Sherlene\’s G-LOG

Making Sense of the Census (Fording the Langs, at Present)

Euclid Langford (son of Nicholas, b. abt. 1757, Caroline Co. VA, d. abt. 1810, Hancock County, GA), m. Elizabeth ___, in 1788, in Sussex County, VA; Rev. War Vet., Slave Holder

RELATIONSHIP/FATHER IS NICHOLAS THIRD?  I do not, at this time, know how Euclid Lankford/Langford is related to our family Langfords.  A “best-guess” of Langford researcher, Barry D. Wood, is that he is a son of Nicholas Langford, Jr., so perhaps a brother of my ancestor, Joseph Lankford, presumed father of Walker Lankford, my 4th great-grandfather.  –shb 24 Jul 2007 [Note:  “Descendants of Euclid Langford,” report, forwarded by Gene L. Lankford to shb, 14 Aug 2007, indicates that Euclid is descended from Nicholas, son of Nicholas, son of Nicholas, son of Thomas Lankford–shb.] Descendants of Euclid Langford are Gene Lankford, a “DNA guru,” as Judy Langford calls him, and Judy’s husband, Robert William or “Bob” Langford.  –Sherlene Hall Bartholomew (shb, hereafter), 16 Aug 2007

NAME.  Researcher Robert Davidson says (see 1777 notes, below) that Euclid most often spelled is own name “Langford,” with a “g.”  Davidson believes that Euclid was named after Euclid Whitlock, “circumstantially her brother.”  (See “MOTHER A WHITLOCK” tag, below.)  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1777-1757–BIRTH.   Euclid Langford’s approximate birth years are estimated from his enlistment in 1777, as a private, in the Revolutionary War (see 1777 notes, below).  This approximation is included in a “Lankford-Langford” report, compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by her to shb,15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes).

FATHER IS NICHOLAS?  See 1785, 1787 debt suits, below, in which Euclid/Edmund LANKFORD is named in the suit, with Nicholas LANKFORD as security, in both suits.  Researcher Robert Davidson feels this is good indication that Nicholas is Euclid’s father and hopes finding the name of Nicholas’ wife may give additional confirmation.  –shb 16 Aug 2007

MOTHER A WHITLOCK?  Writes researcher Robert Davidson, in his report, as commissioned by Judy and Bob Langford (see above), p. 11:  “Euclid LANKFORD’s mother was almost certainly a WHITLOCK, of a family of close neighbors to the LANKFORDS, and she named her son after Euclid WHITLOCK, circumstantially her brother.  One finds a Euclid WHITLOCK in Court in 1764, a man perhaps thirty or older, given the circumstances:  ‘1764, February.  William UBANK not capable of caring for his children.  Churchwardens of St. Margarets Parish bind William UBANK Jr. to Euclid WHITLOCK. (Dorman 1764-1765-2:2).  Various records of this Euclid WHITLOCK continue until his death in 1781, leaving an estate administered by George GUY but no information on his family.  (Williams:487) These speculations cannot be confirmed, but they are reasonable, given the first name “Euclid,f1,” never seen before in any colonial Virginia record.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

CONNECTED TO CHAPPELS IN NEWPORT PARISH, ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA?  See notes of Elizabeth Lankford, my Legacy ID No. 71494, who married a James Chappel.  Elizabeth was a daughter of Thomas Lankford (father unknown to me), of Newport Parish, who named “daughter Elizabeth Chappell” in his will.  In 1794 (see note, below), a witness to Euclid’s purchase of eighty-seven acres from Alexander and Sarah Tomlinson, in Sussex County, Virginia, was Benjamin Chappell.  –shb 16 Aug 2007

EXCITING DNA MATCH/OF MIDDLE-EAST, MEDITERRANEAN ORIGINS?  See notes of my ancestor, James Harvey Langford, Jr., for fascinating correspondence, 12-13 Aug 2007, from Judy R. Langford (her husband, Bob, is Euclid’s descendant) and Gene Lankford (a descendant of Euclid).  I sent Gene the DNA profile I had worked out (with several lapses), applying a code to what was in Sorenson Molecular’s database, from a sample provided by a descendant of my ancestor, James H. Jr., named Alva Bedford Langford (brother of my grandfather, Ernest Fountain Langford).  Gene finished the profile and proclaimed it an almost perfect match, making me a cousin to him, Judy’s husband Bob, and other relatives of theirs I look forward to “meeting.” named John Q. Langford and Stanard Lanford.  A fascinating part of Gene’s letter of 13 Aug 2007, reads (some paragraphing added):

“This is all very exciting!  It is now looking like a distinct possibility that our J2 DNA goes back at least to Nicholas Lang/kford, Sr.  Bruce Montgomery Edwards and Arthur Hall both have Nicholas as the son of a Thomas Lankford, who may have been an immigrant from England or may have been the son of an Edward Langford who immigrated from England.  I wonder about those connections and the basis for them.  Of course, Hall also has Eli Langford as a son of Nicholas, Jr.  But the participants in the DNA project (2 of them) claiming to descend from Eli do not match us or even come close, and they are DNA type R1b1 instead of J2, indicating an entirely different ethnic origin.

“R1b1 is typical of Europeans.  J2 (ours) originates in the Middle East and Mediterranean.  We have near-matches with some people of Italian origin, which makes me wonder about an Italian origin of our ancestors.  The J2 DNA type is one of the main reasons I have speculated that somewhere back one of our ancestors was not fathered by a Lang/kford.  Most Lang/kfords in the project have the more typical European R1b1.”  –shb 14 Aug 2007

1757–BIRTH IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Birth year, place, per GenForum post by Gene Lankford, 4 Apr 2006:  “A descendant of Jeremiah Euchlet Langford who lives in Utah has just had an exact DNA match with two of us who are confirmed descendants of Euclid Langford, b. 1757 Caroline Co., VA.  Given the fact that the three of us match each other but do not match any other Langfords or Lankfords in the project, this seems to confirm that Jeremiah Euchlet Langford was indeed a descendant–most likely, given his age and approximate DOB, a grandson–of Euclid Langford.”  –shb 24 Jul 2007

RELATIVES JOHN, JAMES, EDMOND, GEORGE N., AND NICHOLAS LANGFORD:  See notes with “DEATH” tab, below.  –shb 12 Dec 2005

Letter from Judy Langford to Barry Wood, as forwarded from Barry to shb, 12 Dec 2005:  “After reading your posts on Genforum, something I had not done in a long time, I see that your family is from Caroline Co. [Virginia–shb].  Do you know where Euclid fits in? He was on the Personal Property Tax List for Caroline Co. in 1787, as well as a Nicholas. Euclid is of record in Caroline Co. as a defendant in a debt suit of 1785: “1785, June 11. Andrew Leckie v Euclid Lankford and Benjamin Fletcher, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas Lankford, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65)

“This leads me to believe this Nicholas was the father of Euclid. I have been working on Euclid’s parents and siblings for 15 years and the only thing I have is this from Caroline Co. I have thousands of his descendants.

“Please send anything you might have.

“Thanks,

“Judy”  [This is Judy R. Langford (her e-address in Euclid’s blind file–shb], who writes that the Langford site is now administered by Lauren Langford, M. D.–her e-address is lal1126@aol.com .] –shb 12 Dec 2005

MORE ABOUT LANKFORDS:  E-letter from Barry D. Wood to Judy Royer Langford, 12 Dec 2005, as copied to shb:

“Judy — Thanks for the update. My Langford connection is that this was the maiden name of my mother in law, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, who authored “Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford.”  My wife has cousins who carry the Langford name, though because of a preponderance of girls in the family they are far outnumbered by those bearing other surnames. Living in the East, we’re not in close contact with the eponymous Langfords, but I’m copying this email to my wife’s sisters and brothers, so that they can follow up and encourage participation in the test.

“Fielding, as you may know, was the son of Walker Langford/Lankford of Lincoln County, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana. Walker was the son of the Joseph Langford who died in Lincoln County in 1785 or thereabouts, and who had owned land in Pittsylvania County, Virginia before the war. You have seen the posts of those who believe that Joseph was the son of Nicholas Langford, and I have no reason to doubt this theory. However, I have no clue as to whether Euclid Langford (b. 1757) was a brother of Joseph. If he was, Euclid was certainly much younger than Joseph, whose birth I estimate at around 1740 at the latest.

“Given that James Langford was buying land in what’s now Patrick County, Virginia (somewhat to the west of Joseph’s property) in the 1740’s, I suspect that James might have been the oldest of the family (assuming that he, too, was a son of Nicholas). If James was born, say, around 1720, then Nicholas could scarcely have been born much after 1700. Accordingly, I strongly doubt that the Nicholas Langford who was surety on the debt of Euclid Langford in that 1787 suit in Caroline County was the same person as the father of James, Joseph and Benjamin Langford (assuming that these three were in fact brothers).

“Supposedly another of this set of brothers was Nicholas Langford Jr. Do you know of any reason why Nicholas Jr. might not have been Euclid’s father? This would seem like the most reasonable construction of the available shreds of information on Euclid.

“I noticed that in a couple of places posters on the Lankford Genforum have specified Euclid’s birthplace as Sussex County, Virginia. Do you happen to know whether any contemporaneous documentation supports that notion? I wondered whether application for a pension based on his service in the Rev. War might have specified the soldier’s birthplace. The application of my 4th great granduncle John Bagby, coincidentally born the same year, gives his birthplace as Hanover County. We would have no knowledge of his Hanover roots otherwise, as Hanover is an almost thoroughly “burned” county. Sussex, if I recall correctly from my Gilliam work, has a surviving Anglican parish register, but I don’t remember seeing any Langford entries in it.”  –shb

[Note:  This earlier correspondent with my brother-in-law, Barry Wood, is the same Judy who wrote me, 11 Aug 2007, within hours of my posting my contact information and Langford lineage, on Jeff Davis’ site, per his request:

“Hi Sherlene, I saw on Jeff’s website that you are trying to link Walker Lankford [via his presumed father, Joseph–shb] to Nicholas and Katherine Guiney.  I have some research on them to share.

“My [husband Bob’s] ancestor, Euclid Langford, was from Caroline County. His father is thought to be the Nicholas Lankford who died after 1795 in Caroline County, and possibly his father was the Nicholas who died 1743.  I will look through my research and send more later.  There was another Nicholas in, I think, Gloucester County earlier, whose wife was Katherine.  Will look it up in the next couple of days.

“What do you have?  Do you have someone in the DNA project?  Gene Lankford is from this line, as well.  We have concluded that prior to Euclid there was a Lang/kford male not born of Lang/kford blood.

“Thanks,
Judy”  –shb 11 Aug 2007

1777, MARCH–EUCLID LANGFORD ENLISTED AS PRIVATE IN REV. WAR/SERVED AT VALLEY FORGE.  Report compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by Judy to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, 15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes):  “EUCLID LANGFORD 1755/57-1810 – Euclid LANGFORD, as he most often spelled his last name, enlisted in March 1777 as a Private in Capt. John SHIELD’s Company, First Virginia State Regiment and served three years in this regiment, including time at Valley Forge. He was at least eighteen at enlistment–perhaps older, so his birth will be about 1755-1757.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1783, MAY 24–EUCLID IS IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA–RECEIVES BOUNTY LAND GRANT FOR HIS WAR SERVICES (OF A HUNDRED ACRES IN WHAT IS NOW OHIO).  Information about Euclid’s bounty land grant, per “Lankford-Langford” report (see above), p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes). [Footnote in Davidson’s report, p. 11:  “6 – The cover of his bounty warrant folder at the Library of Virginia contains no other information.  If there were papers in the folder, as there are in most cases, they have not survived.”] –shb 16 Aug 2007

1783–EUCLID LANGFORD IS ISSUED MILITARY WARRANT TO SURVEY LAND.  Scan of a Land-Office Military Warrant to Survey Land, issued 24 May 1783 to Euclid Langford (as now attached to his media file) was forwarded to shb, 5 Jun 2007, by Jeffrey “Jeff” Warren Davis, with this note:  “Have you seen this already?  I found it on an obsure website for the State of  Kentucky, at http://landofficeimages.kysos.com/landofficeimages/jukeboximage.aspx?DocDb=REVOLUTIONARY+WAR+WARRANTS&DocTitle=0634.0&Title=REVOLUTIONARY+WAR+WARRANT+0634.0 ”  –shb 5 Jun 2007

1785, JUNE 11–IN CAROLINE COUNT AS DEFENDANT IN DEBT SUIT/NICHOLAS LANKFORD IS SECURITY: “1785, June 11. Andrew LECKIE v Euclid LANKFORD and Benjamin FLETCHER, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas LANKFORD, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65).”  Debt suit information, per “Lankford-Langford” report, compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by Judy to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, 15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (Full text about Euclid at end of these notes).  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1787–“EDMUND” LANKFORD NAMED IN SECOND SUIT/NICHOLAS LANKFORD IS SECURITY.  Per Davidson’s report (see above), p. 11:  “A second suit in 1787 names ‘Edmund’ LANKFORD, but with no other record of an Edmund, this may well be a clerk’s error for the unusual name Euclid:  1787, May 16.  John NUNN v Edmund LANKFORD, debt, defendant defaults, Court to charge his security Nicholas LANKFORD L16 unless he pays by August 1787.  (Orders 1787-2:23).  That Nicholas LANKFORD stood security for these debts strongly suggests that Euclid was his son.  If the name of Nicholas’ wife could be found, that might give further confirmation.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1787–FIRST YEAR EUCLID IS NAMED IN CAROLINE COUNTY TAX RECORDS.  Per Davidson’s report (see above), p. 12:  “Euclid LANGFORD is not found in the Caroline County tax records by name until 1787.  In that year he is listed with James BANKHEAD, who paid his tax.  James BANKHEAD was a wealthy man, with thirty slaves and thirty-eight cattle.  Euclid LANGFORD was probably working as his overseer.  That would also explain his absence from earlier tax lists, for 1787 is the first to give the names of men over twenty-one who did not pay their own taxes.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1788–EUCLID WAS NOT TAXED, THOUGH PRESENT, IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 12:  “In 1788 Euclid LANGFORD was taxed for his own household, his property consisting of one horse, but he himself was not taxed, suggesting he still worked for BANKHEAD.” [Footnote]:  “7 All men over twenty-one were taxed, a sort of head tax, in addition to the tax on their real and personal property.  That Euclid LANGFORD did not pay this tax in 1788 indicates that someone else did, or that he was exempt for some reason.  Some war veterans were exempt in some Virginia counties.”–shb 16 Aug 2007

MARRIED TO ELIZABETH?  “Inventory of Langfords & Lankfords,” as posted by Carol Middleton [c.middleton@worldnet.att.net] on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lfredsndx.html, accessed 11 Dec 2005, by shb, includes this item:  “Edmond Langford (GA), who married Joysey Willingham and who was the son of Euclid Langford and Elizabeth ? (GA).”  Her next item:  “Edmund Langford, Jr., who married Martha Ann Elliot, and who was son of Edmund Langford and Joysey Moss Willingham (GA).”  –shb 12 Oct 2005

THREE SONS BORN IN CAROLINE COUNTY.  Davidson report, p. 12:  “By his will, below, three of Euclid LANGFORD’s sons were older than Henry, so born before the move from Caroline County. The daughter Betsy apparently died young” [she is not mentioned in Euclid’s will–shb].  –shb 16 Aug 2007

“BEF 1792”–LEFT CAROLINE COUNTY–WENT TO SUSSEX COUNTY, ON NORTH CAROLINA BORDER.  Robert Davidson report, p. 12:  “At some time before 1792, Euclid LANGFORD left Caroline County and went to Sussex County, on the North Carolina border.  He had married (his wife’s name Elizabeth), and two of their children were baptized in Bristol Parish, which adjoined Sussex County” [see notes of Euclid’s children, Betsy and Henry–shb].  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1788–MARRIAGE, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA, TO ELIZABETH ___.  Euclid’s marriage year, county, and first name of his wife Elizabeth, per “Descendants of Euclid Langford,” report, compiled by Gene L. Lankford, as forwarded to shb, 14 Aug 2007.  –shb

1789, OCTOBER 19–“BETSY, DAUGHTER OF EUCLID LAND FORD (OF SUSSEX COUNTY)” IS BORN, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  (Robert Davidson report, p. 12, from C. G. Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register . . . 1720-1798:108.)  –shb

1791, DECEMBER 16–“HENRY, SON OF THE SAME,” BORN.  (Davidson report, p. 12, from C. G Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register . . . 1720-1798:108.)  –shb

1792, APRIL 6–CHILDREN BETSY AND HENRY ARE BAPTIZED ON SAME DAY, IN BRISTOL PARISH (ADJOINS SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA). (Robert Davidson report, p. 12).  –shb

1794, MAY 4–WITNESSED CODICIL OF WILL OF FRANCIS WOOLFOLK, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 12:  “In Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD was witness to the codicil of the will of Francis WOOLFOLK:  ‘1794, May 4.  Euclid LANGFORD, Robert ROE, Witness, Codicil to will of Francis WOOLFOLK, his wife Elizabeth Executor.’ (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806: 129)  Francis WOOLFOLK was of a Caroline County family, neighbors of the LANKFORDS earlier.  Not long after coming to Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD bought land (see 1794, December 8 note, below).  –shb

1794, DECEMBER 8–EUCLID LANGFORD BUYS LAND, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “‘1794, December 8.  Alexander TOMLINSON and Sarah his wife of Sussex County to Euclid LANGFORD of same, for L52.10, 87~ acres adjacent John SMITH, Thomas WHITFIELD.  Witness:  Benjamin CHAPPELL, John SMITH, Benjamin GREEN.  (Sussex Deeds H:291).'”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

CONNECTED TO NEWPORT PARISH (ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY) VIRGINIA LANGFORDS?  In 1794, in Sussex County, Virginia, Euclid Langford purchased land from Alexander and Sarah Tomlinson.  A witness to the transaction, involving eighty-seven acres, was a Benjamin Chappell (see 1794 note, above).  –shb 16 Aug 2007

AN ELIZABETH LANKFORD MARRIES JAMES CHAPPEL BEFORE 1778.  “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia,” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb: “Elizabeth Lankford [my Legacy ID No. 71494, daughter of Thomas Lankford, Sr. (I don’t know his parents–shb) and Mary Collier, as explained earlier–shb] married James Chappel.”  [Before this, I only knew that his surname was “Chappel.”]  –shb 13 Jul 2007

“THOMAS LANKFORD, OF NEWPORT PARISH [ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA–SHB] MAKES HIS WILL, MAY 24, 1778/HE NAMES “DAUGHTER ELIZABETH CHAPPELL,” [WIFE OF JAMES] AS AN HEIR.  HE ALSO NAMES OTHER CHILDREN AND THREE GRANDCHILDREN, BUT DOES NOT MENTION HIS WIFE.  (See notes of Elizabeth’s father, Thomas Lankford, for detail.)  –shb 11 July 2007

1795–EUCLID HAS TWO SLAVES AND ONE HORSE.  (See 1796 note, below.)

1796–EUCLID IS TAXED FOR THE EIGHTY-SEVEN ACRES AND AN ADJOINING TRACT.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “The 1795 Sussex Personal Estate Tax Book shows Euclid LANGFORD with two slaves and one horse, and in 1796 he is taxed for the 87~ acres, to which he had added an adjoining tract:  ‘1795, December 3, John SMITH and Rebecca his wife to Euclid LANGFORD, for L63.17.2, 97~ acres adjoining his own land, Henry MOSS (or MOODY), and the estates of Thomas DUNN, Thomas WHITFIELD, Walter BAILY and Sterling PETTWAY, dec’d.  No Witness.’ (Sussex Deeds H:383)”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

SALLY DUNN TAKEN IN BY “FRIEND EUCLID LANGFORD”?  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “The neighbor Thomas DUNN had died earlier in the year and in his will asked ‘Friend Euclid LANGFORD to take daughter Sally DUNN to live with his family.’ (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:133) DUNN is also a Caroline County name.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1797-1800–EUCLID PAYS ESTATE TAXES, EACH YEAR ASSESSED FOR ONE SLAVE AND ONE OR TWO HORSES.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “From 1797 through 1800 Euclid LANGFORD paid real estate tax on his 184 acres and in each year he was assessed for one slave and one or two horses (cattle were not taxed in these years).”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1800–EUCLID AND WIFE ELIZABETH SOLD LAND AND LEFT FOR GEORGIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “In 1800 he and wife Elizabeth sold out and left for Georgia:  ‘1800, September 14.  Euclid LANGFORD and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas WREN, for L185, 184 acres, South Side Nottaway River at Frying Pan Branch, adjacent Henry MOODY, John SMITH, Thomas PARHAM, Thomas WHITFIELD’s widow and Walter BAILY’s estate.  Witness:  James PENNINGTON, Thomas LOFTIN, William LOFTIN.’  (Sussex Deeds I:400)”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1810, MAY 25–EUCLID LANGFORD MAKES WILL/LEAVES WIFE ELIZABETH “THREE NEGROS”/NAMES SONS/EUCLID DIES, IN HANCOCK COUNTY, GEORGIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “Euclid LN~FORD died in Hancock County, Georgia circa 1810, leaving a will:  ‘Euclid LANGFORD, will written May 25, 1810, Date of probate not given.  ABSTRACT.  “To wife Elizabeth, during her widowhood, plantation where I now live, three Negros . . . all farming and household items.  To son Nicholas LANGFORD, young bay mare and the use of my two stills &c . . . he to pay debts . . . Son Henry to remain at school the present year, son George to have one years schooling, and son Robert to have two years schooling .. to be paid out of the crops.  At marriage or death of my wife, my youngest sons (to wit) Edmund, Henry, George and Robert have a horse the value of $100.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

BEF 1812, DECEMBER 12–DEATH:  I had that Euclid Lankford died “aft 1787.”  His death was probably closer to 1812, as I found this note posted on RootsWeb, under “Georgia Abstracts I, thanks to Molly McLaughlin” (came up when I did a Google Search for “Euclid Langford”–with a “g”).  A note says these items are the “Gist of records excerpted in ‘Genealogical Abstracts from “The Georgia Journal (Milledgeville) Newspaper, 1809-1840, Volumes One- Four,” by Fred R. and Emelie K. Hartz:  “1812, DECEMBER 12–SIGNS ON ESTATE SALE OF EUCLID LANGFORD:  Molly McLaughlin extracts (see below):  “December 12, 1812:  To be sold on 12/20/1812 at dwelling of Euclid Langford, deceased, Hancock County, GA– two stills, still tubs, one horse, stock of hogs and sheep.  Plantation to be rented with abt. 100 acres and one negro woman hired for 12 months.  Signed by Frederick G. Thomas, Nicholas Langford, Joseph Bryan, executors.”  –shb 12 Dec 2005 [Note:  items sold give me hope of a connection of Euclid and my ancestor, Fielding Lankford, who is thought to have made his living, in Kentucky, distilling whiskey, though since whiskey was the common table beverage of the day, many families had at least one still–shb.]

1810, MAY 25–DEATH IN HANCOCK COUNTY, GEORGIA.  Euclid Lankford’s full death date and county, per “Descendants of Euclid Langford” report, compiled by Gene L. Lankford, as forwarded to shb, 14 Aug 2007

1818, DECEMBER 1–MORE OF EUCLID LANGFORD’S ESTATE SOLD/SON EUCLID IS EXECUTOR:  “Dec. 1, 1818:  to be sold, property of Euclid Langford, deceased, to satisfy Francis Wisdom, administrator for Thomas Wisdom, deceased, against Nicholas Langford [my ID 65647–shb], executor for Euclid Langford.  120 acres land on road to Sparta to Greensboro, levied on property of John Langford [my ID 65648–shb] to satisfy in favor of Nicholas Langford.”  –shb 12 Dec 2005 [Note:  Other Molly McLaughlin items probably indicate other Langford relatives: Dec. 1812, involves a James Langford [my ID 65649–shb], and also, 12 Aug 1817, a George N. Langford [ID 65650] is named, both of Hancock County, Georgia–shb.]

1821, JANUARY 2–“NEGRO GIRL PATTY” SOLD:  Molly McLaughlin Langford extracts (see above):  “Jan. 2, 1821:  to be sold at markethouse, Hancock Co., GA, on Feb. 1, property of Euclid Langford, deceased, — one negro girl Patty, levied in favor of Edmond Langford, John W. Scott, D. W.”  –shb 12 Dec 2005
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FULL TEXT OF REPORT ON EUCLID LANGFORD (1755/57-1810).  This report was commissioned by Judy Langford, on behalf of her husband, Robert William or “Bob” Langford, a descendant of Euclid.  It was compiled by Robert Davidson, CG, January 2004, as revised from June 25, 2003 (his address and e-address in Euclid’s blind file).  Mr. Davidson began with Thomas Langford and worked forward to Euclid (that information in their individual notes).  Judy forwarded this report to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, on 15 Aug 2007, after her relative, Gene L. Lankford, proved an almost perfect match for DNA of a Langford descendant of my ancestor, James Harvey Langford, Jr., as compared with DNA from descendants of Euclid’s family.  I have Judy’s authorization to post this information here or in other places and to share it with other members of the family:

EUCLID LANGFORD 1755/57-1810

Euclid LANGFORD, as he most often spelled his last name, enlisted in March 1777 as a Private in Capt. John SHIELD’s
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Company, First Virginia state Regiment and served three years in this Regiment, including time at Valley Forge. He was at least 18 at enlistment, perhaps older, so his birth will be about 1755-1757. After the war he returned to Caroline County, where he applied for and received a bounty land grant for his was services, May 24, 1783, 100 acres in what is now Ohio.6

He is also of record in Caroline County as a defendant in a debt suit of 1785:
1785, June 11. Andrew LECKIE v Euclid LANKFORD and Benjamin FLETCHER, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas LANKFORD, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65)

A second suit in 1787 names “Edmundfl LANKFORD, but with no other record of an Edmund this may well be a clerk’s error for the unusual name Euclid:
1787, May 16. John NUNN v Edmund LANKFORD, debt, defendant defaults, Court to charge his security Nicholas LANKFORD £16 unless he pays by August 1787. (Orders 1787-2:23)

That Nicholas LANKFORD stood security for these debts strongly suggests that Euclid was his son. If the name of Nicholas’ wife could be found, that might give further confirmation.
Euclid LANKFORD’s mother was almost certainly a WHITLOCK, of a family close neighbors to the LANKFORDS, and she named her son after Euclid WHITLOCK, circumstantially her brother. One finds a Euclid WHITLOCK in Court in 1764, a man perhaps 30 or older, given the circumstances:

1764, February. William UBANK not capable of caring for his children. Churchwardens of St. Margarets Parish bind William UBANK Jr. to Euclid WHITLOCK. (Dorman 1764-1765-2:2)

Various records of this Euclid WHITLOCK continue until his death in 1781, leaving an estate administered by George GUY but no information on his family. (Williams:487)

These speculations cannot be confirmed, but they are reasonable given the first name “Euclid,fl never seen before in any colonial Virginia record.

6 The cover of his bounty warrant folder at the Library of Virginia contains no other information. If there were papers in the folder, as there are in most cases, they have not survived.
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Euclid LANGFORD is not found in the Caroline County tax records by name until 1787. In that year he is listed with James BANKHEAD, who paid his tax. James BANKHEAD was a wealthy man, with 30 slaves and 38 cattle. Euclid LANGFORD was probably working as his overseer. This would also explain his absence from earlier tax lists, for 1787 is the first to give the names of men over 21 who did not pay their own taxes. In 1788 Euclid LANGFORD was taxed for his own household, his property consisting of one horse, but he himself was not taxed, suggesting he still worked for BANKHEAD.7

At some time before 1792, Euclid LANGFORD left Caroline County and went to Sussex County, on the North Carolina border. He had married, his wife’s name Elizabeth, and two of their children were baptized in Bristol Parish, which adjoined Sussex County:

Betsy, daughter of Euclid LAND FORD (of Sussex County) and Elizabeth his wife, born October 19,1789 and baptized April 6, 1792.

Henry, son of the same, born December 16, 1791 and baptized April 6, 1792. 8
his will, below, three of Euclid LANGFORD’s sons were older than Henry, so born before the move from Caroline County. The daughter Betsy apparently died young.

In Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD was witness to the codicil of the will of Francis WOOLFOLK:

1794, May 4. Euclid LANGFORD, Robert ROE, Witness, Codicil to will of Francis WOOLFOLK, his wife Elizabeth Executor. (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:129)

Francis WOOLFOLK was of a Caroline County family, neighbors of the LANKFORDS earlier. Not long after coming to Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD bought land:

7 All men over 21 were taxed, a sort of head tax, in addition to the tax on their real and personal property. That Euclid LANGFORD did not pay this tax in 1788 indicates that someone else did, or that he was exempt for some reason. Some war veterans were exempt in some Virginia counties.

8 C.G. Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register … 1720-1798:108.
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1794, December 8. Alexander TOMLINSON and Sarah his wife of Sussex County to Euclid LANGFORD of same, for £52.10, 87~ acres adjacent John SMITH, Thomas WHITFIELD. Witness:
Benjamin CHAPPELL, John SMITH, Benjamin GREEN. (Sussex Deeds H:291)

The 1795 Sussex Personal Estate Tax Book shows Euclid LANGFORD with 2 slaves and one horse, and in 1796 he is taxed for the 87~ acres, to which he had added an adjoining tract:
1795, December 3. John SMITH and Rebecca his wife to Euclid LANGFORD, for £63.17.2, 97~ acres adjoining his own land, Henry MOSS (or MOODY), and the estates of Thomas DUNN, Thomas WHITFIELD, Walter BAILY and Sterling PETTWAY, dec’d. No Witness. (Sussex Deeds H:383)

The neighbor Thomas DUNN had died earlier in the year and in his will asked ~Friend Euclid LANGFORD to take daughter Sally DUNN to live with his family.” (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:133) DUNN is also a Caroline County name.

From 1797 through 1800 Euclid LANGFORD paid real estate tax on his 184 acres and in each year he was assessed for one slave and one or two horses, cattle were not taxed in these years. In 1800 he and wife Elizabeth sold out and left for Georgia:

‘1800, September 14, Euclid LANGFORD and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas WREN, for L185, 184 acres, South Side Nottoway River at Frying Pan Branch, adjacent Henry MOODY, John SMITH, Thomas PARHAM, Thomas WHITFIELD’s widow and Walter BAILY’s estate. Witness: James PENNINGTON, Thomas LOFTIN, William LOFTIN.’ (Sussex Deeds I: 400)

Euclid LN~GFORD died in Hancock County, Georgia circa 1810, leaving a will:   Euclid LANGFORD, will written May 25, 1810, Date of probate not given. ABSTRACT.

“To wife Elizabeth, during her widowhood, plantation where I now live, three Negros … all farming and household items.

“To son Nicholas LANGFORD, young bay mare and the use of my two stills &c … he to pay debts …

“Son Henry to remain at school the present year, son George to have one years schooling, and son Robert to have two years schooling .. to be paid out of the crops.

“At marriage or death of my wife, my youngest sons (to wit) Edmund, Henry, George and Robert have a horse the value of $100.
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“At marriage or death of my wife, remaining estate to be divided between my six children, John, Nicholas, Edmund, Henry, George and Robert … or their survivors.

“Executors: Son Nicholas and Friends Frederick Gibble THOMAS and Joseph BRYAN. (Signed) Euclid ~X” Langford. Witness: J.L. ACIE (?), John BISHOP, Reuben BISHOP.” (Hancock County, Georgia Wills F:195)

Robert Davidson CG.
[contact information in Euclid’s blind file–shb]
January 2004
Revised from June 25, 2003
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SOURCES

For the early LANKFORD records all entries in Nell Nugent et aI, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volumes 1-7 (1623-1776) were checked.

All surviving (Old) Rappahannock and Essex County records to 1750 have been abstracted and indexed in a series of volumes by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, Beverley Fleet and J.F Dorman. All were checked for the name LANKFORD.

Beverley Fleet also abstracted everything he could find surviving from King & Queen County, republished in his Virginia Colonial Abstracts. Most of these records are fragments taken from the records of nearby counties.

CAROLINE COUNTY

The pre-1860 Will and Deed books, with a few exceptions, were sent to Richmond for ‘safekeeping’ during the Civil War, and were destroyed when the retreating Confederate army burned the city in April 1865. These books are a great loss, but the LANKFORDS owned no real estate, and except for the lost will of James LANKFORD, there will have been few references.

The Court Order Books were, fortunately, kept in the County Clerks office. But some after 1800 were lost. A Union soldier passing through Bowling Green in 1864 reported that court papers were strewn in the streets.

All of the surviving Court books to 1802 have been abstracted and indexed, those from 1732 to 1765 by J.F. Dorman, 1764-1788 by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, and 1781-1802 by Kimberley Campbell. Orders from 1791-1794 and 1797-1799 are lost. All LANGFORD-LANKFORD entries were read for this paper, as noted in the text.

Sparacio, Caroline County Land Alterations 1782-1798. Four volumes. No LANGFORD,
Sparacio, Carolin€ County, Virginia Guardian Bonds 1806-1821. No LANGFORD.
Sparacio, Caroline County, Surveys 1729-1762. No LANGFORD.
Campbell, Caroline County Court Records and Wills 1793-1897. Includes surviving Will book 1814-1818. No LANGFORD.
TLC Genealogy, Caroline County Chancery Court Orders 1758-1845. No LANGFORD.
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Genealogy. Caroline County Real Estate Tax Books 1787-1799. No LANGFORD.
T.E. Campbell, Colonial Caroline r contains many records, most of which are also found in the court abstracts.
Therese Fisher, Marriages of Caroline County 1777-1853. LANGFORD brides in 1838 and 1851 do indicate that some members of the family remained in Caroline County.
Herbert Collins, Cemetaries of Caroline CountYr Virginia. Three volumes, as noted in text.
SUSSEX COUNTY records as noted in text.  [End of Robert Davidson’s Report] –shb 16 Aug 2007
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August 17, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Georgia Langfords, Virginia Langfords | 9 Comments