o ?, m. Lucy __, of Washington, Lafayette, Missouri

1860 CENSUS–“WM. LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-TWO, BORN IN KENTUCKY. HE LIVES WITH WIFE LUCY, AGE FORTY-TWO, FIVE CHILDREN, AND MOTHER-IN-LAW [?], “AURORA BURTON,” AGE EIGHTY-FIVE, IN WASHINGTON, LAFAYETTE, MISSOURI. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 13 Feb 2007, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Washington Township, Lafayette County, Missouri
Series 653, Roll 628, Page 420
Taken 12 Aug 1860

163/163 Wm Lankford 52M Farmer 6700 2760 Kentucky
Lucy 42F Tennessee
Alvin 19M Missouri
Robt 16M Missouri
Lucy 14F Missouri
Lydia 11F Missouri
Nora 6F Missouri
Aurora Burton 85F Virginia [her name hard to read] –shb 13 Feb 2007

1870 CENSUS–“WILLIAM LANKFORD” IS AGE SIXTY-THREE, A FARMER, BORN IN KENTUCKY. HE LIVES WITH WIFE “LUCY,” AGE FIFTY-THREE, BORN IN TENNESEE, AND THREE CHILDREN, IN WASHINGTON, LAFAYETTE, MISSOURI. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 13 Feb 2007, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Washington Township, Lafayette County, Missouri
Series M593, Roll 786, Page 411
Taken 26 Aug 1870

379/376 Burton, Bently B. (age 64), b. KY, wife Martha (58), and children, b. in Missouri [Is this Lucy’s brother?–shb.].

380/377 Lankford, William 63 MW Farmer 5400 1380 Kentucky
, Lucy 53 FW Keeping House Tennessee
, Robert 26 MW At Home Missouri
, Emma 22 FW Missouri
, Nora 16 FW Missouri

381/378 Bailey, Joseph W. (age 38), b. Virginia, and family. –shb 13 Feb 2007

1880 CENSUS–“WILLIAM LANKFORD” IS AGE SEVENTY-THREE, BORN IN KENTUCKY, FATHER BORN IN VIRGINIA, MOTHER BORN IN NORTH CAROLINA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, LUCY, AGE SIXTY-THREE, AND THREE CHILDREN, IN WASHINGTON, LAFAYETTE, MISSOURI. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 26 Oct 2006, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
William LANKFORD Self M Male W 73 KY Farmer VA NC
Lucy LANKFORD Wife M Female W 63 TN Kps Hse VA VA
Robert LANKFORD Son S Male W 32 MO Farmer KY TN
Emma LANKFORD Dau S Female W 28 MO Teaching School KY TN
Nora LANKFORD Dau S Female W 24 MO At Home KY TN

“Source Information:
Census Place Washington, Lafayette, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254697
NA Film Number T9-0697
Page Number 244C
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 26 Oct 2006

February 13, 2007 Posted by | Kentucky Langfords, Missouri Langfords | Leave a comment

John E. Lankford (b. abt. 1813, in Kentucky), s/o ?, m. Elizabeth __, of Newton County, Missouri

1860 CENSUS–“JOHN LANKFORD” IS AGE FORTY-SEVEN, A FARMER, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE “ELIZABETH,” AGE THIRTY-FIVE, SIX CHILDREN, AND HIS SISTER [?], “PAULINE LANKFORD,” AGE FORTY-THREE.  THEY LIVE IN LOST CREEK TOWNSHIP, NEWTON COUNTY, MISSOURI.  HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed 26 Oct 2006, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Lost Creek Township, Newton County, Missouri
Series M653, Roll 636, Page 822
Taken 9 June 1860

95/95 John Redferer, age 38, b. TN, wife Catharine, b. MO, and family.

96/96 John Lankford 47M Farmer 1200 800 Kentucky
Elizabeth           35F                             Indiana
Margaret           18F                              Missouri
Melissa             16F                              Missouri
Sarah                11F                              Missouri
William               6M                             Missouri
Pauline               3F                              Missouri
Rebecca         5/12F                              Missouri
Pauline Lankford 43F                           Indiana [an aunt, John’s sister?–shb]

97/97 John Williams 38, b. KY, wife Elizabeth, 36, and family.  –shb 26 Oct 2006

[Note:  In this same township, Census p. 826, live Peyton Lankford (age 35, my ID 69282), wife Salinda (21), and their two sons, Nathan and James–it’s my guess that Peyton is John’s younger brother, named after Nancy Peyton, who married Benjamin Lankford, son of the Stephen who settled Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky, but this needs verification–shb.]

1870 CENSUS–“JOHN E. LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-SEVEN, A FARMER, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE, “ELIZABETH,” AGE FORTY-FIVE, SIX CHILDREN, AND [SISTER?] “PALINA LANKFORD,” AGE FIFTY-FOUR, IN BUFFALO TOWNSHIP, NEWTON COUNTY, MISSOURI.  HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 13 Feb 2007, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Buffalo Township, Newton County, Missouri
Series M593, Roll 795, Page 351
Taken 4 Aug 18780

132/  Blanchard, Eli, age 37, Farmer, b. Kentucky, wife Mary J., 37, and ch., all b. in MO.

133/126 Lankford, John E.    57 MW farmer 3000 800 Kentucky
, Elizabeth 45 FW Keeping House    Kentucky
, Palina      13 FW                            Missouri
, Rebecca   10 FW                            Missouri
, William    17 MW Works on Farm Missouri
, Frances S.  8 MW                           Missouri
, Martha C.   5 FW                            Illinois
, Orlena        3 FW                            Missouri
Lankford, Palina       54 FW Keeping House   Indiana  Note:  The 1880 Census identifies “Polena” as John’s sister in-law (see below).]  –shb 13 Feb 2007

1880 CENSUS–“JOHN E. LANKFORD” IS AGE SIXTY-SEVEN, BORN IN KENTUCKY, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA.  HE LIVES WITH WIFE “ELIZABETH,” AGE FIFTY-TWO, BORN IN INDIANA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN INDIANA, TWO CHILDREN, AND “POLENA LANKFORD,” HIS SISTER-IN-LAW, AGE SIXTY-TWO.  THEY LIVE IN BUFFALO TOWNSHIP, NEWTON COUNTY, MISSOURI.  As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 13 Feb 2007, by shb:

“Name      Relation     Marital Status     Gender     Race     Age     Birthplace     Occupation     Father’s Birthplace    Mother’s Birthplace
John E. LANKFORD       Self       M       Male       W       67       KY       Farmer       VA       VA
Elizabeth LANKFORD       Wife       M       Female       W       52       IN       Keeping House       IN       IN
Frances S. LANKFORD       Son       S       Male       W       18       IL       Farm Laborer       KY       IN
Orlena G. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       12       MO       At Home       KY       IN
Polena LANKFORD       SisterL       W       Female       W       62       IN       At Home       KY       KY

“Source Information:
Census Place     Buffalo, Newton, Missouri
Family History Library Film      1254705
NA Film Number      T9-0705
Page Number      454B
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.  All rights reserved.”  –shb 13 Feb 2007

1900 CENSUS–“JOHN E. [LAST PART WRITTEN OVER] LANKFORD” IS AGE EIGHTY-SEVEN, BORN IN KENTUCKY, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA.  HE HAS BEEN MARRIED FIFTY-NINE YEARS TO “ELIZABETH,” AGE SEVENTY-FIVE.  ONE SON, “FRANCIS S. LANKFORD,” AGE THIRTY-EIGHT AND SINGLE, BORN IN ILLINOIS, LIVES WITH THEM, IN BUFFALO TOWNSHIP, NEWTON COUNTY, MISSOURI.  HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 13 Feb 2007, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Buffalo Township, Newton County, Missouri
Series T623, Roll 877, Page 28
Taken 5 June 1900

69/69 Lankford, Thomas S. Head WM  Jan 1866 34 M14  Missouri Indiana   Missouri
, Annie E.    Wife  WF  Feb 1871 29 M14 Indiana    Indiana   Illinois
, Laura M.    Dau   WF  Jun 1889 10 S      Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, John E.       Son   WM Mar 1892  8 S      Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, Carrie B.    Dau    WF Aug 1895   4 S     Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, William A.  Son   WM Dec 18997 2 S     Missouri  Missouri Indiana
, Thomas H.  Son   WM Apr 1899   1 S     Missouri  Missouri Indiana

[Note:  I have not found Thomas, as a son in the 1870 Census, but he is a tight fit, as a child, and since he named a son “John E.,” presumably after his father, and since he lives next door to John W. in his old age, at eighty-seven, I am confident, linking Thomas as a son, though I of course seek additional verification.]  –shb 13 Feb 2007

70/70 Lankford, J__?       WM    Oct 1812 87 M59 Kentucky Virginia Virginia
, Elizabeth WF    Mar 1825 75 M59 Indiana    Indiana   Indiana
, Francis S. WM  Apr 1862 38 S     Illinois     Kentucky Indiana

71/71 Alsup [?], Mariah, age 66, born in Kentucky, both parents b. in KY. –shb 13 Feb 2007

February 13, 2007 Posted by | Kentucky Langfords, Missouri Langfords | Leave a comment

Larkin Langford (b. abt. 1773 VA, son of Joseph and Mary __ Lankford, m. Rachel Tucker, d. abt. 1845), of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Laurenceburg, Franklin, Kentucky, and Patoka, Crawford, Indiana

FATHER JOSEPH: Larkin is listed as a child of Joseph Langford by Martha Langford Green (see her internet entry as posted in father Joseph’s notes). –shb 14 Oct 2003

BROTHERS? See Robert Lankford, ID 66367; Walker Lankford, ID 230; and Jay Lankford, ID 66333;

ABT 1773–BIRTH IN PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: Approximate year, county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth, who credits Martha Langford Green as her source, compiling “Children of Joseph and Mary (Unknown) Langford, as forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. –shb 24 Jan 2006

POSSIBLE MIGRATION ROUTES: I wrote John Robert or “Bob” Langford, a descendant of Stephen Langford, first settler of Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Ketnucky, asking to know more about a photo he took and sent of a Tennessee marker, honoring early settlers, including a Joseph Kinkead (in media file of my ancestor, Capt. John Kincaid). His response: “This marker is beside U.S. Hwy 11W in Mt. Carmel, TN, about 5 miles west of Kingsport, TN. During this period of time, frontier pioneers heading for Kentucky, gathered up at The Long Island of The Holston river at what is now Kingsport, to wait for Daniel Boone to come by and guide them into the wilderness or for Capt John Donelson to take them down river on flatboats to Nashville. And, I imagine that a great many of them followed what is called The Great Indian Path, which ran from Bristol, TN/VA through Kingsport, Mt. Carmel and Church Hill down close to what is now called Bean Station, Tn before turning north toward Cumberland Gap. All of this area around here is laced with this type of history. Many, many historical figures were in this area, including Daniel Boone, Capt John Donelson, Rev. Samuel Doak, John Sevier, and later on Presidents Andrew Johnson and Andrew Jackson, etc., etc. The list is endless.” Also, another correspondent of Bob’s wrote, about the same marker: “Would loved to have seen that old house in its day. Unless I’m mistaken, my Whitakers migrated from NC through Carter Co., TN and lived there for a while before coming on to KY. I keep meaning to go there and do some research, but never have made it.” Bob’s response: “Hazel, I’ll send you a copy of an email I just sent to Sherlene about this. I guess most of the early settlers migrated south and west from Virginia and states farther north. Many of them crossed the mountains from N.C. into Tennessee through the gap at what is now Boone, N.C. All who came that way stopped at the Fort at Sycamore Shoals, present day Elizabethton, Tn, in Carter county. From there, a great many of them went on to the Long Island of the Holston, at present day Kingsport, to wait for Daniel Boone, or another guide, to take them into the wilderness. Do a google search for Sycamore Shoals. You will find it very interesting. Much history there. There is a National Park there at Sycamore Shoals with a replica of the original fort and there’s always some activities going on, especially this time of the year. I would highly recommend a visit. You’ll be glad you did. There’s also a beautiful covered bridge there in Elizabethton, as well as the Carter Mansion, the first frame house built in Tennessee. Elizabethton is located at the foothills of the mountains. Beautiful scenery. Bob” –shb 23 Oct 2006

1797, JANUARY 26–MARRIAGE TO RACHEL TUCKER AT LINCOLN COUNTY, KENTUCKY. Name of wife and their marriage date and county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth, based on research of Martha Langford Green. –shb 24 Jan 2006

ABT. 1800–A SON “LARKIN” BORN? I have a Larkin Lankford (m. Abigail VanMeter as a son of Larkin’s brother, my ancestors, Walker Lankford and Mary/Polly Warren. At one time thought Anna was this Larkin’s second wife, after Abigail died. However, since I found two Larkins in the 1860 Census, I have now placed the Larkin who married Anna as a namesake son of Larkin (m. Rachel Tucker). –shb 23 Oct 2006

1810 CENSUS–LARKIN IS AGE 26-45, LIVING WITH WIFE OF SAME AGE SPAN AND FOUR SONS, AGE 10 AND UNDER, TWO SONS, AGES 10-16,, AND ONE OTHER MALE, AGE 26-45, IN KENTUCKY (NO TWP. LISTED). 1810 Census information about Larkin from HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed by shb, 6 Mar 2006, via Godfrey Memorial Library.

1820 CENSUS–AGE 45+, LIVING WITH WIFE OF SAME AGE SPAN AND NINE SONS AND ONE DAUGHTER, IN LAURENCEBURG TOWNSHIP, FRANKLIN COUNTY, KENTUCKY. HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed and transcribed 23 Oct 2006, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Laurenceburg Township, Franklin County, Kentucky
Taken 1820

Lemuel Davis [listing neighbors on both sides–shb]
Wm. Maghall
Thos. Harris

Larkin Lankford 4 [males age 0-9], 2 [males age 10-15], 0 [males age 16-25], 3 [males age 26-44], 1 male [age 45+–Larkin–shb]; 1 [female age 0-9], [no females ages 10-15, 16-25, or 26-44], 1 [female age 45+–Larkin’s wife]

Jno. Perry
Joseph Griffey –shb 23 Oct 2006

Abt. 1845–DEATH IN PATOKA, CRAWFORD, INDIANA. Approximate death year and place, as posted on RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project, accessed 23 Oct 2006, by shb.

October 24, 2006 Posted by | Genealogy, Indiana Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Uncategorized, Virginia Langfords | 3 Comments

Larkin Langford (b. abt. 1800 KY, d. aft. 1880, s/o Larkin and Rachel [Tucker] Lankford, m. Anna __), of Patoka, Crawford, Indiana.

1860 CENSUS–“LARKIN LANKFORD” IS AGE SIXTY, A FARMER, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE “ANNA,” AGE FORTY-TWO, BORN IN INDIANA, AND EIGHT CHILDREN, IN P. O. WICKLIFFE, PATOKA TOWNSHIP, CRAWFORD COUNTY, INDIANA.  A LARKIN LANKFORD, AGE TWENTY-TWO, PROBABLY HIS NAMESAKE SON, WAS MARRIED TO “NANCY,” WITHIN THE YEAR, AND ALSO LIVES IN THE SAME TOWN.  HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 4 May 2006 (and revisited and checked, 23 Oct 2006), by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

[Note:  I need more documentation, but this Larkin seems to fit (by age and also by having a daughter named Rachel), as a namesake son of Larkin Langford and Rachel Tucker–shb.]

P.O. Wickliffe, Patoka Township, Crawford County, Indiana
Series 653, Roll 250, Page 488
Taken 2 Jul 1860

894/901 Levi Trusty (age 24), wife Catharine (24), both b. in Indiana, and dau. Mary.

895/902 Larkin Lankford   60M Farmer 1000 385  Kentucky
Anna                   42F                              Indiana
Elizabeth             19F                              Indiana
Mary A.               17F                              Indiana
Rachael               15F                              Indiana
William               14M                             Indiana
Sarah                  12F                               Indiana
Anna                   10F                               Indiana [misreading of Emma?–shb]
Louisa                   5F                               Indiana
Charles                 2M                               Indiana

896/1903 George W. Patton 27M Farmer 500 250    Indiana
Lucinda              28F                              Indiana
James W.              9M                             Indiana
George W             7M                             Indiana
Nathan M              5M                             Indiana
Granvill                 3M                            Indiana
Sylvester                1M                            Indiana

897/904 William Highfill         61M Farmer               Ohio,
Mary                        45F                            Tennessee and family –shb 4 May 2006

1870 CENSUS–“LARKEN LANKFORD” IS AGE SEVENTY, A FARMER, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE “ANNY,” AGE FIFTY-TWO, BORN IN INDIANA, AND SIX CHILDREN, NEXT DOOR TO SON WILLIAM AND WIFE, ELIZABETH, IN PATOKA, CRAWFORD, INDIANA.  HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed and transcribed, 23 May 2006, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

P.O __ [can’t read–shb], PATOKA, CRAWFORD, INDIANA
Series M593, Roll 306, Page 79
Taken 13 Jul 1870

74/74 Enggart [?] and wife Lucinda, age 45, FW Keeping house, born in Indiana.

75/75 [Can’t read this neighbor’s name–shb.]

76/76 Lankford, Larkin    70 MW Farmer [can’t read property values]  Kentucky
, Anny      52 FW Keeping house                                  Indiana
, Elizabeth 30 FW                                                         Indiana
, Mary H.   28 FW                                                         Indiana
, Sarah       20 FW                                                         Indiana
, Emma      18 FW                                                         Indiana
, Eliza         13 FW                                                         Indiana
, Charles    11 MW                                                        Indiana
, Marthy     [?] FW [age blurred–shb]                           Indiana

[Note:  Where are Anna, who would have been age twenty in 1870, and Louisa, who would have been age fifteen, in 1870?–shb]

77/77 Lankford, William    24 MW Tenant                  100 Indiana
, Elizabeth  15 FW Keeping House             Indiana

78/78 Head, Sarah              38 FW                        500 200 Kentucky
, Charles          17 MW                                    Kentucky
, Emy                15 FW                                     Kentucky
, Medora            12 FW                                    Indiana
, James                 9 MW                                  Indiana  –shb 23 May 2006

1880 CENSUS–“LARKEN LANKFORD” IS AGE EIGHTY, BORN IN KENTUCKY, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE “ANNIE,” AGE SIXTY-ONE, BORN IN INDIANA, AND FOUR DAUGHTERS, IN PATOKA, CRAWFORD, INDIANA.  NEXT DOOR LIVES SON “WILLIAM W. LANKFORD,” AND SIX DOORS TO THE OTHER SIDE LIVE “HENY J.” AND WIFE “MARTHY” LANKFORD AND FAMILY.  LDS Transcription, as posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 23 May 2006, by shb:

[Note:  Neighbors surrounding the three following Lankford families are named Highfill, Spears, Stroud, Patten, Litle, and Knight.]

“Name      Relation     Marital Status     Gender     Race     Age     Birthplace     Occupation     Father’s Birthplace    Mother’s Birthplace
Heny J. LANKFORD       Self       M       Male       W       39       IN       Farming       KY       KY
Marthy LANKFORD       Wife       M       Female       W       45       IN       Keeping House       TN       TN
Wm. H. SMITH       SSon       S       Male       W       17       IN       Farmer       IN       IN
Isaac J. LANKFORD       Son       S       Male       W       11       IN              IN       IN
George W. LANKFORD       Son       S       Male       W       6       IN              IN       IN

“Source Information:
Census Place     Patoka, Crawford, Indiana
Family History Library Film      1254271
NA Film Number      T9-0271
Page Number      365B
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.  All rights reserved.”

[Six doors later]:

“Name       Relation      Marital Status      Gender      Race      Age      Birthplace      Occupation     Father’s Birthplace    Mother’s Birthplace
Larken LANKFORD       Self       M       Male       W       80       KY       Farming       KY       KY
Annie LANKFORD       Wife       M       Female       W       61       IN       Keeping House       KY       VA
Mary A. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       39       IN       House Keeper       KY       IN
Ann M. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       30       IN       House Keeper       KY       IN
Eliza A. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       24       IN       House Keeper       KY       IN
Martha J. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       19       IN              KY       IN

“Source Information:
Census Place     Patoka, Crawford, Indiana
Family History Library Film      1254271
NA Film Number      T9-0271
Page Number      365B
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.  All rights reserved.”

[Next door lives Larkin Lankford’s son “Wm. W.” and family]:

“Name      Relation     Marital Status     Gender     Race     Age     Birthplace     Occupation     Father’s Birthplace    Mother’s Birthplace
Wm. W. LANKFORD       Self       M       Male       W       34       IN       Farming       KY       IN
Elizabeth LANKFORD       Wife       M       Female       W       24       IN       Keeping House       IN       IN
Charles M. LANKFORD     Son       S       Male       W       8       IN              IN       IN
John T. LANKFORD       Son       S       Male       W       7       IN              IN       IN
Minnie F. LANKFORD       Dau       S       Female       W       9M   IN              IN       IN

“Source Information:
Census Place     Patoka, Crawford, Indiana
Family History Library Film      1254271
NA Film Number      T9-0271
Page Number      365B
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.  All rights reserved.”  –shb 23 May 2006

October 24, 2006 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Pleasant Lankford (a blacksmith, b. abt. 1815, m. Rebecca __), of Buncombe County, North Carolina

1870 CENSUS–“PLEASANT LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-FIVE, A BLACKSMITH, BORN IN NORTH CAROLINA, LIVING WITH WIFE REBECCA AND SEVEN CHILDREN, IN FLAT CREEK TOWNSHIP, BUNCOMBE COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA. THEY HAVE GENTRY NEIGHBORS. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 17 Oct 2006, by shb, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Flat Creek Township, Buncombe County, North Carolina
Series M593, Roll 1125, Page 178
Taken 30 July 1870
104/120 Eller, W. C. 35 MW Farmer 11,000 500 North Carolina
, Mary E. 24 FW and four children.

105/121 Lankford, Pleasant 55 MW Blacksmith 1700 150 North Carolina [b. abt. 1815–shb]
, Rebecca 51 FW Keeping House North Carolina
, Thos. N. 29 MW Farm Laborer North Carolina
, William R. 26 MW Farmer North Carolina
, Joseph H. 22 MW Farm Laborer North Carolina [After ancestor, Joseph Lankford?]
, Clara H. 25 FW No occupation North Carolina
, Velda A. 19 FW No occupation North Carolina
, Mary A. E. 16 FW No occupation North Carolina [After ancestor Joseph’s wife, Mary?–shb]
, George W. 14 MW Farm Laborer North Carolina

106/122 Gentry, J. R. 44 MW Farmer North Carolina
, Sarah J. 29 FW Keeping House North Carolina
, Malinda J. 3 FW North Carolina
, Sarah V. 1 FW North Carolina
, Mary A. 42 FW No occupation North Carolina
, A. Jane 40 FW Seamstress North Carolina

107/123 Blackstock N. 76 MW Farmer 11,000 300 North Carolina
and wife (can’t read her name), same age, and family.

[Note: Stephen Lankford, b. abt. 1748, first settler of Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky, had a daughter, Elizabeth, who married a Gentry, so it is interesting that this Pleasant Lankford, of Buncombe County, North Carolina, has a Gentry neighbor. Also, I found Pulaski County, Kentucky Langfords, whose marriage records detailed that they came from Buncombe County, North Carolina.  They were probably related to my ancestor, Walker Lankford, who was the first Langford to settle on Line-Creek, in Pulaski County.  The fact that this Pleasant Lankford, of Buncombe County, had a son named Joseph is the best evidence I’ve seen recently that my ancestor Walker’s father could have been Joseph Lankford, as my mother, Ida-Rose Langford Hall suspected, but could not absolutely prove. It also doesn’t hurt that Pleasant and Rebecca also named a daughter Mary, since Walker’s purported father Joseph’s wife had that name. Also of interest is the fact that this Pleasant Lankford was a blacksmith, as this was the profession of another Line-Creek settler, “Flintlock Stephen” Langford, b. abt. 1788.] –shb 17 Oct 2006

October 18, 2006 Posted by | Genealogy, North Carolina Langfords | 6 Comments

Mary Lankford (b. 1752, NC, d/o Benjamin and Henrietta Bowcock, m. Richard Todd), of Pittsylvania County, Virginia

Notes for Mary Lankford (d/o Benjamin and Henrietta, m. Richard Todd), compiled by Sherlene Hall Bartholomew (shb, hereafter), as of 6 Oct 2006:

1752–BIRTH IN NORTH CAROLINA: (See “GENEALOGY NOTES FOUND” tag, below, for information gleaned from notes about Mary Langford Todd’s genealogy, as found in an old Georgia attic and then posted on the ‘net. These notes include information that “Mary Lankford Todd was born in 1752, in North Carolina, and moved to Woodford County, near Versailles, Kentucky.” –shb 6 Oct 2006

MARY NAMED IN FATHER/S WILL: See notes of Mary’s father, Benjamin Lankford, for a transcription of his will, proved 17 Sep 1810, that names “daughter Mary Todd, widow of Richard Todd.” –shb 8 Apr 2006

FATHER BENJAMIN LANKFORD/MARRIED RICHARD TODD, JR./CHILDREN: Information about Mary Lankford was first entered from a family group record posted on “Stray Leaves, A James Family in America Since 1650,” found at http://www.ericjames.org/html/fam/fam29398.htm , accessed 6 Apr 2006, by shb. This site says Mary m. Richard Todd Jr. in 1780, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia.

1780, SEPTEMBER 19–MARRIAGE BOND FOR MARY LANKFORD AND RICHARD TODD SIGNED BY MARY’S FATHER, VIRGINIA ASSEMBLYMAN BENJAMIN LANKFORD: Date first obtained from research of Ida-Rose (Langford) Hall, as published in her book, Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford, then confirmed as date of their marriage bond. (See scan of bond, as attached to Mary’s media file.) A photocopy of this bond was made by a friend of Terry Smith’s, while doing research in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, then Terry mailed it to shb. I have transcribed it (with helpful interpretation by Barry Wood, in the several places, where I could not read the script). I ended my transcripton on the same line as the original text (sometimes the right margin served as punctuation):

“Know all men by these Presents that we Rich Todd & Jos Akins
are held and firmly bound unto the Common Wealth in the Just Sum
of fifty pounds Current Mony to Which payment Well and truly to be made
We bind ourselves our heirs Executors and admsts firmly these presents Sealed
With our Seals and Dated this 19th Day of Sept. Anno Dom 1780

“Whereas their is a Marriage Suddenly intended by Gods permission between
the said Richd Todd and Mary Lankford

“Now the Condition of the above obligation is such that if their is no Lawfull
Cause to obstruct this s’d Marriage then the above Obligation to be void or else
to Remain in full force Power and Virtue

“Signed, Sealed and Delivered
In the Presence of
[Opposite above two lines are these signatures] Richd Todd
Jos. Akins

[Underneath this bond is a note that looks as though it was written on a separate piece of paper and attached–shb]:

“These are to Certify my Consent for you to Issue a Licence
for the Marriage of Richard Todd and Mary Lankford given
under my Hand & Seal this 18th [blurred–shb] day of Sept 1780
Test
George Allin [?–shb] Ben: Lankford [his signature and seal–shb]
Wm Allin” –shb 5 Oct 2006

Correspondence about this marriage bond from Barry D. Wood to shb, 5 Oct 2006: “To answer your question about the second bondsman, typically each of the bride and groom had a bondsman to stand bond for them, or the groom could do it for himself, if of age. The bride’s bondsman was usually her father, brother, brother in law, or an uncle.

“I think that it’s very interesting that Jos.[eph] Akins, of whom we (or at least I) know absolutely nothing, acted as bondsman instead of Benjamin Lankford. I have no clue as to what the relationship might have been — if any.

“They practically never had to PAY on the bond — which was a good thing, as the fifty pounds mentioned here would be enough to buy an entire farm at the time, though not a large or nicely improved one. They just had to stand ready to pay up if it were determined that the bride and groom were really half brother and half sister, or if the groom were already married to another wife; something like that.” –shb 6 Oct 2006

MARY LANKFORD’S HUSBAND RICHARD WAS VIRGINIA’S PAUL REVERE? WARS IN HALIFAX/PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: See notes of Benjamin Lankford, Richard’s father-in-law (my Legacy ID No. 66896), for an “abbreviated” history by Maud Clement of wars that affected Pittsylvania County and Virginia, in general. I feel certain that Benjamin was related to my ancestor, Joseph Lankford (for one thing, Benjamin, Joseph, and Nicholas Lankford are involved in various suits over debt, same time and place–see Benjamin’s notes for this chronology). However, at this time we do not yet know how they connect. Benjamin was on the Committee of Safety and served in Virginia’s General Assembly. This history tells much about the times that certainly also affected the lives of our Virginia Lankfords. Clement’s history includes this paragraph:

“After laying Virginia waste, Cornwallis marched his force to Yorktown. Now came the order for one quarter of Pittsylvania’s militia to the ‘Siege of York.’ The Court of Claims gives the item: ‘To RICHARD TODD for Riding Express to give militia officers notice (and finding himself for four days) in consequence of his Excellency the Governor’s Order to order one quarter of the militia to the Siege of York.'” I do not know whether this Richard Todd is Mary Lankford’s husband or her father-in-law, with the same name. –shb 18 July 2006

SHIRON WORDSWORTH RESPONSE: Excerpt from e-note response to some of the above, by Shi Wordsworth, to shb, 17 July 2006: “You have the perfect reference for Richard’s accidental death. It’s in that letter [found in the Georgia attic, see below–shb] that the kind correspondent [speaking of Michelle Bartell–shb] is going to scan and send you. I’ve read that the Richard who was Virginia’s version of Paul Revere was, in fact, Mary Langford’s husband. I can’t remember right now whether or not there were references for that bit of information. I always kept Mary Langford Todd in the back of my mind, but didn’t concentrate on her since I wasn’t really sure whether or not there was a connection to Rockcastle Stephen. But I’ll be hunting for her with more intensity now that some knots are beginning to come untangled with regard to Virginia-Kentucky Langfords. If I find that particular reference, I’ll give you a holler.” –shb 19 July 2006

BOB LANGFORD RESPONSE: On being copied to some of the above correspondence, John Robert or “Bob” Langford, thought to be a descendant Stephen Lankford, original settler of Mt. Vernon (via his son Benjamin, who m. Nancy Peyton), responds, 18 July 2006: “Sherlene, I don’t have them in front of me, but I have seen several references to Richard Todd being “killed in the Indian wars.” According to the story, after Richard was killed, Mary went to live with her sister, Henrietta, wife of Judge Thomas Todd, Richard’s brother, who was living at Crab Orchard, Kentucky at the time. If that is correct, the Todd brothers were smitten by the beauty of those Langford sisters, huh?

“I believe this originated with Martha Green. I also saw it in some of Rose Cranston’s stuff.
Incidentally, I am showing that Richard Todd and Mary Langford married on 19 Sept 1780.
Col. Bob [He also goes by “The Colonel,” an alias Shi Wordsworth first assigned him–shb.]

1795–HUSBAND RICHARD TODD DIES/MARY TAKES THEIR FOUR CHILDREN TO LIVE WITH HER BROTHER-IN-LAW, JUDGE (LATER US SUPREME COURT JUSTICE) THOMAS TODD, IN KENTUCKY. My mother, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, wrote in her book, Projenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford (1970, 2003), p. 61, that “Mary Todd was widowed by the Indian Wars and went to Kentucky to live with her husband’s brother who was a prominent judge in Kentucky.” However, I did not know this brother’s name until I got this helpful e-mail from Terry Smith, 8 Aug 2006. She writes: “I also highlighted one tidbit [she is talking about having combed through her Pittsylvania County, Virginia resources on hand–shb.] Richard Todd was the son of Richard Todd of King & Queen County and a brother of William Todd. He married Mary Lankford, a daughter of Benjamin Lankford of Pittsylvania. Richard Todd died in 1795, for in that year his estate was ordered and appraised. After the death of her husband, Mary Lankford Todd went to Kentucky and made her home with her brother-in-law, Justice Thomas Todd, taking with her her four children (Virginia Magazine, Vol. 25, 309.)”

——-Original Message——-
From: Sherlene H. Bartholomew
Date: 08/10/06 13:59:52
To: Undisclosed-Recipient:,
Subject: Judge Thomas Todd took in Mary (Lankford) Todd and 4 children

“Dear Langfords,

“Here’s a relative-by-marriage you’ll be interested to learn about.

“I learned from Terry Smith yesterday that after Richard Todd died, his widow, Mary (Lankford), daughter of Virginia General Assemblyman Benjamin Lankford, went to live with her husband’s brother, who lived in Kentucky, bringing along her four children by Richard Todd. (Benjamin, Mary’s father, is in the Caroline County, VA records, interacting, once in the same case, with our ancestor, Joseph Lankford, so we know they were related–possibly brothers?).

“My mother wrote in her book that Mary went to live with a prominent judge in Kentucky, but Terry was able, from her resources, to name him. THANKS, Terry! She writes, 8 Aug 2006:

“‘I also highlighted one tidbit [she is talking about having combed through her Pittsylvania County, Virginia resources on hand–shb.] Richard Todd was the son of Richard Todd of King & Queen County and a brother of William Todd [William, as a brother was new to me–shb]. He married Mary Lankford, a daughter of Benjamin Lankford of Pittsylvania. Richard Todd died in 1795 for in that year his estate was ordered and appraised. After the death of her husband, Mary Lankford Todd went to Kentucky and made her home with her brother-in-law, Justice Thomas Todd, taking with her her four children (Virginia Magazine, Vol. 25, 309.)” –shb 10 Aug 2006

“I checked the early censuses, after Mary left, but they have very little detail, so I could not decipher which Thomas Todd she went to live with. However, I had better luck with a google search for “Justice Thomas Todd.” I found a fabulous biography about the man who ultimately became United States Supreme Court Justice Associate Thomas Todd! Unfortunately, it did not mention his taking in Mary and her children. He certainly was an
admirable character–reading about his life was very interesting. Here’s one link to a short
bio and his portrait:

<http://www.supremecourthistory.org/02_history/subs_timeline/images_associates/012.html&gt;

“The site also includes a longer bio of him, so check the other links.

On 8/14/06, Shi Wordsworth responds, writing to another cousin, Bob Langford, who copied it to me, with his comments: “Click on the link below to see Mary Langford Todd’s brother-in-law. I had no idea he was made a Justice of the Supreme Court!

“Well, the law!

“Sherlene” –shb 15 Aug 2006 [Note: In a subsequent letter, Shi said she heard of another Madison connection, beyond the fact I passed on that Thomas Todd married Lucy (Payne), sister of Dolly Madison and the widow of Pres. George Washington’s nephew: Mary Lankford’s sister Anne (d/o Assemblyman Benjamin) married Ambrose Madison, a second cousin (according to my Legacy relationship calculator) of President James Madison–shb.]

JUDGE/JUSTICE THOMAS TODD PRESIDES AT HARPES TRIAL? After sending Shi Wordsworth news from Terry Smith that the prominent relative Mary went to live with, after her husband Richard Todd’s death was Judge Thomas Todd and sent her material I had found on him, Shi responded, 15 Aug 2006: “I knew that Thomas Todd had given Mary Langford a home after his brother’s death [so why didn’t she know that I didn’t know and read my mind, so tell me about it?–shb.] I’m also suspicious that this same Thomas Todd was the state’s prosecuting attorney in the trial of the Harpes for murdering Thomas Langford [I had noticed his name in that context and wondered about that, myself–‘would seem to be a conflict of interest, unless they were not related, after all–shb]. Thanks for the links!” –shb 15 Aug 2006

A MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL ARRANGEMENT? Since Thomas Todd’s wife, Elizabeth (Harris) died in 1801, about six years after the widowed Mary joined their household, perhaps Elizabeth was not well, and the arrangement was beneficial for both. Elizabeth had been married some seven years (since 1788) and had five children before she died. In 1795, when Richard Todd died, he left Mary with four children under about age fifteen, as they were married in 1780. For propriety’s sake, did Mary move out shortly after Elizabeth died? When she left, where did she go? –shb 10 Aug 2006

ONLY STAYED “A WHILE” WITH JUDGE THOMAS TODD. “Todd Families of America” RootsWeb site, accessed 10 Aug 2006, by shb, lists among Todds in various Kentucky counties these that include information about Mary Lankford Todd and, also, her son Benjamin Lankford Todd [full caps mine–shb]:

“Franklin County –

“Thomas Todd (TF 31) (1765-1824?), Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court settled in Franklin County. He was son of William Todd of King and Queen County. His brother William settled in Woodford County; the widow of his brother Richard (who died in VA in 1795) came to Kentucky and lived for a while with Judge Todd.

“Richard Todd (1768-1858) married in Franklin in 1802 and later moved to Owen County.

“Hopkins County –

“Between 1807 and 1810, a widow Sarah Todd with several children and a Jonathan Todd with a wife and two sons settled in Hopkins County. Sarah is assumed to be the mother of Damara b 1796 NC md John Lockridge 1822, Thomas b 1797 NC, Sarah b 1800 MO, John b 1805 MO, Reuben b 1808 KY. Jonathan went to White Co, ILL by 1830; Reuben married in White Co in 1830 and then returned to Hopkins Co. prior to 1840.

“By 1820, several other Todds arrived there – BENJAMIN L. TODD 1785-1848 from the King and Queen Co ,VA family [this is Benjamin Lankford Todd, son of Richard and Mary (Lankford) Todd–shb], Joshua Todd from the Rowan Co, NC->Madison Co, KY family, and Thomas.

“Madison County

“Descendants of Joseph Todd (TF 17) d 1699 Philadelphia came to Rowan County, North Carolina and then moved on to Madison KY about 1797.

“Pulaski County

“William & Elizabeth Todd (TF 55) settled in the Pulaski area. Their children were Richard Todd b.ca.1789, Robert Todd b. 1790-1796, William Todd who married Polly Taylor ca. 1818, Anderson Todd Sr. who married Sarah McKenzie ca. 1818, Thomas Todd who married Mary Van Hook ca. 1822, Andrew Todd who died at age of 75 in 1876 (listing parents Wm.&Eliz.), and Henry Todd who married Jane Adams in 1828. Some historians assert a connection to Washington Co, VA.”

“Also Joseph & Charity Henninger Todd were in the county ca 1830’s. Their children Joseph Green Todd, Henry Harrison Todd, Matilda Todd, Cartwright T. Todd, and Mary Polly Todd.” –shb 10 Aug 2006

GENEALOGY NOTES FOUND IN GEORGIA ATTIC. As posted by Michelle Bartell at http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec?htx=message&r=rw&p=surnames.todd&m=2277, accessed 18 July 2006, by shb (as referred by “Mary F.” who saw my posting about Benjamin Lankford (who was in the General Assembly, of Pittsylvania County, Virginia) on my “G-log” Langford blog: “This letter was found in an old house in Atlanta, GA by my aunt [since identified by Michelle as ‘Martha Coe [1934-1998’]. I am not related in any way to these families and have no further information. I will gladly send a scan of the below letter that I have transcribed to anyone that wants it [I did write Michelle, asking for the scan, which she graciously accomplished, discovering a back-side, in the process–shb]. I transcribe both sides of the original, myself, as follows [information Michelle added that I did not see or deduce from the transcribed copy is in brackets like this–shb]. I end each line where it ended on the original notes:

Michelle’s transcription includes this introduction: “Genealogy of Todd Family- as told by Aunt Agnes Todd on her visit to her nephew (Maurice Hanner) and family in Atlanta, GA – Aug. 20th 1928. Also her cousin Elizabeth Todd of Athens, GA.”

“Mary Lankford Todd (Gr. Gr. mother)
born 1752 in N.C. moved to Woodford Co. near Versailles, Ky. [last three words inserted above words “moved to . . .”–shb]

“‘had 3 boys – Benj Lankford
being the oldest – Thomas next
then William –

“While on their way, they stopped at
a tavern and her husband was shot
and killed or accidentally Killed [inserted words after Killed: “By the Harpes”]
and was buried near there.

“My Gr. Grand-father Benj Lankford Todd)
came on [sic–shb] Hopkins Co. In M[adison] – ville

“He had a number of slaves –
He was the father of 8 children
then died about 1840.

“The children are all gone except
Aunt Sarah Todd Slaton who is now 96 [next side]

“Our Gr. Gr-mother was Eliz”- Green
who married Benj L -who died
1852 – was 100 yrs. old. We are the only descendants
of Benj L – Todd
Benj L. Todds cousin Chas S. Todd
(Inspector Gen. and Aide De Camp to Gen.
Harrison during the Revolutionary War
and Rep. of U.S.A. in So. America
and Minister to Russia” –shb 19 July 2006

NOTES FOUND IN ATTIC OF A RELATIVE OF MY BROTHER-IN-LAW BARRY D. WOOD! Letter from Michelle Bartell to shb, 19 July 2006: “Dear Sherlene,

“Please find the attached 3 scans. One looks to be the rough notes and the other the transcribed version. I posted the transcribed version. I just turned the untranscribed letter over and see there was more information on the back. Also on the untranscribed version it does say “shot and killed or accidentally killed by by the H…? I just can’t read the writing [I explained to her that this was the ‘Harpes Brothers’–shb.]

“My aunt’s name was Martha Coe (1934-1998), she would be honored to be credited as she was my family’s genealogist and historian. When she died I got her papers. Her start has help me pull alot together.

“The house she found it in belonged to Kenneth Hufford Hanner before she bought it. His father is the Maurice Hanner mentioned in the letter. Looking at the paper and information I think it dates from the late 1920s or early 1930s.

“Feel free to pass it along, but if anyone wants a bigger scan, a photo copy or a disk of it just let me know and I will make it to size.

“Best regards,

“Michelle Bartell” –shb 2 Aug 2006

E-letter from Barry D. Wood to shb, 19 July 2006: “This is quite a surprise — to see the prior owner of that house bearing the Hufford name (my mother’s maiden name). I haven’t tracked the Huffords who stayed in Kentucky past the 1880 census, and am not aware of any in Georgia at all. Thus I’m not aware of Mr. Hanner exactly, but I can’t imagine anyone having Hufford as a middle name who would not have gotten it as a family name.

“Just to reiterate, of the four Hufford brothers who settled in Kentucky (Daniel, John, George and Jacob), at least one and probably two were killed by robbers; a couple of decades later than the Langford murder(s).

“So I’m wondering whether part of the reason Mr. Hanner saved this memo was that he had multiple Kentucky murder victims in his family tree. Do you think that the Agnes Todd who provided this information was the same Agnes Todd who appears on the 1880 census as the wife of J. Langford Todd?

“The URL of the search result where I found the household in Hopkins County, on familysearch.org, is as follows:

“<http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp&gt;

“However, that might not work for someone else, so I might have to suggest that you just try looking for an Agnes Todd. There weren’t that many, and only one born in Kentucky, except for a six year old girl who would have been only 54 in 1928 and therefore maybe not the eldest family historian in the clan.

“In short, it would seem that the person who provided this information was technically an
‘aunt in law’ of the Langford/Todd descendants.

“The fact that her husband chose to use his middle name — Langford — as his principal given name reflects the honor that the Todds associated with their Langford ancestry, some 100 years after their ancestor Benjamin Langford was the sheriff of Pittsylvania County.

“Barry Wood” [To which Michelle Bartell responds]:

“Dear Barry and Sherlene,

“Here is how the Hanners, Hufford, Langford and Short papers were all together in Georgia house that my aunt bought.

“This is from a book by Effie Short on the Moulton Short family 1799 to 1916.

“Kenneth Hufford Hanner
Kenneth’s Father Maurice Hanner – connected to Langford & Todd Families
Kenneth’s mother Hattie May Hufford
Hattie’s father Simon Hufford of Sandusky, OH
Hattie’s Mother Elizabeth Short
(I have this last couple’s marriage certificate as well)

“I am glad to be able to have help.

“Sounds like the Harpes Bros. were pretty awful! Send me your notes, Sherlene, I would enjoy the read. [I did–shb.]

“Regards, Michelle” –shb 2 Aug 2006

PHOTO OF MARTHA COE. I wrote to Michelle Bartell, telling her I may wish to use the story about her aunt’s finding those notes in the attic of her home in a column, with this e-response, 2 Aug 2006:

“Dear Sherlene,

” . . . . If you want to write a story for your column, I will be glad to give any information and help I can.

“I don’t have a picure of the house, but here is the address 269 Josephine St., Atlanta, GA 30307. Martha moved to Atlanta from California to work in a local paper (she was a journalist and photographer). She bought and restored the house over a period of about 5 years. (1978-1983). Martha then moved back to California and worked at her hometown paper the Willow’s Journal until her death.

“When Martha died, she left me everything. She never married and had no children. She had the papers I found in her genealogy file. These things came with me when I moved from California to [protected information now in her blind file–shb].

“I am attaching a picture of Martha Mae Coe. It is my favorite picture of her. Just a side note the necklace in the picture is a Victoria penny with jet beads (now mine and which I wear often). I don’t have any great pictures of the 2 of us, so just use this one if you like.

“I will answer any questions you want and give you full authorization to publish this information.

“Regards,

“Michelle K. Bartell” [Note: I have attached Martha Coe’s photo to Mary Lankford Todd’s media file.] –shb 2 Aug 2006

SHI WORDSWORTH RESPONSE: After I forwarded to Shi Wordsworth Michelle Bartell’s typed transcription of the first page of these notes, as posted at ancestry.com, I got this response from Shi, 17 July 2006:

“Hi!

“This is exciting even if it doesn’t clear up the murder of Thomas Langford on the Wilderness Road. This is an account of how Mary Langford Todd’s husband, Richard, met his death.

“But what is really exciting to me personally is that I found Grandpa Robert (son of Benjamin, son of Stephen1) in Woodford County in the 1810 census. I always wondered why he was in Woodford County, but…if his aunt, Mary Langford Todd, was living there, perhaps that’s where and how he met his wife, Frances Head.

“And…this is also more circumstantial evidence that Rockcastle Stephen [our term, referring to Stephen 1, first settler of Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky–shb] is, indeed, the son of Pitt Ben [Virginia Assemblyman, Benjamin Lankford, of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, and father of Mary, who married Richard Todd–shb] and the brother of Mary Langford Todd.

“Yes, please send the scanned copy of the letter when you get it!

“And if all of the above is true, then Rockcastle Stephen is the nephew of [my ancestor–shb]Joseph Langford. We’ve finally made a connection or at least an assumption that’s got some fairly credible legs to walk with. If all of this is true, we are finally, officially, cousins. For crying out loud! It’s about time!

“Hurray!!!

“Rowdy Shi

“PS. We have estimated a birth year for Pitt Ben’s Stephen as about 1745. That fits perfectly with having a sister born in 1752. It also explains a bit why there is a North Carolina connection for Rockcastle Stephen. This gets better and better!” –shb 19 July 2006

MORE CONNECTING: E-letter from Sh Wordsworth to shb, 21 July 2006 ” . . . .Here’s what I think is true. I think the murdered Thomas was Pitt Ben’s son. I think that he was also the sibling of Rockcastle Stephen and Mary Langford Todd. I think that the Thomas your mother [Ida-Rose Langford Hall] lists as Benjamin’s son [in her book, Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford–shb], the one who married in 1806, is Pitt Ben’s grandchild and not his son.

“It’s been a five year road searching for these ancestors. So often my opinion would change along the way. But lots of threads are coming together to make me almost certain that what I wrote, in short, above is the actual truth.

“I’ll try to make sense of this tomorrow. Till then I’m still

“Your Rowdy Cuz” –shb 22 July 2006 [To which my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, wrote, 22 July]:

“Right… I agree with Shi. (But I’m still in shock to find that Kenneth Hufford Hanner really is MY cousin, as well as related to you on the Langford side! His grandfather Simon Hufford was desc. from Jacob Hufford, one of the 17 children of Christian Hufford/Hoffert/Hoffarth, immigrant from Schwaigern, Kraichgau, Baden-Wuerttemburg in 1729, whose oldest son Christian Jr.’s son Peter’s son John was my mother’s grandfather.) [I wrote him back to the effect that the ghosts are working overtime, making this search fun for us–this sounds so improbable that if I read it in a book, I’d think the author was trying to hard to make the plot interesting–shb.] –shb 22 Jul 2006

MURDERED THOMAS QUITE PROBABLY MARY’S BROTHER: E-letter from Shi Wordswroth to shb, 19 July 2006: “Hi! What a treasure that letter is! I’m ever so grateful to have it. In my opinion it definately ties Mary Langford Todd to the murdered Thomas.

“Here’s what I glean from it. See if this makes sense. First of all this is a recollection written in 1928, or 130 years after Thomas Langford was murdered on the Wilderness Road. I think we have a case of an elderly individual mixing two family stories many long years after the fact. Or we may have a person jotting down notes on family history as the story is recounted intending to go back and flesh out the whole tale, yet never getting around to it. Here’s why I think this is the case.

“First of all we have this letter, and we have the historical record from the depositions taken at the time of the murder. Those depositions say that Thomas Langford was traveling with David Irby from Pittsylvania County, Virginia. At some point in their Kentucky journey, the two traveling companions separated, with Thomas Langford headed toward some destination other than Lexington or Frankfort. He made it to somewhere near Crab Orchard where he met the Harpes and was killed by them the following day. David Irby testifies that he alone was the traveling companion of Thomas Langford. That’s his sworn testimony in Lincoln County records. Irby even mentions that Thomas kept a pocket book where he recorded the expenses the two incurred. And it is David Irby and John Farris who get the court order to exhume Thomas for identification purposes. David Irby says that he was traveling alone with the man named Thomas Langford. The courts of Lincoln County proved to the Commonwealth’s satisfaction that his solitary traveling companion was TL. For sure documented court records state that Thomas Langford was murdered by the Harpes.

“No accounting of the Harpes’ murder victims ever lists Richard Todd as one of those poor souls. If Thomas had been traveling with his sister, and she miraculously escaped the Harpes, she could have identified the body. It wouldn’t have taken ‘raising’ Thomas in order for non family members to make an identification. I don’t think the man mentioned in this letter was the Mary Langford Todd’s husband, but her brother. I think that’s the connection that gets confused in this recollection after the fact. Obviously the family remembered the connection between the man murdered by the Harpes and Mary Langford Todd. But court records show that Thomas was alone with the Harpes at the time of his murder. If Mary Todd Langford and her children had been traveling in that group, the Harpes would have murdered the whole family. They thought nothing of killing children, and they never left witnesses except for one instance when they left an adult witness for dead. In that instance they were mistaken about that man’s demise. But their intent was to kill all who could lay blame at their door.

“I think the great thing about this letter is that it ties Mary Langford Todd to the real murder victim, the one documented in court records as Thomas Langford. There is a definite recollection of a relationship between Mary Langford Todd and a man killed by the Harpes. And if that’s the case, it ties Thomas Langford to Pitt Ben. I think this is great evidence that murdered Thomas was a member of Pitt Ben’s immediate family.

“I need to look at the old roads through Kentucky at the time. Thomas was much closer to Stephen Langford’s home, than he was to Mary Langford Todd’s residence, at the time of his death. My guess is that if he were headed first to see his sister, he would have continued traveling further with David Irby before parting company with him and agreeing to meet him later at Frankfort. Thomas probably fully intended to visit with his sister during his Kentucky journey. But I think the road he was traveling indicates that he was headed more toward Stephen’s new acquisition of land, the one he had recently obtained by purchasing the Barbour grant. But I need to look at the roads which were few and far between at that time before I say that as fact. Does this make sense?

“In all family tales you have to weigh the story in light of what is actual historically documented fact. And especially if the family recollection is 130 years after those facts.I think this letter is wonderful for proving a connection between Mary Langford Todd and murdered Thomas. For that reason alone, it’s an incredible find. Sherlene, you are the ace detective! Keep it up!!! Rowdy is proud to be your cuz!!!! [Shi and others in the family are doing much of the thinking here–I just followed up on a referral by “Mary F.” to the posting so graciously provided by Michelle Bartell. I am thrilled to be part of such a fun team of family researchers, including Bob Langford and Barry Wood, who make “The Search” not only interesting and productive, but fun. We will gladly add input from anyone else out there who picks this up on my Langford G-log–shb.] –shb

TODD/MADISON CONNECTIONS: E-note from John Robert or “Bob” Langford to Shi Wordsworth, copied to shb, 14 Aug 2006: “Could old Chief Justice Todd have been Mary Todd Lincoln’s father or grandfather?

“That name Mary sure could be a clue. We may have a link to honest Abe here. Did Thomas marry his brother’s widow? I thought he was already married to Mary’s sister.

“We need to get to the bottom of this.

——-Original Message——-
From: Sherlene H. Bartholomew
Subject: Re: Mary Lankford Todd and US Supreme Ct. Justice Thomas Todd

“Hi, again,

“I wondered, too, Bob, about whether these Todds connect to Mary Todd Lincoln. I should think Pres. Lincoln’s lines would have been outlined clearly, by now, so that we could trace that (one more fun search for the pile).

“I also wondered if Judge Thomas Todd married his brother’s widow, Mary (Lankford), but his bio says he married Lucy (Payne), a sister of Dolly Madison and widow of a nephew of George Washington.

“It’s my guess that for propriety’s sake, Mary moved out shortly after Thomas’ first wife died in 1801 (since Mary’s husband Richard died in 1795, she would have, in that case, only been in Thomas Todd’s household for about six years, perhaps helping him with an ailing wife and their children, so that it was a two-way benefit?

“I would like to know where she went after that–to Georgia, perhaps, since those notes about her genealogy were found in an attic there? Did she marry again?

“I saw some references that may have related to Mary’s husband, Richard Todd (or to his father by the same name) that I, of course, can’t find now. At any rate, my impression is that one of the Richards was very heroic, referred to in at least one history as ‘Virginia’s Paul Revere.’ Mary’s husband died in battle (as I recall, in one of the “Indian Wars”).

“I did find another reference indicating that Mary only lived with Thomas Todd temporarily. I’m leaving in part of the info. about Todds in various counties:

MURDERED THOMAS QUITE PROBABLY MARY’S BROTHER: E-letter from Shi Wordsworth to shb, 19 July 2006: “Hi! What a treasure that letter is! I’m ever so grateful to have it. In my opinion it definately ties Mary Langford Todd to the murdered Thomas.

“Here’s what I glean from it. See if this makes sense. First of all this is a recollection written in 1928, or 130 years after Thomas Langford was murdered on the Wilderness Road. I think we have a case of an elderly individual mixing two family stories many long years after the fact. Or we may have a person jotting down notes on family history as the story is recounted intending to go back and flesh out the whole tale, yet never getting around to it. Here’s why I think this is the case.

“First of all we have this letter, and we have the historical record from the depositions taken at the time of the murder. Those depositions say that Thomas Langford was traveling with David Irby from Pittsylvania County, Virginia. At some point in their Kentucky journey, the two traveling companions separated, with Thomas Langford headed toward some destination other than Lexington or Frankfort. He made it to somewhere near Crab Orchard where he met the Harpes and was killed by them the following day. David Irby testifies that he alone was the traveling companion of Thomas Langford. That’s his sworn testimony in Lincoln County records. Irby even mentions that Thomas kept a pocket book where he recorded the expenses the two incurred. And it is David Irby and John Farris who get the court order to exhume Thomas for identification purposes. David Irby says that he was traveling alone with the man named Thomas Langford. The courts of Lincoln County proved to the Commonwealth’s satisfaction that his solitary traveling companion was TL. For sure documented court records state that Thomas Langford was murdered by the Harpes.

“No accounting of the Harpes’ murder victims ever lists Richard Todd as one of those poor souls. If Thomas had been traveling with his sister, and she miraculously escaped the Harpes, she could have identified the body. It wouldn’t have taken ‘raising’ Thomas in order for non family members to make an identification. I don’t think the man mentioned in this letter was the Mary Langford Todd’s husband, but her brother. I think that’s the connection that gets confused in this recollection after the fact. Obviously the family remembered the connection between the man murdered by the Harpes and Mary Langford Todd. But court records show that Thomas was alone with the Harpes at the time of his murder. If Mary Todd Langford and her children had been traveling in that group, the Harpes would have murdered the whole family. They thought nothing of killing children, and they never left witnesses except for one instance when they left an adult witness for dead. In that instance they were mistaken about that man’s demise. But their intent was to kill all who could lay blame at their door.

“I think the great thing about this letter is that it ties Mary Langford Todd to the real murder victim, the one documented in court records as Thomas Langford. There is a definite recollection of a relationship between Mary Langford Todd and a man killed by the Harpes. And if that’s the case, it ties Thomas Langford to Pitt Ben. I think this is great evidence that murdered Thomas was a member of Pitt Ben’s immediate family.

“I need to look at the old roads through Kentucky at the time. Thomas was much closer to Stephen Langford’s home, than he was to Mary Langford Todd’s residence, at the time of his death. My guess is that if he were headed first to see his sister, he would have continued traveling further with David Irby before parting company with him and agreeing to meet him later at Frankfort. Thomas probably fully intended to visit with his sister during his Kentucky journey. But I think the road he was traveling indicates that he was headed more toward Stephen’s new acquisition of land, the one he had recently obtained by purchasing the Barbour grant. But I need to look at the roads which were few and far between at that time before I say that as fact. Does this make sense?

“In all family tales you have to weigh the story in light of what is actual historically documented fact. And especially if the family recollection is 130 years after those facts.I think this letter is wonderful for proving a connection between Mary Langford Todd and murdered Thomas. For that reason alone, it’s an incredible find. Sherlene, you are the ace detective! Keep it up!!! Rowdy is proud to be your cuz!!!!”

[Shi and others in the family are doing much of the thinking here–I just followed up on a referral by “Mary F.” on this G-log, telling me about the posting so graciously provided by Michelle Bartell. So thanks to Mary F. and to all researchers on our family team, whose correspondence about Mary Lankford and her family is included here.–shb]

October 6, 2006 Posted by | Genealogy, Virginia Langfords | 7 Comments