Sherlene\’s G-LOG

Making Sense of the Census (Fording the Langs, at Present)

Ahmos Langford, Mulato, b. abt. 1832, in VA, both parents b. in VA, m. Minerva, b. 1835, of Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky–lived near Stephen Langford, son of Robert and Frances (Head)

LOCATION: Madison County is bordered by Rockcastle County, so these Langfords could be descended from some of our Langford slaveholders. –shb 3 Feb 2006

ANOTHER CHILD JOHN? In the 1880 Census, quite a few houses down, a “Black” John Langford, age eleven, born in Kentucky, is a “Servant” in the housejold of a white Clifton Burgin family. This John could have come from the Hutson or Green Langford families, as well. –shb 3 Feb 2005

1880 CENSUS–LDS Transcription, as posted on FamilySearch, accessed 3 Feb 2006, by shb:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Ahmos LANGFORD Self M Male MU 48 VA Farmer VA VA
Minerva LANGFORD Wife M Female MU 45 KY Keeping House KY KY
Craig LANGFORD Son S Male MU 23 KY Laborer VA KY
John LANGFORD Son S Male MU 13 KY At Home VA KY

Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 402B
——————————————————————————–
Now look who’s two doors down, after Minter and Waggoner famillies:

Household:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Stephen LANGFORD Self W Male W 67 KY Farmer … [s/o Robert and Frances (Head)]–shb]

Robert ROLAND Other S Male W 40 KY Laborer …

Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
——————————————————————————
And next door to Stephen, this black family:

Household:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Hutson LANGFORD Self M Male B 48 KY Laborer KY
VA
Mary LANGFORD Wife M Female B 33 KY Keeping House
KY VA
Kisair LANGFORD Dau S Female B 17 KY KY KY
Milton LANGFORD Nephew S Male B 9 KY KY KY
Minerva LANGFORD GDau S Female B 6 KY KY KY
————————————————————————–
Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
——————————————————————————–
And next door to Hutson, another black family:

Household:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace
Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Green LANGFORD Self M Male B 53 KY Farmer KY
VA
Sara LANGFORD Wife M Female B 50 KY Keeping House
KY KY
Fannie LANGFORD Dau S Female B 25 KY KY KY
William LANGFORD Son S Male B 16 KY Laborer KY
KY
John LANGFORD Son S Male B 12 KY At Home KY
KY
Madison LANGFORD Son S Male B 10 KY At Home KY
KY
Thomas LANGFORD Son S Male B 7 KY KY KY
Evans LANGFORD Son S Male B 2 KY KY KY
————————————————————————–
Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
——————————————————————————
Following this are mostly white families, with an occasional black or
mulatto family, then:

Household:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation
Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Clifton BURGIN Self M Male W 58 KY Farmer KY KY
Margaret BURGIN Wife M Female W 45 KY Keeping House
KY KY
Maggie CLAY Niece S Female W 21 IL KY KY
Eugene BURGIN Cousin S Male W 11 KY At Home KY KY
Rebeca BROOKS Other Female B 21 KY Servant KY KY
John LANGFORD Other S Male B 11 KY Servant KY KY
——————————————————————————– –shb 3 Feb 2006

February 29, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords | 5 Comments

Stephen Langford (b. 1 Jan 1813, near Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, KY, s/o Robert and Frances (Head), m. 1) widow Martha Sewell, 2) widow Rebecca Howard, on 12 Jan 1839, in Madison Co., KY (no children by either wife, but possibly by slaves), d. 1 Sep 1898, at home near Clay’s Ferry, in KY

STEPHEN IS A SON OF ROBERT LANKFORD AND FRANCES HEAD AND A BROTHER OF BENJAMIN ROBERT PEYTON LANKFORD. See biographical sketch, below, that identifies Stephen as an “uncle” of William Alexander Lankford, son of Benjamin R. P. and Martha or “Patsy” Langford, B. R. P., a son of Robert and Frances, so this Stephen’s brother. Notes below will outline various theories I had for Stephen’s parents, so it was a relief when this history solved our problem. –shb 28 Feb 2008

STEPHEN’S FATHER IS NOT BENJAMIN R. P. (M. MARTHA OR “PATSY” P. MULLINS), AS ONCE THOUGHT. Stephen, b. 1813 (m. Rebecca Howard on 12 Jan 1839) was born too early to have been Benjamin R. P. Langford’s son [have since this musing learned that Behjamin R. P. was actually Stephen’s brother–shb]. This Ben R. P. named his children Mary J., Constantine, Stephen R., William, Fanny L. and Valentine (I just discovered Valentine, b. Jan 1860, today, in the 1900 Census, where he is living with wife Sally in the household of his father, “Ben R. P. Langford,” age 71–no wife listed, in Madison County, Kentucky). I am very interested that Ben R. P. named a child Valentine, as I think this may be an indication that Stephen [and his brother Ben] are, indeed, descended from Nancy Peyton (I have no proof, but have long suspected that Nancy’s grandfather was Valentine Peyton). Also, here is one more example of a three-initialed Langford, to go along with Ann Langford’s ancestor, Benjamin T. C. [Thomas Crutch] Langford, [Benjamin T. C. Langford is thought to be a son of Stephen, son of Stephen (son of Benjamin and Nancy Peyton). Benjamin R. P. is the son of Robert (son of Benjamin and Nancy Peyton). –shb 20 Sep 2006 [Note: The William Alexander Langford history says his grandparents, Robert Langford and Frances Head (parents of Stephen), had ten children, though I can now only account for seven.] –shb 29 Feb 2008

DIED CHILDLESS? The biographical sketch about Stephen Langford (see below) says that he married two widows and had no children by either. Is it possible, though, that he had children by his slaves? (See 1860 Census, below–who are the white and mulatto Langford children listed in his household? And it is clear in censuses that Stephen lived among black and mulatto families.) –shb 28 Feb 2008

NAMESAKE CHILD? See notes of the black Craig Langford family, my Legacy ID No. 66083. Craig and Fannie Langford named their first child born in Ohio, “Stephen,” I think after Robert Langford’s father, early Mt. Vernon settler, Stephen Langford (purported to have run an underground railroad) or, perhaps, after Stephen’s grandson, Stephen (son of Rober). According to a history of Robert’s grandson, William Alexander Langford, Robert actually sent one of his sons to Ohio to help obtain land, so Robert could help his former slaves get started, once they were freed, after the Civil War. It occurs to me that this could be a “sanitized account” for local neighbors–that perhaps the slaves were smuggled early to Ohio, before emancipation by the Civil War.). Also of interest is the fact that Ahmos Langford (a mulatto living, with his family, near white Stephen Langford, s/o Robert) named his son “Craig,” born in abt. 1857. (The black Craig and Fannie Langford family was “redeemed” by Quaker Jesse S. Stubbs who, according to Quaker history, raised over $5,000 and came to Rockcastle to pay the sum and transport the Craig Langfords to Ohio.) Craig and Fannie [purported to have been a mistress of Liberty Langford, so that by one account two children in this family were actually Liberty’s sons–shb] named their first child born in Ohio, in 1860, “Stephen Langford.” The Craig Langfords named their next child, b. 1861, “Jesse S.,” no doubt after Quaker Stubbs. [Note: I wrote an article titled, “Slavery and Redemption on Every Family Tree,” about white and black Rockcastle County Langfords, for on-line magazine, Meridian, that is still posted at http://www.meridianmagazine.com/turninghearts/060301familytreeprint.html, with accompanying photos. Google also picked up this article, with accompanying photos. Text of this article, without the photos is included at end of these notes.] –shb 29 Feb 2008

1813, JANUARY 1–BIRTH. See biographical sketch for Stephen Langford, below. –shb 28 Feb 2008

NOT THE FATHER OF RIFLE-SMITH STEPHEN 2, ANCESTOR OF JOHN ROBERT OR “BOB” LANGFORD, AS ONCE THOUGHT. See “FATHER” tag, end of these notes. [Note: From e-letter to shb, 6 Feb 2008, from “Whetstone Bob” (John Robert) Langford, a descendant of Stephen 2: “Lick Creek Stephen and Catherine did not have a son named Stephen, oddly enough. I don’t have any information on a Stephen and Rebecca.” –shb 6 Feb 2008

MADISON BORDERS ROCKCASTLE COUNTY, KENTUCKY: Madison County borders Rockcastle County, Kentucky, where early Langford white plantation owners and slave-holders lived, so these of mixed blood and blacks, carrying the Langford name, may be descended from them or may have just carried the name of their Langford masters. –shb 3 Feb 2006

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH ABOUT WILLIAM ALEXANDER LANKFORD INCLUDED A SKETCH ABOUT HIS “UNCLE,” STEPHEN. Forwarded to shb by Langford researcher Jeff Davis: “The following is the entire article from History of Kentucky and Kentuckians. It has a lot of information, I think. It ties some of the Rockcastle Langfords to those of Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky. One small item, Central University was in Richmond, Madison Co – not in Lexington. Anne – A HISTORY OF KENTUCKY AND KENTUCKIANS – The Leaders and Representative Men in Commerce, Industry and Modern Activities, by E. Polk Johnson – Vol. III, illustrated; Lewis Publilshing Company, Chicago-New York, 1912, page 1661 [underlining and some additional paragraphing mine–shb]:

No. 36. WILLIAM A. LANGFORD ” . . . . Stephen Langford, the honored uncle of him whose name initiates this review [meaning William A. Lankford, son of Benjamin R. P. and Martha or “Patsy,”–shb] was born in Rockcastle county, Kentucky, on the 1st of January, 1813, and was summoned to the life eternal on the 1st of September, 1898. at the venerable age of 85 years and 8 months. He was ambitious and self-reliant as a lad but showed slight predilection for the application of the schoolroom. His father insisted upon his pursuing his studies until he had attained to the age of 16 years, when he secured the paternal consent to start out for himself. He thereupon secured employment in connection with the construction of a turnpike near Frankfort, and he gained practical experience that soon enabled him to turn his knowledge to effective use.

“He was not of the type to be satisfied without advancement, and he soon secured a contract to construct a part of the Lexington and Richmond turnpike, in which connection he came to Madison county. He had charge of the construction of the Richmond end of this turnpike, and he continued to be identified with contracting work for a number of years, showing much discrimnation and ability and invariably being successful in a financial way.

“He passed a few years in Missouri and upon his return to Madison county he purchased a portion of the fine estate now owned by his nephew. He became one of the representative farmers and stock-growers of the county and through his own well directed energies accumulated a fine property, the while he so ordered his course as to merit and receive the
unqualified esteem of his fellowmen.

“He was twice married, and no children were born of either union. He first married Mrs. Rebecca Howard, and after her death he married another widow, Mrs. Martha Sewell, the latter of whom survived him by about four years.

“He was a man of mature judgment and of marked civic loyalty, and he did much to further the industrial development and progress of the county which so long represented his home and in which his memory is held in lasting honor.” –shb 28 Feb 2008

1830 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE SEVENTEEN AND NOT IN HIS PARENTS’ HOUSEHOLD. “Flintlock” Stephen, as we call him, and Catherine “Caty” Windham, once thought to have been this Stephen’s parents, are listed in the Pulaski County Census as still having three daughters and four sons in the household. Stephen would have been seventeen years old in 1830, but no son is listed as living with them, in the 15-20 age category. TO DO: Find Stephen in 1830. –shb 24 Oct 2006 [Note: Per e-letter, above, “Whetstone Bob” Langford says Stephen, ID 65910, was not a son of Bob’s ancestors, Stephen 2 Langford and Caty (Windham).] –shb 6 Feb 2008

1830–STEPHEN’S BROTHER, BENJAMIN R .P. LANGFORD IS BORN. I had Benjamin Robert Peyton Langford. (m. Martha or “Patsy” P. Mullins) tentatively placed as a son of Stephen and Rebecca ___, but have since found a marriage for Stephen and Rebecca Howard, in 1839. So unless Stephen had an earlier marriage, it seems unlikely that Benjamin R. P. was Stephen and Rebecca’s son. –shb 6 Feb 2008 [Note: From e-letter by “Whetstone Bob” (John Robert) Langford to shb, 6 Feb 2008: “B. R. P. Langford was Lick Creek Stephen’s nephew, the son of Stephen’s brother, Robert. I show his birth date as 1829, one year sooner than your 1830, but close enough to be reasonably sure we’re referring to the same B. R .P. The Peyton [in Benjamin’s name–shb] was his grandmother Nancy’s maiden name.” –shb 6 Feb 2008, 28 Feb 2008 [Note: See biographical sketch, above, that includes William Alexander Lankford’s “uncle” Stephen, William A. being named as a son of Benjamin R. P. Langford, which would make Stephen (my Legacy No. 65910) a brother of B. R. P., so a son of Robert Lankford and Frances Head–shb.]

1839, JANUARY 12–MARRIES REBECCA HOWARD. Madison County, Kentucky Marriages 1785-1851, compiled by Annie W. Burns Bell, 1934, searched by shb, 4 Jan 2008, at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (US/CAN 976.953/v25b), p. 116: “[Groom] Langford, Stephen [Bride & Parent] Howard, Rebecca, b. Jonathan Jones [Date] 1-12-1839.” –shb 6 Feb 2008 [Note: A biographical sketch about Stephen (see above) indicates that both his wives, including Rebecca, were widows when Stephen married them.] –shb 28 Feb 2008

1860 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE FORTY-SEVEN, BORN IN ROCKCASTLE COUNTY, KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH WIFE REBECCA (57), AND THREE CHILDREN, IN MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY. Heritage-Quest on-line image, accessed 5 Feb 2006, by shb, via Godfrey Memorial Library:

P.O. White Hall, Western Subdivision St. [?] 2, Madison County, Kentucky
Series M653, Roll 384, Page 152
Taken 6 June 1860

98/98 Nathaniel D Arvine Farmer & family 3500 Madison County [place of birth]

99/99 Stephen Langford 47M_ Farmer 18750 10000 Rockastle Coty [sic]
Rebecca 57F_ [blank means “White” Estell Coty
Robert Langford 8M_ Mississippi
Celia Langford 18FM [for Mulatto] Madison Coty
Howard Langford 1MM ” Madison Coty

[Note: On this census listing, all “Color” blanks on the rest of the page were left blank (which means they are “White,” except for Celia and Howard, who were marked with an “M” for “Mulatto”–shb. According to the above biographical sketch about Stephen Langford, he married two widows and had no children by either, so who are these three Langfords listed in his household, in 1860? Could Howard, age one, have been named after Stephen’s wife, the widowed Rebecca Howard? –shb 28 Feb 2008]

1870 CENSUS–“STEVE LANKFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-SEVEN, BORN IN KENTUCKY, A WHITE FARMER, LIVING AMONG LANKFORD BLACKS. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed by shb, 27 Jan 2008, from home, via Provo Public Library:

P.O. Richmond, Richmond Precinct, Madison County, Kentucky
Series M593, Roll 484, Page 243
Taken 18 Aug 1870

113/133 Rayborne, Peter 70 MB Farm Labor Kentucky
, Nancy 64 FB Keeps House Kentucky

114/114 Lankford, Steve 57 MW Farmer Kentucky
Price, B.S. 30 MW Farm Labor Kentucky
Rogers, Mary 24 FB
& her 3 ch B Kentucky

115/115 Lankford, Green 44 MB Farm Labor Kentucky
, Sarah 34 FB Keeping House Kentucky
, Parker 8 MB At Home Kentucky [same child as William?–shb]
, John 2 MB At Home Kentucky

[Note: The black Green Lankford family still lives near white Stephen in the 1880 Census (see below).] –shb 27 Jan 2008

1880 CENSUS–STEPHEN IS AGE SIXTY-SEVEN, A WIDOWER, A WHITE MALE, BORN IN KENTUCKY, LIVING WITH ONE “OTHER” PERSON, ROBERT ROLAND, AGE FORTY, IN FOXTOWN, MADISON, KENTUCKY. He lives three doors down from Ahmos (48) and wife Minerva Langford, Mulattos, and next door to Hutson Langford (48) and family, listed as “Black.” Also in the Hutson Langford household is a nephew Milton Langford, and a granddaughter Minerva, both listed as “Black.” (See Ahmos Langford’s note (ID 65906) for lineup of Langford neighbors.

1880 CENSUS LINEUP OF STEPHEN LANKFORD AND NEIGHBORS, IN FOXTOWN, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY:

Schuyler Newby (Mulatto Family)
William Toomy (Mulatto Family)
Ahmos & Minerva Langford (Mulatto Family, my Legacy ID No. 65906–shb)
Amy Minter & Son (Black Family)
James Waggoner (White Family)
Stephen Langford (White, as follows): As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 27 Jan 2008, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Stephen LANGFORD Self W Male W 67 KY Farmer [b. 1813] … …
Robert ROLAND Other S Male W 40 KY Laborer … …
“Source Information:
Census Place Foxtown, Madison, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254431
NA Film Number T9-0431
Page Number 403C
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.”

[Next families are]:

Hutson Langford (Black family–misreading of “Howard Langford”?–shb]
Green Langford (Black family)
Stephen Ricketts (White family)
Louisa Trosper (White family). –shb 27 Jan 2008

1898–SEPTEMBER 1–STEPHEN LANGFORD DIES AT AGE EIGHTY FIVE AND EIGHT MONTHS. (See biographical sketch, above.) –shb 28 Feb 2008

BURIED IN CEMENT VAULT: News item forwarded to shb, 26 Oct 2006, by John Robert or “Whetstone Bob” Langford, a descendant of “Flintlock” Stephen and Caty Windham [underlining in this article mine–shb]. Writes Bob: “Sherlene, have you ever seen this? Check the date so you’ll know which Stephen this is. [This is the only Stephen I have in my database who could be a match–I wrote Bob, 25 Oct 2006, asking if I placed this article right–shb]: Excerpt from The Mount Vernon Signal, September 9, 1898 – “BURIED IN A STONE COFFIN. ‘Uncle’ Stephen Langford, whose critical illness was noted in our last issue, passed peacefully away Thursday night at his home near Clay’s Ferry, aged 86. For some time his health had been gradually declining and the end was not unexpected.

“He was tenderly nursed by his nephew, W. A. [This would be William Alexander, son of Stephen’s brother, Benjamin Robert Peyton Langford, and his wife, Martha or “Patsy” Mullins–shb], who was much devoted to him and to whom he left the bulk of his estate, valued at something like $60,000.

“Deceased was somewhat noted for his eccentricity. He began life as a stone mason and by industry and economy accumulated a comfortable fortune. He was an Ironside Baptist and uncompromising Democrat and living exemplification of an honest man. Some years ago, it is said he came across a grave burrowed into by ground hogs and the body violated. This so bore upon his mind that he was determined to protect his remains, and accordingly he had made for himself of Rockcastle stone a mammoth coffin, which he had put away in his buggy house for use when the summons should come. At the same time he had a monument erected to himself on his place and left directions as to how he should be buried, which were scrupulously carried out by his nephew.

“A large crowd assembled Saturday to witness his strange burial. The ponderous sarcophagus weighing 1,800 pounds and neatly dressed by Biggerstaff & Oldham undertakers of this city was hauled to the grave on a slide drawn on four mules. It was lowered by means of an incline and rollers.

“Services were held at the house at 3 pm by Rev G. W. Young, of the Methodist church, this city, after which the body was carried on a stretcher to the grave and placed in the coffin, which was not only hermetically sealed, but covered with large flag stones thus inclosing the body in a double stone case, where it is safe to say it will rest undisturbed until the coming of the Master.

“He left no children but a faithful and devoted wife to mourn his loss. The above deceased was born and raised a mile and one half from town.” –shb 26 Oct 2006

***************
M E R I D I A N M A G A Z I N E

Slavery and Redemption on Every Family Tree
By Sherlene Hall Bartholomew

My genealogist mother, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, died almost a year ago. Since then, I have sensed that she and her restless clan are tending a glorious harvest that has ripened on our Langford family tree. We have been blessed, thanks to other-world nudging, to glean some of this tantalizing fruit, but so far lack the facility to safely “can it.”

The Rockcastle County, Kentucky courthouse burned down in 1873, so that all local records – marriage, estate, court, and land – were destroyed. We have faith that the Father of us all knew we would still be searching, so has provided other evidence that we just need to find. We have recently found some of that, though documenting family connections is a continuing challenge.

I am not the only Langford who has lost sleep over this dilemma. Shiron Wordsworth, an adopted, if not yet confirmed cousin on the line, recently conveyed worrisome news from a relative in Cincinnati. This woman claims that Stephen Langford – the pioneer who in 1790 led first settlers into Rockcastle County, Kentucky, had a descendant named Liberty who, as Shi tells it, “fathered two daughters (at least) by a slave named Fanny. They migrated to western Ohio somewhere between the years 1855 and 1860… The girls were named Nancy (b. 1852) and Ann (b. 7 Nov 1853).”

This information flies in face of our tradition that Kentucky Langfords were principled, independent thinkers with Republican sympathies, who ran an Underground Railroad stop called “Langford Station.” We know for sure that several fought as Union soldiers in the Civil War. For this they paid dearly, in subsequent years. “You may recall,” Shi writes, “that Liberty’s son, James H. Langford, was killed by the KKK. James’ oldest son Liberty, named after his grandfather, was also murdered in the County, though we don’t know if the Klan’s responsible for that one.”

Though pioneer Stephen owned much land and the proverbial southern white mansion, he only had nine slaves in 1810, before he died the next year. As Shi explains, “Rockcastle County never was a plantation society. Its hills don’t prosper such cash crops as cotton and tobacco that required much slave labor. The Langfords farmed, and they did have substantial land holdings. But they prospered from enterprises such as milling, horse trading, timbering, and quarrying.

Photo in collection of Ida-Rose L. Hall, labeled as the “Old Stephen Langford House,” on the Wilderness Road, in Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle, Kentucky.

Two-Way Escapes

Writes Shiron, “In the book Rockcastle County, Kentucky and its People, 1992, Langford Station is pictured. It’s obviously the same house as the one in the photo your mother took” (pictured above).

Shi’s grandmother knew Ruth McFerron Leach, who by account featured in this book, “bought the house in later years… had the house taken down… and discovered that it had been used as part of the Underground Railroad. The house had many secret trap doors throughout” and… “a big cellar used to hide the slaves.”

Shi frets: “There are some missing pieces of the puzzle concerning the Langfords and their relationship with their personal slaves, in particular, and the institution of slavery, in general. Is it possible that as their attitudes about slavery changed, our Langfords only kept slaves as a front for their illegal activities, moving slaves North?”

Family history further complicates the riddle. Pioneer Stephen’s descendant James H. Langford’s life was saved (before the Klan finally got him) by a former slave called “Uncle Alf.” As Shi tells it, “One dark night in Rockcastle County, long after the Civil War was over, the Klan was hot on the trail of that Langford, but this vulnerable ex-slave refused to disclose James’ hiding place. Uncle Alf was roughed up because of his pretended ignorance as to where James had gone to ground. I have to wonder what precipitated such courage and loyalty on the part of Uncle Alf. There’s something more to this story. I just haven’t found it yet.”

Side view, home of James Steven or “Tip” Langford, also in Mt. Vernon, Rock Castle’s county seat. Tip was sheriff of Rockcastle County, Kentucky, in the 1920s. He was the son of James H. and Liberty Langford’s grandson. Report is that his home was a stone’s throw from settler Stephen Langford’s original mansion. Neither home survives. (Photo courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth.)

The Lost are Found!

Thinking on all this, I felt Mom urging from beyond, as I lay awake, worried about how we might find slave Fanny and her two Langford daughters. Then I remembered that I could do a first-name-only search. Using HeritageQuest on-line indexed census images, I typed spelling variations of “Fanny” in the first-name field for all of Ohio. It took several hours to check the family of every one who came up in the census index. For all that, I found nothing – what a disappointment!

Then it occurred to me that maybe Fanny kept her Langford name, after she was freed. I did a search for all Langfords in the Ohio 1860 Census (just typed “Langford” in the surname field). As the alphabetized list came up, I found her as “Frances,” at first click on “Craig Langford.” What a thrill! (You might have seen me levitate at this point, with help from deceased Langfords!)

Sensing the Census

I learned that Frances was then living in Wayne, Butler, Ohio. She was age thirty-one, “keeping house” for head of the family, Craig Langford, who was eleven years her senior. (In two subsequent censuses, she is named as “Fanny” and “Fannie.”) Eight children are listed in quite regular succession, in their 1860 household, including Nancy and Ann, of ages to match the dates Shiron got from her cousin. A William Langford is listed last and is the right age to be Craig’s brother, though he could have been another slave from the plantation (Rockcastle County slaves, like many others, carried their masters’ names).

A four-year break in ages of the last two children, Isaac (age five, born in Kentucky, and Stephen, age one, in Ohio) sent us looking for another child who might have been left in Kentucky. We may have found him in the 1870 Census, where Liberty Langford and his legal, white wife Sallie are listed, both at age sixty. In their household is a black child named Peter, age 14 (so b. abt. 1856), along with Robert, a mulatto, age 7. Robert must have been born of a different slave mother, since Fanny moved to Ohio by 1860. As usual, there is much to sort, trailing censuses, in such a hunt. Sometimes we uncover information we weren’t looking to find. Since there’s no proof about siring of slaves in his household, we decided not to focus on Liberty’s liberties.

Every person in the 1860 Ohio household of Craig and Frances Langford was listed as black, with no ‘M’ to indicate ‘mulatto’, though white clerks often listed “B” for any person of mixed racial identity. We can’t discern which children, if any, were born of Craig, since they carried prominent Langford first names, instead of the usual tags, like “Mingo.”

Shi and I feel there has to be a reason why Craig and Fanny gave the name “Stephen,” to their son who was born in Ohio, shortly after their escape. It would hardly make sense that slaves who hated their white master would give their first “free” child an important name in their master’s Langford line. Then again, maybe they took Langford names so Peter could some day find them.

Scheduling Slaves

While I worked the censuses, Shi looked up slave schedules and forwarded that fascinating information. In 1850, it looks to us like Liberty’s female slave and her three children have ages close enough to those of Fanny and her first three children, listed in Ohio, in 1860. Where, though, were Craig and Walter, in 1850? Shiron did an additional search and found comps for a Robert Langford, who may well have been Liberty’s father (she forwarded good evidence for that, though Shi as usual insists that we must find that coveted “paper trail documentation”).

As Shi suggests, slave schedules open the possibility that Robert could have fathered Fanny’s children, despite the report that it was Liberty.

Compounded Complexities

There is, of course, the chance that Fanny’s children, as listed in the 1860 Census, had more than one white father. It is also possible that they were born in Kentucky to more than one slave mother. Since all the Craig Langfords in Ohio are listed as “black,” we might also learn that Craig, while working as a Langford slave in Kentucky, fathered them all (except, perhaps, Nancy and Ann). Further, it is possible that not all of Craig’s children were born of the same mother – especially after their master claimed Fanny as his mistress. The complexities, trying to compile family group records for former slaves, boggle the mind!

There is, however, a grain of truth in most family legends. Shi and I resolved to find all the documentation we can to either strengthen or dismiss this family tale about a white Langford’s slave children.

DNA Dilemma

I began to hope that DNA testing might with certainty place Fanny’s children with their father(s). This hope was fortified by Part II of the PBS special, “African American Life” that traced the DNA of famous black persons like Oprah to specific locales!

Then a cousin told me about the article, “In Our Blood,” in the Feb. 6, 2006 Newsweek that cautions about DNA test limitations. An insert on page 54 asks: “Did Thomas Jefferson father as many as six children with his slave Sally Hemings? In 1998, scientists tracing the Y chromosome from father to son said, ‘Yes, Jefferson was the most likely candidate – at least for one of Hemings’s children.’ But the controversy continues because DNA evidence can’t absolutely prove it; another male Jefferson could have been the culprit.”

We may never prove who fathered Fanny’s children. For now, I have placed them all in my Craig Langford family group, with accompanying notes about potential biological white blood. In some cases all we can do is take a combination of facts, common sense, and DNA evidence, while continuing the search for better documentation.

PART II – My Father’s Folk Intervene

After all the excitement, finding Fanny in Ohio, I tried to learn all I could about life in Rockcastle County, just before the 1860 Census. At BYU’s Harold B. Lee Library, I found the history of a bordering county: Madison County: 200 Years in Retrospect,” by William E. Ellis, H. E. Everman, and Richard D. Sears (published by the Madison County Historical Society). This volume brought alive the rioting, threats of violence, and arson perpetrated by area pro-slavery factions (see pp. 123-153). For a while there in Rockcastle, communicants at churches with abolitionist ministers were mainly women, while their men stood in surrounding woods, guns aimed at would-be arsonists, who did succeed in turning one Rockcastle church to ashes. On another occasion, they burned down the home of an abolitionist whose young family narrowly escaped the flames.

In one case, John G. Fee, an abolitionist minister, was forcibly removed from his pulpit and marched more than ten miles, from Rockcastle County to nearby Crab Orchard (where my ancestor Fielding Langford was born in 1804, but left long before).

Jesse Keeps the Peace

In 1860, a pro-slavery Kentucky legislature passed a law that any citizen freeing slaves had to get them out of the state. Also, no freed slaves could enter the state. Perhaps provisions in this law convinced the Langfords to free and transport their slaves. But how, we wondered, did they accomplish that?

I googled “Craig Langford,” without expecting to find much. Up came the link to a page about abolitionist activities of Levi Coffin (http://www.waynet.org/nonprofit/coffin.htm), a member of the Society of Friends (“Quakers”) and reputed president of the Underground Railroad. His home had a hidden door behind a bed and a covered inside well. With the support of his wife Catharine, he helped more than 2,000 slaves find their way to freedom!

Levi and I both descend from Tristram Coffin, my father’s ancestor, who was born in 1609, in Plymouth, England, but left his native country to become a founding father of Nantucket.

Levi’s journal (http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/2064/undrgrd.htm) tells of his visits with the Stubbs family in West Elkton, Indiana, in their joint endeavors to free slaves. The “Squire Stubbs” he stayed with on one stop was probably Jesse Stubbs, then Justice of the Peace.

This site tells how Jesse advanced most of the $5,062 needed to free an entire slave family. Then he traveled, in 1858, to Rockcastle County, Kentucky to redeem the Craig Langfords! (More levitation, this time with spirit from my father’s side.)

I reviewed my extract of the 1870 Census that lists Craig and Fanny and children, in Ohio. Look at the name of their last child:

60/60 Langford, Craig 52M B Farmer 1100 Kentucky
, Fanny 43F B Keep House Kentucky
, Robert 22M B Farm Laborer Kentucky
, Walter 20M B Farm Laborer Kentucky
, Annie 16F B At Home Kentucky
, Isaac 15M B At Home Kentucky
, Stephen 11M B At Home Kentucky [Ohio, 1860]
, Jesse S. 9M B Kentucky

(Source: HeritageQuest on-line image: P.O. Jacksonsborough, Wayne Township, Butler County, Ohio – Series M593, Roll 1177, Page 490, taken 4 June 1870.)

I learned from additional reading that Craig and family prospered in Ohio and managed to pay back most of what Jesse Stubbs and his neighbors raised to free them. In the 1900 Census, I find Jesse Langford at age 39, with his wife and son, living near two brothers and between two white families. Two houses up live Joseph Stubbs, age 65, and wife Esther, 62. They have to have been connected to the Jesse Stubbs who freed the Langfords. I like to think that Jesse shoveled their snow for them, from time to time, there in Gratis, Preble, Ohio.

Better than Fiction

Shi and I have quite a challenge, trying to find documentation, so we can sort fact from fiction, in this family story. For now, it’s fun to think that my father’s relatives helped redeem a family owned by my mother’s! History sometimes reads better than fiction.

The author’s family in 1976: Back L-R Sherlene, H. Tracy, Jr., Elizabeth, David R; Front L-R Virginia, Charlotte, H. Tracy, Sr. (sustained that day as an LDS bishop), Ida-Rose (Langford), and Nancy Hall.

Since learning about Quaker participation, freeing the Craig Langfords, I have written letters, hoping to learn how these Indiana abolitionists learned about and decided to free this particular slave family. Are there receipts, I ask, telling who accepted the $5,062 redemption for this family? How did Jesse Stubbs travel to Rockcastle, and how did he get these slaves out? Did he perhaps make use of the Langford Station Underground Railroad stop? Is it possible that Jesse knew the money would go to strengthen the abolitionist cause in Kentucky? (I know we’re optimistic, but we can always hope, can’t we?) Is there a record of how the Craig Langfords paid off their freedom debt and to whom? Has correspondence from descendants of Craig and Fanny been preserved?

Anguish at “The Tree”

There are those who never ask questions about their family history, for fear of what they might learn. To remain in such ignorance is itself a form of self-enslavement. Others very well know the facts, but prefer to sweep them under that already-bulging rug, caring little how their children might fall, tripping over what they cannot see.

We all need to overcome insecurities that make us afraid to know who we really are. Nothing we ever find can override the fact that we are all created in the image of our Savior, who said: “… If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples, indeed. And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” [John 8:31-32] Then He went on to explain what His fellow Jews might have learned from their Abrahamic genealogy (and what we might also learn from ours).

Abolitionist Langfords in Nauvoo

I descend from Walker Lankford who married Mary or “Polly” Warren, of Lincoln County, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana. In 1830, his son Fielding married Sarah, who was born in 1809, in Rockcastle County, to David P. and Margaret (Kincaid) Bethurem. The young couple soon moved to Indiana, where they converted to the “Mormon” faith in 1843. With other “saints,” they gathered to Nauvoo, Illinois, in time to join the trek across Iowa to Council Bluffs. In 1850, they were living in Platte County, Missouri, but in 1852 migrated to the Salt Lake Valley.

After surviving all that, Sarah died in 1863 from the bite of a black widow spider. I yearn to find a picture of my Sarah, but perhaps she died too soon. We do have one of Fielding in his old age, posing with children by his next wife, Carolyn Christina Bocker, whom he married in 1865, in Salt Lake City. She, however, is not in the picture. By then she had divorced him, purportedly for his whiskey habit. It probably also did not help that Fielding was Swedish-born Carolyn’s senior by forty-three years!

Fielding Langford (1804-1882) and his children by 2nd wife, Carolyn Christina Bocker (from an old tin-type taken about 1880-82). L-R: Joseph, Fielding, Wm. Henry, Anna Caroline, Cynthia Elizabeth, and Malinda Melvina Langford.

Whatever his faults, I love Fielding for having the courage to join a new and different religion that has so blessed my life. I admire his thrifty, hard-working stamina, pioneering the West, drawing on skills he saw his colonizing fathers in the US South apply. Learning to creatively adapt, as they faced new, trying situations, he and Sarah managed to raise a healthy clan that gave me a phenomenal Langford mother.

Fielding and his family missed all the civil rights excitement in Kentucky, but saw plenty of their own in the form of persecution against the concentrated “Mormon” population in Nauvoo. Such trials did not seem to dampen their hope for that better future they did carve out for us, their descendants.

Find an Ancestor – Find yourself!

I am also inspired, learning more about my paternal-line Quakers who, as noted on the above-mentioned site, did not wink at injustice that for many had become a way of life. They did more about it than complain or write a letter to the editor. Taking action, they slowly changed opinions and altered custom – often at significant personal cost.

I also have empathy for slaveholders who found themselves entrenched in what had been a way of life for generations. How difficult it must have been to have all that household and field help and then be forced, either by conscience or circumstance, to give it up.

Before then, it must have been perplexing for children of slaveholders to see how different life was for half brothers and sisters. In situations where slave masters were abusive, studies show those tendencies carried down for generations, within families. Again, I admire the fortitude of Langford families who apparently tried to leave the system. Local pressure on those with Union sympathies was not exactly life-promoting.

Some of us don’t like learning that our ancestors were alcoholics or had slaves, much less that they bred additional “property” with them. On the other hand, knowing more about family history helps us better comprehend why we feel and act the way we do and to better guard against what may be inherited blind spots.

Speaking for myself, these family discoveries fortify my resolve to look at my environment with less complacency – to do what I can to not only change evils in society, but also to adjust attitudes and practices I better recognize as part of my own personal legacy.

We all might hope, as well, to build on accompanying virtues evident in every family line. God seems inclined to reveal a fair share of both the negative and positive in each of us, both to keep us humble and extend encouragement.

Magnificent Wonder!

At varying times, some branches on our family tree seem more straight and true than others. All, however, produce good fruit that, unless tended well, attracts spoil and canker. We stretch to pick the best and try to ignore the bad. Finding soft spots in the past, we excise them for our future, with help from the Master Chef. The result is a fresh pie so divinely aromatic, vibrantly colorful and flavorful that we who taste of it can hardly wait to prepare tables and share it.

The magnificent wonder is that our Father in Heaven, in His great love, invites us, His children all, into His vineyard to with faith cultivate our inheritance. There each of us not only finds vital root, but by virtue of our Lord’s tender mercies, becomes more strong, resilient, and trusting, as we reap His redeeming bounty.

***************

February 29, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords | 4 Comments

John Walker Lankford, Confed. Soldier, b. Jul 1833, NC (s/o ?), of Greene, Hawkins Counties, TN, m. Caroline Dryman, d. aft. 11 Jun 1900.

RELATIONSHIP/GRAVE FOUND/PHOTOS. I do not know how/if this John Walker Lankford is related to my ancestor, Walker Lankford (m. Mary/Polly Warren). My Legacy ID No. 70991, John Walker Lankford, is a great-grandfather of Gerry Haggard, whose information was forwarded to shb, 18 Oct 2007, by John Robert or “Whetstone Bob” Langford. (See “BURIAL” tab, below, for this correspondence).

JOHN WALKER LANKFORD’S ANCESTRY/SON. E-letter from Gerry Haggard to Bob Langford, forwarded to shb, 4 Nov 2007: “On 11/4/07, Gerry Haggard [e-address in John Walker Lankford’s blind file–shb] wrote: “The Mormon records give a Benjamin Lankford as the father of John Lankford, father of John Walker Lankford, father of my grandfather John W. Lankford. Census rolls say Hon Walker was born in Rutherford county in 1833.
He married a Nelissa Gosnell. His Confederate grave is in the Providence Cemetery, in Greene County, Tennessee.” –shb 4 Nov 2007

BIG IF: Insertion of Walker as a son of the Benjamin who married Temperance is an assumption, based on the following query, that needs additional verification: Claiborne County, Tennessee Queries: “As posted by Gerry Haggard, ghaggar@prodigy.net, 29 Aug 2000: “LANKFORD – Benjamin Lankford came to Claiborne County [Tenn.] from Rutherford County, NC. If he is my gggrandfather, he had a son named Walker Lankford, who was born in 1833 [a birth date that fits nicely into the birth structure I have for children of this Benjamin Lankford–shb]. Can anyone tell me about Benjamin? –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: I have since unlinked John Walker as a son of Benjamin (see “MERGE” note, below). –shb 20 Feb 2008

MERGE. It dawned on me, 20 Feb 2008, that the “Walker K. Lankford” I had just entered in my database was the same person as “John W. Lankford,” entered separately (dates, including with children are a close enough match), so I am making the merge of my ID 70991 and No. 62047, keeping the lower number. Another search of my database leads me to merge 62047 with 72144, John Walker, the Confederate soldier, whose wife “Caroline Dryman” applied for a pension. again keeping the lowest ID number. The only problem with this merge is that the Confederate soldier’s father’s name is “John,” which ruins my hope that Benjamin was John Walker’s father (unless his name was John Benjamin, that is). For now I am unlinking John Walker as a son of Benjamin (my ID 61959), who married Temperance (62046). –shb 20 Feb 2008

1870–A “WALKER LANKFORD” IS AGE THIRTY-FIVE, IN THE 1870 CENSUS OF PEDDLER TOWNSHIP, AMHERST COUNTY, VIRGINIA. This Walker lives near Pleasant and Susan B. Lankford and Robert A. Lankford, thought to be Pleasant’s son. The age seems a match to this Walker Lankford, my Legacy ID 62047, but for now I am entering this Walker, b. abt. 1835, separately. –shb 18 Feb 2008

1880 CENSUS–“JOHN W. [for “Walker”?–shb] LANKFORD” IS AGE FORTY-SIX, BORN IN NORTH CAROLINA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “CAROLINE,” AGE FORTY, BORN IN TENNESSEE, AND FIVE CHILDREN, ALL BORN IN TENNESSEE, IN DISTRICT ELEVEN, GREENE COUNTY, TENNESSEE. Query from Richard Wilcox, as posted at RootsWeb, about “John Walker Lankford,” of Greene County, Tennessee (accessed 10 May 2007, by shb), got a response from “Richard,” that simply offers this information:

“1880 District 11 Greene Co., TN

John W. Lankford 46 NC
Caroline Lankford 40 TN
William Lankford 20 TN
Sarah Lankford 16 TN
John Lankford 12 TN
Henry Lankford 9 TN
Mary Lankford 1 TN” –shb 10 May 2007

1900 CENSUS–“WALKER K. LANKFORD” [AS INDEXED BY HERITAGEQUEST–SHB] IS AGE SIXTY-SIX, BORN JULY 1833, IN NORTH CAROLINA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN NORTH CAROLINA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE OF FORTY-SIX YEARS, “CARLENE” OR “CAROLINE,” WHO HAS MOTHERED SIX CHILDREN, FIVE SURVIVING, AND WAS BORN IN TENNESSEE, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN TENNESSEE. DAUGHTER “MOLLIE [MARY],” AGE TWENTY-ONE AND SINGLE, BORN IN TENNESSEE, LIVES WITH THEM, IN TOWNSHIP 15, CIVIL DISTRICT, HAWKINS COUNTY, TENNESSEE. NEXT DOOR LIVES PROBABLE SON, “WILLIAM G. LANKFORD,” AGE THIRTY-NINE, WIFE NANCY, AND THEIR CHILDREN; ON THE OTHER SIDE OF WILLIAM LIVES ANOTHER PROBABLE SON, “JOHN LANKFORD,” AGE THIRTY-THREE. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 20 Feb 2008, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Township 15, Civil District, Hawkins County, Tennessee
Series T623, Roll 157, Page 220
Taken 11 June 1900

90/91 Strong, James R., age 36, wife Nancy E., and family.

91/92 Lankford, Walker K. Head WM Jul 1833 66 M46 North Carolina North Carolina NC
, Carlene Wife WF Jul 1844 55 M46 Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Mollie Dau WF ? 1878 21 S Tennessee North Carolina TN

92/93 Lankford, William G. Head WM Jun 1860 39 M17 Tennessee North Carolina TN
, Nancy Wife WF Nov 1865 34 M17 Tennessee Tennessee TN
, George Son WM May 1889 11 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Frederick [?] ” WM Jun 1890 9 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Haley Dau WF Jun 1893 7 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Nola Dau WF May 1896 4 S Tennessee Tennessee TN
, Tildon Dau WF Mar 1899 1 S Tennessee Tennessee TN

93/94 Lankford, John Head WM Oct 1866 33 M1 Tennessee North Carolina TN
, Mary J. Wife WF Oct 1881 18 M1 0/0 Tennessee Tennessee TN

94/95 Garner, James, age 26, Martha, 21, and daughter.

95/96 West, John A., age 48, wife Rachel, 42, and family. –shb 20 Feb 2008

BURIAL/A CONFEDERATE SOLDIER/PHOTOS. John Robert or “Bob” Langford wrote Gerry Haggard, 17 Oct 2007, as follows, with this response, below [photos of these graves since forwarded by Bob Langford, as attached to John Walker Lankford’s media file–shb]:

“Hi Gerry!

“I finally made it to the Romeo community today and found Walker Langford’s grave.

“Actually it was 4 miles north of Romeo in the County Line Community of Hawkins County, Tennessee. Directions as follows:

“From I-81 in Greene County, drive North on Hwy 70 approx. 5 miles until you come to the
Greene-Hawkins County line. There will be a church straddling the county line. Drive past
that church for about 1/8 mile and you will come to the Marion Robinette Memorial
Primitive Baptist Church on your left. You will see the cemetery and another sign that says
‘Providence Cemetery County Line Community’. Walker’s grave is to the right of the
church and the white storage building, at the top of the hill, under the tall Cedar tree in the photo.

“This is an old cemetery with many graves marked only with a flat field stone with no inscription.

“There was a row of slave graves with small granite markers that say Afro-American..
no names or dates. First time I’ve see that. Walker’s marker is very small..only about 12 inches square, and it only has his name, no dates. I found no other Langford graves.

“I don’t remember who’s line this Walker belongs to, so I’m sending a copy of this to the Langford List and asking Tree Mother to pass it on.

“Whetstone Bob” –shb 18 Oct 2007 [Gerry’s reply, 17 Oct 2007]:

“This is my ggrandfather’s grave. His name was John Walker Lankford. I have a copy of his Confederate discharge papers. Before my ggrandmother, Caroline Dryman Lankford, could get her pension, she had to prove that John wl was “Walker Lankford,” as the Confederate records indicated. She got statements form neighbors and army friends. His son John married Mary Ann West in Hawkins County, and they became my grandparents. If anyone thinks this is their line, also, I have more info that I could send. I also have copies of the land records, when land was sold after the death of John Walker.” –shb 18 Oct 2007

February 20, 2008 Posted by | Genealogy, Langfords in Tennessee, North Carolina Langfords | 2 Comments

Euclid Langford (son of Nicholas, b. abt. 1757, Caroline Co. VA, d. abt. 1810, Hancock County, GA), m. Elizabeth ___, in 1788, in Sussex County, VA; Rev. War Vet., Slave Holder

RELATIONSHIP/FATHER IS NICHOLAS THIRD?  I do not, at this time, know how Euclid Lankford/Langford is related to our family Langfords.  A “best-guess” of Langford researcher, Barry D. Wood, is that he is a son of Nicholas Langford, Jr., so perhaps a brother of my ancestor, Joseph Lankford, presumed father of Walker Lankford, my 4th great-grandfather.  –shb 24 Jul 2007 [Note:  “Descendants of Euclid Langford,” report, forwarded by Gene L. Lankford to shb, 14 Aug 2007, indicates that Euclid is descended from Nicholas, son of Nicholas, son of Nicholas, son of Thomas Lankford–shb.] Descendants of Euclid Langford are Gene Lankford, a “DNA guru,” as Judy Langford calls him, and Judy’s husband, Robert William or “Bob” Langford.  –Sherlene Hall Bartholomew (shb, hereafter), 16 Aug 2007

NAME.  Researcher Robert Davidson says (see 1777 notes, below) that Euclid most often spelled is own name “Langford,” with a “g.”  Davidson believes that Euclid was named after Euclid Whitlock, “circumstantially her brother.”  (See “MOTHER A WHITLOCK” tag, below.)  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1777-1757–BIRTH.   Euclid Langford’s approximate birth years are estimated from his enlistment in 1777, as a private, in the Revolutionary War (see 1777 notes, below).  This approximation is included in a “Lankford-Langford” report, compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by her to shb,15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes).

FATHER IS NICHOLAS?  See 1785, 1787 debt suits, below, in which Euclid/Edmund LANKFORD is named in the suit, with Nicholas LANKFORD as security, in both suits.  Researcher Robert Davidson feels this is good indication that Nicholas is Euclid’s father and hopes finding the name of Nicholas’ wife may give additional confirmation.  –shb 16 Aug 2007

MOTHER A WHITLOCK?  Writes researcher Robert Davidson, in his report, as commissioned by Judy and Bob Langford (see above), p. 11:  “Euclid LANKFORD’s mother was almost certainly a WHITLOCK, of a family of close neighbors to the LANKFORDS, and she named her son after Euclid WHITLOCK, circumstantially her brother.  One finds a Euclid WHITLOCK in Court in 1764, a man perhaps thirty or older, given the circumstances:  ‘1764, February.  William UBANK not capable of caring for his children.  Churchwardens of St. Margarets Parish bind William UBANK Jr. to Euclid WHITLOCK. (Dorman 1764-1765-2:2).  Various records of this Euclid WHITLOCK continue until his death in 1781, leaving an estate administered by George GUY but no information on his family.  (Williams:487) These speculations cannot be confirmed, but they are reasonable, given the first name “Euclid,f1,” never seen before in any colonial Virginia record.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

CONNECTED TO CHAPPELS IN NEWPORT PARISH, ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA?  See notes of Elizabeth Lankford, my Legacy ID No. 71494, who married a James Chappel.  Elizabeth was a daughter of Thomas Lankford (father unknown to me), of Newport Parish, who named “daughter Elizabeth Chappell” in his will.  In 1794 (see note, below), a witness to Euclid’s purchase of eighty-seven acres from Alexander and Sarah Tomlinson, in Sussex County, Virginia, was Benjamin Chappell.  –shb 16 Aug 2007

EXCITING DNA MATCH/OF MIDDLE-EAST, MEDITERRANEAN ORIGINS?  See notes of my ancestor, James Harvey Langford, Jr., for fascinating correspondence, 12-13 Aug 2007, from Judy R. Langford (her husband, Bob, is Euclid’s descendant) and Gene Lankford (a descendant of Euclid).  I sent Gene the DNA profile I had worked out (with several lapses), applying a code to what was in Sorenson Molecular’s database, from a sample provided by a descendant of my ancestor, James H. Jr., named Alva Bedford Langford (brother of my grandfather, Ernest Fountain Langford).  Gene finished the profile and proclaimed it an almost perfect match, making me a cousin to him, Judy’s husband Bob, and other relatives of theirs I look forward to “meeting.” named John Q. Langford and Stanard Lanford.  A fascinating part of Gene’s letter of 13 Aug 2007, reads (some paragraphing added):

“This is all very exciting!  It is now looking like a distinct possibility that our J2 DNA goes back at least to Nicholas Lang/kford, Sr.  Bruce Montgomery Edwards and Arthur Hall both have Nicholas as the son of a Thomas Lankford, who may have been an immigrant from England or may have been the son of an Edward Langford who immigrated from England.  I wonder about those connections and the basis for them.  Of course, Hall also has Eli Langford as a son of Nicholas, Jr.  But the participants in the DNA project (2 of them) claiming to descend from Eli do not match us or even come close, and they are DNA type R1b1 instead of J2, indicating an entirely different ethnic origin.

“R1b1 is typical of Europeans.  J2 (ours) originates in the Middle East and Mediterranean.  We have near-matches with some people of Italian origin, which makes me wonder about an Italian origin of our ancestors.  The J2 DNA type is one of the main reasons I have speculated that somewhere back one of our ancestors was not fathered by a Lang/kford.  Most Lang/kfords in the project have the more typical European R1b1.”  –shb 14 Aug 2007

1757–BIRTH IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Birth year, place, per GenForum post by Gene Lankford, 4 Apr 2006:  “A descendant of Jeremiah Euchlet Langford who lives in Utah has just had an exact DNA match with two of us who are confirmed descendants of Euclid Langford, b. 1757 Caroline Co., VA.  Given the fact that the three of us match each other but do not match any other Langfords or Lankfords in the project, this seems to confirm that Jeremiah Euchlet Langford was indeed a descendant–most likely, given his age and approximate DOB, a grandson–of Euclid Langford.”  –shb 24 Jul 2007

RELATIVES JOHN, JAMES, EDMOND, GEORGE N., AND NICHOLAS LANGFORD:  See notes with “DEATH” tab, below.  –shb 12 Dec 2005

Letter from Judy Langford to Barry Wood, as forwarded from Barry to shb, 12 Dec 2005:  “After reading your posts on Genforum, something I had not done in a long time, I see that your family is from Caroline Co. [Virginia–shb].  Do you know where Euclid fits in? He was on the Personal Property Tax List for Caroline Co. in 1787, as well as a Nicholas. Euclid is of record in Caroline Co. as a defendant in a debt suit of 1785: “1785, June 11. Andrew Leckie v Euclid Lankford and Benjamin Fletcher, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas Lankford, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65)

“This leads me to believe this Nicholas was the father of Euclid. I have been working on Euclid’s parents and siblings for 15 years and the only thing I have is this from Caroline Co. I have thousands of his descendants.

“Please send anything you might have.

“Thanks,

“Judy”  [This is Judy R. Langford (her e-address in Euclid’s blind file–shb], who writes that the Langford site is now administered by Lauren Langford, M. D.–her e-address is lal1126@aol.com .] –shb 12 Dec 2005

MORE ABOUT LANKFORDS:  E-letter from Barry D. Wood to Judy Royer Langford, 12 Dec 2005, as copied to shb:

“Judy — Thanks for the update. My Langford connection is that this was the maiden name of my mother in law, Ida-Rose Langford Hall, who authored “Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford.”  My wife has cousins who carry the Langford name, though because of a preponderance of girls in the family they are far outnumbered by those bearing other surnames. Living in the East, we’re not in close contact with the eponymous Langfords, but I’m copying this email to my wife’s sisters and brothers, so that they can follow up and encourage participation in the test.

“Fielding, as you may know, was the son of Walker Langford/Lankford of Lincoln County, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana. Walker was the son of the Joseph Langford who died in Lincoln County in 1785 or thereabouts, and who had owned land in Pittsylvania County, Virginia before the war. You have seen the posts of those who believe that Joseph was the son of Nicholas Langford, and I have no reason to doubt this theory. However, I have no clue as to whether Euclid Langford (b. 1757) was a brother of Joseph. If he was, Euclid was certainly much younger than Joseph, whose birth I estimate at around 1740 at the latest.

“Given that James Langford was buying land in what’s now Patrick County, Virginia (somewhat to the west of Joseph’s property) in the 1740’s, I suspect that James might have been the oldest of the family (assuming that he, too, was a son of Nicholas). If James was born, say, around 1720, then Nicholas could scarcely have been born much after 1700. Accordingly, I strongly doubt that the Nicholas Langford who was surety on the debt of Euclid Langford in that 1787 suit in Caroline County was the same person as the father of James, Joseph and Benjamin Langford (assuming that these three were in fact brothers).

“Supposedly another of this set of brothers was Nicholas Langford Jr. Do you know of any reason why Nicholas Jr. might not have been Euclid’s father? This would seem like the most reasonable construction of the available shreds of information on Euclid.

“I noticed that in a couple of places posters on the Lankford Genforum have specified Euclid’s birthplace as Sussex County, Virginia. Do you happen to know whether any contemporaneous documentation supports that notion? I wondered whether application for a pension based on his service in the Rev. War might have specified the soldier’s birthplace. The application of my 4th great granduncle John Bagby, coincidentally born the same year, gives his birthplace as Hanover County. We would have no knowledge of his Hanover roots otherwise, as Hanover is an almost thoroughly “burned” county. Sussex, if I recall correctly from my Gilliam work, has a surviving Anglican parish register, but I don’t remember seeing any Langford entries in it.”  –shb

[Note:  This earlier correspondent with my brother-in-law, Barry Wood, is the same Judy who wrote me, 11 Aug 2007, within hours of my posting my contact information and Langford lineage, on Jeff Davis’ site, per his request:

“Hi Sherlene, I saw on Jeff’s website that you are trying to link Walker Lankford [via his presumed father, Joseph–shb] to Nicholas and Katherine Guiney.  I have some research on them to share.

“My [husband Bob’s] ancestor, Euclid Langford, was from Caroline County. His father is thought to be the Nicholas Lankford who died after 1795 in Caroline County, and possibly his father was the Nicholas who died 1743.  I will look through my research and send more later.  There was another Nicholas in, I think, Gloucester County earlier, whose wife was Katherine.  Will look it up in the next couple of days.

“What do you have?  Do you have someone in the DNA project?  Gene Lankford is from this line, as well.  We have concluded that prior to Euclid there was a Lang/kford male not born of Lang/kford blood.

“Thanks,
Judy”  –shb 11 Aug 2007

1777, MARCH–EUCLID LANGFORD ENLISTED AS PRIVATE IN REV. WAR/SERVED AT VALLEY FORGE.  Report compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by Judy to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, 15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes):  “EUCLID LANGFORD 1755/57-1810 – Euclid LANGFORD, as he most often spelled his last name, enlisted in March 1777 as a Private in Capt. John SHIELD’s Company, First Virginia State Regiment and served three years in this regiment, including time at Valley Forge. He was at least eighteen at enlistment–perhaps older, so his birth will be about 1755-1757.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1783, MAY 24–EUCLID IS IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA–RECEIVES BOUNTY LAND GRANT FOR HIS WAR SERVICES (OF A HUNDRED ACRES IN WHAT IS NOW OHIO).  Information about Euclid’s bounty land grant, per “Lankford-Langford” report (see above), p. 10 (full text about Euclid at end of these notes). [Footnote in Davidson’s report, p. 11:  “6 – The cover of his bounty warrant folder at the Library of Virginia contains no other information.  If there were papers in the folder, as there are in most cases, they have not survived.”] –shb 16 Aug 2007

1783–EUCLID LANGFORD IS ISSUED MILITARY WARRANT TO SURVEY LAND.  Scan of a Land-Office Military Warrant to Survey Land, issued 24 May 1783 to Euclid Langford (as now attached to his media file) was forwarded to shb, 5 Jun 2007, by Jeffrey “Jeff” Warren Davis, with this note:  “Have you seen this already?  I found it on an obsure website for the State of  Kentucky, at http://landofficeimages.kysos.com/landofficeimages/jukeboximage.aspx?DocDb=REVOLUTIONARY+WAR+WARRANTS&DocTitle=0634.0&Title=REVOLUTIONARY+WAR+WARRANT+0634.0 ”  –shb 5 Jun 2007

1785, JUNE 11–IN CAROLINE COUNT AS DEFENDANT IN DEBT SUIT/NICHOLAS LANKFORD IS SECURITY: “1785, June 11. Andrew LECKIE v Euclid LANKFORD and Benjamin FLETCHER, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas LANKFORD, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65).”  Debt suit information, per “Lankford-Langford” report, compiled Jan 2004, by Robert Davidson, CG, as commissioned by Judy (Bob) Langford and forwarded by Judy to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, 15 Aug 2007, p. 10 (Full text about Euclid at end of these notes).  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1787–“EDMUND” LANKFORD NAMED IN SECOND SUIT/NICHOLAS LANKFORD IS SECURITY.  Per Davidson’s report (see above), p. 11:  “A second suit in 1787 names ‘Edmund’ LANKFORD, but with no other record of an Edmund, this may well be a clerk’s error for the unusual name Euclid:  1787, May 16.  John NUNN v Edmund LANKFORD, debt, defendant defaults, Court to charge his security Nicholas LANKFORD L16 unless he pays by August 1787.  (Orders 1787-2:23).  That Nicholas LANKFORD stood security for these debts strongly suggests that Euclid was his son.  If the name of Nicholas’ wife could be found, that might give further confirmation.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1787–FIRST YEAR EUCLID IS NAMED IN CAROLINE COUNTY TAX RECORDS.  Per Davidson’s report (see above), p. 12:  “Euclid LANGFORD is not found in the Caroline County tax records by name until 1787.  In that year he is listed with James BANKHEAD, who paid his tax.  James BANKHEAD was a wealthy man, with thirty slaves and thirty-eight cattle.  Euclid LANGFORD was probably working as his overseer.  That would also explain his absence from earlier tax lists, for 1787 is the first to give the names of men over twenty-one who did not pay their own taxes.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1788–EUCLID WAS NOT TAXED, THOUGH PRESENT, IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 12:  “In 1788 Euclid LANGFORD was taxed for his own household, his property consisting of one horse, but he himself was not taxed, suggesting he still worked for BANKHEAD.” [Footnote]:  “7 All men over twenty-one were taxed, a sort of head tax, in addition to the tax on their real and personal property.  That Euclid LANGFORD did not pay this tax in 1788 indicates that someone else did, or that he was exempt for some reason.  Some war veterans were exempt in some Virginia counties.”–shb 16 Aug 2007

MARRIED TO ELIZABETH?  “Inventory of Langfords & Lankfords,” as posted by Carol Middleton [c.middleton@worldnet.att.net] on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lfredsndx.html, accessed 11 Dec 2005, by shb, includes this item:  “Edmond Langford (GA), who married Joysey Willingham and who was the son of Euclid Langford and Elizabeth ? (GA).”  Her next item:  “Edmund Langford, Jr., who married Martha Ann Elliot, and who was son of Edmund Langford and Joysey Moss Willingham (GA).”  –shb 12 Oct 2005

THREE SONS BORN IN CAROLINE COUNTY.  Davidson report, p. 12:  “By his will, below, three of Euclid LANGFORD’s sons were older than Henry, so born before the move from Caroline County. The daughter Betsy apparently died young” [she is not mentioned in Euclid’s will–shb].  –shb 16 Aug 2007

“BEF 1792”–LEFT CAROLINE COUNTY–WENT TO SUSSEX COUNTY, ON NORTH CAROLINA BORDER.  Robert Davidson report, p. 12:  “At some time before 1792, Euclid LANGFORD left Caroline County and went to Sussex County, on the North Carolina border.  He had married (his wife’s name Elizabeth), and two of their children were baptized in Bristol Parish, which adjoined Sussex County” [see notes of Euclid’s children, Betsy and Henry–shb].  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1788–MARRIAGE, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA, TO ELIZABETH ___.  Euclid’s marriage year, county, and first name of his wife Elizabeth, per “Descendants of Euclid Langford,” report, compiled by Gene L. Lankford, as forwarded to shb, 14 Aug 2007.  –shb

1789, OCTOBER 19–“BETSY, DAUGHTER OF EUCLID LAND FORD (OF SUSSEX COUNTY)” IS BORN, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  (Robert Davidson report, p. 12, from C. G. Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register . . . 1720-1798:108.)  –shb

1791, DECEMBER 16–“HENRY, SON OF THE SAME,” BORN.  (Davidson report, p. 12, from C. G Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register . . . 1720-1798:108.)  –shb

1792, APRIL 6–CHILDREN BETSY AND HENRY ARE BAPTIZED ON SAME DAY, IN BRISTOL PARISH (ADJOINS SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA). (Robert Davidson report, p. 12).  –shb

1794, MAY 4–WITNESSED CODICIL OF WILL OF FRANCIS WOOLFOLK, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 12:  “In Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD was witness to the codicil of the will of Francis WOOLFOLK:  ‘1794, May 4.  Euclid LANGFORD, Robert ROE, Witness, Codicil to will of Francis WOOLFOLK, his wife Elizabeth Executor.’ (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806: 129)  Francis WOOLFOLK was of a Caroline County family, neighbors of the LANKFORDS earlier.  Not long after coming to Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD bought land (see 1794, December 8 note, below).  –shb

1794, DECEMBER 8–EUCLID LANGFORD BUYS LAND, IN SUSSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “‘1794, December 8.  Alexander TOMLINSON and Sarah his wife of Sussex County to Euclid LANGFORD of same, for L52.10, 87~ acres adjacent John SMITH, Thomas WHITFIELD.  Witness:  Benjamin CHAPPELL, John SMITH, Benjamin GREEN.  (Sussex Deeds H:291).'”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

CONNECTED TO NEWPORT PARISH (ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY) VIRGINIA LANGFORDS?  In 1794, in Sussex County, Virginia, Euclid Langford purchased land from Alexander and Sarah Tomlinson.  A witness to the transaction, involving eighty-seven acres, was a Benjamin Chappell (see 1794 note, above).  –shb 16 Aug 2007

AN ELIZABETH LANKFORD MARRIES JAMES CHAPPEL BEFORE 1778.  “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia,” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb: “Elizabeth Lankford [my Legacy ID No. 71494, daughter of Thomas Lankford, Sr. (I don’t know his parents–shb) and Mary Collier, as explained earlier–shb] married James Chappel.”  [Before this, I only knew that his surname was “Chappel.”]  –shb 13 Jul 2007

“THOMAS LANKFORD, OF NEWPORT PARISH [ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA–SHB] MAKES HIS WILL, MAY 24, 1778/HE NAMES “DAUGHTER ELIZABETH CHAPPELL,” [WIFE OF JAMES] AS AN HEIR.  HE ALSO NAMES OTHER CHILDREN AND THREE GRANDCHILDREN, BUT DOES NOT MENTION HIS WIFE.  (See notes of Elizabeth’s father, Thomas Lankford, for detail.)  –shb 11 July 2007

1795–EUCLID HAS TWO SLAVES AND ONE HORSE.  (See 1796 note, below.)

1796–EUCLID IS TAXED FOR THE EIGHTY-SEVEN ACRES AND AN ADJOINING TRACT.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “The 1795 Sussex Personal Estate Tax Book shows Euclid LANGFORD with two slaves and one horse, and in 1796 he is taxed for the 87~ acres, to which he had added an adjoining tract:  ‘1795, December 3, John SMITH and Rebecca his wife to Euclid LANGFORD, for L63.17.2, 97~ acres adjoining his own land, Henry MOSS (or MOODY), and the estates of Thomas DUNN, Thomas WHITFIELD, Walter BAILY and Sterling PETTWAY, dec’d.  No Witness.’ (Sussex Deeds H:383)”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

SALLY DUNN TAKEN IN BY “FRIEND EUCLID LANGFORD”?  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “The neighbor Thomas DUNN had died earlier in the year and in his will asked ‘Friend Euclid LANGFORD to take daughter Sally DUNN to live with his family.’ (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:133) DUNN is also a Caroline County name.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1797-1800–EUCLID PAYS ESTATE TAXES, EACH YEAR ASSESSED FOR ONE SLAVE AND ONE OR TWO HORSES.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “From 1797 through 1800 Euclid LANGFORD paid real estate tax on his 184 acres and in each year he was assessed for one slave and one or two horses (cattle were not taxed in these years).”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1800–EUCLID AND WIFE ELIZABETH SOLD LAND AND LEFT FOR GEORGIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13: “In 1800 he and wife Elizabeth sold out and left for Georgia:  ‘1800, September 14.  Euclid LANGFORD and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas WREN, for L185, 184 acres, South Side Nottaway River at Frying Pan Branch, adjacent Henry MOODY, John SMITH, Thomas PARHAM, Thomas WHITFIELD’s widow and Walter BAILY’s estate.  Witness:  James PENNINGTON, Thomas LOFTIN, William LOFTIN.’  (Sussex Deeds I:400)”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

1810, MAY 25–EUCLID LANGFORD MAKES WILL/LEAVES WIFE ELIZABETH “THREE NEGROS”/NAMES SONS/EUCLID DIES, IN HANCOCK COUNTY, GEORGIA.  Robert Davidson report, p. 13:  “Euclid LN~FORD died in Hancock County, Georgia circa 1810, leaving a will:  ‘Euclid LANGFORD, will written May 25, 1810, Date of probate not given.  ABSTRACT.  “To wife Elizabeth, during her widowhood, plantation where I now live, three Negros . . . all farming and household items.  To son Nicholas LANGFORD, young bay mare and the use of my two stills &c . . . he to pay debts . . . Son Henry to remain at school the present year, son George to have one years schooling, and son Robert to have two years schooling .. to be paid out of the crops.  At marriage or death of my wife, my youngest sons (to wit) Edmund, Henry, George and Robert have a horse the value of $100.”  –shb 16 Aug 2007

BEF 1812, DECEMBER 12–DEATH:  I had that Euclid Lankford died “aft 1787.”  His death was probably closer to 1812, as I found this note posted on RootsWeb, under “Georgia Abstracts I, thanks to Molly McLaughlin” (came up when I did a Google Search for “Euclid Langford”–with a “g”).  A note says these items are the “Gist of records excerpted in ‘Genealogical Abstracts from “The Georgia Journal (Milledgeville) Newspaper, 1809-1840, Volumes One- Four,” by Fred R. and Emelie K. Hartz:  “1812, DECEMBER 12–SIGNS ON ESTATE SALE OF EUCLID LANGFORD:  Molly McLaughlin extracts (see below):  “December 12, 1812:  To be sold on 12/20/1812 at dwelling of Euclid Langford, deceased, Hancock County, GA– two stills, still tubs, one horse, stock of hogs and sheep.  Plantation to be rented with abt. 100 acres and one negro woman hired for 12 months.  Signed by Frederick G. Thomas, Nicholas Langford, Joseph Bryan, executors.”  –shb 12 Dec 2005 [Note:  items sold give me hope of a connection of Euclid and my ancestor, Fielding Lankford, who is thought to have made his living, in Kentucky, distilling whiskey, though since whiskey was the common table beverage of the day, many families had at least one still–shb.]

1810, MAY 25–DEATH IN HANCOCK COUNTY, GEORGIA.  Euclid Lankford’s full death date and county, per “Descendants of Euclid Langford” report, compiled by Gene L. Lankford, as forwarded to shb, 14 Aug 2007

1818, DECEMBER 1–MORE OF EUCLID LANGFORD’S ESTATE SOLD/SON EUCLID IS EXECUTOR:  “Dec. 1, 1818:  to be sold, property of Euclid Langford, deceased, to satisfy Francis Wisdom, administrator for Thomas Wisdom, deceased, against Nicholas Langford [my ID 65647–shb], executor for Euclid Langford.  120 acres land on road to Sparta to Greensboro, levied on property of John Langford [my ID 65648–shb] to satisfy in favor of Nicholas Langford.”  –shb 12 Dec 2005 [Note:  Other Molly McLaughlin items probably indicate other Langford relatives: Dec. 1812, involves a James Langford [my ID 65649–shb], and also, 12 Aug 1817, a George N. Langford [ID 65650] is named, both of Hancock County, Georgia–shb.]

1821, JANUARY 2–“NEGRO GIRL PATTY” SOLD:  Molly McLaughlin Langford extracts (see above):  “Jan. 2, 1821:  to be sold at markethouse, Hancock Co., GA, on Feb. 1, property of Euclid Langford, deceased, — one negro girl Patty, levied in favor of Edmond Langford, John W. Scott, D. W.”  –shb 12 Dec 2005
———————————————————————–
FULL TEXT OF REPORT ON EUCLID LANGFORD (1755/57-1810).  This report was commissioned by Judy Langford, on behalf of her husband, Robert William or “Bob” Langford, a descendant of Euclid.  It was compiled by Robert Davidson, CG, January 2004, as revised from June 25, 2003 (his address and e-address in Euclid’s blind file).  Mr. Davidson began with Thomas Langford and worked forward to Euclid (that information in their individual notes).  Judy forwarded this report to Sherlene Hall Bartholomew, on 15 Aug 2007, after her relative, Gene L. Lankford, proved an almost perfect match for DNA of a Langford descendant of my ancestor, James Harvey Langford, Jr., as compared with DNA from descendants of Euclid’s family.  I have Judy’s authorization to post this information here or in other places and to share it with other members of the family:

EUCLID LANGFORD 1755/57-1810

Euclid LANGFORD, as he most often spelled his last name, enlisted in March 1777 as a Private in Capt. John SHIELD’s
10
Company, First Virginia state Regiment and served three years in this Regiment, including time at Valley Forge. He was at least 18 at enlistment, perhaps older, so his birth will be about 1755-1757. After the war he returned to Caroline County, where he applied for and received a bounty land grant for his was services, May 24, 1783, 100 acres in what is now Ohio.6

He is also of record in Caroline County as a defendant in a debt suit of 1785:
1785, June 11. Andrew LECKIE v Euclid LANKFORD and Benjamin FLETCHER, debt. Defendants failed to appear, Nicholas LANKFORD, Security. (Orders 1784-1785:65)

A second suit in 1787 names “Edmundfl LANKFORD, but with no other record of an Edmund this may well be a clerk’s error for the unusual name Euclid:
1787, May 16. John NUNN v Edmund LANKFORD, debt, defendant defaults, Court to charge his security Nicholas LANKFORD £16 unless he pays by August 1787. (Orders 1787-2:23)

That Nicholas LANKFORD stood security for these debts strongly suggests that Euclid was his son. If the name of Nicholas’ wife could be found, that might give further confirmation.
Euclid LANKFORD’s mother was almost certainly a WHITLOCK, of a family close neighbors to the LANKFORDS, and she named her son after Euclid WHITLOCK, circumstantially her brother. One finds a Euclid WHITLOCK in Court in 1764, a man perhaps 30 or older, given the circumstances:

1764, February. William UBANK not capable of caring for his children. Churchwardens of St. Margarets Parish bind William UBANK Jr. to Euclid WHITLOCK. (Dorman 1764-1765-2:2)

Various records of this Euclid WHITLOCK continue until his death in 1781, leaving an estate administered by George GUY but no information on his family. (Williams:487)

These speculations cannot be confirmed, but they are reasonable given the first name “Euclid,fl never seen before in any colonial Virginia record.

6 The cover of his bounty warrant folder at the Library of Virginia contains no other information. If there were papers in the folder, as there are in most cases, they have not survived.
11
Euclid LANGFORD is not found in the Caroline County tax records by name until 1787. In that year he is listed with James BANKHEAD, who paid his tax. James BANKHEAD was a wealthy man, with 30 slaves and 38 cattle. Euclid LANGFORD was probably working as his overseer. This would also explain his absence from earlier tax lists, for 1787 is the first to give the names of men over 21 who did not pay their own taxes. In 1788 Euclid LANGFORD was taxed for his own household, his property consisting of one horse, but he himself was not taxed, suggesting he still worked for BANKHEAD.7

At some time before 1792, Euclid LANGFORD left Caroline County and went to Sussex County, on the North Carolina border. He had married, his wife’s name Elizabeth, and two of their children were baptized in Bristol Parish, which adjoined Sussex County:

Betsy, daughter of Euclid LAND FORD (of Sussex County) and Elizabeth his wife, born October 19,1789 and baptized April 6, 1792.

Henry, son of the same, born December 16, 1791 and baptized April 6, 1792. 8
his will, below, three of Euclid LANGFORD’s sons were older than Henry, so born before the move from Caroline County. The daughter Betsy apparently died young.

In Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD was witness to the codicil of the will of Francis WOOLFOLK:

1794, May 4. Euclid LANGFORD, Robert ROE, Witness, Codicil to will of Francis WOOLFOLK, his wife Elizabeth Executor. (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:129)

Francis WOOLFOLK was of a Caroline County family, neighbors of the LANKFORDS earlier. Not long after coming to Sussex County, Euclid LANGFORD bought land:

7 All men over 21 were taxed, a sort of head tax, in addition to the tax on their real and personal property. That Euclid LANGFORD did not pay this tax in 1788 indicates that someone else did, or that he was exempt for some reason. Some war veterans were exempt in some Virginia counties.

8 C.G. Chamberlayne, Births from the Bristol Parish Register … 1720-1798:108.
12
1794, December 8. Alexander TOMLINSON and Sarah his wife of Sussex County to Euclid LANGFORD of same, for £52.10, 87~ acres adjacent John SMITH, Thomas WHITFIELD. Witness:
Benjamin CHAPPELL, John SMITH, Benjamin GREEN. (Sussex Deeds H:291)

The 1795 Sussex Personal Estate Tax Book shows Euclid LANGFORD with 2 slaves and one horse, and in 1796 he is taxed for the 87~ acres, to which he had added an adjoining tract:
1795, December 3. John SMITH and Rebecca his wife to Euclid LANGFORD, for £63.17.2, 97~ acres adjoining his own land, Henry MOSS (or MOODY), and the estates of Thomas DUNN, Thomas WHITFIELD, Walter BAILY and Sterling PETTWAY, dec’d. No Witness. (Sussex Deeds H:383)

The neighbor Thomas DUNN had died earlier in the year and in his will asked ~Friend Euclid LANGFORD to take daughter Sally DUNN to live with his family.” (Hopkins, Sussex Wills 1754-1806:133) DUNN is also a Caroline County name.

From 1797 through 1800 Euclid LANGFORD paid real estate tax on his 184 acres and in each year he was assessed for one slave and one or two horses, cattle were not taxed in these years. In 1800 he and wife Elizabeth sold out and left for Georgia:

‘1800, September 14, Euclid LANGFORD and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas WREN, for L185, 184 acres, South Side Nottoway River at Frying Pan Branch, adjacent Henry MOODY, John SMITH, Thomas PARHAM, Thomas WHITFIELD’s widow and Walter BAILY’s estate. Witness: James PENNINGTON, Thomas LOFTIN, William LOFTIN.’ (Sussex Deeds I: 400)

Euclid LN~GFORD died in Hancock County, Georgia circa 1810, leaving a will:   Euclid LANGFORD, will written May 25, 1810, Date of probate not given. ABSTRACT.

“To wife Elizabeth, during her widowhood, plantation where I now live, three Negros … all farming and household items.

“To son Nicholas LANGFORD, young bay mare and the use of my two stills &c … he to pay debts …

“Son Henry to remain at school the present year, son George to have one years schooling, and son Robert to have two years schooling .. to be paid out of the crops.

“At marriage or death of my wife, my youngest sons (to wit) Edmund, Henry, George and Robert have a horse the value of $100.
13
“At marriage or death of my wife, remaining estate to be divided between my six children, John, Nicholas, Edmund, Henry, George and Robert … or their survivors.

“Executors: Son Nicholas and Friends Frederick Gibble THOMAS and Joseph BRYAN. (Signed) Euclid ~X” Langford. Witness: J.L. ACIE (?), John BISHOP, Reuben BISHOP.” (Hancock County, Georgia Wills F:195)

Robert Davidson CG.
[contact information in Euclid’s blind file–shb]
January 2004
Revised from June 25, 2003
14
SOURCES

For the early LANKFORD records all entries in Nell Nugent et aI, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volumes 1-7 (1623-1776) were checked.

All surviving (Old) Rappahannock and Essex County records to 1750 have been abstracted and indexed in a series of volumes by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, Beverley Fleet and J.F Dorman. All were checked for the name LANKFORD.

Beverley Fleet also abstracted everything he could find surviving from King & Queen County, republished in his Virginia Colonial Abstracts. Most of these records are fragments taken from the records of nearby counties.

CAROLINE COUNTY

The pre-1860 Will and Deed books, with a few exceptions, were sent to Richmond for ‘safekeeping’ during the Civil War, and were destroyed when the retreating Confederate army burned the city in April 1865. These books are a great loss, but the LANKFORDS owned no real estate, and except for the lost will of James LANKFORD, there will have been few references.

The Court Order Books were, fortunately, kept in the County Clerks office. But some after 1800 were lost. A Union soldier passing through Bowling Green in 1864 reported that court papers were strewn in the streets.

All of the surviving Court books to 1802 have been abstracted and indexed, those from 1732 to 1765 by J.F. Dorman, 1764-1788 by Ruth and Sam Sparacio, and 1781-1802 by Kimberley Campbell. Orders from 1791-1794 and 1797-1799 are lost. All LANGFORD-LANKFORD entries were read for this paper, as noted in the text.

Sparacio, Caroline County Land Alterations 1782-1798. Four volumes. No LANGFORD,
Sparacio, Carolin€ County, Virginia Guardian Bonds 1806-1821. No LANGFORD.
Sparacio, Caroline County, Surveys 1729-1762. No LANGFORD.
Campbell, Caroline County Court Records and Wills 1793-1897. Includes surviving Will book 1814-1818. No LANGFORD.
TLC Genealogy, Caroline County Chancery Court Orders 1758-1845. No LANGFORD.
15
Genealogy. Caroline County Real Estate Tax Books 1787-1799. No LANGFORD.
T.E. Campbell, Colonial Caroline r contains many records, most of which are also found in the court abstracts.
Therese Fisher, Marriages of Caroline County 1777-1853. LANGFORD brides in 1838 and 1851 do indicate that some members of the family remained in Caroline County.
Herbert Collins, Cemetaries of Caroline CountYr Virginia. Three volumes, as noted in text.
SUSSEX COUNTY records as noted in text.  [End of Robert Davidson’s Report] –shb 16 Aug 2007
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August 17, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Georgia Langfords, Virginia Langfords | 9 Comments

William Langford, b. abt. 1812, in Tennessee (s/o Menan and Mourning (Dalton), m. Elizabeth or “Lizzie” McFall, d. aft 1880, of Orleans, Orange, Indiana

MARRIED ELIZABETH MCFALL: Query by Nancy Todd Ludlow, a descendant of William’s brother John (m. Mary Ann Brooks), indicates that “William Langford m. Elizabeth McFall” (see notes of Mourning Dalton Langford for text of this query). –shb 10 May 2006

1860 CENSUS–“WILLIAM LANGFORD” IS AGE FORTY-TWO, BORN IN TENNESSEE, A “LABORER” LIVING WITH WILLIAM DALTON, DISTILLER AND FARMER, AND WIFE ELIZABETH, IN ORLEANS TOWNSHIP, ORANGE COUNTY, INDIANA. HE LIVES NEXT DOOR TO HIS BROTHER, HARRISON LANGFORD, AGE FORTY-FIVE. (See notes of brother, John Langford, for census detail.) –shb 2 May 2006

1870 CENSUS–“WILLIAM LANGFORD” IS AGE FIFTY-SEVEN, A “COPPER,” BORN IN TENNESSEE. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “LIZZIE,” AGE FIFTY-FOUR, AND TWO CHILDREN, IN ORLEANS TOWNSHIP, ORANGE COUNTY, INDIANA. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed by shb, 16 Jul 2007, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Orleans Township, Orange County, Indiana
Series M593, Roll 348, Page 94
Taken 16 Aug 1870

48/48 Marshall, Benjamin, age 30, wife Mary E., 30, and family.

49/49 Langford, William 57 MW Copper 100 Tennessee [Note the indexer said he was 67, and it could be interpreted that way, but it should be and is “57”–shb.]
, Lizzie 54 FW Keeping House Indiana
, Mary 19 FW At Home Indiana
, John 16 MW Laborer Indiana

50/50 Donnelson, William 34 MW KY, wife SArah, 35, and family. –shb 16 Jul 2007

1880 CENSUS–“WILLIAN LANGFORD” IS A WIDOWER, A FARMER, AGE SIXTY-EIGHT, BORN IN TENNESSEE, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA. HE LIVES WITH HIS “BROTHER,” THOMAS A. “BROOKX” AND FAMILY, IN ORLEANS, ORANGE, INDIANA. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 16 Jul 2007, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Thomas A. BROOKX Self M Male W 55 IN Farmer VA VA
Elizabeth BROOKX Wife M Female W 57 IN Keeping House VA VA
Frances BROOKX Dau S Female W 30 IN At Home IN IN
Florence BROOKX Dau S Female W 20 IN At Home IN IN
William LANGFORD Brother W Male W 68 TN Farmer VA VA

“Source Information:
Census Place Orleans, Orange, Indiana
Family History Library Film 1254302
NA Film Number T9-0302
Page Number 187D
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” –shb 16 Jul 2007

July 16, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Indiana Langfords, Tennessee Langfords | Leave a comment

Philip Langford, Black, b. 1820, in Virginia, a Baptist Minister, m. Frances, Black, b. 1810, in Kentucky; 1880 Census, in Missouri

I am extracting black Langfords born in Kentucky, just in case they were slaves of some of my white Kentucky Langfords. In this case, the name of Philip’s wife “Frances” is of interest. –shb 16 Jul 2007

1880 CENSUS–“PHILIP LANGFORD” IS BLACK, AGE SIXTY, A “BABTIST MINISTER,” BORN IN VIRGINIA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “FRANCES LANGFORD,” BLACK, AGE SEVENTY, BORN IN KENTUCKY. NEXT DOOR LIVES HIS SON, “ANDREW LANGFORD,” BLACK, AGE FORTY-THREE, BORN IN MISSOURI, HIS FATHER BORN IN VIRGINIA, HIS MOTHER BORN IN KENTUCKY, WITH WIFE, NANCY, AGE FORTY-ONE, HER MOTHER BORN IN KENTUCKY, AND THEIR EIGHT CHILDREN. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 16 Jul 2007, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
Philip LANGFORD Self M Male B 60 VA Babtist Minister VA VA
Frances LANGFORD Wife M Female B 70 KY Keeping House VA PA

“Source Information:
Census Place Breton, Washington, Missouri
Family History Library Film 1254740
NA Film Number T9-0740
Page Number 10D
“The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

“© 1999-2005 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.” [Note: I am confident that Andrew (see his notes) is a son of Philip and Frances, as birth places of his parents match, Andrew is the right age to be a son, and he lives next door, in the 1880 Census.] –shb 16 Jul 2007

July 16, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords, Missouri Langfords, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

Ivey Lankford (b. abt. 1776, son of Thomas Sr. and Mary Collier, of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia), m. __?, had four slaves in 1810, in Pulaski Co. Kentucky, d. aft 19 Aug 1834, of Russell County, Kentucky

RELATIONSHIP.  How/if this Ivey (grandson of Thomas Lankford, my ID No. 71489), is connected to my ancestor, Walker Lankford, is unknown.  Ivey Lankford is listed in the 1830 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky, as one of three Lankfords in that county (the other two were Walker and Stephen, who are listed next to each other in the census, though they lived miles apart, on different creeks).  DNA has been tested for purported descendants of Walker and Stephen, who are thereby shown to be unrelated.  I do not know of any studies for descendants of Ivey.  Any documented male descendants of Ivey, holding the name Langford, are eagerly invited to get in touch and contribute a sample (simple mouth swish), so we can get a DNA profile on this branch of Langfords.  –shb 24 Nov 2007, 3 Dec 2007

NAME IVY OR IVEY–NOT JAY. I first transcribed his name as “Jay,” as it appeared in the 1810 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky (the only other Langford there, besides my ancestor Walker Lankford). This “Jay” was age 26-44, so born between 1766-1784, which fits for the “Ivy,” “b. abt. 1766, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia,” claimed by some researchers and believed also by me, for some time, to have been a son of my purported ancestors, Joseph and Mary ___ Lankford. However, the only other Ivey Lankford I found (on 12 Jul 2007) is named as a son of William Lankford, son of Thomas Lankford, Sr., and Mary Collier, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia (as outlined by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html–shb). [Note: Jeff Renner tells me, correspondence of Mar 2007, that he has never seen the name as “Jay,” but always as “Ivy.” –shb.]

NAME FROM SURNAME CONNECTION?  Looking through Southampton County, Virginia deeds, I see that Ivey was a surname in that county, which opens the possibility that one of Ivey Lankford’s maternal lines was surname “Ivey.”  –shb 25 Nov 2007

POSSIBLE ROOTS OF NAME “IVEY”/PERPETUATION OF THE NAME AMONG DIFFERENT LANGFORDS/DNA RESULTS.  E-letter from my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, to Gene Lankford, as copied to shb, 2 Dec 2007:
“Gene — No, it was just a lame joke about how that given name ‘Ivy’ shows up at various odd places among the early Langfords. I surmise that ‘Ivy’ as a man’s name is derived from some version of ‘John,’ which as you know is sometimes ‘Ivin’ in Welsh, similar to ‘Ivan’ in Slavic languages. As the Welsh are found of saying ‘Davy’ for David, you could see how ‘Ivy’ would arise from ‘Ivin.’ The patronymic ‘Ivins’ is not as common as ‘Evans,’ but still well known, and we have friends of Welsh descent by that name.

“The Welsh were numerous in colonial Virginia; Davis, Morris, Williams and Jones (another patronymic derived from John) being among the most common surnames in the colony. Supposedly, for example, I have some Davis blood through my Bagby line, which runs from North Carolina back to Hanover, King & Queen and New Kent Counties.

“Back to the given name Ivy — We can’t ignore this moniker on our side, as Fielding Lankford had a nephew by that name — specifically the oldest son of Walker Langford (Lankford) Jr. (Ivy Lankford b. 1836; d. 1874, Clay Co., Ind.) We have long felt that this meant that the earlier Ivy Langford who was in Pulaski County, Ky. from 1800-1810, and eventually died in Russell Co., Ky. (just west of Pulaski), was somehow related to Walker Lankford, as detailed on Sherlene’s G-log, <https://sherlene.wordpress.com/2007/07/12/&gt;.
Yet just as we get more comfortable than ever with the concept of Walker being the son of the Joseph Lankford who died in Lincoln County, Ky. in 1785, and tying back to Nicholas Langford Sr. of Caroline County, Va. through the DNA match with Euclid, here we find that Thomas Lankford of Isle of Wight Co., Va., in his will dated 1778, had a grandson Ivy Lankford, son of William. The timeframe for a man who was orphaned before 1778 would seem to fit the age bracket of the Ivy Lankford on the 1810 census of Pulaski….though that’s not saying a lot, as we have a 20 year frame to work with on that score.

“Now on to another Ivy: I’m assuming that the Thomas Lankford who was born in 1812 in Knox County, Kentucky (county seat Barboursville, about 25 miles east of Pulaski County) may have been a son of this Ivy, as Thomas named a son Ivy. This Thomas’s family appears to be closely linked with that of an Anderson Lankford/Langford, who lived in Indiana near Louisville in the 1820s, as both families ended up in Daviess County, Mo. See <http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~livcomo/Pioneers/b650.htm&gt;. Other given names in this bunch bespeak a possible relationship with the Walker Lankford crowd, such as Elias. (One of Walker’s daughters married Elias Cooprider in Clay Co., Ind.) Also they have a Larkin Lankford, just like Walker. And a Frankie.

“AND YET — the DNA results clearly place Thomas Lankford of Isle of Wight County in with Rockcastle Stephen Langford and that crowd, and NOT with Walker and Euclid. So here we have this exceedingly unusual given name Ivy climbing right over the ‘wall’ between the two main tribes of (theoretically) completely unrelated Lankfords! Well, I should say that we have Ivy grandson of Walker on one side, and Ivy grandson of Thomas of Isle/Wight on the other. I guess that the Ivy Lankford of Pulaski County, and the Ivy son of Thomas of Knox County, aren’t defnitely known to be on either side of the wall at this point. In my ignorance, that is — as I am lacking as to proof that the Ivy Lankford who lived in Pulaski 1800-1810 was the same person as the Ivy named in Thomas Lankford’s 1778 will.

“Highly perplexing!

“Barry”  –shb 3 Dec 2007

FATHER WILLIAM, SON OF THOMAS, SR., OF ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  That William Lankford (m. ?), son of Thomas Lankford, Sr. and Mary Collier, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, was father of Ivey Lankford, per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb.  (See “CHILDREN” tag, notes of Ivey’s father, William, for text detail.)  That this is the Ivey Lankford that was in Pulaski County, Kentucky, is an assumption on my part that requires additional verification.  –shb 13 Jul 2007

MALE OR FEMALE? I had thought Ivy was a female child, but am corrected in this assumption by my brother-in-law, Barry D. Wood, e-letter to shb, 6 Aug 2006: “I have always been under the impression that Ivy Langford of Pulaski County was a man. See page 60 of your Mom’s book [speaking of Progenitors and Descendants of Fielding Langford, as compiled by my mother, Ida-Rose L. Hall–shb]. Is there a reason why you believe him to have been a woman? I realize that in the 19th century and first half of the 20th, Ivy became more common as a girl’s name … until that song “Poison Ivy” dissuaded parents from using it much (though I now a charming lady named Ivy in Grand Junction, Colo., fiancee of a client of mine, who is about 25).” Looking up page sixty in my mother’s book, she writes:

“All these Langfords marrying around the same time certainly suggests a nice family group. I strongly suspect that if they were not brothers and sisters, they were certainly cousins. I would not be surprised if all eight of those named [using Lincoln County, Kentucky tax lists and records until 1810, when Rockcastle County was taken off–shb] were the children of Joseph and Mary Langford. There was also one other Langford in early Kentucky who I believe was a brother or near relative of Walker Langford–IVY LANGFORD. Ivy also lived in Pulaski county, Kentucky where Walker and Stephen Langford lived. The reason that I believe that he is related is because Walker Langford Jr. named one of his sons Ivy. To my way of thinking, Ivy isn’t exactly the kind of name that would be chosen casually for a male child.” –shb 6 Aug 2006

PARENTS: Ivy (Ivey) is named as an eighth child of Joseph and Mary Lankford, per letter to shb, 20 Jan 2006, from Shiron Wordsworth (see Joseph’s notes). Shi says her list of their children is “based, in part, on Martha Langford Green’s research.” –shb 21 Jan 2006

PARENTS WILLIAM LANKFORD, SON OF THOMAS AND MARY COLLIER? I now believe that Ivey’s parents were indeed Thomas and Mary (Collier) Lankford, of Isle of Wight County, in Virginia. Checking through the censuses I see Norfleet neighbors to these Isle of Wight Lankfords, which “fits” a biographical sketch history about Ivy Norfleet (see below) that says the Norfleets were neighbors of Ivey Lankford in Pulaski County, Kentucky and so close that the Norfleets named the son of this history after Ivey Lankford. This of course does not preclude the very real possibility that my ancestor Walker Lankford and Ivey Lankford were somehow related. –shb 12 July 2007

COUNTY INFORMATION.  In 1732 a considerable, northwestern part of Isle of Wight County went to form Brunswick County.  In 1748, all of Southampton County was carved from the Isle of Wight (did not include Newport Parish).  In 1750, the courthouse, Isle of Wight County, was at Smithfield.

MAY-JUNE 1778–GRANDFATHER THOMAS LANKFORD, SR. DIES WHEN IVEY IS ABOUT AGE TWO? Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb), p. 243: “LANKFORD, Thomas: Of Newport Parish. Leg. son Stephen, son Jesse, son Thomas, daughter Elizabeth Chappell; granddaughter Mary Watkins; grandson George, son of William Lankford decd.; grandson Ivey Lankford. Ex., son Thomas Lankford. D. May 24, 1778. R. June 4, 1778. Wit: Joseph Mountfort, Wade Mountfort, Thomas English, Patience Brittain. Security, John Lawrence. Page 492.” –shb 11 July 2007

ABT 1776–BIRTH IN PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: Ivy (Ivey)’s approximate birth year and county courtesy of Shiron Wordsworth’s compilation of the “Children of Joseph and Mary (Unknown) Langford,” as forwarded to shb, 23 Jan 2006. She wrote that her list was based on research of Martha Langford Green. –shb 24 Jan 2006 [Note: “Ivey Lankford” is named as a grandson in the 1778 will of Thomas Lankford, of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, so if the Pulaski Co. Ivey is the same person who was Thomas Sr.’s grandson, then he would have to have been born before May-June 1778–shb.]

BROTHER TO WALKER LANKFORD? See 1810 Census notes, below, where “Warker” [my ancestor, see ID 230–shb] and “Ivy” Lankford seem to be the only Lankfords in Pulaski County, in 1810. There’s also a Robert Lankford, ID 66367 in Kentucky, in 1810, age 26-45. –shb 6 Mar 2006

1800–ON PULASKI COUNTY TAX LIST, WITH FOUR HUNDRED ACRES, ON FISHING CREEK. My letter to Langfords on my list, including fellow researchers, 16 June 2007: ” . . . I stayed on [at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, 15 June 2007] and looked up a reference I had been wondering about, that was somehow lost to me. It took four hours, but I found it (along with lots of other stuff). A History of Pulaski County, Kentucky, compiled by Alma Owens Tibbals (Bagdad, Kentucky: Published by Grace Owens Moore, 1952), p. 27, names some of the larger landowners in Pulaski County, shown by tax lists in 1799-1806.

“Tibbals notes that when the first tax list of Pulaski County settlers was taken in 1799, there ‘are listed 383 white males twenty-one years of age and over, 121 slaves, and 886 horses.’

“Rockcastle County was not formed from Pulaski County until 1810 . . .[Note: About this, Jeff Renner writes: “”Pulaski only contributed a very small part to Rockcastle. It was mostly Lincoln, with about a quarter/third Madison. Jeff” –shb 17 June 2007] Back to Sherlene’s letter:

“Anyway, only one Langford was listed by Tibbels as being a prominent Pulaski County land owner, as noted on the 1800 tax list (Walker was in Pulaski by then, but only had 100 acres): “Jocy Langford” had 400 acres on Fishing Creek, in 1800 [that’s the reference I was looking for, bolding and italics of his first name, mine–shb]. Only two other large land owners on Fishing Creek are named–Sherad Reynolds (346 acres), also in 1800, and William Durham (800 acres), in 1804.

“I brought up and enlarged Jeff Renner’s map showing the distance between Line Creek, where Walker lived in 1830, and Lick Creek, where Stephen2 was that year. I got out my magnifiers, but my feeble eyes couldn’t find a Fishing Creek, where Ivy was, on that map.

“Jeff, do you know who this Jocy Langford is, with 400 acres, on Fishing Creek, in 1800? I used to think this was the clerk’s shorthand for “Joseph.” Now I am wondering if the transcriber made the mistake I did, in reverse, and mistook an “I” for a “J,” and this should read “Ivey Langford” (I first thought it was “Jay,” in the Census). We think this Ivey was Walker’s brother–he was the only other Langford besides Walker and ‘Flintlock’ Stephen (the 2nd), in Pulaski County, in 1830.” Jeff’s response, same day: “Probably a mistranscription for Ivey Langford. He had land on Fishing Creek. It’s in a different section of the county (north/northwest/west).” –shb 17 June 2007

[Note: John Robert or “Bob” Langford (a descendant of Stephen1 and Stephen2) addresses this, e-note of 17 June 2007: “Sherlene, Fishing Creek empties into Lake Cumberland about 5 miles due west of Somerset in Pulaski County. If you look at a map of Pulaski and Lincoln counties, you will see that its headwaters are near Hall’s Gap, which is about 5 miles west of the William Whitley house near Crab Orchard. And remember that Stephen 1 first settled on land adjoining Whitley’s property. So, I’m betting this 400 acres was in that vicinity, maybe even adjoining Stephen’s property. That is another close connection between the two families. Bob” –shb 18 June 2007]

IVEY’S OTHER LAND: As forwarded by Terry Smith to shb, 19 June 2007: “A quick review of Langfords in the War of 1812 on ancestry.com revealed the attached. I also did a quick review of KY Land Grants for Langford. Results are below: [Note: Land was listed for Stephen, Jonathan, Larkin, Ivey, Robert, Evin, R. [sic–shb], Jerry, Joseph, Owen, Benj., Sol, Elias, Solomon, Langford & Meece, Liberty, James, James H., Moses, Reuben, Mary Ann, J. W., Ben J., R.E., Meece & Langford, Smith & Langford.

Data Source: Kentucky Land Grant
—————————————————————————-
View Record Grantee Acres Book Survey Date County WaterCourse

View Record Langford, Ivy 200 10 2-12-1799 Lincoln Kings Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 37 23 2-25-1816 Pulaski Fishing Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 200 24 9- 8-1807 Pulaski King Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 13 J 4-13-1821 Pulaski Fishing Cr
View Record Langford, Ivey 65 E-2 8-19-1834 Russell Cumberland R
View Record Langford, Jerry 50 13 4-23-1842 Wayne Lick Log Br Cumberland [I added this, because according to a Pulaski County Page, a Garrard or Garrett Langford served in the War of 1812, from Polaski–we have no idea who he was or who his parents were, though it is thought he may have been associated with Ivy–shb]. [Note: Since then, I have found record of a “Jerry” Langford,” in Wayne County, Kentucky, who was “Black”–same person?–shb.]

“Source Information:
Ancestry.com. Kentucky Land Grants [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997. Original data: Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Vol. I-II. Louisville, KY, USA: Filson Club Publications, 1925. Description: This database contains the records of the Kentucky Land Office from 1782 to 1924. The work is intended as a source book for historical workers, genealogists, and others who need a complete and chronological index to the early documentary land records and history of Kentucky.” –shb

ABT. 1769–WALKER LANKFORD’S BIRTH: This estimate from letter of Barry D. Wood to the family, 12 Oct 2003. –shb 12 Oct 2003

1800–IVEY IS TAXED FOR 400 ACRES, ON FISHING CREEK, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. In 1800, “Jocy” Langford had 400 acres on Fishing Creek, in Pulaski County, Kentucky, as included by Alma Owens Tibbals in her A History of Pulaski County, Kentucky, p. 27. However, as I proposed, Jeff Renner agrees, 17 June 2007, that this is “probably a mistranscription for Ivey Langford. He had land on Fishing Creek. It’s in a different section of the county (north/northwest/west). Pulaski only contributed a very small part to Rockcastle [in 1810–shb]. It was mostly Lincoln, with about a quarter/third Madison.” We think Ivey was probably Walker’s brother. When I asked Jeff, along with other family researchers, if any had heard of a soldier from Pulaski County named Garrard (or Garrett) Langford, who served in the War of 1812 (Tibbals, p. 206), he replied: “I think the name is Garrett Langford. I don’t know who he is, but he could be associated with Ivey. I’ve never come across him in eastern Pulaski or Rockcastle.” –shb 17 June 2007 [Note: as above indicated, have since found records in Wayne County, Kentucky, indicating that this Garrett Langford was black–shb.]

1810 CENSUS–“IVY” LANKFORD IS AGE 26-45, LIVING WITH WIFE OF SAME AGE SPAN, THREE CHILDREN, AND FOUR SLAVES, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY: seem to be the only Lankfords in Pulaski County, in 1810:

On Page 144 [though this does not indicate location, as this census list is alphabetized–shb] is listed Jay [or Ivy] Lankford [I don’t see Jay [is Ivy there?–shb] on tax lists, though–shb]
Males: 2 age ten and under , 1 age 26-45 [Jay]
Females: 1 age 16-26, 1 age 26-45
None in household over age 45
4 blacks.

[Note:  My ancestor Walker Lankford was also in Pulaski County, Kentucky, in 1810, living with wife, Mary/Polly, and five children (see below).  Walker had no slaves in 1810, but by 1830 had three of them–shb.]

CLOSE NEIGHBOR, “IVY NORFLEET,” IN PULASKI COUNTY, NAMED AFTER “IVY LANKFORD”? [I am including this biographical sketch, as it may give insight about life of our Lankfords, while they were in Kentucky, and maybe even some family migrations, as neighboring families sometimes traveled together–shb.] As posted at http://philipnorfleet.tripod.com/ivy_norfleet_(1799-1883).htm, accessed 12 Feb 2007, by shb: “Biographical Sketch of Ivy Norfleet, by Phil Norfleet:

“Ivy6 Norfleet (James5, John4, John3, John2, Thomas1 Northfleete) was born 29 October 1799 in Pulaski County KY, and died 05 June 1883 in Miller County MO. He married Martha C. ____ on 01 June 1838. She was born 27 November 1816 in VA, and died 24 July 1876 in Cole County MO. Ivy was the son of James Norfleet (1767-1849) and his wife, Elizabeth (1775-1826) of Pulaski, Wayne and Russell Counties, Kentucky.

“I believe that Ivy was probably named after Ivy Langford (also sometimes spelled Lankford). The Langfords were early immigrants to Kentucky from North Carolina, having arrived in Lincoln County in about 1787. However, Ivy Langford settled in Pulaski County at about the same time as James Norfleet, father of Ivy Norfleet. Ivy Langford was a close neighbor of both James Norfleet (when he still lived in Pulaski County) and David Norfleet. James Norfleet and Ivy Langford both surveyed 200 acre tracts of land on the same day (12 February 1799) and each served as a chain carrier for the other during those surveys. Ivy Norfleet was the first child born to James Norfleet after he had arrived in KY and the name “Ivy” had never been used previously by any Norfleet of whom I am aware.

“Ivy Norfleet primarily was a stock raiser, although, like most other people of the time, he also was a farmer. For about a twelve-year period, during the late 1820’s and 1830’s, with the help of his younger brother, Larkin, he raised both cattle and horses. When they were ready for sale, the two brothers would drive their stock overland to market them in Montgomery, Alabama. In about 1839, Ivy permanently left Kentucky and immigrated to Missouri. In Missouri he surveyed (8 June 1839) and patented (10 November 1841) land in the Hickory Hill region of Cole County. He remained in Cole until his death on 05 June 1883.

“During the Civil War, Ivy, like his younger brother, Reverend Abraham Norfleet, was a supporter of the Union. Two of his children, John (a corporal) and Thomas W. (a private), served in the Union Army, in the 9th Provisional Missouri Regiment of Infantry. Two of Abraham Norfleet’s sons (John W. and Adam C.) were also in the same regiment. In 1864, also like his brother Abraham, he freed all of his slaves.” –shb 12 Feb 2007 [Note:  This biographical sketch was helpful, in helping identify Ivey as probably the Ivey who was son of Isle of Wight Thomas Lankford Sr., as I found Norfleets living among Lankfords in Isle of Wight census records, including a James or Jonas M. Norfleet, age 29, who in 1860 lives near Mills Eley (my ID 71502, m. Caty Lankford, daughter of Ivey’s uncle, Stephen Lankford and wife Sarah Watkins).]  –shb 13 Jul 2007

LIVED NOT FAR FROM WAYNE COUNTY, KENTUCKY. E-note from Jeff Renner to shb, 25 June 2007, after I sent information about some Bakers I found in Wayne County, asking if he knew whether they connected to the Martha Baker who married Matthew Warren (of Pulaski County, KY). Writes Jeff: “If the Corder-Baker thing was in Wayne County, I’d say that’s a different Lick Creek. The Lick Creek in Pulaski is a long way from Wayne County. However, where Ivey Lankford lived isn’t far from Wayne County. . . .” –shb 25 June 2007

1810 CENSUS–MY ANCESTOR (LONG THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN IVEY’S BROTHER) “WARKER” [SIC] LANKFORD IS LISTED AS AGE AGE 26-45, LIVING WITH WIFE [MARY/POLLY WARREN–shb] AGE 26-45, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY. THEY HAVE FIVE CHILDREN AGED TEN AND UNDER AND NO SLAVES. HeritageQuest on-line image, accessed 6 Mar 2006, by shb:

No township listed, Pulaski County, Kentucky (cover page also calls it Rockcastle Co.)
Series M252, Roll 8, Page 145:

Males: 2 age ten and under [one would be Fielding, b. 1804–shb], 1 age 26-45 [Walker]
Females: 3 age ten and under [one would be Cynthia, b. 1806–shb] 1 age 26-45
None upwards of 45
No blacks. –shb 6 Mar 2006

1820 CENSUS–“IVY LANGFORD” IS IN SOMERSET, PULASKI, KENTUCKY.  HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 25 Nov 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky
Series M33, Roll 27, Page 86
Taken 1820

Peter Blumer
Charles Hays
Ivy Langford  4 1 _ _ _ 1 1 _ _ 1 _/7 _ _ 2 1 1 _ 1 1 _ 1
James Earl
Vincent Garner
Malachi Cooper
Francis Aldrige . . . .

Variables for 1820 Census (left to right):
number of free white males under ten years of age
number of free white males 10-15 years of age
number of free white males 16-18 years of age
number of free white males 16-25 years of age
number of free white males 26-44 years of age
number of free white males 45 years of age and over
number of free white females under ten years of age
number of free white females 10-15 years of age
number of free white females 16-25 years of age
number of free white females 26-44 years of age
number of free white females 45 years of age and over
number of foreign persons not naturalized
number of persons engaged in agriculture
number of persons engaged in commerce
number of persons engaged in manufacturing

Using the above table, I take Ivy’s enumeration to mean that in his household were:
4 free white males under age ten
1 free white male age 10-15
1 free white male age 45 years of age and over [Ivy]
one free white female under age ten
one free white female age 10-15
one free white female age 45 and over [Ivy’s wife]
7 foreign persons not naturalized
2 persons engaged in commerce
[don’t see other listings in this table–shb] –shb 25 Nov 2007

AFT 1834, AUGUST 19–DEATH–IVEY WAS OF RUSSELL COUNTY, KENTUCKY. See Ivey’s land grants, above, the latest of which was in Russell County, Kentucky, dated 19 August 1834. –shb 20 June 2007

July 12, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Kentucky Langfords, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

Stephen Lankford (b. abt. 1725, son of Thomas Sr. and __?. d. 1785-86), m. Sarah Watkins (dau. of Wm. & Priscilla), of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia

ABT. 1725–BIRTH/MOTHER-IN-LAW NAMED AS “PRISCILLA”: Thirteen children are listed for unknown Langford parents, as posted on RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project at http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=AHN&db=grantpinix&i . . ., site referred to shb by Ann Langford, accessed 9 Sep 2006. The listing reads: “iv. XY Lankford was born abt. 1725. He married Sarah Watkins, daughter of William Watkins and Priscilla __.” –shb 9 Sep 2006

MARRIES SARAH WATKINS, WHO PRESENTS STEPHEN’S WILL. See will of Stephen Lankford, made 2 Nov 1785 (below). Description names his “wife” as an executor, along with Robert Watkins and son-in-law Mills Eley. The record then says it was “presented by Sarah Lankford,” which I take as an indication that Stephen’s widow’s name was “Sarah,” though I seek additional verification (which I found–see below). –shb 11 July 2007

1786, JUNE 28–HER FATHER IS WILLIAM WATKINS? WRITES WILL WHEN “VERY OLD”–NAMES “SARAH LANKFORD” AS A DAUGHTER, AND “MARY LANKFORD,” AS A GRANDDAUGHTER, AMONG OTHERS. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 277 [bolding mine–shb]: WATKINS, William (being very old). Leg[attees] grandson Robert Watkins; granddaughter Isabell Bridger; daughter Mary Whitehead; daughter Ann Jenkins; daughter Sarah Lankford; granddaughter Mary Lankford; grandson Robert Saunders; to the children of my son Jesse Watkins, viz: Sarah Martha, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Penelope, Jesse and William Watkins. Ex., grandson Robert Watkins. D. June 28, 1786. R[ecorded] December 3, 1789. Wit: William Powell, Jethro Powell. Security, Jethro Powell. Page 163.” –shb 11 July 2007 [Note: Executor and Security for the will of Stephen Lankford was Robert Watkins. I believe he is the same grandchild named as executor in this will of William Watkins. This fortifies my confidence that the “Sarah Lankford” named as a daughter in William Watkins’ will was Stephen Lankford’s wife–shb.]

1794, SEPTEMBER 3–DAUGHTER ISABELLA WRITES WILL/NAMES “MOTHER SARAH LANKFORD” AS ONLY LEGATEE AND EXECUTOR OF HER ESTATE. (See daughter Isabella’s notes for will detail.) –shb 11 July 2007

1778, MAY 24–FATHER, “THOMAS LANKFORD,” OF NEWPORT PARISH [ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA–SHB] MAKES HIS WILL/HE NAMES “SON STEPHEN,” AS AN HEIR. HE ALSO NAMES OTHER CHILDREN AND THREE GRANDCHILDREN, BUT DOES NOT MENTION HIS WIFE. (See notes of father, Thomas Lankford, for detail.) –shb 11 July 2007

1785, NOVEMBER 2–MAKES WILL. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 270 (searched at the FHL, 23 June 2007, by shb–bolding mine): “LANKFORD, Stephen. [I see that one researcher thought his name looked like “Bankford or Lankford”–shb.] Of Newport Parish. Leg[atee] wife; son Wiley; son-in-law Mills Eley and his wife Catey; grandson Stephen Eley; daughter Mary; daughter Isabel; daughter Patty Lankford. Exs., wife, Robert Watkins [probably grandson of William Watkins, his father-in-law, who was executor of William’s will, made in 1786–shb] and son-in-law Mills Eley. D. November 2, 1785. R[ecorded] April 7, 1786. Presented by Sarah Lankford. Wit: Jesse Lankford, Thomas Inglish. Security, Robert Watkins. Page 57.” –shb 11 July 2007

1789, OCTOBER 2–ESTATE APPRAISED BY BROTHER JESSE LANKFORD, ALSO JOHN ENGLISH AND JETHRO POWELL. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 274 (searched at the FHL, 23 June 2007, by shb–bolding mine): “LANKFORD, Stephen: Appraised by John English, Jesse Lankford, Jethro Powell. R[ecorded] October 2, 1788. Page 115.” –shb 11 July 2007

July 12, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment

Thomas Lankford, Sr. (b. abt. 1705, d. May-June 1778, of Newport Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia), m. Mary Collier, dau. of George, 14 Jul 1723, grandfather of Ivey Lankford.

ABT 1705–BIRTH. “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb:  “Assuming that he [Thomas Lankford Sr.] was eighteen years of age at the time of his marriage, he would have been born about 1705.”  –shb 12 Jul 2007

1723, JULY 14–MARRIAGE TO MARY COLLIER.  Name of wife, marriage date (no place given), per Kathy Newton post (see above).  –shb 12 Jul 2007

1753–THOMAS LANKFORD, SR. BOUGHT 375 ACRES OF LAND IN NEWPORT PARISH, ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM A JOHN LANKFORD.  Per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb, at the time of this purchase, “he recorded his residence as County of King & Queen, Stratford Manor Parish; this was the same as that of John Lankford, therefore there is reason to suspect that they were related.”

THOMAS MAY HAVE LIVED IN ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY, VIRGINIA, THE REST OF HIS LIFE.  “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb:  “Later recordings show that Thomas was a resident to Isle of Wight, so he apparently moved from King & Queen County.  He may have lived in Isle of Wight for the rest of his life.”  –shb 12 Jul 2007

“VERY RELIGIOUS”:  Continuing Kathy Newton’s post (see above):  “It is apparent that he was able to acquire additional lands and a substantial amount of personal property.  His reference to leaving son, Jesse, his largest Bible and two sermon books tell us that the family was apparently very religous and that Thomas was very active in church affairs.  The reference to sermon books suggests that he may have been a layman preacher.”  –shb 12 Jul 2007

1762, OCTOBER 6–NAMED AS EXECUTOR, WILL OF SARAH LAWRENCE, OF NEWPORT PARISH.  Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb), p. 207 [bolding mine–shb]:  “LAWRENCE, Sarah of Newport Parish. Leg.[atees] son John; son Mills; daughter Mary; daughter Ann; to Thomas Lankford, Sr.  Ex., brother Arthur Applewhaite.  D. October 6, 1762.  R. December 2, 1762.  Wit:  Thomas Lankford, Hardy Lawrence, Jr., Sarah Lawrence.  Page 209.”  –shb 11 Jul 2007

1764, SEPTEMBER 13–WIFE MARY COLLIER DIES.  Date per “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb.

1778, MAY 20–MICHAEL BREWER’S WILL IS DATED FOUR DAYS BEFORE THAT OF THOMAS LANKFORD SR.’S–A CONNECTION?  As posted by Eileen Illum (her e-address in Thomas Lankford Sr.’s blind file–shb), on RootsWeb.com [bolding mine–shb], at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/LANGFORD/2001-05/0989180659, accessed 11 Jul 2007, by shb (she also posts many of the entries included here, that I found in Chapman’s collection (see above):  “Brewer, Michael will dated 20 May 1778 recorded 1 Oct 1778. Legatee son Joshua; daughter Priscilla Fowler; son John; wife Martha exc; sons Joseph and
Benjamin; daughter Holland Brewer. Witness Thomas Lankford, William English, Joseph Fowler, Ann English and Peter Butler; security Peter Butler. [8:500]”  [Note from Eileen Illum:  “My Willis, f/o Elias, was the half brother of Holland Brewer. His mother Martha Green Lankford married second Michael Brewer. This will leads me to think that my Willis Lankford was connected to Thomas Lankford. Thomas Lankford Sr.’s will is dated 4 days after Michael Brewer’s: 24 May 1778. I don’t know the given name of Martha Green’s Lankford husband who was the father of Willis.”]  –shb 11 Jul 2007

DIED BETWEEN 24 May 1778 AND 4 JUNE 1778.  Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman (reprinted in an improved format, with a consolidated index, by Jessica Budick and Anita Comtois (searched at the FHL, 23 Jun 2007, by shb–bolding mine), p. 243:  “LANKFORD, Thomas:  Of Newport Parish.  Leg. son Stephen, son Jesse, son Thomas, daughter Elizabeth Chappell; granddaughter Mary Watkins; grandson George, son of William Lankford decd.; grandson Ivey Lankford. Ex., son Thomas Lankford.  D. May 24, 1778.  R. June 4, 1778.  Wit:  Joseph Mountfort, Wade Mountfort, Thomas English, Patience Brittain.  Security, John Lawrence.  Page 492.”  –shb 11 Jul 2007 [Note:  Is this “grandson Ivey Lankford” my Legacy ID No. 65807, b. abt. 1776 (so about age 2), in Pittsylvania Co. Virginia, of Pulaski County, Kentucky, d. aft 19 Aug 1834, of Russell County, Kentucky?  I wish this will said whose son Ivey was, though the sequence of names might suggest that he, also, is a son of William Lankford, deceased son of Thomas Lankford, Sr.–shb.]

FOURTEEN GRANDCHILDREN. “Langford & Lankford Families in Virginia” post by Kathy Newton, at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgdfmva.html, accessed 12 Jul 2007, by shb:  Thomas Lankford, Sr. “died 1778, Isle of Wight, Virginia.  There were fourteen grandchildren that we know of and four great-grandchildren who were listed in the wills.”

1782, JUNE 4–ORDERED THAT THOMAS’ ESTATE BE APPRAISED. Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight County, Virginia 1647-1800, by Blanche Adams Chapman, p. 252 (searched at the FHL, 23 June 2007, by shb–bolding mine):  Langford (Lankford), Thomas:  appraised by Mills Lawrence, W. Mountford, Elisha L. Ballard. Ordered June 4, 1778.  R. [Recorded–shb] March 7, 1782.  Page 108.” –shb 11 Jul 2007

July 12, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Virginia Langfords | 3 Comments

James H. Langford (b. abt. 1795, s/o James and __, d. 1882, Marion Co. KY, m. Jane Martin, Sep 1815, Albemarle Co. VA. He served in War of 1812, was a wheelwright and carpenter.

ABT. 1795–BIRTH IN ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. See biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford, and 1860 Census notes, below. –shb 16 May 2007

A DESCENDANT OF JOSEPH AND MARY LANKFORD? That James H. Lankford is a descendant of my presumed ancestors, Joseph and Mary Lankford, is an educated guess on my part, based on the fact that James H. named his third and fourth (of twelve) children, Joseph and Mary. Wilson N., a later son of James H. Lankford, named his paternal grandfather as “James Lankford, Sr.” (see biographical sketch in Wilson’s notes). Was Wilson named after James Sr.’s wife’s maiden name? The generations and birth places work out well for James Sr. to be a son of Joseph and Mary, so I have tentatively made the connection. I of course seek additional verification. If I am able to verify this connection, then James H. Lankford’s father, James Sr., would be a (probably older) brother of my ancestor, Walker Lankford, b. abt. 1769, whom we have linked to Joseph and Mary, along with a daughter for whom we have no date. Joseph and Mary are believed to have been married about 1765, so there is room for this James to be a son. –shb 16 May 2007

BIRTH/FATHER IS ALSO “JAMES LANKFORD”/MARRIAGE TO JANE MARTIN/TWELVE CHILDREN/DEATH IN 1882: See biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford, in which he names his paternal grandfather as “James Lankford, Sr.”: “WILSON N. LANKFORD was born December 18, 1828. His father was a Virginian, born in Albemarle County, in 1795. He married Jane Martin in 1815, and two years later, with his wife and one child, came to Kentucky and located in Washington, now Marion, County. Here he pursued the trades of wheelwright and carpenter, in connection with the working of a small farm that he owned. His wife, Jane, died in 1873, aged seventy-five years. She was the mother of twelve children: William, James, Oliver, Joseph, Mary, Eliza, Wilson, John, Samuel, Charles, Nancy and Thomas. The last named was a soldier in the war of the Rebellion, and served under Gen. Wolford. James Lankford died in 1882, at his home in Marion County. [Note: The 1870 Census names Jane as seventy-five years old, so that she was that age in 1873 could be an approximation–shb.]

“James Lankford, Sr., grandfather of Wilson N., was a Virginian by birth and of English and Irish parentage. Two of his sons served under Gen. Smith in the war of 1812.

“Wilson N. Lankford was reared on a farm in his native county of Marion, . . . .” –shb 8 Feb 2006

ANOTHER NAMESAKE? James H. Lankford, b. 1795 (m. Jane Martin), son of James Sr. (whom I have positioned as a grandson of my presumed ancestors, Joseph and Mary Lankford), named his next-to-last of twelve children, “Nancy P.,” who was born in 1844. I now think that my ancestor, Walker Lankford, was an uncle to James H., b. 1795. Walker is listed next to Stephen Langford2 (son of Benjamin, whose first wife was Nancy Peyton) and family, in the 1830 Census of Pulaski County, Kentucky, though they lived some distance away, on different creeks. It is, therefore, not unlikely that James H. may have felt quite close to Stephen and, on learning of Nancy’s death before birth of his last child, named “Nancy P.” after Nancy Peyton? –shb 16 May 2007 [Note: All I know about Nancy Peyton Langford’s death is that it was after 1810, so this is just musing about possibilities.] –shb 16 May 2007

A BROTHER JOHN? I have record of the marriage of a John Lankford [see my Legacy ID No. 66177] to Lacey Martin, 11 Jun, in abt. 1824, in Lebanan [Pennsylvania, I presume]. Could this be a case of Lankford brothers marrying Martin sisters? –shb 16 May 2007

1814, AUGUST 29-FEBRUARY 21, 1815–SERVED IN WAR OF 1812–ENLISTED FROM ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA/APPLIED FOR PENSION, IN 1850, FROM EDGAR COUNTY, ILLINOIS. Letter from Veterans Administration, Washington D.C., March 12, 1940, In response to a query from Miss Genevieve M. Potts, of Rockville, Maryland. This letter was included among notes compiled over forty years, by Genevieve (POTTS) DOLLE OBETZ, b. 1899, xeroxed and submitted to the Family History Library (Call No. USA/CAN 929.273/L263o, searched 23 Jun 2007, by shb (no page numbers–just collected notes, some in her handwriting): “Re: JAMES H. LANGFORD S. C. 5834, BA-J/MLB – Dear Madam: Reference is made to your personal request of recent date, for the War of 1812 record of James H. Langford.

“The data which follow in regard to James H. Langford were found in the papers of the claims for pension and bounty land under File No. S. C. 5834, based upon his service in the War of 1812.

“The date and place of birth of James H. Langford and names of his parents were not given.

“James H. Langford enlisted in Albemarle County, Virginia, and served from August 29, 1814, to February 21, 1815, as private in Captain Robert McCullock’s company of Virginia militia, stationed at Camp Carter in Virginia, where he was discharged.

“While a resident of Edgar County, Illinois, with post office at Paris in that county, the soldier applied December 2, 1850, for bounty land which was due on account of his service described above, and was allowed eighty acres of bounty land on Warrant 10765, under the Act of September 28, 1850. He applied April 4, 1855, while still living in Edgar County, Illinois, for additional land which was due for his service, and on that application was granted eighty acres of bounty land on Warrant 21886 [I think, the copy is smeared–shb], under the Act of March 3, 1855.

“James H. Langford was allowed pension, also, for his service in the War of 1812, on his application executed April 10, 1871, at which time he was aged seventy-six years [so b. about 1794–shb] and a resident of Grandview, Edgar County, Illinois.

“The soldier married September 7, 1835, in Albemarle County, Virginia, Jane Martin. No details were given in regard to her.

“If you desire information relative to the location of the bounty land granted James H. Langford, you should apply to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Interior Department, this city, and furnish that official the number of each warrant, the acreage and date of the act under which issued.

“In order to obtain the date of last payment of pension, the name and address of the person paid and possibly the date of death of this soldier, you should write to the Comptroller General, General Acounting Office, Records Division, this city, and cite the following data: James H. Langford, certificate #5834, issued October 7, 1871, rate $8 per month, commenced February 14, 1871, Act of 14th February, 1871, Illinois Agency.

“Very truly yours, A. D. HILLER Executive Assistant to the Administrator” –shb 10 July 2007

1815, SEPTEMBER 4 or 7–“JAMES H. LANGFORD” MARRIES “JANE MARTIN,” IN ALBERMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Langford and Lankford Grooms of Virginia, a resource page for the Langford-L Rootsweb discussion list, compiled from varied sources, with no guarantees, by Carol Middleton, as posted on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgfmrs5.html, accessed 13 Apr 2005 by shb: “James H. LANGFORD married Jane MARTIN on 04 September 1815 in Albermarle Co., VA.” –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: The biographical sketch of son Wilson N. Lankford says his parents married in 1815. In James H. Langford’s pension application for land, in return for his service in the War of 1812 (see above), he states he was “married September 7, 1815,” to Jane Martin, “in Albemarle County, Virginia.” Albemarle County is also the birth county for James H., per a biographical sketch of his son, Wilson N. Lankford–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007, 10 Jul 2007

1816, FEBRUARY 13–“JAMES LANGFORD” MARRIED “I [J.?–SHB] MARTIN.” IN NELSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Langford and Lankford Grooms of Virginia, a resource page for the Langford-L Rootsweb discussion list, compiled from varied sources, with no guarantees, by Carol Middleton, as posted on http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmddlton/lgfmrs5.html, accessed 13 Apr 2005 by shb: “James LANGFORD married I. MARTIN on 13 February 1816, Nelson Co., VA.” –shb 13 Apr 2005 [Note: I think this is mistranscribed and should read “J. Martin,” for “Jane,” whom I find in the 1860 Census of Grandview, Edgar, Illinois, at age sixty-seven, living with husband, “James H. Lankford,” age sixty-five, both born in Virginia. With them lives “Mildred Martin,” age seventy, born in Virginia–perhaps Jane’s sister or sister-in-law?] –shb 16 May 2007

WIFE’S RELATIVE A LANKFORD COMPANION IN REVOLUTION? Notes compiled over forty years, by Genevieve (POTTS) DOLLE OBETZ, b. 1899, xeroxed and submitted to the Family History Library (Call No. USA/CAN 929.273/L263o, searched 23 Jun 2007, by shb (no page numbers–just collected notes, some in her handwriting): “LANKFORD, THOMAS in Cloud’s Regiment of Cleveland’s Regiment. He was one of the scouts in the advance of the expedition and the Tories came near capturing him after they had wounded a companion, John Martin. Benjamin Lankford was also a pensioner and Virginia Soldier.” (Ref: King’s Mountain Men, p. 199).” –shb 10 Juy 2007
1820 CENSUS–A JAMES LANKFORD IS IN SMITH COUNTY, TENNESSEE. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

No township listed, Smith County, Tennessee
Series M33, Roll 125, Page 79
Taken in 1820
Grouped together under letter “L”:

1128 Lankford James (first listed) _ _ _ 1 _ 1 2 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ 1 – I read this to mean that:

James Lankford’s household had one free white male age 16-25
one free white male age 45 or over [James]
two free white females under age 10
one free white female age 16-25 [James’ wife?]
one foreign person not naturalized
one person engaged in commerce

1162 Lankford, Parish _ _ _ 3 _ 1 _ _ _ _ 1 /3 I read this to mean that:

Parish Lankford’s household had three free white males age 16-25
one free white male age 45 and over [Parish]
one free white female age 45 and over [his wife]

1195 William Lankford _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ _ _ _ / 3 I read this to mean that:

William Lankford’s household had one free white male age 16-18
one free white male age 26-44
three foreign persons not naturalized

1820 CENSUS–A “JAMES LANKFORD” AND FAMILY ARE LISTED IN JACKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE. Here is the letter I wrote the family about this, 18 May 2007:

“Hi, Bob (and others of Mt. Vernon Stephen’s branch of Langfords) and researchers:

“I believe I may have found your ancestor, ‘Flintlock’ Stephen2 in the 1820 Census of Jackson County, Tennessee (my reasoning outlined below). Of course there could be another Stephen Langford family with the same profile, so if you have found him elsewhere, in this census, please let me know. Going by indexes I have and my records, this is the only Stephen
and family who ‘fits’ this census.

“Of particular interest is the fact that Martin Lankford and James Lankford and families are in the same Jackson County, same census year. This James is of particular interest, as I may have linked a James Sr. and James H. Jr. as descendants of my ancestors Joseph and Mary Lankford, though there are some difficulties I am still trying to surmount with this analysis.
IF this James of Jackson County, Tennessee is one of the two Jameses descended from Joseph, and IF James was close to Stephen2, there in Jackson County, then this might explain how Joseph’s son Walker (my ancestor) ended up ten years later, in Pulaski County, listed right next to Stephen2 in the 1830 Census.

“Do you or anybody getting this have a clue about how and if Martin, James, and Stephen Lankford connect?

“Sherlene (see census info., below, as now posted in my notes for Stephen2):

“1820 CENSUS–‘STEPHEN LANKFORD’ IS IN JACKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE? MARTIN AND JAMES LANKFORD ARE RELATIVES? HeritageQuest on-line images, accessed and transcribed, 17 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

“Jackson County, Tennessee (no township named)
Series M33, Roll 123, Page 80
Taken in 1820 (no month, day given)

“Lankford, Martin _ _ _ _ 1 _ 1 1 _ 1 / 3 [I read this to mean that]”

“In the Martin Lankford household, there is one free white male, age 26-44 (this would be Martin); one free white female under age 10; one free white female, age 10-15; one free white female age 26-44; and three foreign persons not naturalized.

“Lankford, James 1 _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ / 2 [I read this to mean that]:

“In the James Lankford household there is one free white male under age 10; one free white male age 16-25; and one free white male age 45 years or older (this would be James); one free white female age 16-25 (could be a daughter by first wife, about same age as James’ son; or could be a young second wife, mother of the son under age 10); and 2 foreign persons not naturalized.

“Lankford, Stephen 3 _ _ _ 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 / 2 [I read this to mean that]:

“In the Stephen Lankford household are:
three free white males under age 10 [Stephen, b. 1813, so age 7; Benjamin, b. 1818, so age 2; Jonathan Jince, b. 1819, so age 1; I have son Solomon as b. 1820-1824. If born in 1820, it’s possible he was born after the census was taken–shb.] Also in the household is:
one free white male age 26-44 [This fits for Stephen2, son of Benjamin, son of Stephen, the Mt. Vernon settler, as I have him as b. 1788, so he would have fit into the range of those born 1776-1794–shb.] Also in the household is:

“one free white female under age 10 [fits for Rachel, b. 1816, so age four]

“one free white female age 26-44 [fits for Catherine or ‘Caty’ Windham, Stephen’s wife, b. 1793, so also fits into the range of those born 1776-1794–shb].

Variables for 1820 Census (left to right):
number of free white males under ten years of age
number of free white males 10-15 years of age
number of free white males 16-18 years of age
number of free white males 16-25 years of age
number of free white males 26-44 years of age
number of free white males 45 years of age and over
number of free white females under ten years of age
number of free white females 10-15 years of age
number of free white females 16-25 years of age
number of free white females 26-44 years of age
number of free white females 45 years of age and over
number of foreign persons not naturalized
number of persons engaged in agriculture
number of persons engaged in commerce
number of persons engaged in manufacturing –shb 17 May 2007

“1830 CENSUS–‘STEPHEN LANGFORD’ AND MY ANCESTOR, ‘WAKER’ LANGFORD ARE LISTED NEXT TO EACH OTHER, IN PULASKI COUNTY, KENTUCKY.

“Sherlene” –shb 18 May 2007

1820 CENSUS–A ‘CHARLES LANKFORD’ IS IN NELSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed and transcribed, 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

No township listed, Nelson County, Virginia
1820 Census

Charles Lankford 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 3 1 _ 1 _ _ 1 _ _ [next page across] _ I read this to mean:

Charles had one free white male child under age ten
one free white male age 16-18
one free white male age 45 and over [Charles]
three free white females under age ten
one free white female age 10-15
one free white female age 26-44 [Charles’ wife]
one person engaged in agriculture

[Note: No other Lankfords are listed in Nelson County, in 1820. Possibly James and Jane tied the knot four years earlier, in 1816 (after taking a license out earlier, in 1815), at invitation of relative Charles Lankford, in Nelson County? Perhaps James and Jane named their son Charles after this relative–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007

1820 Census profile of James H. Lankford’s uncle, Walker Lankford, in Pulaski Co. KY:

Walker Lankford 2 2 _ _ _ 1 3 2 1 _ 1 _ _ [all blank, across next page] I read this as:

Walker had two free white male children under age ten
two free white male children age 10-15
one free white male age 45 and over [Walker, abt. age 51 in 1820–shb]
three free white females under age ten
two free white females age 10-15
one free white female age 16-25
one free white female age 45 and over [Mary Polly, age 36-40 in 1820, so not quite a fit–perhaps a census error–shb]

So, in 1820 Walker and Mary/Polly had ten children, four sons and six daughters, whereas Charles and wife had six children, two sons and four daughters, with both couples falling in the same general age-range. I think there is a good chance that Charles and Walker are brothers, so that Charles is James H. Lankford’s uncle. –shb 17 May 2007

1820 Census profile of a Joseph Lankford, in Fairfield County, South Carolina:

1 _ _ _ _ 1 _ 2 _ 1 _ _ / _ _ 1 [rest blank] I read this to mean that:

Joseph Lankford’s household had one free white male child under age 10
one free white male age 45 or over [Joseph]
two free white females age 10-15
one free white female age 26-44 [Joseph’s wife]

1850 CENSUS–IN MARION COUNTY, KENTUCKY: 1850 Census, extract posted as part of a list of Kentucky Langfords enumerated in the 1850 Census, as posted on RootsWeb, accessed 8 Apr 2005 by shb:

“Marion Co
William 32 farmer Va
?Guida? 29 (female) Va
John 4 Va
Susan J 2 Va
[Next door]
James Lankford 54 Farmer Va $2,500
Ia?? 55 female Va [probably Jane–shb]
Eliza J 22 Va
John 19 Va
Samuel 18 farmer Ky
Thomas M 15 Ky
Charles W 12 Ky
Nancy 6 Ky” –shb 10 Apr 2005

1860 CENSUS–“JAMES H. LANKFORD” IS AGE SIXTY-FIVE, A “FARMER” (BUT LIVES NEXT DOOR TO A CARPENTER), BORN IN VIRGINIA. HE LIVES WITH WIFE, “JANE,” AGE SIXTY-SEVEN, BORN IN VIRGINIA. “SARAH M. LANKFORD,” A “DOMESTIC,” BORN IN VIRGINIA, AGE TWENTY-FIVE, LIVES WITH THEM. ALSO IN THE HOUSEHOLD IS “MILDRED MARTIN,” AGE SEVENTY (JANE’S SISTER OR SISTER-IN-LAW?). THEY LIVE IN GRANDVIEW TOWNSHIP, EDGAR COUNTY, ILLINOIS. HeritageQuest on-line census image, accessed 16 May 2007, by shb, from home, via Provo, Utah Public Library:

P.O. Grandview, Grandview Township, Edgar County, Illinois
Series M653, Roll 175, Page 613
Taken 28 Aug 1860

1733/1671 James J. Tate 30M Farmer 13000 2370 Virginia
Mary E. 30F Virginia [dau. of James H. Lankford?–shb]
John 6M Illinois
Joseph 4M Illinois

1734/1672 Joseph H. Hill 23M Carpenter 100 Pennsylvania
Rebecca 24F Pennsylvania
Lizzie 1/12F Illinois
James Bradin 19M Farmer Pennsylvania
Jacob Braden 47M Farmer 4000 580 Pennsylvania

1735/1673 James H. Lankford 65 M Farmer 4500 800 Virginia
Jane 67 F Virginia
Sarah M. 25 F Domestic Virginia [same age as son Thomas–so perhaps a niece?]
Mildred Martin 70F Virginia
Mary M. Battow 10F Illinois
George W. Day 18M Farm Laborer Iowa

1736/1674 Thomas Ringland 77M Farmer 5000 1580 Ireland
Anna 71F New Jersey and family. –shb 16 May 2007

1870 CENSUS–“JAMES” LANKFORD IS AGE SEVENTY-FIVE, A FARMER BORN IN VIRGINIA, LIVING WITH WIFE JANE, ALSO SEVENTY-FIVE, BORN IN KENTUCKY, DAUGHTER “NANCY P.,” AGE TWENTY-FIVE, BORN IN KENTUCKY; AND FARM WORKER, “JOHN W.” LANKFORD, A BLACK MALE, BORN IN KENTUCKY. Here’s the lineup: HeritageQuest on-line census images, accessed 30 Mar 2006, by shb, via Godfrey Memorial Library:

P.O. Bradfordsville, Bradfordsville Precinct, Marion County, Kentucky
Series M593, Roll 485, Page 15
Taken 28 July 1870

186/186 Turner, Anderson Works on Farm.

189/189 Lankford, William 55 MW Works on Farm VA [son of James and Jane, below]
, Zorado 45 FW Keeps House KY [same couple as 193/193 below?]

190/190 Banister, John T. 29 KY
, Martha E. 22 FW Keeps House KY
, Clarence T. 7/12 MW KY

191/191 Lankford, James 75 MW Farmer 2500 630 VA
, Jane 75 FW Keeps House VA
, Nancy P. 25 FW At Home KY
, John W. 16 MB Works on Farm KY

[Note: There is a white “John W. Lankford (see my ID 66763), age 38, born in Kentucky, living with wife Sarah, six children, and John’s parents, Benjamin and Mary Lankford, in the 1900 Census of Burdine Voting Precinct, Pulaski County, Ohio–shb.]

192/192 Lankford, Chas. W. 32 MW Farmer 500 KY [son of James and Jane, above]
, Nancy 26 FW Keeps House KY
, Charles L. 9 MW KY
, Elizabeth S. 8 FW KY
, Luvisa 2/12 FW KY

193/193 Lankford, Wm. 53 MW Farmer 230 400 VA [same Wm. as 189/189 above?]
, Sarada 50 FW Keep House KY

194/194 Cruise, Richard 51 MW Works on Farm KY
, Elizabeth 38 FW Keeps House KY and family. –shb 30 Mar 2006

1880 CENSUS–“JAMES LANKFORD SR.” IS AGE EIGHTY-FIVE, BORN IN VIRGINIA, BOTH PARENTS BORN IN VIRGINIA. LIVING WITH HIM ARE SON-IN-LAW, “E. ASE HALL,” AND HIS WIFE (JAMES’ DAUGHTER) “NANCEY P.,” AND THEIR TWO CHILDREN, IN BRADFORDSVILLE, MARION, KENTUCKY. As posted at FamilySearch.org, accessed 10 Oct 2006, by shb:

“Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father’s Birthplace Mother’s Birthplace
James LANKFORD SR. Self W Male W 85 VA Farmer VA VA
E. Ase HALL SonL M Male W 30 VA Carpenter VA VA
Nancey P. HALL Wife M Female W 36 KY Keeping House VA VA [Could she have been named after Nancy Peyton?–shb]
Stella S. HALL Dau S Female W 2 KY VA KY
Charles B. HALL Son S Male W 1 KY VA KY

“Source Information:
Census Place Bradfordsville, Marion, Kentucky
Family History Library Film 1254432
NA Film Number T9-0432
Page Number 62C
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

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1882–DEATH AT AGE EIGHTY-SEVEN, IN MARION COUNTY, KENTUCKY. From biographical sketch of son, Wilson N. Lankford: “James Lankford died in 1882, at his home in Marion County.” [Note: His age at death is deduced from birth year I have for him and also his age, as listed in the 1880 Census–shb.] –shb 16 May 2007

July 11, 2007 Posted by | Genealogy, Illinois Langfords, Kentucky Langfords, Langfords in War of 1812, Virginia Langfords | Leave a comment